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Europe:roots from the past and future challenges Publiczne Gimnazjum, Haci Ali Saruhan & Pere Barnils Project Comenius

Europe:roots from the past and future challenges Publiczne Gimnazjum, Haci Ali Saruhan & Pere Barnils Project Comenius

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The european union tr The european union tr Presentation Transcript

  • EUROPEAN UNION
  • A unique ,economic and political partnership between 27 democratic European countries.
    What is the European Union?
  • What are its aims?
    Peace, prosperity and freedom for its 498 million citizens — in a fairer , safer world.
  • Frontier-free travel and trade, the euro (the single European currency), safer food and a greener environment, better living standards in poorer regions, joint action on crime and terror, cheaper phone calls, millions of opportunities to study abroad … and much more besides.
    What results so far?
  • To make these things happen, EU countries set up bodies to run the EU and adopt its legislation. The main ones are:
    the European Parliament (representing the people of Europe;
    the Council of the European Union (representing national governments );
    the European Commission (representing the common EU interest ).
    How does it work?
  • The EU symbols
    The European anthem
    The European flag
    Europe Day, 9 May
    The motto: United in diversity
  • Enlargement: from six to 27 countries
    1952
    1973
    1986
    1981
    1990
    1995
    2004
    2007
  • How big are the EUcountries?
    Surface area in1 000 km²
    544
    506
    410
    357
    313
    305
    295
    244
    230
    131
    111
    93
    92
    83
    30
    49
    77
    68
    63
    62
    43
    43
    34
    20
    9
    3
    0.3
    Italy
    Spain
    France
    Poland
    Finland
    Sweden
    Estonia
    Germany
    Denmark
    Latvia
    Greece
    Slovakia
    Belgium
    Malta
    Hungary
    Luxemburg
    Bulgaria
    Ireland
    Netherlands
    Romania
    Austria
    Cyprus
    Slovenia
    Lithuania
    United Kingdom
    Portugal
    Czech Republic
  • How many people live in the EU?
    Population in millions, 2009
    500 million total
    82.1
    64.4
    61.6
    60.1
    45.8
    38.1
    21.5
    16.5
    10.6
    11.3
    10.8
    10.5
    10.0
    9.3
    8.4
    7.6
    5.3
    5.5
    5.4
    4.5
    3.3
    2.3
    2.0
    1.3
    0.8
    0.5
    0.4
    Italy
    Spain
    France
    Poland
    Finland
    Sweden
    Estonia
    Germany
    Denmark
    Latvia
    Greece
    Slovakia
    Belgium
    Malta
    Hungary
    Luxemburg
    Bulgaria
    Ireland
    Netherlands
    Romania
    Austria
    Cyprus
    Slovenia
    Lithuania
    United Kingdom
    Portugal
    Czech Republic
  • GDP per inhabitant: the spread of wealth
    2008GDP per inhabitant
    Index where the average of the 27 EU-countries is 100
    271
    137
    135
    123
    122
    118
    117
    116
    115
    114
    107
    103
    101
    100
    95
    94
    91
    80
    76
    76
    68
    72
    63
    61
    58
    56
    46
    40
    Malta
    Ireland
    Austria
    Slovakia
    Sweden
    Portugal
    Estonia
    Hungary
    Latvia
    Poland
    Romania
    Bulgaria
    Finland
    Germany
    France
    Italy
    EU-27
    Cyprus
    Greece
    Slovenia
    Denmark
    Spain
    Belgium
    Lithuania
    Luxembourg
    Netherlands
    United Kingdom
    Czech Republic
  • The euro – a single currency for Europeans
    Can be used everywhere in the euro area
    4Coins:one side with national symbols, one side common
    4Notes:no national side
    EU countries using the euroEU countries not using the euro
  • Free to move
    “Schengen”:
    4 No police or customs checks at borders between most EU countries
    4 Controls strengthened at EU external borders
    4 More cooperation between police from different EU countries
    4 You can buy and bring back any goods for personal use when you travel between EU countries
    © Corbis
  • Going abroad to learn
