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Democratic values in european union
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  • 1. Democratic values in The European Union
  • 2. INDEX 1. The European Union 1.1 What is the European Union? 1.1.1 Countries in the European Union 1.1.2 Symbols of the EU 1.1.3 Aspects that the European Union countries have in common 1.2 Why and how was it created? 1.3 Most important institutions of the EU 2. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 2.1 Human Rights in the EU 2.1.1 European Union Convention on Human Rights 2.1.2 European Court of Human Rights 3. The democratic values 3.1 What do they mean? 3.2 The diversity of values 3.3 The democratic values in the EU 3.3.1 What values does the EU promote? 3.3.2 How does the EU promote the democratic values and the diversity of values? 4. Comparision of the rules of Josefina Aldecoa highschool with the EU 4.1 The different common aspects that Josefina Aldecoa and EU share 4.2 Common denominator of the internal regime of democratic connector
  • 3. 1.1 The European Union Union? 1. What is the European The European Union is an economical and political organization which was founded after the ending of the Second World War by six European countries. At the beginning it was called European Economic Community and its aim was the economical colaboration of the before named countries establishing other two suborganizations: the EURATOM and the European Coal and Steel Comunity. Nowadays the EU is a really important organization and the richest economical potency in the world, highlighting that its principal aim is to promote the human rights all over the world.
  • 4. 1.1.3 Aspects that the European Union European Union 1.1.1 Countries in the countries have in common 1.1.2 Symbols of the EU Regarding to economics, the European Union countries have the same rules in Austria agriculture, transport, industry... Regarding to politics all citizens have the right to Belgium Bulgaria study, live or work in other countries which belong to the European Union. Also, the Croatia Cyprus different countries have taken measures to protect the environment, fight against Czech Republic crime and respect all democratic values Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden United Kingdom
  • 5. 1.2 Why and how was it created? In 1945 after the Second World War ended, some European countries decided to cooperate with each other to prevent more wars and to improve the development of the European economy. In 1957, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and France signed the Treat of Rome and created the European Economic Community. Some years later, in 1992, the members of the European Economic Community signed the Treat of Mastritch, with this the European Community changed it's name to the European Union. From that moment and on, more countries have joined the European Union until reaching the formation of a Union of 28 countries as we know of today.
  • 6. 1.3 Most important institutions of the EU I. The European Parlament The European Parliament is one of the main institutions of the European Union. It's formed by the Euro Mps and the president. The Parliament is in charge of taking the most important decisions, like aproving laws and the budgets. II. The European Union Council This is where the ministers of each country from the European Union meet to take care of the most important decisiones like aproving laws with the Parliament, coordinating economic laws and controlling exterior politics. III. The European Comitte Is the European Union's government. They are in charge of proposing laws to the Parliament and the European Council. IV. The Court of Justice The Court of Justice is in charge of guaranteeing that the laws are respected and aplaid equally too all the European members. It also solves legal conflicts between the governments and institutions of the EU.
  • 7. 2. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights Is a declaration adopted by the United Nations Assembly on 10 th December 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot, in Paris. The Declaration arose directly from the experience of the Second World War, which vastly knocked down the people rights, only leaving destruction, chaos, and millions of deaths. It represents the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are inherently entitled and this is an important fact, because all the countries which are members of the United Nations, have to commit this Declaration and doing that is a global way of promoting this rights. The Declaration consist of thirty articles.
