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Stockholm Stockholm Document Transcript

  • STIG ALBECKTRAVEL TO STOCKHOLM DOWNLOAD FREE TRAVEL GUIDES AT BOOKBOON.COM NO REGISTRATION NEEDED
  • Download free books at BookBooN.com
  • Stockholm© 2008 Stig Albeck & Ventus Publishing ApSTranslation: Frances østerfeltAll rights and copyright relating to the content of thisbook are the property of Ventus Publishing ApS, and/or itssuppliers. Content from ths book, may not be reproducedin any shape or form without prior written permission fromVentus Publishing ApS.Quoting this book is allowed when clear references are made,in relation to reviews are allowed.ISBN 978-87-7061-271-51st editionPictures and illustrations in this book are reproduced accordingto agreement with the following copyright owners:Stig Albeck.The stated prices and opening hours are indicative and mayhave be subject to change after this book was published. Download free books at BookBooN.com View slide
  • Stockholm Kapiteloverskrift ONLIBRI Download free books at BookBooN.com 4 View slide
  • Stockholm A visit to StockholmA visit to Stockhomwww.stockholmtown.comwww.visitsweden.comQueen of the Mälaren is another name for The museums of Stockholm are a quite special.Stockholm, the capital city of Sweden with its unique One is more interesting than the next and they arelocation on the many islands between the Lake spread throughout the city. The gem of them allMälaren and the archipelago on the Baltic Sea. must be the unique ship Vasa that sank on itsAdventures in its beautiful nature are part of the maiden voyage in 1628, has been restored and cancity’s trademark and everywhere one is convinced now be seen in its full glory.that this was the perfect spot to put a large city. Happy holiday!But there is much more to Stockholm than thesurrounding nature. Here is something for everyone.Gamla Stan is the city’s Old Town and here one canwander through narrow and twisted streets of theMiddle Ages and never see a modern building. Theopposite is true in the modern business quarters thatstretch out from Sergel’s Square and offer a wealthof shopping possibilities as well as cultural eventsand restaurants. Download free books at BookBooN.com 5
  • Stockholm Historical outline In 1471 Sweden vanquished the army of the DanishHistorical outline Union in Norrmalm. The country broke from Denmark-Norway but re-entered the union inStockholm was built on the strategically important 1497-1502 under King Hans. King Christian II re-trading route between the waters of Lake Mäleren conquered Stockholm after King Hans and in 1520and the open waters of the Baltic. On the region’s had 83 Swedish leaders executed on the Greathighlands goods of iron, copper and leather were Square during the so-called Stockholm Blood Bath.transshipped. In 1523 Gustav Vasa was crowned Sweden’s kingIts position as a transshipping harbor grew in and the period under Danish rule was brought to animportance and it became necessary to fortify the end. Stockholm became the leading city of the kingdomcenter where there were but a few inhabitants. In and the king’s city of residence. But it wasn’t until 16141250, Birger Jarl built a fortress in what is now the that the city became the official capital.center of Stockholm and in 1252 he bestowed thecity with trading privileges. In the 17th century Sweden became the super power of the Baltic and Stockholm became its royal,Thanks to Baltic trade, which was lead by the Hanse military and administrative center. This led to aUnion, Stockholm grew rapidly. In only 100 years, boom in the population.Stockholm became Sweden’s largest city and absolutelydominated the region. The previously important The Thirty Years’ War in 1618-1648 meantsettlements like Birka were abandoned for good. prosperity for Stockholm. Trade grew and many palaces were built, including Riddarholmen.Stockholm was first mentioned in the Chronicles ofErik, thought to have been written in 1322-1332. Throughout the century people flocked to the cityStockholm was referred to as the city between the and many new neighborhoods were built. Aroundbridges, a description the visitor readily understands. 1700 the population was approximately 45,000. There were large residential areas, palaces and theThe original Stockholm city, which is now the Old royal castle.Town, grew quickly and soon became overpopulated.There were frequent fires but houses in the city’s The 1700’s was a period of stagnation for the city,narrow streets were soon rebuilt and can be seen which from around the Baltic met growingeven today. Major constructions of the time included competition, including Tsar Peter the Great’sthe Great Church (Storkyrkan) and Three Crowns building of St. Petersburg in 1703. In 1711,(Tre Kronor) Tower. In the 1300-1400’s the Stockholm was ravaged by the Plague, whichpopulation in the small area of the city outgrew its significantly reduced its population.bounds and led to development of the areasNorrmalm and Södermalm. The century, however, brought with it scientific and cultural growth to the capital and at its ending,In 1388 Stockholm came under siege by the queen under King Gustav III, the city continued theof the Danish Union, Margrethe I, and the city fell in expansion that began in the 1600’s.1398. Union between Denmark, Norway andSweden was a reality and the queen had a larger wall The 19th century meant even more prosperity forbuilt around the city. At the close of the 15th Stockholm. The city was rebuilt, many of the oldercentury, Stockholm’s population was 5,000 – a areas were replaced by newer and more modernconsiderable size considering the conditions of thetime. Download free books at BookBooN.com 6
  • Stockholm Historical outline neighborhoods. Many public buildings and In the 1960’s large areas in Stockholm were torn institutions, such as the hospital, were built. down to give way for modern construction. Sergel’s Square is the best example; the central square was Industrialization also made its mark on the city. built in the old Jugend style neighborhood Klara. From 1860 railroads were built and from 1877 there Modernization has been a serious topic of debate was a network of trolleys. The city’s industries grew since then but has been instrumental in giving and with them came neighborhoods, like Stockholm a metropolitan atmosphere with the Sundbyberg, for the workers as well as for the large, modern and at times monumental wealthy, like Djursholm. In 1900 Stockholm’s constructions in the center of the city. population was 300,000. In the latest decades there has been much done to Throughout the greater part of the 20th century, continually develop the city for tourists and to make Stockholm was on the rise. In 1912, the city was the Stockholm a leader in business. For tourists, the scene for the Olympic Games, which put the waterways, as at its founding in the 13th century, Swedish capital on the map of the world. form the basis for many activities and the city’s beautiful location is also unforgettable. During both of the world wars, Sweden remained neutral, thereby avoiding destruction. The country saw relatively greater growth than many of the other countries that were directly involved in the conflicts. Growth and general urbanization meant an increase in Stockholm’s population from around 500,000 in 1930 to one million in 1960. what‘s missing in this equation?Please click the advert You could be one of our future talents maeRsK inteRnationaL teChnoLogY & sCienCe PRogRamme Are you about to graduate as an engineer or geoscientist? Or have you already graduated? If so, there may be an exciting future for you with A.P. Moller - Maersk. www.maersk.com/mitas Download free books at BookBooN.com 7
  • Stockholm Tour 1: StockholmTour 1: Stockholm 2. The Katarina Elevator (Katarinahissen)1. Stockholm’s City Museum(Stadsmuseum)Ryssgården, Slussenwww.stadsmuseum.stockholm.seSubway: SlussenStockholm’s City Museum is located in SödraStadshuset from the 17th century; and relates thehistory of the city and its inhabitants from the city’sfounding up to the present time. A visit is a journeyback in time from a small medieval harbor city to an Subway: Slusseninternational metropolis. The Katarina Elevator is one of Stockholm’s more curious attractions. The 38-meter-high constructionStockholm’s City Museum was founded in 1937 and starts at the middle of the Salt Lake Line’sopened its doors to the public five years later. (Saltsjöbanens) platform, continues at street level and ends at the top, from which there is a wonderful view over the Old Town and Stockholm’s Stream, where there are always many boats. The elevator was built in 1883 to facilitate the journey to the hills of Södermalm. At the beginning you had to pay 5 øre to go up and 3 øre to come down. In 1933 the elevator was dismantled and in 1935 the present elevator was installed. Download free books at BookBooN.com 8
  • Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm3. Old Town (Gamla Stan) 5. The German Church (Tyska Kyrkan)Subway: Gamla StanGamla Stan is the Swedish name for Stockholm’s oldtown. For many centuries, Gamla Stan together withthe buildings on the neighboring islandRiddarholmen made up the Swedish capital.Old Town itself lies on the island Stadsholmen andits center is an exciting medieval neighborhood thatinvites to exploration of the narrow streets and paths.Earlier there was a wall around the center of OldTown, lying at the present streets Österlånggatanand Vesterlånggatan. When the last of the defenseswere demolished in the 17th century, theperpendicular streets around Little New Street (LillaNygatan) and Greater New Street (Stora Nygatan)were created. Svartmangatan 164. Iron Square (Järntorget) www.st-gertrud.se Subway: Gamla Stan Stockholm’s German church, also known as St.Gertrud’s Church, was built by the Hanse Union in 1570. The building was originally a meeting place for the Hanse. Later remodeling created the religious function. An annex built in 1642 transformed the building to what it is today. A fire in 1878 destroyed the church’s tower. The present tower, 96 meters high, was then built and is the Old Town’s highest building.Subway: Gamla Stan The church contains a pulpit from 1660 made ofWith its Parisian atmosphere, this charming square, marble and alabaster.Iron Square (Järntorget), is one of the Old Town’smost evocative sites. There are even Parisian cafés,where one can sit and observe the many passers by. Download free books at BookBooN.com 9
  • Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm6. The Great Square (Stortorget) 6a. the stock Exchange (Börshuset) / Nobel MuseumSubway: Gamle StanThe Great Square is the midpoint of the medievalOld Town (Gamla Stan); and the well on the squarewas previously the geographic center of Sweden! Itwas from this point that distances from the capitalcity were measured. Today it is measured fromGustav Adolf’s Square.The beautiful and charming Great Square has beenthe scene of many executions in the past. The firstwas in 1280; and the most famous was “TheStockholm Blood Bath” in 1520 when the DanishKing Christian II executed 83 noblemen and www.nobelmuseum.seSwedish leaders. The largest and most distinct building on the Great Square is the old stock exchange that now serves asToday more peaceful events take place on the square. the Nobel Museum. Its placement was central inIn season, there is outdoors serving so that you can the old city; and the city’s town hall was also locatedsit and enjoy the beautiful houses. here, in a row of medieval buildings. Download free books at BookBooN.com 10
  • Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm Construction of the Stock Exchange was inspired by 7. The Great Church (Storkyrkan) French classicism with rococo elements in its facade. Inside is a beautiful assembly hall, The Great Exchange Hall (Stora Börssalen). It was in this room that the Swedish stock exchange was located. Since 2001 the building has housed the Nobel Museum, which provides information about one of the events for which Stockholm is famous – awarding of the Nobel Prizes. 6b. The Cannon ball (Kanonkuglen) A smaller but unique attraction at the Great Square is the cannon ball in the wall of the house on the Slottsbacken corner of the Great Square and Cobbler Street www.stockholmsdomkyrkoforsamling.se (Skomakargatan). History tells that it is from Gustav Subway: Gamla Stan Vasa’s siege of the city in 1521 but there is no The Great Church, also known as St. Nicholas historical evidence for this. It is also said that the Church, in Stockholm was built on the island furniture dealer Grevesmühl had a new house built Stadsholmen’s highest plateau. The first church was on the site in 1795 and that he put the cannon ball built in the 13th century, the remains of which can there where it had been in the previous building. still be seen in the northern walls of the tower.Please click the advert Download free books at BookBooN.com 11
  • Stockholm Tour 1: StockholmIt is said that the first church burned down and that 8. Stockholm’s Castlea new one was consecrated in 1306. Later in the 14thcentury some chapels were added; but the largestaddition was made in the 15th century.In the period 1736-1742 the facade was transformedfrom the medieval ”buddings” to the Baroque styleseen today. The reason for the change was that thebuilding should harmonize with the royal palace,which was built just northeast of the church. Thechurch’s tower measures 66 meters in height.The Great Church also served as the coronation Slottsbacken 1church. The first coronation was in 1336, when www.kungahuset.se/dekungligaslotten/kungliMagnus Eriksson became the Swedish monarch. gaslottetThis coronation, however, was thought to have Subway: Kungsträdgårdencaused a strong desire for Norwegian independence, Stockholm’s Castle, also called the Royal Castle, isand for this reason the coronations were stopped. the official residence for the Swedish royal family.The next coronation in The Great Church was of However, they actually live at Drottningholm CastleKing Hans in 1497, who was union king of on the island Ecker west of Stockholm.Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The traditioncontinued until the last coronation, in 1873, of King Until a fire in 1697, the old castle Tre Kronor wasOscar II. located here. The architect Nicodemus Tessin the Younger drew a new castle, Stockholm Castle, onThe church has also been the setting for several Tre Kronor’s foundation. The castle was to beweddings, including the marriage between the grand – a Baroque palace with 600 rooms and manyDanish king-to-be Frederik IX and his queen Ingrid, large salons.who was born a Swedish princess. Construction was completed in 1754; and the royalInside, the church has in part been returned to its family could again move into the castle from theirmedieval style; and among its attractions is the pulpit, temporary residence at the Wrangel Palace oncreated in the 1680’s according to instructions by Riddarholmen.Nicodemus Tessin the Younger. Download free books at BookBooN.com 12
  • Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm With its 605 rooms, Stockholm Castle is one of the 8b. The Royal Treasury (Skattkammaren) largest in the world that is still the residence of a Slottsbacken 1 monarch – at least officially. There are exciting www.kungahuset.se/dekungligaslotten/kungli museums within the castle and many of the official gaslottet/skattkammaren rooms and salons are open to the public. The Royal Treasury has displayed Sweden’s regalia since 1970. Gustav Vasa’s sword and Erik XIV’s 8a. Representation Rooms crown are among the objects on display. Slottsbacken 1 www.kungahuset.se/dekungligaslotten/kunglig aslottet/slottet The castle’s beautiful rooms for representative functions are furnished in various styles, from Baroque and Rococo to Gustavian neoclassicism. Among the rooms that are open to the public includes the Assembly Hall (Festvåningen) in which the grand galla banquets are held. There is also access to the Rikssalen, where the king previously read his opening speech for the parliament (Riksdagen) from his silver throne.Please click the advert www.job.oticon.dk Download free books at BookBooN.com 13
  • Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm8c. Gustav III’s Antique Museum 8e. Museum Tre KronorLejonbacken Norrbrowww.kungahuset.se/dekungligaslotten/kunglig www.kungahuset.se/dekungligaslotten/kungliaslottet/gustaviiisantikmuseum gaslottet/museumtrekronorIn the castle’s northeastern wing is Sweden’s oldest Tre Kronor (Three Crowns) is the name of theart museum which opened in 1794. The collection castle that burned down in 1697 and thus madecomprises purchases made by King Gustav III on room for the present royal palace.his journey to Italy in 1783-1784. The museum is installed in the lowest level of the8d. The Royal Armory (Livrustkammaren) castle’s north wing and was that part of the castle that best survived the fire of 1697. It presents the history of Tre Kronor from the first fortifications to the castle that exists today. An interesting detail is that the entrance to the museum is through a five-meter thick wall that was part of the castle’s defense in the 13th century. 9. The Finnish ChurchSlottsbacken 3www.livrustkammaren.lsh.seIn the basement of the castle one gets an intimateknowledge of the history of the Swedish military andthe royal family. Among the many objects, there isthe king’s parade carriage, clothing, armor andweapons. There is King Karl XII’s uniform andKing Gustav III’s mask for an opera masquerade in Slottsbacken 21792. www.svenskaChurchn.se/finskaforsamlingen Subway: KungsträdgårdenThe museum is the oldest in Sweden. It is from 1628, This church is the religious meeting place forwhen King Gustav II Adolf commanded that his Stockholm’s Finnish congregation. The church’sarmor from a campaign in Poland should be stored official name is Fredrik’s Church, after the Swedishforever. king Fredrik I. The building is from 1648-1653 and was known as the Little Ball House (Lilla Bollhuset), until the Finnish congregation bought the house and converted it to a church in 1725. In the 20x10 meter large church, the altar piece is from 1734. Download free books at BookBooN.com 14
  • Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm 10. The Royal Mint 11. The Knight’s House (Riddarhuset) (Kungliga Myntkabinettet) Riddarhustorget 10 www.riddarhuset.se Subway: Gamla Stan Slottsbacken 6 The Knight’s House was built according to Simon www.myntkabinettet.se de la Vallée’s drawings from 1641-1674, and is Subway: Kungsträdgården considered to be one of Stockholm’s most beautiful The Royal Mint displays the history of money, banks buildings. At the time of its construction, the most and medals; and within these themes there are many significant influences were from France and exciting pictures, objects, etc. Holland, which can clearly be seen in the house. Money’s history is an exciting topic for many; and its The Knight’s House was and is a house for nobility. history goes back 2,500 years. One of the highlights In it was assembled that part of the parliament is the archaeological findings from the Viking period. composed of Swedish nobility, who formed a separate part of the assembly until 1866.Please click the advert Download free books at BookBooN.com 15
  • Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm Today, the designation “Knight’s House” implies the Since its construction many chapels have been building as well as the institution that comprises added to the main church building, including in Sweden’s nobility. Since 1869, noblemen have 1632-1634 a chapel for King Gustav II Adolf. At assembled in the Knight’s House every third year. present the most beautiful grave chapel is for the Bernadottes, built in 1858-1860. King Karl XII, 12. Riddarholm Church who conquered regions in western Russia, is among those buried here. There are also many family crests on display. The tower and spire on the church were designed after destruction of the previous one in 1835. The spire itself, however, is a copy that was placed during the church’s renovation in 1967-1970. 13. View from Knight’s Islet (Riddarholmen) Birger Jarls Torg Subway: Gamla Stan Evert Taubes Terrace Knight’s Island Church lies on the islet of Metro: Gamla Stan Riddarholmen, which is adjacent to the Old Town From the western side of the small island (Gamla Stan). The church was built in 1280-1310 for Riddarholmen is an amazing view to the City Hall the Franciscan monastery that was located there. The (Stadshuset), Södermalm and Kungsholmen. other monastic buildings were torn down in the 17th century; after which time Riddarholm Church It is from here that many photographs of the city continued as a parish church until 1807, when it hall are taken; and there is a wonderful view of the acquired the status as a cemetery and memorial church. beautiful old boats that sail to Mälaren. Download free books at BookBooN.com 16
  • Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm14. Postal Museum Lilla Nygatan 6 www.postmuseum.posten.se Subway: Gamla Stan The Swedish postal museum was founded in 1906 and included the history of the postal service as well as of stamps. The history of Swedish stamps is told from the very first issue in 1855 as well as objects from the postal service and an exciting collection of foreign stamps. Download free books at BookBooN.com 17
