4.geography landscapes.pt


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4.geography landscapes.pt

  1. 1. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” By: Luis Sequeira
  2. 2. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” GERÊSStarting up in the north, we find green landscapes in the beautiful Serra do Gerês. The Peneda-Gerês National Park or simply Gerês, is the only national park in Portugal, although many natural parks, protected landscapes, and reserves exist across the country.
  3. 3. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” GERÊS Cattle are a common presence both in themountains and on the road.
  4. 4. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” GERÊS The Espigueiros of Soajo, used by early settlers to GERÊS warehouse and protect food crops.“Garranos” – wild horses
  5. 5. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Douro river ValleyA bit further down and towards the interior, the Douro valley dominates the landscape.
  6. 6. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Douro vineyards, where the grapes for Port wine are produced
  7. 7. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Serra da EstrelaFurther down, we find the Serra da Estrela, Portugal’ssecond highest mountain, where the only ski resortin Portugal is located.
  8. 8. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Serra da EstrelaA shepherd
  9. 9. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Aires and Candeeiros mountain range Calcarian landEolic energy generators One of the many caves in this region
  10. 10. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Aires and Candeeiros Mountain Range Salt MinesThe salt mines of Rio Maior are alegacy from ancient times.The salt mines are an interesting natural phenomena. The salty water comesfrom a deep and extensive mine where water passes, making the water 7times saltier than sea water.These days, the work in the salt beds is seasonal, mainly during summer.
  11. 11. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Alentejo regionIn Alentejo region we find the peace and quiet that we so often seek.White sunny villages by the sea or in the midst of the great plains.
  12. 12. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Alentejo
  13. 13. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Alentejo regionThe Cork Oak (sobreiro) is one of the most common types of tree in this region.in Portugal and Spain, the Cork Oak forests are home to endangered speciessuch as the Iberian Lynx, the most critically threatened feline in the world.
  14. 14. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Cork is used for wine bottle stoppers among many other uses. Pelcor is a Portuguese trademark where every thing is made in cork. Harvested cork trees
  15. 15. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Olive trees for the production of our excellent olive oil
  16. 16. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Alentejo vinyards where some ofworld’s best wines are produced
  17. 17. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Seaside RegionsPortugal has about 1450 km of coastline and more than half ofthe Portuguese population lives in the coastal area.It is also on the coast that most industries are located.Azenhas do Mar cliff Nazaré beach
  18. 18. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Seaside Regions Dune vegetationNazaré - wave with 30m. Traditional fishing Ponta de Sagres Algarve
  19. 19. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Seaside RegionsClose to Lisbon, there is Ericeira , a town known by surfers asone of Portugal’s best surfing spots. • Ericeira’s beach is very famous because there are wonderful waves for surfing. • Ericeira also gave a name to a surf shop
  20. 20. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Seaside regions The Algarve In the Algarve we find some of the most beautiful beaches of the world
  21. 21. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Natural Park of Ria Formosa, AlgarveIn the Natural park ofRia Formosa there is aspecial protection tosome species, such as:Seahorses… Chameleons..
  22. 22. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Natural Park of Ria Formosa, Algarve‘’Ferro de engomar‘’ Caboz(“clothes iron”)… (goby)… Devilfish octopus… Among many others…
  23. 23. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Azores and MadeiraThese archipelagos have a volcanic origin andhave never been part of a continentThe Azores archipelago is constituted by nineprincipal islands : Faial, Graciosa, Pico, SãoJorge, Terceira, Santa Maria, and São Miguel.The natural beauty of each one of them isawesome.The Madeira archipelago consists of theislands of Madeira, Porto Santo, DesertIslands and Savage Islands, however the onlyinhabited islands are Madeira and PortoSanto.
  24. 24. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Azores Green pastures Cows –milk production Pico viniyardsUNESCO’s protected landscape Hydrangea flowers everywhere
  25. 25. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” AzoresVolcanic crater lake, Lagoa das Sete Cidades, on the island of São Miguel
  26. 26. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Azores Priôlo - a unique bird that exists only in the “laurisilva” forest of São Miguel island. Sperm Whales are the largest and most numerous in these waters.Several species of dolphins
  27. 27. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Madeira Walking in the mountainsBanana trees Driving
  28. 28. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” MadeiraThe Laurisilva of Madeira conserves the largest surviving area of primary laurelforest, 149,5 km2 , a vegetation type that is now confined to the Azores, Madeira .and the Canary Islands.It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999.The Laurisilva forests are relicts of a vegetation type which covered much ofthe Mediterranean Basin when the climate of the region was more humid.around 20,000 years ago.
  29. 29. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”