Folklore: Our beautiful country - Poland 2011


Published on

Presentation of folklore from Poland for the Comenius Project "European Portfolio Musical."

48-200 PRUDNIK
tel. (048) 77436 64 23

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Folklore: Our beautiful country - Poland 2011

  1. 1. FOLKLOR - To the folklore of the area includes the entire work of people: music, dances, speech (dialect) songs costumes handicrafts.REGION When we talk about folklore, very often we use the term "region", which means an area inhabited by a people whose culture, activities and the way of life are different then in other neighboring areas.In Poland we can distinguish the following regions: Lubelskie Kujawy Podlasie Mazowsze Kashubia Pomerania, it’s Pomorze Wielopolska Silesia, it’s Śląsk Podhale
  2. 2.  Dances can be grouped by region, in which occurred: SILESIA(ŚLĄSK) - lipka, koziorajka, old woman; KUJAWY - kujawiak, walking WIELKOPOLSKA - walking, waltz and primrose; KASHUBIA - shepherd, shoemaker and „rus dwa”. PODHALE - highland dancing MAZOWSZE - Krakowiak, oberek, mazurek, polonaise Pomerania - Kashubian dances In addition national dances, in Poland occurred another dances, for example brickmaker or miotlarz. This dances only imitated moves of real folk dances.
  3. 3. POLISH NATIONAL DANCESThese are dances that have spreadthroughout the Polish. They have theindyvidual characteristics of specificregions.1. Krakowiak2. Polonaise3. Mazurka4. Oberek5. Kujawiak
  4. 4.  Krakowiak, a Polish folk dance from the region of Krakow, belongs to the natives of the national Polish dance in 2 / 4 time and a characteristic syncopated rhythm. Name comes from the whole of the eighteenth century, and now referring to a group of dancing natives possess your own local smokers names: passes, tripping, chasing, skalmierzak, runs, etc. At the end of the eighteenth century, features syncopated rhythms were up Krakowiak appeared in symphonic music, and at the beginning of the nineteenth century, this dance has become popular now in the stage and instrumental music.
  5. 5. Originally called walking. Is a Polish dancecourt, though its roots became from folkmusic. Features: stoic, rather slow, stressat the same time, metre 3 / 4.
  6. 6. One of the biggest Polish folk band named for Stanislaus Hadyna , foundJuly 1, 1953 by Stanislaw Hadyn. The seat assembly is housed in the Castle in Koszęcin.
  7. 7. Officially, the "Mazowsze" brought to life the Decree of the Ministry of Culture and Art on Nov. 8, 1948 the year ofintroduction to Professor Tadeusz Sygietyńskiemu organize a folk band, whose task was to care for the traditionalrepertoire of folk-based songs, and dances przyśpiewkach Masovian village and regional artistic traditions.
  8. 8. The group "Słowianki" was created in 1959 at the Department of Slavonic Philology at the JagiellonianUniversity. The beginning gave a group of several students of the Faculty of Philology, organized by theresearcher, slavicist - Zdzislaw Wagner, fascinated by the folklore of southern Slavs.
  9. 9. History of Song and Dance Ensemble "Kurpie" dates back to 1952, when the instructor is the initiative of the District House of Culture - Boguslaw Bakala Regional Team was established "Kurpie.
  10. 10. Mountaineer national Kurpian national costumecostumeKashubian national costume Warmian national costumeKujawian national costume Wielkopolska’s national costumeŚląsk Opolski national costume Krakowian national costume
  11. 11. dudy Culture and art - On the whole province folk traditions are celebrating. Center of the highest rank is the regional capital Poznań. The largest centers of folk culture are Szamotuły, Krobia, Włoszakowice and Wągrowiec. FOLK MUSIC in Wielkopolska For the characteristic and the oldest known musical instruments include bagpipes, which do not meet in other regions of the country, except in the region of Podhale and Zywiec . FOLKLORE dance - the most common are: cheers, fore, chilled, dance based on different steps, as well as ceremonial dances.FROM DĄBRÓWKA WIELKOPOLSKA COSTUME dudy SZAMOTULSKI DRESS
  12. 12. gęśle Dudy  CULTURE AND ART. Highlander folklore is one of the biggest attractions of Zakopane and the whole Highlands. DRESS. Once the dress could be identified, from which country the person comes from. Shepherds dressed differently (young shepherds and shepherds), otherwise the hosts (the farmers).PODHALE MUSIC: in many villages people could meet a very talented folk musicians who do not know the notes and instruments performed independently. Belonged to famous artists Krzeptowski John Sabala and Bartholomew Obrochta. INSTRUMENTS - The Podhale once played at the corners, pipes, bagpipes (also known as the goat), trombitach, gęślach (to play this instrument made ​famous John Sabala). With time Gesle replaced violin, bass and bagpipes (the bass). PODHALAŃSKI NATIONAL  COSTUME
  13. 13.  Krakowiak-largest group of ethnographic in Malopolska DANCE - In Galicia(Małopolska) we mostly Krakowiak, and transferred from Czech polka.MAŁOPOLSKA Peoples musical tradition is one way to seek deeper ties or the unity of the nation. It is home to many rites and customs.  Krakowian nationalLAJKONIK costume
  14. 14. WARMIŃSKI COSTIUM E HABITS - Since the new year in the countryside went teams dressed, wearing a mask goats, rams, bears. On the last day of the year were decorated - plugged chimneys, painted glass. In St. Johns girls threw wreaths on the water, under the pillow lay wreaths of thyme - that dreamed up future husband. Polish harvest festival was the equivalent of Masurian yield. On All Souls Day were fed grandfathers proszalnych under churches. DANCE Kosejdera ,frog, old man and walked were dancing at weddings. The main theme was folk and sly devil woman with associated folk proverbs and sayings such as "For a woman to hell", "Where the devil can not go, send a woman there. " MAZURSKI COSTIUME