    Over 2 million young people have studied or pursued personal development in other European countries with support from EU programmes:
    4 Comenius: school education
    4 Erasmus: higher education
    4 Leonardo da Vinci: vocational training
    4 Grundtvig: adult education
    4 Youth in Action: voluntary work and non-formal education
    © Getty Images
  • Three key players
    The European Parliament- voice of the peopleJerzyBuzek, President of
    of the European Parliament The council of Ministers- voice of the Member StatesHerman Van Rompuy, President of the European CouncilThe European Commission- promoting the common interestJosé Manuel Barroso, Presidentof the European Commission
  • The EU institutions
    European Council (summit)
    European Parliament
    Council of Ministers
    (Council of the EU)
    European Commission
    Court of Justice
    Court of Auditors
    Economic and Social Committee
    Committee of the Regions
    European Investment Bank
    European Central Bank
    Agencies
  • Council of Ministers – voiceof the member states
    4One minister from each EU country4Presidency: rotates every six months4Decides EU laws and budget together with Parliament4Manages the common foreign and security policy
  • Council of Ministers – number of votes per country
    29
    Germany, France, Italy and the United Kingdom
    27
    Spain and Poland
    Romania
    14
    13
    Netherlands
    Belgium, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary and Portugal
    12
    10
    Austria, Bulgaria and Sweden
    7
    Denmark, Ireland, Lithuania, Slovakia and Finland
    4
    Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Luxembourg and Slovenia
    3
    Malta
    345
    Total:
    “Qualified majority” needed for many decisions:255 votes and a majority of member states
    From 2014: 55% of the Member States with 65% of the population
  • Summit at the European Council
    Summit of heads of state and government of all EU countries4Heldat least 4 times a year4Sets the overall guidelines for EU policies
    4President: Herman Van Rompuy
  • The European Commission – promoting the common interest
    27 independent members, one from each EU country4Proposes new legislation4Executive organ 4Guardian of the treaties4Represents the EU on the international stage
  • MEMBERS
    • GERMANYCapital: BerlinPopulation: 83,029,536Population growth rate: Percentage 00:27Infant mortality rate: 4.71 per thousandLife expectancy: 77.61 yearsLiteracy rate: 99 percentGDP: 2.362 trillion dollarsNational income per capita: U.S. $ 28 thousand 700Growth rate: 1.7 percentInflation rate: 2 percentUnemployment rate: 9.9 percent
  • AUSTRIA
    AUSTRIACapital: ViennaPopulation: 8,150,835Population growth rate: Percentage 00:24Infant mortality rate: per thousand 4:44Life expectancy: 77.84 yearsLiteracy rate: 98 percentGDP: 203 billion dollarsNational income per capita: U.S. $ 25 thousandGrowth rate: 3.1 percentInflation rate: 2 percentUnemployment rate: 5.4 percent
  • BELGIUM
    • BELGIUMCapital: BrusselsPopulation: 10,258,762Population growth rate: Percentage 00:16Infant mortality rate: 4.7 per thousandLife expectancy: 77.96 yearsLiteracy rate: 98 percentGDP: 259.2 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 25 thousand 300 dollarsGrowth rate: 4.1 percentInflation rate: 2.2 percentUnemployment rate: 8.4 percent
  • CZECH REPUBLIC
    • CZECH REPUBLICCapital: PraguePopulation: 10,264,212Population growth rate: Percentage - 00:07Infant mortality rate: per thousand 5:55Life expectancy: 74.73 yearsLiteracy rate: 100 percentGDP: 132.4 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 12 thousand 900 dollarsGrowth rate: 2.5 percentInflation rate: 3.8 percentUnemployment rate: 8.7 percent
  • DENMARK
    • DENMARKCapital: CopenhagenPopulation: 5,352,815Population growth rate: 0.3 percentInfant mortality rate: per thousand 5:04Life expectancy: 76.72 yearsLiteracy rate: 100 percentGDP: 136.2 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 25 thousand 500 dollarsGrowth rate: 2.8 percentInflation rate: 2.9 percentUnemployment rate: 5.3 percent
  • ESTONIA