  • Stockholm Tour 2: Stockholm The city hall was built in 1911-1923 according to Tour 2: Stockholm Ragnar Östberg’s design and is Sweden’s largest national romantic construction. Inspired by the 15. City Hall (Stadshuset) Italian Renaissance, there are two gardens in the building (Citizens’ garden, Borgargården, and the Blue Hall, Blå Hallen). On the south side towards the “Knight’s Fjord” (Riddarfjärden) a beautiful arched passage run the entire length of the wing. There are many beautiful rooms in the city hall, including the Blue Room, which is the building’s largest assembly hall. It is here where the Nobel banquet takes place. In the hall is also the great organ with its 10,000 pipes. Hantverkargatan 1 The city council meets in the council room www.stockholm.se/stadshuset (Rådssalen). Notice the roof that is inspired by the Subway: T-centralen/Rådhuset old Viking buildings. Stockholm’s city hall, beautifully located at Mälaren Beach, is the city’s trademark and pictured on In the Oval Room (Ovalen) the Tureholm practically all presentations of the Swedish capital. tapestries hang, which were woven in France in the 17th century. Turning a challenge into a learning curve. Just another day at the office for a high performer. Accenture Boot Camp – your toughest test yetPlease click the advert Choose Accenture for a career where the variety of opportunities and challenges allows you to make a difference every day. A place where you can develop your potential and grow professionally, working alongside talented colleagues. The only place where you can learn from our unrivalled experience, while helping our global clients achieve high performance. If this is your idea of a typical working day, then Accenture is the place to be. It all starts at Boot Camp. It’s 48 hours packed with intellectual challenges and intense learning experience. that will stimulate your mind and and activities designed to let you It could be your toughest test yet, enhance your career prospects. You’ll discover what it really means to be a which is exactly what will make it spend time with other students, top high performer in business. We can’t your biggest opportunity. Accenture Consultants and special tell you everything about Boot Camp, guests. An inspirational two days but expect a fast-paced, exhilarating Find out more and apply online. Visit accenture.com/bootcamp Download free books at BookBooN.com 18
  • Stockholm Tour 2: StockholmThe Prince’s Gallery is the official receiving room, halls is impressive. Many of the central stations arewhich is beautifully furnished and looks out on to decorated with a milieu, colors or a theme from thethe water. station’s location, such as the stations between the Royal Gardens and Solna Center.In the Golden Salon, more than 18 million glass andgold pieces were used, a very impressive installation. The first line in Stockholm’s subway was opened in 1950; and is Sweden’s only underground train. SinceVisitors can go up the 106-meter-high tower and get its opening the network has been expanded; anda fantastic view over the city. Entrance to the tower today there are three lines, each of which branchesis through the arched corridor of the southern wing. out in the suburbs. In general, the stations wereThe tower’s peak was the last to be designed – the built in three ways: (1) Mountain stations that wereThree Crowns (Tre Kronor), the Swedish national blasted out of the mountain, (2) Concrete stations,crest, symbolizing that the City Hall is not just where the visible parts are of concrete and (3)Stockholm’s, but all of Sweden’s, pride. Aboveground stations. Today there are approximately 100 stations, about half of which areTowards Mälaren lies City Hall Park subterranean. The 38 mountain stations are the(Stadshusparken), with its lovely lawns and most fascinating.sculptures, some in marble or bronze. To the southin the direction of Riddarholmen is a 20-meter-high 17. Santa Clara Churchcolumn, with the rebel Engelbrekt Engelbrektssonstanding on its top.To the east is the sarcophagi which was built forStockholm’s founder, Birger Jarl. But his earthlyremains were never moved from Varnhem as wasthe plan. So the sarcophagi remains empty.16. Stockholm’s SubwaySubway: Bl.a. T-Centralen.Stockholm’s underground train, the Subway, is afantastic construction, which stands out fromsubways in other countries while it was blasted outof the granite underground. The stations lie deep Klara Östra Kyrkogata 7under street level and the effect of the rough stone www.stockholmsdomkyrkoforsamling.se Download free books at BookBooN.com 19
  • Stockholm Tour 2: StockholmSubway: T-Centralen The square itself is at street level with a sunkenConstruction of the centrally located Santa Clara pedestrian level. To the east is the 37-meter-highChurch has a long history. Originally there was a glass obelisk, the ”Crystal Vertical Accent”, whichconvent on the property that in 1286 was donated by was created in 1974 by Edvin Öhrström and placedKing Magnus Ladulås for the purpose. Three years in a super ellipse-shaped fountain.later, construction of the convent was completeincluding its church. In 1527 the building was razed Around Sergel’s Square are some of Stockholm’sin connection with the Reformation. Building most important shopping streets, including Queenmaterials from this and other demolished convents Street to the west. To the south is the Culturewere used to reinforce the city’s defenses. House (Kulturhuset) and to the northeast is the southernmost of the five skyscrapers,King Johan III instituted construction of a new Hötorgsskraporna, built in 1955-1966.church where the old convent had been. It isthought that building was started in 1572 and 19. Queen Street (Drottninggaten)completed in 1589. One year later, the tower wasembellished with copper.Expansion of the church continued in the followingcenturies, but was abruptly interrupted by a large firein 1751. Rebuilding of the destroyed parts wasstarted and two years later the church could again beconsecrated.The last to be built was the tower. In 1768, drawingswere accepted but due to lack of funds, it was firstbuilt in 1884-1886.18. Sergel’s Square (Sergels Torg) Subway: T-Centralen Drottninggatan is Stockholm’s always bustling walking street, filled with shoppers or folk just enjoying the sidewalk cafés in the summer season. 20. Strindberg Museum Drottninggatan 85 www.strindbergsMuseum.se Subway: Rådmansgatan The writer August Strindberg lived here at Drottninggatan 85 the last four years of his life (1908- 1912). He called this place The Blue Tower (Blå Tornet). The house is now a museum for August StrindbergSubway: T-Centralen and furnished on the whole with the originalSergel’s Square is modern Stockholm’s central square, inventory. Among the attractions is Strindberg’snamed after the 18th century sculptor Johan Tobias study, where the author’s writing utensils areSergel. displayed. Download free books at BookBooN.com 20
  • Stockholm Tour 2: Stockholm 21. Observatory Museum At the top of Observatory Hill is Stockholm’s Old Observatory (Gamla Observatorium). It was built by the Royal Academy of Science in 1747-1753. Besides its function as an observatory, meteorological studies have been performed here since 1756. In the observatory’s Meridian Room, the precise local time of Stockholm was established, until 1900 when Greenwich Mean Time was taken into use. In 1931 primary observations were moved to the newly constructed facilities in Saltsjöbaden but the old facilities are still used by amateur astronomers. In 1991 the Observatory Museum was opened and on special days there is general access for the public for star gazing. The building’s history and highlights from the observatory’s past are retold at the museum. There are also alternating exhibits. Drottninggatan 120 www.observatoriet.kva.se Subway: Rådmansgatan it’s an interesting world Get under the skin of it.Please click the advert Graduate opportunities Cheltenham | £24,945 + benefits One of the UK’s intelligence services, GCHQ’s role is two-fold: to gather and analyse intelligence which helps shape Britain’s response to global events, and, to provide technical advice for the protection of Government communication and information systems. In doing so, our specialists – in IT, internet, engineering, languages, information assurance, mathematics and intelligence – get well beneath the surface of global affairs. If you thought the world was an interesting place, you really ought to explore our world of work. TOP www.careersinbritishintelligence.co.uk GOVERNMENT EMPLOYER Applicants must be British citizens. GCHQ values diversity and welcomes applicants from all sections of the community. We want our workforce to reflect the diversity of our work. Download free books at BookBooN.com 21
  • Stockholm Tour 2: Stockholm22. Stockholm’s City Library Odenplan www.gustafvasa.nu Subway: Odenplan Gustaf Vasa Church lies in the center of what is called Vasa Town, in Stockholm. It is impressive, almost 60 meters high to the top of its dome, one of the largest churches in Stockholm with seating for 1,200. The church’s floor plan is like a Greek cross and the building itself is neo-Baroque, particularly inspired by the Baroque churches in Italy. It was consecrated in 1906.Sveavägen 73/Odengatan 53 Inside the visitor is met with a lovely sight. Thewww.ssb.stockholm.se altar decoration was inspired by the Gesu Church inSubway: Rådmansgatan/Odenplan Rome and created in 1725-1731 for the cathedral inStockholm’s main library opened in 1928, and Uppsala. The painted dome and marble pulpit arebesides its collection of more than 700,000 books, other attractions.the building is also worth seeing. The reading roomin the central rotunda is particularly beautiful.23. Gustaf Vasa Church Download free books at BookBooN.com 22
  • Stockholm Tour 2: Stockholm Brain power By 2020, wind could provide one-tenth of our planet’s electricity needs. Already today, SKF’s innovative know- how is crucial to running a large proportion of the world’s wind turbines. Up to 25 % of the generating costs relate to mainte- nance. These can be reduced dramatically thanks to our systems for on-line condition monitoring and automatic lubrication. We help make it more economical to createPlease click the advert cleaner, cheaper energy out of thin air. By sharing our experience, expertise, and creativity, industries can boost performance beyond expectations. Therefore we need the best employees who can meet this challenge! The Power of Knowledge Engineering Plug into The Power of Knowledge Engineering. Visit us at www.skf.com/knowledge Download free books at BookBooN.com 23
