Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Palermo - Pp9 romania study-case

366

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
366
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND VETERINARY MEDICINE CLUJ-NAPOCA Miss Anca Şotropa, Mr. Ioan Păcurar « Common lands for sustainable management » 2nd Scientific Committee Palermo (Sicily - Italy) November 2nd and 3rd , 2009. Project co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund
  • 2. I / Applicable law • 1879: The Austrian law for common forest was • in July 19, 1922 in The Law for adopted in Romanian legislation • 1881: Forest Code (inspired by France code Agricultural Reform in 1897) which precise that forests can be Transylvania, Banat, Crisana deforested only after there was made an and Maramures arrangement, approved by regal decree • 1897: Austrian law for composesorate forest • “the village common, forests • 1910, 1962, 1996: Forest Code and pastures that are used • 1991: Restoration of property right (The Land Law no. 18/1991 was foreseeing, at article 41, commonly, despite the fact that the restitution only to the physical persons, of belong to different owners”. an area of up to 1 ha of forest, the juridical • Compossessorate is the persons and the institutions expropriated in 1948 being completely ignored) generic name of the forest • 1998: Government Decision no. 982 from commons in Transylvania and December 1998, regarding the organization and northern Romania. It is also the functioning of the National Forests Administration name of the common property. • 1998: Law no. 213/1998 regarding public ownership and its juridical regime • 2000: Law no. 1/2000, restitution law • 2005: The 2005 restitution law resulted in a commitment vastly to increase the area of state « Common lands for sustainable management » forests to be restituted to their former private 2nd Scientific Committee Palermo (Sicily - Italy) November 2nd and 3rd , 2009. owners (above what was envisaged in the 1991 and 2000 restitution laws).
  • 3. Situation of common lands in Romania
  • 4. Relations: Land / Owner • The current round of forest restitution is of great importance and presents good opportunities for the Romanian economy. • It also presents significant risks and exceptional challenges for the well- established and internationally respected traditions of sustainable forest management which have characterized the sector for a long time. « Common lands for sustainable management » 2nd Scientific Committee Palermo (Sicily - Italy) November 2nd and 3rd , 2009.
  • 5. Forest owners have, according to law, the following obligations in regard to their property: • to ensure the drafting and abiding by the forest plan • to ensure the security and integrity of the forest, • perform forest regeneration efforts, • exploit the wood in a lawful manner, • ensure the maintenance and repair of forest roads that pass through their property • must ensure for the protection of the forest from illegal wood cutting, storms, other forms of destruction, degradation, farm animals’ feeding, as well as any other actions that could harm the forest.
  • 6. Relations: Owner / User • The Forest Code provides that forests can either be public property or private property but, whatever the case may be, all forests are of national interest, falling within the protection of the state and not local authorities. • The law allows for privately owned forest land to be enjoyed by the owners, and even sold or transferred, but in accordance with the provisions of the Forest Code which limit the exploitation of their ownership rights, and expressly prohibits any construction on forest land. • Forests that are the public property of the state are administered by Regia Nationala a Padurilor – ROMSILVA (hereinafter ROMSILVA), which functions under the authority of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. • Forests that are the public property of localities are administered by special forest administration entities « Common lands for sustainable management » 2nd Scientific Committee Palermo (Sicily - Italy) November 2nd and 3rd , 2009.
  • 7. SWOT analysis • STRENGHTS • OPPORTUNITIES • Great biodiversity • Increase of economic activity by • the State is exercising absolute appropriate land management control of cuts and deforestations • Increase self income • WEAKNESSES • THREATS • Illegal deforestation • the destruction of nature equilibrium • Subsistance agriculture • Soil erosion • Lack of coeherent and adequate • Risks of floods legislation • sliding and fall of land • Losing biodiversity « Common lands for sustainable management » 2nd Scientific Committee Palermo (Sicily - Italy) November 2nd and 3rd , 2009.