  • 8. 2.1.1The Human Court of Human Rights 2.1.2 European Rights in the Human Rights 2.1 European Union Convention on EU The European Convention on Human Rights was established authority for the human Court of Human Rights is the highest judicial on the 4th of November rights and freedom Europe. It consists of an international court where everyone who of 1950 by the European Council. It established a system of international proteccion of has had their rights where people acquired the benefit of judicial control over of his the Human Rights, violated is recognized by the Convention for the protection their or her rights. This Convention isby treaty where the of the Union,the Council of Europe rights. The Convention, ratified a all the members 47 states of established different have promised to protectin Strasbourg: and freedoms. control systems situated all human rights Human freedom and rights established in the Convention, the Universal or sometimes The Commission, in charge of studying the demands of the States, Declaration of Human Rights from the UN and in the European Convention of Human Rights are individual people. basically the same. The European Court of Human Rights, where, in the case of judicial solution, turn to the Commission. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, that are in charge of guarding the European Court of Human Rights and their intervention is needed to obtain a solution when the case hasn't been sent to the Court. Each time there were more problems so there was a reformation in the Court, on the 1st of November og 1998 all these organizations formed the European Court of Human Rights.
  • 9. 3.1 What do they mean? 3. The democratic values The democratic values are the characteristics, the qualities, the ideas and beliefs which are accepted in a society, in order to guide it to a democratic progress which can finally become stable. They are a set of principles that allow any society to be able to apply a democratic system. These etic values make democracy exist and justify it as the best political system. Values such as freedom, justice, pluralism, equality are the basis to build a democratic society.
  • 10. 3.2 The diversity of values The diversity of values is a phenomenon given in our actual multicultural society. This diversity makes citizens learn that there is a large variety of values depending on the ideals and the opinions from each person. The diversity of values, as a multicultural fact, reinforces the cohabitation in the society nowadays and helps to learn to be tolerant and respect other values, and not only that, but all the different ideologies that humans have, such as religious beliefs, traditions…
  • 11. 3.3 Democratic values in the EU 3.3.1 What values does the EU promote? The values operate as principles, promotes are: The most important values the EU from which the behaviours are regulated and serve as a guide •Freedom for individuals and the society. These values arise from the Second World War and •Equality they are the result of the evolution of modern societies, and can and should be rationally justified, showing why and how they are preferable done institutionally. •Justice •Respect •Democracy All of them based on the human dignity and the Human Rights aplied to all human beings. Having in mind these values, the European Union tries to achieve a set of objectives.
  • 12. 3.3.2 How does the EU promote the democratic values and the diversity of values? The EU respects the freedom of all preparesand hasintercultural promotes the diversity of values young its basis on The European education not only citizens by the people for dialogue, which is really but also to manage the membership the human dignity. The Council of Europe their personal laboral market, important promotes defends all the of multiple values named a multicultural to respectgives human developmentcultures in with a certain dignity, and the By its democratic as persons before in order environment. them institutions, Schools have an cohesion of take place. Values such knowledge. it intercultural dialogue can all in the promotion of dignity so the looks for the important role the different values from all the european becauseexpression the responsability the thethe respect for freedom of they have are promoted by to as democratic values, countries. The EU has fought for us to have theof students live this tolerant, multicultural as culture of guide the Europe. By in a way the EU develops society, and Council chance to and teach them how to live a free with political plurarism.the democracy to reconciles the rule of the active citizens. diversity making majority with the rights of the individuals.
  • 13. 4. Comparision of the rules of Josefina Aldecoa 4.1 The different common aspects that highschool with the EU EU share Josefina Aldecoa and 1. International regulations 2. Obligations 3. Rights 4. Duties
  • 14. 4.2 Common denominator of the internal regime of democratic connector Respect for human dignity and human rights, freedom, democracy, equality and the rule of law are common values, which are expressed in Article 2 of the Treaty on EU. The compliance with these principles is a necessary condition of EU membership. Comparing these values of democratic Council of Europe with the rules, the aim is to find some similiraties that promote peace and coexistence in schools. Some keywords realted with this aspect are: school coexistence, peace culture, group cohesion, emotional education, values education… These are basic rules that our highschool and the EU have in common, as respect of human dignity and equality are essential for living together in harmony. We must ensure these points and work together and sanction those actiones that do not follow the rules.
  • 15. IE JosefinaAdecoa S l C sPr omeniu oject Er U uopean nion