  • Stockholm Tour 3: Stockholm The church’s interior is not the original, as itTour 3: Stockholm underwent major renovation in 1893-1895. The altarpiece, which represents the Resurrection, was24. Svea Way (Sveavägen) created by Johan Tobias Sergel, after whom theSubway: Rådmansgatan/Hötorget neighboring Sergel’s Square was named.Sveavägen is the largest street that runs from theheart of Stockholm to the north. In the 18th century, 26. King Street (Kungsgatan)King Gustav III had plans to convert the street to aboulevard with esplanades in a line from StockholmCastle to Haga Castle (which is today Haga Castleruins). Today Svea Way is a lively street with officebuildings and several oriental restaurants.On February 28, 1986, Sweden’s Prime MinisterOlof Palme was assassinated on Svea Way where itcrosses Tunnel Street (Tunnelgatan). There is acommemorative plaque marking the spot.25. Adolf Fredrik’s Church Subway: Hötorget King Street is the main traffic artery through the city. Notice the two imposing tower-like officeHolländargatan 16 buildings on either side of the street where itwww.adolffredrik.nu crosses Malmskillnadsgatan.Subway: Rådmansgatan/HötorgetThis parish church was built in 1768-1774, andconsecrated by the Swedish king and otherprominent persons. Since 1674, there was a woodenchapel on the site, which was preserved during theconstruction of the new church, by building aroundthe chapel so that it stood in the middle of the newchurch room.The church is primarily built in the classical style,and crowned by a small chapel with lanterns on itstop. It is 54 meters high. Download free books at BookBooN.com 24
  • Stockholm Tour 3: Stockholm 27. Concert Hall This museum contains historical collections from the Middle East and Mediterranean regions. The museum was founded in 1954 on the basis of several older collections. It opened in its present building in 1982. Among its attractions is the world’s finest collection of terracotta figures from Cyprus, Egyptian mummies, Islamic works of art and much more. 29. The Parliament (Riksdagen) Hötorget www.konserthuset.se Subway: Hötorget The concert hall is the leading playhouse for orchestrated music in Stockholm and is the home of the city’s philharmonic orchestra. But the concert hall is best known as the venue for the annual awarding of the Nobel Prizes (with the exception of the Peace Prize, which is awarded in Oslo). The building was opened in 1926 and is one of the Riksgatan 3A best examples of neoclassicism of the 1920’s. www.riksdagen.se Subway: Kungsträdgården 28. Museum of the Mediterranean Sweden’s House of Parliament was built in 1894- (Medelhavsmuseum) 1905 to house the country’s two chambers. In 1971, Sweden became a unicameral system; and the building was rebuilt to accommodate the change. The building is in the neo-Baroque style and is in two parts: the east and west wings. There are guided tours through the building. 30. Museum of the Middle Ages (Medeltidsmuseum) Strömparterren, Norrbro www.medeltidsMuseum.stockholm.se Subway: Kungsträdgården Stockholm’s subterranean medieval museum is built Fredsgatan around ruins from the city’s early history; and www.medelhavsMuseum.se shows the city’s growth from its founding and up Subway: Kungsträdgården through the Middle Ages. Download free books at BookBooN.com 25
  • Stockholm Tour 3: StockholmThe ruins were discovered during archaeological Subway: Kungsträdgårdenexcavations in 1978-1980. The museum was opened St. Jacob’s Church has been beautifully situatedin 1986; and until 2009 will be under renovation. For near the King’s Garden for centuries. The firstthe moment the exhibits can be seen at the Culture church on the site was a chapel from the start of theHouse (Kulturhuset) on Sergels Square (Subway: T- 14th century. Construction of the present buildingCentralen). was begun around 1580. After a prolonged pause in construction from 1592-1633, construction was31. The Royal Opera (Kungliga Operan) resumed and the church consecrated in 1643. A fire in 1723 destroyed the uppermost part of the church including the tower, which was subsequently rebuilt in Late Baroque style. When renovated in 1968-1969, the church was painted red as it was in the 17th century. The interior of St. Jacob’s Church is interesting. Throughout the 19th century, furnishings wereGustav Adolfs Torg entirely renewed; and at the close of the century, itwww.operan.se was carried out in the new national romantic style.Subway: Kungsträdgården The altar decoration was created by Stockholm’sStockholm’s original opera house was opened in royal architect in 1936-1937. The baptismal is the1782 under the rule of Gustav III; and ten years later, original from 1643. There are two organs, one froma real drama took place at the site: the Swedish king 1644 (added to since then) while the second waswas shot during a masquerade. installed in 1960.A century later, in 1891, Gustav III’s opera was torn 33. The King’s Gardendown and the present building constructed. It was (Kungsträdgården)opened in 1898. The style is neo-Baroque.Opera and ballet are performed on its scenes.32. St. Jacob’s ChurchVästra Trädgårdsgatan 2www.stockholmsdomkyrkoforsamling.se Kungsträdgårdsgatan Download free books at BookBooN.com 26
  • Stockholm Tour 3: Stockholm Subway: Kungsträdgården 34. National Museum Kungsträdgården or the King’s Garden is a green area opposite the Stockholm Castle, which was laid out in 1562 as a park. Previously the area was for stables for the castle and in 1635-1643, the castle Makalös/Nonpareil was built on the site. Until the 18th century, the garden was exclusively for the royal court; but since then there has been free access for the public. Early in its existence a wall was built to enclose the area; there was dense foliage and a green house. From the end of the 18th century, Södra Blasieholmshamnen lawns were planted and buildings were gradually Subway: Kungsträdgården removed. Nonpareil was razed after a fire in 1825, The National Museum, housing Sweden’s largest art the walls and green house followed; so the park collection, was opened in 1866 in the present museum became the lovely oasis it is today. building. The building was constructed in the Florentine/Venetian Renaissance style that leads one’s In the King’s Garden there are statues of the kings thoughts to Italy, the home of the beaux arts. Karl XII and Karl XIII. Trust and responsibility NNE and Pharmaplan have joined forces to create – You have to be proactive and open-minded as a NNE Pharmaplan, the world’s leading engineering newcomer and make it clear to your colleagues what and consultancy company focused entirely on the you are able to cope. The pharmaceutical field is new pharma and biotech industries. to me. But busy as they are, most of my colleagues find the time to teach me, and they also trust me. Inés Aréizaga Esteva (Spain), 25 years old Even though it was a bit hard at first, I can feel over Education: Chemical Engineer time that I am beginning to be taken seriously andPlease click the advert that my contribution is appreciated. NNE Pharmaplan is the world’s leading engineering and consultancy company focused entirely on the pharma and biotech industries. We employ more than 1500 people worldwide and offer global reach and local knowledge along with our all-encompassing list of services. nnepharmaplan.com Download free books at BookBooN.com 27
  • Stockholm Tour 3: StockholmThe museum’s collection was founded by Gustav Subway: KungsträdgårdenVasa at Gripsholm Castle in Mariefred in the 16th Skeppsholm Church is with its lantern-adornedcentury; and has since grown through purchases, dome a distinct point in Stockholm’s city picture.gifts and booty of war. In 1654, Queen Kristina took The church was inspired by the Pantheon in Romemany works with her to Rome; and in 1697 fire as well as the Trinity Church in Karlskrona. It wascaused great destruction. But the collection grew and built in 1824-1842 and consecrated under the namemany works were acquired through Carl Gustaf of Karl Johan’s Church. The church was used forTessin’s purchases as ambassador in Paris from various religious functions until 2002.1739-1742. Gustaf III purchased many sculptures inItaly at the end of the 18th century; and in this way, 36. East Asiatic Museumthe museum’s sculpture collection was begun.The National Museum opened in 1794 as one of thefirst public museums in the world. At that time, itwas housed in the royal castle. The present museumbuilding was taken into use in 1866. On the façadeover the entrance is the inscription in Latin,“Monument for Antiques, Literature and Art”.In 1958 the Museum’s newer collection from the1900’s was transferred to the Museum for ModernArt; and five years later, the oriental collection to theEast Asiatic Museum. At the National Museum it ispossible to see a wide variety of works including thegreat European painters from the 16th-20th century,including 17th century Dutch, 18th century Frenchas well as the French impressionists. Tyghusplan, Skeppsholmen35. Skeppsholm Church www.ostasiatiska.se Subway: Kungsträdgården The East Asiatic Museum includes exhibits from various parts of the Orient. The weight of the collections is archaeological finds and art from China, Japan, India and Korea. The collections were initially started by the archaeologist Johan ”China Gunnar” Andersson’s archaeological findings from his travels in the 1920’s and the original museum was founded I 1926. The collections grew steadily and in 1959 it was decided that the National Museum’s East AsiaticTyghusplan, Skeppsholmen collections should be moved to their own museum,www.sfv.se the East Asiatic Museum, which opened in 1963. Download free books at BookBooN.com 28