  15. 15.  CULTURE - In connection with Germanization in Lower Silesia (Sląsk) ,Lower Silesian folklore preserved very exactly. Costumes in the areas of Lower Silesia were not uniform. Barbara Bazielich singled out 8 groups of clothes that have developed in the late nineteenth century in the area from the Glogau to Nysa: Jeleniogórski costume, Kaczawsko - Nadbobrzański costume, Karkonosze dress, Kłodzko dress, Wałbrzych dress, Wrocław costume, Głogowskie costumes (separate group), Nysa dress. DOLNY ŚLĄSK NATIONAL COSTIUME
  16. 16. ŚLĄSKOPOLSKIKosorowiczanki -national band
  17. 17. Culture of the Silesian region is characterized by diversity, which result of mixing different cultural traditionsŚląsk national band
  18. 18. About MASOVIA mentioned as early as the tenth century, in the age structure of the Polish state. This area lies in the vicinity of Warsaw, and also Kurpie region which is rich in folk art The culture of Mazowsze created thanks to the penetration of many traditions. The region was a melting pot,MAZOWSZE where they met representatives of various visions and currents and nationalities. LEADING FIGURES. The Mazowsze come prominent, well-known and widely respected were people such as: St. Stanislaus Kostka, Felix KURPIOWSKI COSTIUME Kryski, Nicholas and Lawrence Gośliccy, Hippolytus Gawarecki Vincent, Peter from Proboszczowic whether John Krasinski Dobrogost. In Zelazowa Wola, Chopin was born.
  19. 19. The relatively most numerous archaic elements of indigenous folk culture of West Pomerania, we find u Slovincians. Under the name of the current in the literature is understood as the Slavic population of some rural district between the rivers Łupawa Slupsk, and Leba. They seem to be Kashubian ethnic group. Would qualify it for the many common cultural elements. COSTUMES - ​So important phenomenon indicating diversity of ethnic groups as well as regional costumes, were in the nineteenth century in Western Pomerania, the complete disappearance. With incomplete descriptions, we know only a few features of the old costume Slovincians, nadłebskich Kashubians and regional population. We do not know quite the history of these garments and factors, with the participation of which they formed and turned into. Kashubs MUSIC was accompanied not only in the important moments in life, but and at work, rest. Kashubs liked to have fun, dance, sing. Their dances and songs can be divided into several groups: eg ritualKASZUBSKI PYRZYCKI COSTIUMECOSTIUME
  20. 20. Kujawy area is very rich culturally. DANCE: Kujawy – an areabelong to the central Polish, which dominated the mazurek dancing rhythms. The group include following dances: kujawiak, mazurekand oberek, all exist in the Kujawy region. WALKING BY „KOZA”
  21. 21. Polish national dance in a livelytempo and time signature 3 / 4.Name of dance comes from theregion of Mazovia. This dancecombines similarity with zoberkek(at a faster pace) and kujawiak(slow). It is characterized bytendency to accentuate the secondand third beats and the rhythmicfigure of a four-syllable group,which is composed of two eightsand two quarter notes alternatingwith a group of three quarter notes.It is a fun dynamic dance oftendanced on the noble courts. Malelead in the mazurek is calledbellwether.
  22. 22.  Polish folk dance, popular in the countryside in many Polish regions, especially popular in the Mazowsze and Radomszczyzna. In its natural context (fun, wedding) came to a halt in the second half of the twentieth century, especially now danced at weddings only for the elderly and at their request, provided that he has in his repertoire oberek wedding band, which is rare (usually when it is Composed in oberek Wilanów).
  23. 23.  It is a quiet dance. It consists of quarter notes in the rhythm of running on a slightly bent legs. Moody, lyrical melody gives it a flirtatious nature. Dance steps are based mainly on a mild gait and speed, only the musical accents at the end of phrases are highlighted by stronger steps. Basic steps in Kujawiak are equal, from bottom, top, trójkrok chodzony (one bar performed three dance steps). Figures Kujawiak are asleep, from up-to the (odsibka), leaning, and 4-way rotation.
  24. 24. gęśle  In Poland, we meet many different folk instruments. The most popular, occurring throughout the country, can include rattles, terkotki, whistles, reed pipes. In addition to these regional instruments have occurred. Here you can replace the pipes, which, depending on the region could have a different name - consisted of a bag of goatskin and two pipes, one of which was called przebierką.dudy terkotka The Podhale shepherds played on trembitach - long trumpets, with a length of up to 5 meters. With stringed instruments were the most popular small violin - mazanki, oktawki, bass, seamen. In some areas, also played the drums, bells, okarynach and clarinets. folk music was performed mostly in groups by folk bands. Their composition can vary from region to region, but generally consisted of violins, bagpipes, clarinet and drum. Among scholars of Polish folk music to the most outstanding are: Joseph Ligęza, Jan Bystroń, Jadwiga and Marian Sobieskis, Fr. Wladyslaw Skierkowski, and especially Oskar Kolberg. His life in the years 1814-1890. For 50 years, traveled to Poland and record folk songs in all variants, which are well know. He described the life and folk customs. He is the author 24-volume work that the title "People and their customs, way of life, speech, proverbs, customs, tastes, games, songs, music and dance. "He also released a collection of songs specific to each regions Polish. TREMBIKI