  • 8. II/ Model area - Vladeasa Massif • Vladeasa Massif is situated in the sector named Bihor- Vladeasa Mountains, respectively the central compartment of Apuseni Mountains, as mountainous branch which belongs to the Western Carpathians • situated between the parallels 46º47'59" and 46º37'22" Northern latitude and the meridians 22º51'38" and 22º33'11" « Common lands for sustainable management » 2nd Scientific Committee Eastern longitude Palermo (Sicily - Italy) November 2nd and 3rd , 2009.
  • 9. Vladeasa Massif • Total area: 42841,889 • Common runs: 64% • Private owner: 36% • Agricultural lands – arable (46%); pastures (51%); hays (3%) • Real estate fund – coniferous trees (52); deciduous trees (21%); mixed (14%); transition (13%) and alpine gap (0%)
  • 10. Hydrology and hydrogeology • the hydrographical basin of Crisul Repede and, in a reduced part, to the Somesul Cald basin, situated at the Southern limit of the territory • In the Crisul Repede basin during 1955-2000 a lot of high floods were registered, most often 1-2 high floods per year, having only one maximum peak (monoundical high floods) or with several peaks (poliundical high floods).
  • 11. BIODIVERSITY • The vegetation on altitude is represented through the following units and subunits: • 1) the nemoral floor (of deciduous tree forests) with the subfloor of common oak forests, the subfloor of beech forests and the subfloor of mixture forests (beech with resinaceous); • 2) the boreal floor (of common spruce and other species of resinaceous) • 3) the subalpine and alpine floors which do not include species of trees but on an isolated basis
  • 12. THE STATUS OF NATURAL HABITATS • Were identified 21 protected areas of national importance and a Natural Park • Natural monuments: The Varfurasu Cave, • 2002- Natura 2000 • 11 areas on county importance
  • 13. REGULATORY STATUE • Restoration of property right – 18 law/1991 and 1 law/2000 • Situation of Forest: • 31% state forest • 33% Public ownership of territorial administrative units • 25% Private forest ownership of legal persons • 7% Forests owned by individuals • 4% Forests belonging to units of education and worship
  • 14. HISTORY • Subsistenc e agriculture • Exploitation and wood processing • Livestock « Common lands for sustainable management » 2nd Scientific Committee Palermo (Sicily - Italy) November 2nd and 3rd , 2009.
  • 15. STAKES AND THREATS • Vladeasa Massif is affected by major tectonic movements such as earthquakes, weather phenomena • Risks: • erosion • sliding and fall of land • risks caused by floods « Common lands for sustainable management » 2nd Scientific Committee Palermo (Sicily - Italy) November 2nd and 3rd , 2009.
  • 16. STAKES AND THREATS • Soil and water pollution by: • inappropriate use of agricultural land • illegal deforestation • lack of landfill arranged • Traditional activities are diminished • The people who lives there are aged • Young people migrate to the cities « Common lands for sustainable management » 2nd Scientific Committee Palermo (Sicily - Italy) November 2nd and 3rd , 2009.
  • 17. OBJECTIVES • development of a conceptual analysis of natural factors, but especially of the ecological regimes in which the agro-sylvical pastoral production process is unfolded; • offering solutions regarding the administration of natural resources through the correlation of environmental factors with the biological and technological factors, their improvement through the working of soil represents a prioritz in the conditions of practicing a long lasting agriculture and of reconstruction of the agro-sylvical fund; • the establishment of preservation possibilities of soil resources, as well as the water ones through practising adequate measurements and study on the hay production, wood material and agricultural products; • Measures to decrease pollution « Common lands for sustainable management » 2nd Scientific Committee Palermo (Sicily - Italy) November 2nd and 3rd , 2009.
  • 18. « Common lands for sustainable management » 2nd Scientific Committee Palermo (Sicily - Italy) November 2nd and 3rd , 2009.
  • 19. III/ Conclusions • A special attention for Romania is to developing programmes and policies to expand the use residue and recycling wood • In the next future, the main change will be on the status of forest ownership and from this, the objectives of forest management and administration of forests will be changed. • The forest law has to be modified mainly to avoid the threats to sustainable forest management and relationship between owners and forest. • The list of threats to sustainable forest management is very useful to keep “on the table” in attention of decision makers. « Common lands for sustainable management » 2nd Scientific Committee Palermo (Sicily - Italy) November 2nd and 3rd , 2009.

×