  • Stockholm Tour 3: StockholmThe museum is located in the building for the just some of the things to be seen. There are alsoSwedish navy’s weapon house from the close of the many alternating exhibits.17th century. The Weapon House was designed byNicodemus Tessin the Younger, and through the 39. The Citadel (Kastellet)years has served as a rope work, poor house andstable.37. Museum for Modern ArtSkeppsholmenwww.modernaMuseum.seSubway: KungsträdgårdenStockholm’s Museum for Modern Art is since 1958housed in what was the drill hall. The museum wasestablished through a decision to separate thecollection of modern art from other collections inthe National Museum. The building was radically Kastellholmenrebuilt in 1998-2004, when Rafael Moneo’s Subway: Kungsträdgårdenconstruction was complete. Like its neighboring island Skeppsholmen, Kastellholmen was also a military island that hasThe museum’s collections include paintings, been converted to a recreational area with manysculptures, installations, drawings and much more museums.from the 1900’s to today and include works by Dali,Picasso and Warhol. The alternating exhibits are of The dominant building on Kastellholmen is thethe same high standard as the museum’s own Citadel, built in red brick in 1846-1848. Mostcollection. characteristic is its red tower where the tridentate Swedish flag is flown when the country is at peace.38. Museum of Architecture Since 1667 there has been a citadel here but as itExercisplan/Slupskjulsplan, Skeppsholmen blew up in 1845, a replacement was needed.www.arkitekturMuseum.seSubway: KungsträdgårdenThe main theme of Stockholm’s Museum ofArchitecture is Swedish architecture, with particularfocus of the last 100 years, which is very colorfullypresented. Furniture, models and material trials are Download free books at BookBooN.com 29
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  • Stockholm Tour 4: StockholmTour 4: Stockholm 41. Hallwylska Museum40. Nybro Harbor (Nybrohamnen)www.waxholmsbolaget.seSubway: Kungsträdgården/ÖstermalmstorgThe street Nybrohamnen lies down by the water at Hamngatan 4Nybroviken and there is a fantastic atmosphere here. www.hallwylskaMuseum.seMany of the beautiful and nostalgic wooden ships Subway: Östermalmstorgfrom the 1900’s depart from here daily, as do other The palace that houses Hallwyl Museum was builtferries, to many destinations in Stockholm’s in 1893-1898 by Isak Gustaf Clason as Walther andarchipelago. Wilhelmina Hallwyl’s home. The palace was furnished very modern for the time; and as the CityJust sit down and enjoy the view and if you want to Council became its owners in 1920, furnishingstake a trip, try the ferry to Djursgård zoo that makes have been kept intact.the round trip relatively quickly. The collection is made up of the many works of art that Wilhelmina Hallwyl acquired on her travels, including many Dutch and Flemish paintings. Also the palace’s interior is worth a visit. Download free books at BookBooN.com 31
  • Stockholm Tour 4: Stockholm 42. The Royal Theater 43. The Royal Stables (Hovstallet) (Kungliga Dramatiska Teatern) Väpnargatan 1 www.kungahuset.se/dekungligaslotten/hmkon ungenshovstall Subway: Östermalms Torg The Royal Stables, Hovstallet, is where the royal family’s vehicles and horses are cared for and maintained. The horses are all brown and they are trained and ridden daily. The first automobile ever acquired was a Daimler from 1899. The present building was built by King Oscar II in 1884 but prior to this, the stables were located in Nybroplan various buildings spread around the center of the www.dramaten.se city. None of the older buildings have been Subway: Östermalms Torg preserved; they have either burned down or were The Royal Theater, or Dramaten, as it is also called, razed to make room for other construction. is Sweden’s national scene for drama. The theater was founded by King Gustav III in 1788. Before this 44. Army Museum time, performances were in French but Gustav III wanted and established the Swedish language theater, which from its inception were performed in Dramaten. In the beginning the Great Ball House (Store Bollhuset) on Castle Hill (Slottsbacken) served as the theater, later the Arsenal Theater, which burned down in 1825, and then the Opera until 1863 when performances were moved to the Small Theater (Mindre Teatern). In 1901 permission was granted to raise money for a new building by a lottery - a Riddargatan 13 tremendous success. More money was raised than www.armemuseum.se budgeted which made it possible to raise the Subway: Östermalms Torg ambitions of the project. The Royal Theater was The Swedish Army Museum is a military museum opened in 1908. installed in the weapon house from 1867. The building served as the arsenal for only 10 years, In the foyer are beautiful murals and sculptures. when it was converted to a museum for the artillery There are several scenes in the building but the Big and later to military in general. Scene (Stora Scenen) with seating for 750 is the original from 1908. Among the many exhibits is a large collection of hand weapons, some of the Swedish state’s war booty as from the Thirty Years’ War, war vehicles and other armored tanks and vehicles. Download free books at BookBooN.com 32
  • Stockholm Tour 4: Stockholm In the Artillery Yard is the Poltava Monument from dome was built in 1866-1868 with a style different 1904 in commemoration of the Battle of Poltava in than the lower part of the building. 1709. The original plan was to place the monument on the battlefield; but this never came to be, so it Inside is the Golden Altar, made of wood from still stands in Stockholm instead of in the Ukraine. 1747. The pulpit was added in 1784 and is in the The monument represents Svea who spreads a classical style. Also of interest are the paintings and banner over the fallen soldier. the chandeliers – which are copies of the chandelier given to the church by the congregation in 1673. 45. Hedvig Eleonora Church 46. Historical Museum Narvavägen 13-17 www.historiska.se Subway: Karlaplan The Historical Museum in Stockholm is the best in the country and in it are exhibited some of the largest and most significant archaeological finds in Sweden. The Gold Room is the museum’s highlight. In it are exhibited numerous historical gold and silver artifacts, including gold chains from the 4th and 5th centuries, Viking silver and a reliquary from the Storgatan 7 Middle Ages. www.hedvigeleonora.se Subway: Östermalms Torg Besides the Gold Room, a visit to the museum is a The church was consecrated in 1737 and is named journey through Sweden’s history and the after King Karl X Gustav’s queen Hedvig Eleonora. museum’s collections and historical representations The church came to be when the area was provide a good general impression. It is also established as a new parish; and construction of the possible to delve in depth into a single topic or era. octagonal church was started in 1669 but was soon halted due to lack of funds. In its stead a small wooden church was built and in 1725 construction of the present church was resumed. The church’s Download free books at BookBooN.com 33
  • Stockholm Tour 4: Stockholm 47. Museum of Maritime History 48. Technological Museum Djurgårdsbrunnsvägen 24 www.sjohistoriska.se Subway: Karlaplan The museum tells the story of Swedish ship building as well as the country’s merchant marine and naval defense. In this way the museum offers a unified picture of Swedish maritime through the ages. Museivägen 7 www.tekniskaMuseum.se Models, photographs, drawings and many relics are Subway: Karlaplan on display in the museum, which was built for the The Technological Museum displays technology, purpose in 1933-1936. Among the more curious industrial history and the natural sciences from items is King Gustav III’s cabin from his luxury Sweden and the world. The museum was founded yacht Amphion, which he had built in 1788. in 1924 by several institutions including the There are also other things to see outside the predecessor to the Swedish Union of Engineers and building, such as the anchor from the barge Pegasus Sweden’s Industrial Society. and a statue in memory of the fallen sailors from the Second World War.Please click the advert Download free books at BookBooN.com 34
  • Stockholm Tour 4: StockholmThere are many exciting things to see and try in the Mörka Krokenmuseum’s permanent exhibit; and there are thematic www.kaknastornet.aos.seand alternating exhibits. So there is always Subway: Karlaplansomething for curious soles, not to mention the The 155 meter high Kaknäs Tower was built inTechnorama. 1963-1967 as the center for all of Sweden’s radio and telecommunication. The tower was named afterThe Technorama is where the guest can experiment the royal manor Kaknäs the once lay on the site.with technique and natural science. Check outtechnology from different eras, experiment with light On the lobby’s walls is a work of art thatand optical phenomena and much more. symbolizes communication. The elevator runs from the lobby up to the 30th story. On the top are49. Ethnographic Museum several stories which are open to the public, with a café, restaurant and a look-out platform.Djurgårdsbrunnsvägen 34www.etnografiska.se On a clear day there is a fantastic view ofSubway: Karlaplan Stockholm and the archipelago. It is a good way toThe Ethnographic Museum contains several get an overview of the region’s unique geographyhundred thousand artifacts from the entire world, with the many islands and waterways that form thewhere a large portion are from outside Europe, Swedish capital.including Africa, the large cultural nations of Asiaand from the Arctic regions.The museum’s oldest objects date back to the firsthalf of the 18th century, when the collections werebrought to the Royal Scientific Academy, whichsince 1900 severed its relations to the ethnographicbranch. The present museum building was built in1976-1978 and opened in 1980.50. Kaknäs Tower Download free books at BookBooN.com 35
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  • Stockholm Tour 5: Stockholm often changing new themes for the public. TheTour 5: Stockholm museum shows Sweden from 1520 until today.51. The Nordic Museum 52. Junibacken Galärvarvsvägen www.junibacken.se Subway: Karlaplan Trolley: Nordiska Museum/VasaMuseum/Junibacken Junibacken is a fairy tale land with all the known figures from Astrid Lingren’s wonderful books. They are all here together: Pippi Longstocking, Karlsson on the Roof, The Brothers Lionheart, Madicken and of course Emil from Lønneberg.Djurgårdsvägen 6-16www.nordiskaMuseum.se In the museum you can take a trip in the scenes ofSubway: Karlaplan Lindgren’s books and re-experience many of theTrolley: Nordiska things that you’ve either read as a child or seen onMuseum/VasaMuseum/Junibacken television. There are also interactive exhibits,The Nordic Museum is located in one of making the visit part of a game.Stockholm’s most famous and beautiful buildings.The museum building was built in a castle-like style Junibacken opened in 1996 and the place soonfrom the Dutch Renaissance, which is also known became one of the most frequented in Stockholm.from Frederiksborg and Rosenborg Castles inDenmark. The dimensions are large; the museum is 53. Vasa Museum153 meters long and 81 meters high. The NordicBuilding was completed in 1907, after 19 years ofconstruction.The Nordic Museum was founded in 1872 by ArturHazelius, who also founded the open air museumclose by, Skansen. At its start it was located onDrottninggatan and was called the ScandinavianEthnographical Collection - its name was changed tothe Nordic Museum in 1880.The monumental statue of Gustav Vasa greetsvisitors in the museum’s 126.5 meter long and 24meter high main hall. The statue of the seatedmonarch is of painted oak from 1925. On itsforehead is a piece of oak which according totradition was planted by Vasa himself.The collection is rich in many areas of cultural Galärvarvsvägen 14history. There are permanent exhibits as well as Download free books at BookBooN.com 37
