Presented by Agbuya, Aranda, Barrios, Blackhall, Patel and Sanchez
The Act (What is done)
Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons
The Means (How it is done)
Threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or
benefits to a person in control of the victim
The Purpose (Why it is done)
For the purpose of exploitation, which includes exploiting the prostitution of others, sexual exploitation, forced
labour, slavery or similar practices and the removal of organs.
To ascertain whether a particular circumstance constitutes trafficking in persons, consider the definition of trafficking
in the Trafficking in Persons Protocol and the constituent elements of the offense, as defined by relevant domestic
• There are laws,
but there are also
– High demand for
low wage workers
• Migrants are the
• Where are these
– Almost everywhere
• United Arab
• United States of
– Industrial Training Program (ITP)
– Technical Internship Program (TIP)
– Ministry of Interior
• United States:
– Trafficking and Violence Protection Act (TVPA)
– Department of Labor (DOL) and the Department
of Homeland Security (DHS)
• Human trafficking is one of the lead causes towards suicide, HIV/AIDS and
also psychological disorders.
• Human trafficking leaves the exploited at a high risk of contracting various
sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS that they further pass on to the
men and their partners. In some cases, victims are also subjected to substance
abuse by being forced to take drugs. Such individuals also have to constantly
battle with drug addiction. Improper supply of meals and the lack of nutritious
food cause malnourishment in victims.
• Poor living conditions also contribute to development of various diseases
effecting the victims in which they suffer from in later years. The victims are
not given any medical aid to cure these ailments. Those recruited in chemical
factories are treated like modern-day slaves and when they succumb to
occupational diseases, are quickly replaced by another batch of victims.
• Human Trafficking also slows down the economic growth of the nation. The
wealth gains from trafficking are redirected to legal activities by investing in
businesses or funding public affairs in order to launder that money. Along with
forced cheap labor, this creates competition for genuine businesses.
• The children are likely to become withdrawn and tend to be suicidal. Any
children born to the victims of prostitution are taken away at the time of birth
causing further mental agony to the mothers. The longer the victims have been
enslaved, greater will be their traumatic experience.
• Statistics by the U.S. Department of State, globally, 2 million children are
trafficked into the sex trade each year. The children suffer from lack of selfesteem, emotional disturbance, disorientation, and depression and are scarred
for life. They develop deep psychological disorders that they struggle with for
the rest of their lives even if they have been rescued. Psychological
vulnerability hinders them from having a healthy state of mind in their future.
• Human trafficking is not only involves sex, labor, but it
also involves organ trafficking.
• According to WHO, in 2010 there were 107,000
donated organ worldwide both legal and illegal.
• According to the California human rights
organization, there are approximately 15,000-20,000
illegal kidney transplant per year.
• Gangs of organ traffickers conduct a million- dollars
business in the illegal trade.
• The human trafficking industries generate about 32
billion dollars profits every year. That is more than Nike,
Starbucks, and Google combine.
• Human trafficking researchers estimate that more than 50%
of trafficking victims are children.
• According to a 2009 Washington Times article, the Taliban
buys children as young as seven years old to act as a suicide
• UNICEF estimates that 300,000 children younger than 18 are
currently trafficked to serve in armed conflicts worldwide.
According to the FBI, San Diego is in the top 13 cities in
America with the highest incidences of child prostitution.
Human-trafficking cases filed in San Diego have jumped
more than 600% in the past 5 years
Family Justice Center in San Diego suggests that approx.
45,000 people are trafficked into the U.S. every year.
• Hotel Circle, El Cajon Boulevard, Main Street near 32nd Street
Naval Base, National City, Vista, and in Spring Valley have all
been identified as areas of human trafficking incidences.
• Founder of Border Angels, Enrique Morones said “There is not
a boulevard in Sand Diego that has more of a history of
prostitution than El Cajon Boulevard…”
• The vast majority of 588 arrests made last year around the
area of 30th Street and El Cajon Boulevard were prostitution
related according to voiceofsandiego.org.
• Experts say drug cartels are playing a central role in the
MULTIBILLION-dollar-a-year business of illegal
immigrant smuggling by commandeering operations
from independent “coyotes.”
• Cartels further exploit the illegal immigrants by forcing
them into economics bondage or prostitution. Recently
illegal immigrants have been forced to pay unreasonably
high fees to be smuggled across the U.S. border
• Why?... Rep. Loretta Sanchez (D-Garden Grove) said
“Drugs are only sold once but people can be sold over