COMENIUS PROJECT“Windows on Europe” By: ◊ Ana Santana, 8ºD ◊ Matilde Pacheco, 8ºD
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”The popular Portuguese instrumental ischaracterized by a multitude of forms,mostly imported from other countries.There’s a great diversity, also closelyrelated with the duality of the landscape:Eastern Trás-os Montes and Beira onthe one side, and on the other side theAlentejo plains, where the oldestrudimentary instruments persist .
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”The western fringe of the country andthe Algarve are characterized by amore expansive spirit. Heredominate string instruments like the“viola”, the “cavaquinho”(ukelele),the fiddle, the Portuguese guitar, the“violão”and tuna instruments.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”◊Minho is rich in traditionaldances, including mostimportantly the Vira, the GreenCane and Malhão. What standsout most of them, apart from thedance itself, is the clothing ofwomen, with their varied coloursand accessories. cavaquinho (ukelele)
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”◊ The “Pauliteiros” are typical of the Trás os Montes region. Their dance probably originated from the Pyrrhic dance of the Greeks but it has also got traces of southern France folk dances and of the dance of the swords of the Swiss in the Middle Ages. The Romans were responsible for the spread of the Pyrrhic dance to this region.◊ The dance is performed by eight men.◊ They raise two wooden sticks and make highly coordinated movements.◊ They dance by the sound of the bagpipe, drum box, sometimes combined with castanets. bagpipe drum box castanets
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”◊ In Beira Baixa the “adufe” is the most important instrument. It is usually played by women and accompanies various types of songs, and secular festivities, dances and work songs. It is also used in religious ceremonies and other important occasions.◊ This instrument was introduced by the Arabs in the Iberian Peninsula between the eighth and twelfth adufe centuries. Today it is mostly concentrated in central-eastern Portugal (district of Castelo
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”◊ Fandango is a traditional dance of Ribatejo. Two dancers dance looking for the attention of the prettiest girl. The musical instruments used for this type of dance are the accordion, the “bilha com abano" and “cana aberta" (which sounds like castanets). Bilha com abano
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”◊ The Alentejo chant is a polyphony without instruments, which appeared in the Renaissance period in the sixteenth century.◊ This form of singing reflects the bleakness and loneliness of the Alentejo plains, and the joy, sadness and longing of the people of Alentejo.◊ By tradition, the Alentejo chant is sung by choirs consisting solely of men.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”◊ Corridinho is typical from the Algarve. It is danced in pairs (a man and a woman);◊ The girls are inside and the boys are out of the round. They rotate in the same place, moving their feet quickly.◊ This type of dance is also characteristic of Estremadura. accordion
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” ◊ The “Bailinho da Madeira” is the most popular musical form in the Madeira archipelago. It is a joyful dance and is danced by couples (a man and a woman), wearing a very colourful costume. ◊ The most typical instrument is the “brinquinho”.“brinquinho”
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”◊ The Chamarrita is one of the oldest types of ball of the Azores. It still meets the population spontaneously and on occasional festivals.◊ Everybody dances it following the instructions given by the “mandador”. In each island, and even from parish to parish, coexist different versions of the choreography.◊ With immigration to Latin America, Chamarrita spread to countries like Uruguay and Argentina, having particular importance in southern Brazil. earth guitar