  • Stockholm Tour 5: Stockholmwww.vasaMuseum.se the hall itself). Masts have been built on the outerSubway: Karlaplan walls of the museum and the highest reaches theTrolley: Nordiska original height on the “Vasa”, 52.5 meters from itsMuseum/VasaMuseum/Junibacken keel.The Vasa Museum is unique in the world and one ofStockholm’s absolutely top attractions. The museum In connection with the Vasa Museum, there are ais built around the recovered and restored naval couple of museum’s ships anchored at the quayship ”Vasa” that sank on its maiden voyage in 1628. outside the museum. The one is a lighthouse ship and the other an ice breaker, both types have hadVasa was raised from the floor of the Baltic in 1961, great importance in Swedish maritime.and immediately thereafter a shed was built aroundthe ship to protect it from wind and weather. In 54. The Biological Museum1990 the present museum building was inaugurated.”Vasa” was commissioned in 1625, and togetherwith the ship ”Tre Kronor” the two flagships wereto ensure King Gustav II Adolf’s power in the Baltic.One thousand oaks were felled; and three years afterits commission the ship was launched. It was 69meters long, 52.5 meters high and 11.7 meters wide.It had two cannon decks with a total of 64 cannonsand a crew of around 150 men plus twice thatnumber of soldiers. Hazelius PortAfter its launching, tests for the ship’s stability were www.biologiskaMuseum.comto be carried out; but these were quickly canceled by Subway: Karlaplanthe navy’s commander in chief as the ship heaved Trolley: Hazeliusportenviolently with the least load. On its maiden voyage The biological museum was instituted in 1893 byon August 10, 1628, the ship sank while in the Gustaf Kolthoff, who was a hunter, taxidermist andStockholm Stream; it had only sailed from the wharf amateur zoologist. His vision was to open ain Nybroviken past Stockholm Slot to the waters just museum that could display Nordic fauna.outside the museum’s present location. The causewas lack of stability but for posterity, it was fortune The museum took into use the brand new dioramain misfortune as the fresh water is the reason why technique, which displayed the preserved animals inthe ship is so well-preserved. their natural habitat. Among the exciting montages are an Arctic grotto from Svalbard and a sceneAt the Vasa Museum the ”Vasa” can be observed from East Greenland. The Swedish naturalfrom 6 levels and at each level – besides a fantastic landscape is recreated in a diorama that spans 360view of the ship – is a topical exhibit, including degrees, encompassing all forms of SwedishSweden of the 1600’s, life on board a ship like landscape from south to north. The many wild“Vasa” and even the raising of the ship. animals, like elk and bear, are placed in their natural surroundings.The exhibit hall is 34 meters high, which is enoughto get an idea of the ship’s dimensions with its masts The building itself is exciting, its design andand full sail (which would be higher and wider than building inspired by the Norwegian stave churches. Download free books at BookBooN.com 38
  • Stockholm Tour 5: Stockholm From the start, the museum’s illumination was The rain forest is a tour through the aquatic milieu through skylights in the roof. This is still so, giving for life over and under water. The dense foliage in the exhibits as natural an illumination as possible. constant 28 degree heat has been recreated. 55. Aquaria Water Museum 56. Skansen (Vattenmuseum) Falkenbergsgatan 2 www.aquaria.se Tunne line: Karlaplan Trolley: Konsthallen/Gröna Lund Aquaria is a very lively aquatic museum where it is possible to come close to aquatic environments in the North, the tropics and in rain forests. The Nordic environment the salmon traps are very interesting, where, in November-December, the salmon jump from the Baltic up to the museum to spawn. There Djurgårdsslätten 49-51 is also a tour through the sewer, where pollution’s effect www.skansen.se on the aquatic environment can be observed. Subway: Karlaplan Trolley: Skansen The tropical gardens are recreated with coral reefs Skansen is a 30-hectare large recreational area on and a glass tunnel where you can walk through the the island Djurgården and offers a wealth of various huge shark aquarium. attractions including the open air museum that dominates Skansen. Sharp Minds - Bright Ideas! Employees at FOSS Analytical A/S are living proof of the company value - First - using The Family owned FOSS group is new inventions to make dedicated solutions for our customers. With sharp minds and the world leader as supplier of cross functional teamwork, we constantly strive to develop new unique products - dedicated, high-tech analytical Would you like to join our team? solutions which measure and control the quality and produc-Please click the advert FOSS works diligently with innovation and development as basis for its growth. It is tion of agricultural, food, phar- reflected in the fact that more than 200 of the 1200 employees in FOSS work with Re- maceutical and chemical produ- search & Development in Scandinavia and USA. Engineers at FOSS work in production, cts. Main activities are initiated development and marketing, within a wide range of different fields, i.e. Chemistry, from Denmark, Sweden and USA Electronics, Mechanics, Software, Optics, Microbiology, Chemometrics. with headquarters domiciled in Hillerød, DK. The products are We offer marketed globally by 23 sales A challenging job in an international and innovative company that is leading in its field. You will get the companies and an extensive net opportunity to work with the most advanced technology together with highly skilled colleagues. of distributors. In line with the corevalue to be ‘First’, the Read more about FOSS at www.foss.dk - or go directly to our student site www.foss.dk/sharpminds where company intends to expand you can learn more about your possibilities of working together with us on projects, your thesis etc. its market position. Dedicated Analytical Solutions FOSS Slangerupgade 69 3400 Hillerød Tel. +45 70103370 www.foss.dk Download free books at BookBooN.com 39
  • Stockholm Tour 5: StockholmIn Skansen are approximately 150 buildings that Skansen’s founder, and Tinvallen/Bollnäs Square inrepresent various types of Swedish construction. In Skansen.the southwest corner is a trading center with manyhouses from the latest centuries, including an old- Skansen’s cable car was built in 1897 as part of thefashioned gas station and grocery store. Exhibition of Applied Arts and Industry. It functioned until 1959; operations were re-Centrally placed is the elegant manor Skogaholm, established in 1973.from 18th century mid-Sweden more preciselyNärke. The manor is very interesting with its 56b. The Zoo (Djurparken)elegantly furnished rooms. Djurparken at Skansen is Stockholm’s zoo. From the time of Skansen’s opening in 1891 there haveFrom southern Sweden is Skånegården, which is been animals here and today visitors can wandertypical with its timber frame. The oldest parts are around and enjoy the sight of animal life fromfrom the 1820’s, but what is displayed is from farm Scandinavia as well as many domesticated animals.life of the 1920’s. The neighboring Oktorpsgården isfrom Halland and shows life in the 1870’s. Other Among the best known wild animals from Swedenfarm milieu include Ekhäradsgården from Värmland are elk, lynx, bear, wolf and of course reindeer,and Delsbogården in northern Hälsingland. which are found close to Skansen’s Sammic environment.Special milieu include Samevistet which is the samicrepresentation in Skansen, Finngården, an example The area of Little Skansen is the place whereof the pioneer milieu of Finnish settlers in Värmland children and other lovers of animals can come in toand typical mills from Øland. miniature goats, kittens and much more.In Skansen there is also Seglora Church, which was 56c. Skansen Aquariumbuilt in 1729-1730 as the parish church in Seglora inWestern Gotland.56a. Skansen’s Mountain Line (Bergbana) www.skansen-akvariet.se Skansen’s aquarium is to be highly recommended. There is more than just exciting fish and coral reefs, for instance crocodiles, sharks, parrots, snakes,Skansen’s Bergbana is Stockholm’s only funicular; a playful monkeys and much more.cable car where the two cars run up and down like apendulum connected to a cable. Just after the entrance is a large cage where lemurs crawl and jump around the visitor, a great exampleThe line is approximately 200 meters long, running of how close you can come to the animals. Laterbetween the impressive Hazelius Port, named after Download free books at BookBooN.com 40
  • Stockholm Tour 5: Stockholmthere’s an aquarium with smaller sharks, and you can 57. Circuscome close to the crocodiles. After passing by a longline of beautiful aquaria spiders are waiting by theexit!56d. Tobacco and Match Museum Djurgårdsslätten 43-45 www.cirkus.se Subway: Karlaplanwww.ttmuseum.nu Trolley: SkansenSkansen’s museum for tobacco and toothpicks can The circus building at the zoo was built in 1892 asbe found in Skansen’s trading center. The museum is Sweden’s main scene for the period’s circusan industrial and cultural historical museum telling performances. With time, the building has becomethe history of tobacco and matches in Sweden. multi-cultural with concerts, musicals, exhibits, theater performances, etc.In 1915 the Swedish state monopolized the tobaccoindustry, thereby excluding the numerous small 58. Green Meadow (Gröna Lund)tobacco producers throughout the country; butmaterial from these was gradually collected anddisplayed in this museum, which was founded in1938.On special occasions there are demonstrations ofhow tobacco leaves were transformed into cigars, etc.It was a Swede who in 1844 invented the safetymatch. Since then there were more than 170factories that produced matches in Sweden. Nowonly two remain. Download free books at BookBooN.com 41
