The territory of Cartagena, in spite of the intense mining, tourist and industrial exploitation that it has undergone for centuries, shelters an extraordinary wealth and natural diversity. An important part of the territory is legally protected by different procedures.
The special geographical location of Cartagena and the particularities of its climate enable the presence of a great quantity of different species both from Africa and Europe, concentrating one of the major biodiversities of the Iberian peninsula. The numerous African and European species are specially prominent, present only on the southern coasts of Spain (Murcia and Almería principally) as well as in the north of Africa. There is also very noteworthy to point out the presence of valuable species that exist only in Cartagena. The most representative species of the flora of Cartagena are the following:
One of the most threatened species of the flora of Cartagena. Considered extinguished, it was re-revealed in 2004 by the biologist from Cartagena Sergio Martínez Mendoza. Nowadays a special program is carried out for its conservation.
This botanical wealth shapes one of the most important vegetable heritages of the Iberian Peninsula. The major concentration of biodiversity in the country of Cartagena can be seen in the coastal mountains , where dampness contributes to it. The fog from the sea - the so-called horizontal rain - mitigates the aridity of the climate in an important way .
The pecular falcon, royal owl, the golden eagle and the “perdicera” eagle, the Tachybaptus ruficollis, the calonectris diomedea , the oyster bed, the Himantopus himantopus , the stone curlew, the calidris alba, etc. In the salt mines of Calblanque and Marchamalo it is possible to find the presence of the common flamingoes and in the ‘Hormigas island’ and ‘Grosa island’ there are the ‘paiño europe’ as well as some of the major colonies of the world of the threatened gull of audouin. it The “canastera”, a species held to diverse projects of conservation, shelters in labor zones.
Reptiles: we consider the “mora” tortoise, a protected species. In the mount Roldán It is possible to see the common chameleon, but it is not known if it is an autochthonous or an introduced species
Fish: The most important fish of the fauna of Cartagena is the fartet (Aphanius iberus), endemic fish of the south-east of Spain that lives in very salty waters. In Cartagena it is present in the salt mines of the Rasall in Calblanque, in the Marchamalo salt mines, in the coast of the Carmolí and in Lo Poyo salt marsh