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  1. 1.
  2. 2. Who Built Stonehenge?<br />Quite a few theories on who built Stonehenge.<br />John Aubrey thought that The Druids built Stonehenge.<br />His theory wasn’t correct<br />Still a mystery<br />
  3. 3. What Is The Purpose Of Stonehenge?<br />Nobody knows the real purpose-used later on for burials.<br />Geoffrey of Monmouth, 12th century writer, wrote a theory on why Stonehenge was built.<br />Memorial for murdered noblemen<br /> King and Merlin led expedition to Ireland to transport Giant’s Ring stone circle to Britain. <br />Giant’s Ring originally brought from Africa for healing powers. <br />Brought from Africa to Ireland by Giants. <br />Britons were unsuccessful moving the stones.<br />Merlin used magic to move stones.<br />Stones were moved to Britain to be assembled for the memorial of the murdered noblemen.<br />
  4. 4. More Theories<br />Mike Parker Pearson, head of Stonehenge Riverside Project, thought that Durrington Walls Henge was a place for the living, Stonehenge was a place for the dead.<br />Folk tale: Devil bought stones from Irish lady. He placed them on Salisbury Plain. Goal: Nobody would know who or what put the stones there.<br />
  5. 5. Construction of Stonehenge<br />Required a lot of time, commitment, and manual labor. <br />Constructed into 3 sections: Stonehenge phase 1, Stonehenge phase 2, Stonehenge phase 3.<br />Some argue that Stonehenge phase 3 had 5 stages itself.<br />
  6. 6. Stonehenge Phase One<br />Bank and ditch arrangement called a henge. Constructed 5,000 years ago.<br />Ditch was continuous but dug in sections with deer antlers.<br />Circle is 320 ft. in diameter; ditch itself was 20 ft. wide and 7 ft. deep.<br />Builders might have buried picks after this stage.<br />Used rubble to build steep bank circle. Dug 56 shallow holes, Aubrey Holes<br />2 parallel stones erected at entrance. <br />Used for 500 years and abandoned.<br />
  7. 7. Stonehenge Phase 2<br />Bluestones were assembled within original bank & ditch circles.<br />2 interesting things: bluestones came from Preseli Mts.-250 miles away.<br />80 Stones each weighing 4 tons.<br />Entrance of Bluestones is aligned with midsummer sunrise.<br />Phase left abandoned unfinished, small stones removed & holes filled.<br />
  8. 8. Stonehenge Phase 3 Part 1<br />Phase 3 is seen today.<br />Circle of upright sarsen stones, each pair with a stone on top.<br />Originally 30 stones, only 17 now.<br />Stones came from a town 20 miles away, 7 ft. tall & weigh 50 tons each.<br />Surface smoothed with hammers.<br />Formation of horseshoe erected. Used 10 stones, 8 still there. Aligns with summer solstice sunrise.<br />
  9. 9. Stonehenge Phase 3 Part 2<br />100 yrs. Later, 20 bluestones came from phase 2, placed inside horseshoe. <br />Alter Stone is the biggest remaining stone.<br />Images of dagger & 14 axe heads carved on stones.<br />Last known construction was 1600 B.C.<br />Last usage during Iron Age.<br />