  • Stockholm Tour 5: Stockholm Lilla Almänna Gränd 9 The Green Meadow first opened as an amusement www.gronalund.com park in 1883 and is thus Sweden’s oldest. It got its Subway: Karlaplan name Gröna Lund from an inn that was there in the Trolley: Konsthallen/Gröna Lund 1700’s. The Green Meadow is Stockholm’s Tivoli, which with its beautiful situation and festive atmosphere, is The museum trolley runs from the city center to one of the city’s most popular attractions. Green Meadow, line number 7 from Nybro Harbor. The zoo ferry (Djurgårdsfärjan) also sails there There are lots of amusements, both the quiet and the from the same place. breathtaking like the roller coasters and free fall tower that is 100 meters high. Near the water is a carousel and a promenade from which there is a fine view to Södermalm, Skeppsholmen and Nybro Harbor. +LZPNU `VY V^U M[YL H[Please click the advert 4(5 +PLZLS ^^^ THUKPLZLS JVT Download free books at BookBooN.com 42
  • Stockholm Tour 5: Stockholm59. Rosendal Castle Rosendal Castle was originally a pleasure palace for King Karl XIV Johan, but before that, King Gustav III had given the area to the nobleman, Georg de Besche. He had a wooden building constructed which changed hands many times before Crown Prince Karl Johan bought it and built Rosendal Castle as a royal villa in 1823-1827. The the 19th century several additions were made and the interior nobly furnished in the Empire style. Rosendal Castle is now a museum in the period andRosendal Terrace style that is called Karl Johan. The style was typicalwww.kungahuset.se/ for the 1820-1830’s, with the king’s furniture anddekungligaslotten/rosendalsslott library.www.rosendalstradgard.seSubway: Karlaplan The park around the castle is also worth seeing. TheTrolley: Bellmansro garden was laid out in 1861 in which is a green hous and beautiful installations. Download free books at BookBooN.com 43
  • Stockholm Day Tours from Stockholm 61. Drottningholm CastleDay Tours fromStockholm60. Sailing on Mälaren Drottningholm, Lovön, 8 km W of Stockholm www.strommakanalbolaget.com By sailing 50 minutes through beautiful nature from the heart of Stockholm you arrive at DrottningholmFrom the quay at Stadshus Bridge Castle, which is Sweden’s Versailles, built in thewww.strommakanalbolaget.com Baroque style in 1662 for the widowed QueenSubway: Rådhuset/T-Centralen Hedvig Eleonora. A year earlier the previous castleStockholm is laid out on a chain of islands where the had burned down.waters of Mälaren meet the Stockholm Stream andthe Baltic archipelago. This naturally provides many Well before arrival by sea you can enjoy a view ofpossibilities for sailing and trips to Mälaren depart the castle. But if time is limited there is other publicfrom the quay opposite City Hall (Stadshuset). transportation.Mälaren liesd west of Stockholm and there are many In 1681 the building itself was practically completeplaces to visit. The most famous include and interior furnishing could begin. The style ofDrottningholm Castle, the daily residence of the construction was classically inspired. The castle isSwedish royal family, the Viking settlement Birka built with a main building with two wings.and the city of Mariefred with Gripsholm Castle. On enters the main building at the castle’s beautifulMost of the boats were built in the first half of the stairway and comes to other rooms and salons20th century and they themselves are an attraction including Queen Lovisa Ulrika’s Gustavian librarywhen at a leisurely tempo sail out from Stockholm and state room, which are among the mostand in relatively short time find oneself in the midst impressive. There is access to the public in parts ofof unspoiled nature. the castle; but the south wing is occupied by the royal family and closed to the public. In 1744 the future Queen Lovisa Ulrika was given Drottningholm Castle as a wedding present. And it was she who in 1777 sold it to the Swedish state. The royal family continued to use the castle. The English garden was laid out by King Gustav III. A thorough renovation was carried out in 1907-1911. Download free books at BookBooN.com 44
  • Stockholm Day Tours from Stockholm Today Drottningholm Castle is a wonder place for 61a. The Chinese Castle an outing; and besides the castle, the lovely castle park is worth a stroll. Immediately behind the castle is the baroque garden from the close of the 17th century. The garden was re-created in the 1950- 1960’s. The English landscape garden was planned by Gustav III in the 18th century with typical open lawns and lakes. In the park around the castle is a small Chinese Drottningholm Castle is on the UNESCO list of the castle, which was built in the Chinese style of the cultural heritage of the world. period as a gift to Queen Lovisa Ulrika in 1753. The first castle was of wood and thus of a temporary nature. The present castle was built in 1763-1768 and contains a collection of Chinese porcelain. The castle is exotic in style but primarily French rococo. Student Student Money Happy Discounts + Events + Saving Advice = Days!Please click the advert 2009 Download free books at BookBooN.com 45
  • Stockholm Day Tours from Stockholm61b. Drottningholm’s Court Theater 62. Birka(Drottningholms Slottsteater) 40 km W of Stockholm www.raa.se/birkawww.dtm.se Birka on Björk Island in Mäleren was the firstDrottningholm’s CLourt Theater is a uniquely Viking trading center in the region. Sweden’spreserved theater from the 18th century. The drama Vikings sailed east along the Russian rivers to tradeenthusiast Gustav III was encouraged by his queen in the Middle East and this was merely one of theLovisa Ulrika to build the theater in 1766. After the trading routes that started here.king’s death in 1792 the theater was not used againuntil the 20th century, where once again plays and ballets It is thought that the town had approximately 700were performed there. The theater has kept its original inhabitants; and was active from around 750 ADfurnishings; and the museum displays props and until the end of the 10th century. It is not knownmachines that were in use in the 1700-theater. why Birka was abandoned but this happened rather abruptly.Notice details in the theater where there are guidedtours. The first room on the tour was the architect’s On the island of Adel close by was a royal manorlodgings. He was given this as compensation, as he called Hovgården, from where the king couldhimself had to pay for construction. The theater monitor trade. The town’s history and its tradeitself was built for very small funds, which activities are presented in its museum.demanded many creative solutions, such as papiermaché stucco and one of the rearmost wing doors, Birka also played a role in the conversion of thewhich was merely painted on the wall. Swedes to Christianity. The apostle of the North, Ansgar, arrived in Birka in 830 AD and founded aThe guided tour also includes the grand banquet hall Christian congregation. In 1836 a memorial stonethat lies out towards the park. was placed on Birk Island. Christian conversion was started, but first accomplished in the 11th century. Archeological excavations were begun in the 1680’s; but systematic digs were not started until the last half of the 19th century, and since been carried out in broad areas. Both Birka and Hovgården are on the UNESCO list of the worlds cultural heritage. Download free books at BookBooN.com 46
  • Stockholm Day Tours from Stockholm63. Gripsholm Castlet 64. Sailing in the archipelagoMariefred, 65 km SW of Stockholmwww.sfv.seGustav Vasa’s Gripsholm Castle from 1537 can bereached by ship from Stockholm or by train toLäggesta Station and then 3 km farther by bus toMariefred. From Läggesta Station there is also a trainthat travels the narrow veteran tracks towardsMariefred and Gripsholm Castle but this runs onlyon selected days.Bo Jonsson Grip built a stronghold here in 1380, From Nybro quay/Nybroplan/Ström quaywhich was purchased by Queen Margareta in 1404, www.strommakanalbolaget.comsince which time it has been royal property. Gustav www.waxholmsbolaget.seVasa bought the castle in 1526, and in 1537 he Subway: Kungsträdgårdeninitiated construction of the present Gripsholm Stockholm’s Stream runs from the heart ofCastle, which is a Vasa stronghold. The castle stood Stockholm towards the Baltic through thecompleted in 1545. archipelago, which is comprised of thousands of islands and cliffs. Around on the islands areBesides its very interesting interior, most of which is charming town, beaches and magnificent nature.not original, the castle houses a large portion of theNational Museum’s portrait collection, dating back If you want to experience the archipelago, there areto the 15th century. guided boat tours, which offer various routes and distances sailed.The castle has four towers. Grip Tower was built fordefense with cannon positions. It has also served as Trips include the cities of Gustavsberg anda prison. The Vasa Tower was built as a residence, Vaxholm, the islands of Fjäderholmarna and a sideincluding the king’s bed chamber. The Theater trip along the Strömma Canal to Sandy Harbor.Tower, also called the Church Tower, is both forresidence and defense, which for a period was alsothe castle’s chapel. The Prison Tower was as thename implies a prison, where Johan III was one ofits prisoners. Download free books at BookBooN.com 47
  • Stockholm Day Tours from Stockholm 65. Gustavsberg The city of Gustavsberg lies on the island of Värmdö, which is one of the larger islands in the archipelago. The city was once called Farsta, but in 1640 the owner of Farsta Castle renamed it to Gustavsberg in memory of his father, Gustaf Oxenstierna. The route by sea to Gustavsberg is very beautiful, sailing through Skuru Sound and over Beggensstäket, before reaching the town famous for its porcelain production. The porcelain factory was founded in 1825, and actually marked the birth of the city. The porcelain museum (Odelbergs väg 5B), relates the history of porcelain and displays fine examples of the factory’s production. 20 km E of Stockholm www.gustavsberg.se In Gustavsberg you can see the interesting Round www.porslinsmuseum.varmdo.se House (Runda Huset), which was built in the 1950’s. As the name implies, the house is round and in it is the city’s library. Gustavsberg’s church is also worth a visit. what‘s missing in this equation?Please click the advert You could be one of our future talents maeRsK inteRnationaL teChnoLogY & sCienCe PRogRamme Are you about to graduate as an engineer or geoscientist? Or have you already graduated? If so, there may be an exciting future for you with A.P. Moller - Maersk. www.maersk.com/mitas Download free books at BookBooN.com 48
