In Italy there is a public institution, the
I.N.R.A.N. (National Research Institute for
Food and Nutrition), who wrote the
guidelines for a healthy diet.
Teenagers are strongly influenced for food by friends and
by the fashion of fast food.
They are switching to foods which, although practical
and tasty, are high in calories, fat and salt from the
nutritional point of view.
If such kind of food becomes too frequent, the diet can
Risks of an unbalanced diet
The erroneous assumption of foods, both in quantity and quality, can
be an important factor in the determination of disease states such as:
•Overweight and obesity
•Metabolic diseases (increased blood cholesterol and triglycerides)
•Diabetes type 2
•Cholelithiasis and hepatic steatosis (fatty liver)
•Goiter from iodine deficiency
•Some forms of tumors.
The risk of obesity, in particular, is determined not only by an excess
of energy intake, compared to those consumed, even by a sedentary
The food pyramid
Proper nutrition is essential for good quality of life. The traditional
Mediterranean diet is nowadays considered one of the most
effective in the world for health protection and is
also one of the most varied and balanced we
know. The Mediterranean diet is synonymous
with perfect balance and right proportion
between the different nutrients:
• protein: 15%
• carbohydrates: 60%
• fat: 25%.
The food pyramid has been
realized according to this model.
At the base of the pyramid there
are foods we can use more
while at the top those that it is
better to limit, in order to reduce
Ten tips from the experts
You can protect your health by eating better
and with more flavour.
Here are some general guidelines developed by