Everybody has his own style of learning.Some of us find it the best and easiest to learn byhearing information, some of us by seeing them.Proponents say that teachers should assess the learningstyles of their students and adapt their classroommethods to best fit each students learning style.There are even special tests which help in identifyingsomeone’s learning style.
Visual learning Visual learning is a teaching and learning style in whichideas, concepts, data and other information are associated withimages, photos and techniques. Students who have this style oflearning remember all the details visually.
Such learners:• prefer organize information through graphic media such as charts, spider diagrams, flow charts, maps, illustrated text books, videos and graphs together with the other graphic devices that often accompany these media, such as arrows, circles, etc.• see the teachers body language and facial expression to fully understand the content of a lesson• are good at spelling but forgets names• need quiet study time.• have to think awhile before understanding a speech or lecture.• are good with sign language.
ADVICES FOR VISUALS:• try replacing symbols with words and vice versa• spend time looking through the information and try to rewrite specific pages of information from memory• use flashcards• draw a map of events in history or draw scientific process• ask the teacher to diagram• Make lists, notes of everything
PROBLEMS OF VISUALS:• they find it dificult to hear lectures• lack of words• Problems with writing• difficulty understanding that context must be communnicated
Auditory learning is a learning style in which a person learnsthrough listening. An auditory learner depends on hearingand speaking as a main way of learning. Auditory learnersmust be able to hear what is being said in order tounderstand . They also use their listening and repeating skillsto sort through the information that is sent to them.
Students who are a strong aural learners often:• like to talk in class• explain things well• take part in oral work on class• do well in foreign languages• understand grammatical patterns easily• remember things better through listening than reading• have strong memorization skills• recall in great detail what was said in a lesson or lecture• have strong musical skills• have a strong sense of rhythm and use rhythm and rhyme to help them learn
ADVICES FOR AUDITORS:• explain the information covered in the lesson to someone who wasnt present in the lesson - this is a useful technique to use at home with willing listeners eg. parents or siblings• improve the quality of any notes taken in the lesson, because these notes may well have gaps in them - being able to study with someone else who can fill in the gaps may help with this• once the notes are complete transfer the information into auditory forms such as MP3 files to listen to repeatedly• practise presenting the information they have memorised to other people in the form of a presentation• read notes out loud to themselves
PROBLEMS OF AUDITORS:• quickly reading• understand graphs and diagrams easily• stay quiet for long periods of time• access learning delivered exclusively in written form• consistently produce legible handwriting
Kinesthetic learning occurs as studentsengage a physical activity: learning bydoing, exploring, discovering.
Students who have a strong kinesthetic learning styleoften:• like to move around in the classroom• remember what they physically DO, they need to do something to learn it• are able to remember something perfectly after doing it only once• enjoy activities that involve acting out such as role play or drama• need the help of physical objects, that they can handle, as aids to sequencing and learning• enjoy subjects which inherently satisfy the need for hands on learning, such as science, computer technology etc.• perform well in sporting activities and activities such as dance• express their interest in an actvity enthusiastically and excitedly - sometimes they can become over-excited
ADVICES FOR KINESTHETICS:• include as many real examples as they can - getting them to relive the kinesthetic parts of the learning can help them• associate specific case studies or examples with abstract concepts they have to learn• include pictorial cues such as photographs and pictures in the notes to provide more of a hook for the information they need to memorize• carry out the kinesthetic activity again at home: revise everything done in the classroom by recreating the situation• practise writing the kinds of answers they will face in the examination - remember that the act of writing does seem to help information become clearer to kinesthetic learners• talk over their learning with other students who learn in the same way, as a means of recalling all the important points
PROBLEMS OF KINESTHETICS:• may not be able to sit still for long periods of time• have difficulty with learning that involves learning by rote or sequencing• have poor handwriting• have difficulty with spelling
Reading disorder (Dyslexia)The most common learning disability. A reading disability canaffect any part of the reading process, including difficulty withaccurate or fluent word recognition, or both, worddecoding, reading rate, prosody (oral reading withexpression), and reading comprehension.
Writing disorder (Dysgraphia)Impaired written language ability may include impairments inhandwriting, spelling, organization of ideas, and composition.
Math disability (Dyscaluclia)Math disability can cause such difficulties as learning mathconcepts (such as quantity, place value, and time), difficultymemorizing math facts, difficulty organizing numbers, andunderstanding how problems are organized on the page.