    • ESTONIACapital: TallinnPopulation: 1,423,316Population growth rate: Percentage - 00:55Infant mortality rate: 12.62 per thousandLife expectancy: 69.73 yearsLiteracy rate: 100 percentGDP: 14.7 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 10 thousand dollarsGrowth rate: 6.4 percentInflation rate: 4.1 percentUnemployment rate: 11.7 percent
  • FINLAND
    • FinlandCapital: HelsinkiPopulation: 5,175,783Population growth rate: Percentage 00:16Infant mortality rate: 3.79 per thousandLife expectancy: 77.58 yearsLiteracy rate: 100 percentGDP: 118.3 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 22 thousand 900 dollarsGrowth rate: 5.6 percentInflation rate: 3.4 percentUnemployment rate: 9.8 percent
  • FRANCE
    • FRANCECapital: ParisPopulation: 59,551,227Population growth rate: Percentage 00:37Infant mortality rate: per thousand 4:46Life expectancy: 78.9 yearsLiteracy rate: 99 percentGDP: U.S. $ 1,448 trillionNational income per capita: 24 thousand 400 dollarsGrowth rate: 3.1 percentInflation rate: 1.7 percentUnemployment rate: 9.7 percent
  • The NETHERLANDS
    • NETHERLANDSCapital: The HaguePopulation: 15,981,472Population growth rate: Percentage 00:55Infant mortality rate: per thousand 4:37Life expectancy: 78.43 yearsLiteracy rate: 99 percentGDP: 388.4 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 24 thousand 400 dollarsGrowth rate: 4 percentInflation rate: 2.6 percentUnemployment rate: 2.6 percent
  • UNITED KINGDOM
    • UNITED KINGDOMCapital: LondonPopulation: 59,647,790Population growth rate: Percentage 00:23Infant mortality rate: per thousand 5:54Life expectancy: 77.82 yearsLiteracy rate: 99 percentGDP: 1.36 trillion dollarsNational income per capita: 22 thousand 800 dollarsGrowth rate: 3 per centInflation rate: 2.4 percentUnemployment rate: 5.5 percent
  • IRELAND
    • IRELANDCapital: DublinPopulation: 3,840,838Population growth rate: 1.12 percentInfant mortality rate: per thousand 5:53Life expectancy: 77 yearsLiteracy rate: 98 percentGDP: 81.9 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 21 thousand 600 dollarsGrowth rate: 9.9 percentInflation rate: 5.6 percentUnemployment rate: 4.1 percent
  • SPAIN
    • SPAINCapital: MadridPopulation: 40,037,995Population growth rate: 1 per thousandInfant mortality rate: 5 per thousandLife expectancy: 79 yearsLiteracy rate: 97 percentGDP: 720.8 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 18 thousand dollarsGrowth rate: 4 percentInflation rate: 3.4 percentUnemployment rate: 14 percent
  • SWEDEN
    • SWEDENCapital: StockholmPopulation: 8,875,053Population growth rate: 0.2 per thousandInfant mortality rate: per thousand 3:47Life expectancy: 79.71 yearsLiteracy rate: 99 percentGDP: 197 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 22 thousand 200 dollarsGrowth rate: 4.3 percentInflation rate: 1.2 percentUnemployment rate: 6 percent
  • ITALY
    • ITALYCapital: RomePopulation: 57,679,825Population growth rate: 0.7 per thousandInfant mortality rate: 5.84 per thousandLife expectancy: 79.14 yearsLiteracy rate: 98 percentGDP: U.S. $ 1,273 trillionNational income per capita: 22 thousand 100 dollarsGrowth rate: 2.7 percentInflation rate: 2.5 percentUnemployment rate: 10.4 percent
  • CYPRUS SECTION
    • CYPRUS SECTIONCapital: NicosiaPopulation: 762,887Population growth rate: Percentage 00:59Infant mortality rate: 7.89 per thousandLife expectancy: 76.89 yearsLiteracy rate: 94 percentGNP: 9.7 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 16 thousand dollarsGrowth rate: 4.2 percentInflation rate: 4.2 percentUnemployment rate: 3.6 percent
  • LATVIA
    • LATVIACapital: RigaPopulation: 2,385,231Population growth rate: -0.81 percentInfant mortality rate: per thousand 15:34Life expectancy: 68.7 yearsLiteracy rate: 100 percentGDP: 17.3 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 7,200 dollarsGrowth rate: 5.5 percentInflation rate: 2.7 percentUnemployment rate: 7.8 percent
  • LITHUANIA
    • LITHUANIACapital: VilniusPopulation: 3,610,535Population growth rate: -0.27 percentInfant mortality rate: 14.5 per thousandLife expectancy: 69.25 yearsLiteracy rate: 98 percentGDP: 26.4 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 7 thousand 300 dollarsGrowth rate: 2.9 percentInflation rate: Percentage 1Unemployment rate: 10.8 percent
