3.geography curiosities.pt


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3.geography curiosities.pt

  1. 1. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” PortugalGeographical Curiosities By: João Matos, 8ºC Tiago Pereira, 8ºD Daniel Lopes, 8ºD
  2. 2. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” FACT FILEName: PortugalArea: 92,090 km2Population: 10,561,614Currency: EuroDate of entry in the European Union: 1986
  3. 3. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Tallest MountainMount Pico in the Azores
  4. 4. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Mount PicoMount Pico is a stratovolcano on Pico Island in the Azores. It reaches analtitude of 2,351 meters above sea level, which makes it the highestpoint in Portugal
  5. 5. Serra da EstrelaSerra da Estrela (Mountain Range of the Star) is the highest mountainrange in Continental Portugal. Its highest point is at 1,993 m abovemean sea level.
  6. 6. Longest RiversThe largest rivers are theTejo in Portugal, the Douroand the Guadiana, all born inSpain.The major rivers originatingin Portugal are the Mondegoand Sado.
  7. 7. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Biggest lakeWith a surface of 250 km2, the "Barragem de Alqueva“, at the Guadiana river,in Alentejo, is today the largest artificial lake in western Europe.
  8. 8. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Places with geological interest Birth-giving rocks AroucaThese are rare granitic rocks that“give birth”to other rocks as a consequence of erosion.They are rare in the world and unique inEurope.
  9. 9. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Places with geological interest Caves of Mira D’aireThe largest caves in Portugal Discovered in 1947
  10. 10. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Capelinhos volcano, in Faial, Azores•Its last volcanic eruption lasted for 13 months, from September 27,1957 until October 24, 1958.•On October 25, the volcano entered a period of dormancy. Although it isnot considered potentially active, it is a part of an active fissuralvolcanic complex
  11. 11. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Hot springs, in São Miguel, AzoresOne out of many hot springs, The local inhabitants cook corngeysers and fumaroles in the and other dishes in the geysers.central village of Furnas, SãoMiguel island.
  12. 12. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Swimming pool fed by an iron-rich hot spring, in Terra Nostra park, Furnas.
  13. 13. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Black sand beaches, Azores
  14. 14. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Geography and traditional housesTraditional Portuguese architectural styles vary greatly, depending onweather conditions and construction materials in each region. Rio de Onor village Trás-os-Montes regionIn the cold region of Trás os Montes, animals were kept inthe ground floor, which helped to keep the houses warm.
  15. 15. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Granite houses Sortelha villageIn this region winters are cold and summers are very hot and dry.The granite protects the house from the cold, while residents warm the insidewith fireplaces. In summer granite keeps the house cool, isolating it from theheat.
  16. 16. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Schist HousesPiódão village
  17. 17. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Coastline Houses Costa Nova village Palheiros da Tocha villageFormer fishermen’s houses, Traditional stilt houses made ofcalled “palheiros”. wood, built on high poles, so that the sand of the beach, played by strong winds, could pass under the houses .
  18. 18. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” AlentejoIn the south the houses are usually small, whitewashed and plastered sincethe weather is hot and dry.The yellow and blue stripes around the windows and doors, serve asprotection from the insects that are attracted by the white walls. Thewindows are small, to keep the house cool.
  19. 19. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” ALGARVE Olhão townThe whiteness of the walls effectively reflects the sunlight. On the flatroofs people dry figs, almonds and corn. The chimneys are a symbol of theregion and show the influence of five centuries of Arab occupation.
  20. 20. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” MADEIRAThe typical houses of Santana have a triangular shape and are coveredwith thatch. This raw material was adopted because there was little hardstone in the region, and because it allowed an adaptation to theseasons, cool in summer and warm in winter.
  21. 21. Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”