  • LUXEMBOURG
    • LUXEMBOURGCapital: LuxembourgPopulation: 442,972Population growth rate: 1.26 percentInfant mortality rate: 4.77 per thousandLife expectancy: 77.3 yearsLiteracy rate: 100 percentGDP: 15.9 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 36 thousand 400 dollarsGrowth rate: 5.7 percentInflation rate: 7.8 percentUnemployment rate: 2.7 percent
  • HUNGARY
    • HUNGARYCapital: BudapestPopulation: 10,106,017Population growth rate: Percentage - 00:32Infant mortality rate: 9 per thousandLife expectancy: 71.63 yearsLiteracy rate: 99 percentGDP: 113.9 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 11 thousand 200 dollarsGrowth rate: 5.5 percentInflation rate: 9.8 percentUnemployment rate: 10.4 percent
  • MALTA
    • MALTACapital: VallettaPopulation: 394,538Population growth rate: 0.74 percentInfant mortality rate: 5.83 per thousandLife expectancy: 78.1 yearsLiteracy rate: 88.76 percentGNP: 5.6 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 14 thousand 300 dollarsGrowth rate: 3.4 percentInflation rate: 2.5 percentUnemployment rate: 4.5 percent
  • POLAND
    • POLANDCapital: WarsawPopulation: 38,633,912Population growth rate: -0.03 percentInfant mortality rate: per thousand 9:39Life expectancy: 73.42 yearsLiteracy rate: 99 percentGDP: 327.5 billion dollarsNational income per capita: U.S. $ 8 thousand 500Growth rate: 4.8 percentInflation rate: 10.2 percentUnemployment rate: 12 percent
  • PORTUGAL
    • PORTUGALCapital: LisbonPopulation: 10,066,253Population growth rate: Percentage 00:18Infant mortality rate: 5.94 per thousandLife expectancy: 76 yearsLiteracy rate: 87.4 percentGDP: 159 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 15 thousand 800 dollarsGrowth rate: 2.7 percentInflation rate: 2.8 percentUnemployment rate: 4.3 percent
  • SLOVAKIA
    • SLOVAKIACapital: BratislavaPopulation: 5,414,937Population growth rate: Percentage 00:13Infant mortality rate: 9 per thousandLife expectancy: 74 yearsLiteracy rate: 99 percentGDP: 55.3 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 10 thousand 200 dollarsGrowth rate: 2.2 percentInflation rate: 12.2 percentUnemployment rate: 17 percent
  • SLOVENIA
    • SLOVENIACapital: LjubljanaPopulation: 1,930,132Population growth rate: Percentage 00:14Infant mortality rate: per thousand 4:51Life expectancy: 75 yearsLiteracy rate: 99 percentGDP: 22.9 billion dollarsNational income per capita: U.S. $ 12 thousandGrowth rate: 4.5 percentInflation rate: 8.9 percentUnemployment rate: 7.1 percent
  • GREECE
    • GREECECapital: AthensPopulation: 10,623,835Population growth rate: Percentage 00:21Infant mortality rate: per thousand 6:38Life expectancy: 78.59 yearsLiteracy rate: 95 percentGDP: 181.9 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 17 thousand 200 dollarsGrowth rate: 3.8 percentInflation rate: 3.1 percentUnemployment rate: 11.3 percent
  • BULGARIA
    • BULGARIACapital: SofiaPopulation: 7,385,367Population growth rate: -0.86 percentInfant mortality rate: 19.85 per thousandLife expectancy: 72.3 yearsLiteracy rate: 98.6 percentGDP: 71.54 billion dollarsNational income per capita: 9,600 dollarsGrowth rate: 5.5 percentInflation rate: 5 percentUnemployment rate: 11.5 percent
  • ROMANIA
    • ROMANIACapital: BucharestPopulation: 22,303,552Population growth rate: -0.12 percentInfant mortality rate: 25.5 per thousandLife expectancy: 71.63 yearsLiteracy rate: 98.4 percentGDP: 183.6 billion dollarsNational income per capita: U.S. $ 8.200Growth rate: 4.5 percentInflation rate: 9 percentUnemployment rate: 5.9 percent
  • EUROPEAN UNION COMENIUS TEAM OF HACI ALI SARUHAN İ.Ö.O.
    BERNA ERYİĞİT
    HÜLYA ÇAKAR
    SENA ERYİĞİT
  • Fırat Hasanoğlu
    GÜLŞAH ONĞUR
    EZGİ KOCATEPE
  • Melih Karanfil
    Emre Türköz
    Zeynep s. Kaya
    Sena Başar
    Ufuk Uysal
    Firdevs İpek
    Ömürcan Kaya
  • Canan Gökçeağaç
    Kader Gökçeağaç
    Keremhan Kara
    Ömer F. Türker
    Sevda Kayacan
  • CONSULTANT TEACHER And The TEAM LEADER
    Cevriye BALCI