  • Stockholm Day Tours from Stockholm66. Vaxholm In the last half of the 19th century the ships were so large that they no longer could sail past Vaxholm Fort, which sealed its fate. Vaxholm Fort lost its military significance. In 1870-1877 Oskar- Frederiksborg was built as the successor to the fortress in Vaxholm. Today there is a museum in the fort where the history of Swedish coastal defense through the centuries is on display. 67. Fjäderholmarna20 km NE of Stockholmwww.vaxholm.seVaxholm is the most visited spot in the archipelago– it takes approximately 45 minutes to sail from theheart of Stockholm to this charming and beautifullysituated town.The atmosphere in Vaxholm is special; among the 6 km E of Stockholmsights are summer villas from 1800-1900 built by www.fjaderholmarna.sefamilies from Stockholm in the real Swedish style. www.skargardsteatern.seTo add to the old fashioned summer mood is The islands Fjäderholmarna in the middle of theWaxholm’s Hotel, which was built in Jugend style in seaward approach to Stockholm is one of the1903. archipelago’s very nice and recreational places, where there is something to do for people of all66a. Vaxholm Fort ages. And it only takes 30 minutes to get there. Fjäderholmarna is comprised of four islands: Greater Fjäderholmen, Ängsholmen, Libertas and Lillholmen. From the cliffs of the island you can bathe or just enjoy the sun and view over the sea. Enjoy good food at the many restaurants, go to a museum andwww.vaxholmsfastning.se see some of the working handicrafts centers.Vaxholm’s largest construction is the city’s fortress.The first defense works were established in 1549 One of the biggest attractions is the outdoorsunder the command of Gustav Vasa to protect the theater, Skärgårdsteatern on Greater Fjäderholmen,seaward approach to Stockholm. In the decades visited every year by thousands of spectators.around 1600, the fortress was further expanded, as itwas again in 1838, from which time the presentbuildings originate. Download free books at BookBooN.com 49
  • Stockholm Day Tours from Stockholm68. Sandy Harbor (Sandhamn) 69. Forest cemetery (Skogskyrkogården)40 km E of Stockholmwww.varmdo.se SockenvägenThe boat trip to Sandy Harbor is one of the most www.kyf.stockholm.sebeautiful and varied one can chose. The journey Subway: Skogskyrkogårdenstarts in Stockholm, sailing through narrow passages Stockholm’s forest cemetery is a unique attractionand down the Strömma Canal to Sandy Harbor that with cultural landscapes and architecture that inis situated on Sandy Island (Sandön) on the Baltic combination beautifully encompass the place’sSea. actual purpose as a cemetery. This unique blend is also why it is on the UNESCO list of the worldsFew ships are able to sail through Strömma Canal, cultural heritage.which is only 7 meters wide, 2 meters deep and witha free height of only 2.7 meters. It was decided to create the cemetery in 1912 and was designed by an international architectureThere are often many boats in the harbour, as the competition in 1914-1915. Two years latercity, thanks to its location, is a mecca for sportsmen construction was initiated and in 1920 the firstand often the starting point for regattas. The area chapel was complete; the Forest Chapelnear the harbor is cozy with its wooden houses and (Skogskapellet).on the guided sail tours hikes here are often included. In 1922-1923 a service building was built, nowSailing from Stockholm through the canal to Sandy known as the Tallum Pavilion: This houses theHarbor takes three hours, so reserve most of the day information center for the cemetery. Tallum wasfor this trip. the name of the architect who won the competition in 1915. Since then several chapels, a crematorium, small gardens and meadows have been added for the purpose of providing the public with the best conditions for using the facilities. Download free books at BookBooN.com 50
  • Stockholm Day Tours from StockholmA beautiful stroll could be along ”Sju Brunnars Stig”, The 3.6 km long wall around the cemetery wasthat runs from the meditation meadow Almhöjden coincidentally built as an emergency project into the Chapel of the Resurrection, a boulevard 1923-1932. At that time there was muchestablished with the cemetery. unemployment in the country. Public projects like this were initiated to help the situation. Download free books at BookBooN.com 51
  • Stockholm Children / Shopping / TransportationWith children in Stockholm Public transportation in StockholmAquaria Vattenmuseum (Falkenbergsgatan 2): Stockholm city transportation:www.aquaria.se www.sl.seGröna Lund (Lilla Almänna Gränd 9): Museum trolley to zoo:www.gronalund.com www.ss.se/djurgårdslinjenToy Museum (LeksaksMuseum) (Tegelviksgatan 22): Ferry to zoo:www.leksaksMuseum.se www.waxholmsbolaget.seSkansen (Djurgårdsslätten 49-51): Ferries on Mälarenand the archipelago:www.skansen.se www.strommakanalbolaget.comSkansen aquarium (Djurgårdsslätten 49-51): Ferries in the archipelago:www.skansen-akvariet.se www.waxholmsbolaget.seTrolley Museum(SpårvägsMuseum) Swedish Railways:(Tegelviksgatan 22): www.sj.sewww.sl.se Stockholm Arlanda Airport:Shopping in Stockholm www.arlanda.comWalking streets: Drottninggatan, Hamngatan, Stockholm Bromma Airport:Klarabergsgatan www.lfv.seThe Gallery (Gallerian) (Hamngatan 37): Stockholm Skavsta Airport:www.gallerian.se www.skavsta.seNK (Hamngatan 18-20):www.nk.sePUB (Hötorget/Drottninggatan):www.pub.seSolna Centrum (Solna Centrum):www.solnacentrum.seSouk (Drottninggatan 53):www.souk.seÅhléns City (Klarabergsgatan 50):www.ahlens.se Download free books at BookBooN.com 52
  • Stockholm Metro Map Metro Map Download free books at BookBooN.com 53
  • Stockholm Facts about Sweden Facts about Sweden Political Official name The Kingdom of Sverige Form of government Constitutional monarchy Head of State King Carl XVI Gustaf Head of Government Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt National day June 6 Achieved independence June 6, 1523 from Denmark Primary religion Christian (Protestant) Language Swedish Area 449,964 km² Population 9,067,000 (2006) Download free books at BookBooN.com 54
  • Stockholm Facts about Sweden Borders on North Finland, Norway South Baltic Sea East Finland, Baltic Sea West Denmark (by bridge), Cattegat, Norway, Skagerrak, The Sound Highest mountains Kebnekaise 2,104 meters Sarektjåkkå 2,089 meters Kaskasatjåkka 2,076 meters Kaskaspakte 2,043 meters Akka 2,015 meters Pårtetjåkkå 2,005 meters Sielmmacohkka 1,997 meters Kåtotjåkkå 1,991 meters Kåtokkaskatjåkkå 1,978 meters Akkatjåkkå 1,974 metersPlease click the advert Download free books at BookBooN.com 55
  • Stockholm Facts about Sweden Largest islands Gotland 3,140 km² Öland 1,342 km² Orust 346 km² Hisingen 199 km² Värmdön 181 km² Tjörn 148 km² Väddö & Björkö 128 km² Fårö 113 km² Selaön 95 km² Gräsö 93 km² Largest lakes Vänern 5,648 km² Vättern 1,893 km² Mälaren 1,120 km² Hjälmaren 484 km² Storsjön 464 km² Siljan 354 km² Torneträsk 330 km² Hornavan* 220-283 km² Uddjaure* 190-250 km² Bolmen 184 km² * varies in size Longest rivers Torne Älv 522 km Dalälven 520 km Ume Älv 467 km Ångermanälven 463 km Lule Älv 461 km Klarälven 460 km, 300 km in Sweden Vindelälven 453 km Ljusnan 440 km Kalix Älv 430 km Indalsälven 430 km Download free books at BookBooN.com 56
  • Stockholm Facts about Sweden Largest cities (2005) Stockholm 1,252,000 Göteborg 510,000 Mälmö 258,000 Uppsala 128,000 Västerås 107,000 Örebro 98,000 Linköping 97,000 Helsingborg 91,000 Jönköping 84,000 Norrköping 84,000 Counties Blekinge 2,941 km² Bohuslän 4,473 km² Dalarna 29,086 km² Dalsland 3,708 km² Gotland 3,140 km² Gästrikland 4,181 km² Halland 4,786 km² Hälsingland 14,264 km² Härjedalen 11,954 km² Jämtland 34,009 km² Lappland 109,702 km² Medelpad 7,058 km² Norrbotten 26,671 km² Närke 4,126 km² Skåne 11,027 km² Småland 29,330 km² Södermanland 8,388 km² Uppland 12,676 km² Värmland 18,204 km² Västerbotten 15,093 km² Västergötland 16,676 km² Download free books at BookBooN.com 57
  • Stockholm Facts about Sweden Västmanland 8,363 km² Ångermanland 19,800 km² Öland 1,342 km² Östergötland 9,979 km² Administrative division County Countyseat Area Blekinge Län Karlskrona 2,941 km² Dalarnas Län Falun 28,194 km² Gotlands Län Visby 3,140 km² Gävleborgs Län Gävle 18,191 km² Hallands Län Halmstad 4,786 km² Jämtlands Län Östersund 49,443 km² Jönköpings Län Jönköping 10,475 km² Kalmar Län Kalmar 11,171 km² Kronobergs Län Växjö 8,458 km² Norrbottens Län Luleå 98,911 km² Skåne Län Malmö 11,027 km² Stockholms Län Stockholm 6,490 km² Södermanlands Län Nyköping 6,060 km² Uppsala Län Uppsala 6,989 km² Värmlands Län Karlstad 17,583 km² Västerbottens Län Umeå 55,432 km² Västernorrlands Län Härnösand 21,678 km² Västmanlands Län Västerås 6,302 km² Västra Götalands Län Göteborg 23,942 km² Örebro Län Örebro 8,517 km² Östergötlands Län Linköping 10,562 km² Download free books at BookBooN.com 58
  • Stockholm Facts about Sweden Monarchs since 1500 Hans 1497–1501 Sten Sture d.ä. 1501–1503 Svante Nilsson 1504–1511 Erik Trolle 1512-1512 Sten Sture d.y. 1512–1520 Christian II 1520-1523 Gustav I Vasa 1523–1560 Erik XIV 1560–1568 Johan III 1568–1592 Sigismund 1592–1599 Karl IX 1599–1611 Gustav II Adolf 1611–1632 Kristina 1632–1654 Karl X Gustav 1654–1660 Karl XI 1660–1697 Karl XII 1697–1718 Ulrika Eleonora 1719–1720 Fredrik I 1720-1751 Adolf Fredrik 1751–1771 Gustav III 1771–1792 Gustav IV Adolf 1792-1809 Karl XIII 1809-1818 Karl XIV Johan 1818-1844 Oscar I 1844–1859 Karl XV 1859–1872 Oscar II 1872–1907 Gustaf V 1907–1950 Gustaf VI Adolf 1950–1973 Carl XVI Gustaf 1973– Download free books at BookBooN.com 59
  • Stockholm Facts about Sweden Prime Ministers since 1945 Per Albin Hansson 1936-1946 Östen Undén 1946-1946 Tage Erlander 1946-1969 Olof Palme 1969-1976 and 1982-1986 Thorbjörn Fälldin 1976-1978 and 1979-1982 Ola Ullsten 1978-1979 Ingvar Carlsson 1986-1991 og 1994-1996 Carl Bildt 1991-1994 Göran Persson 1996-2006 Fredrik Reinfeldt 2006-Please click the advert www.job.oticon.dk Download free books at BookBooN.com 60
  • Stockholm Facts about Sweden Holidays and National Days January 1 New Year’s Day January 6 Epiphany/Twelfth nigh Date varies Good Friday Date varies Easter day Date varies second Easter Day May 1 Workers Day June 6 Sweden’s national day Date varies Midsummer Date varies All Saints’ Day December 25 Christmas Day December 26 Boxing Day Miscellaneous information Currency Swedish krona Currency code SEK Time zone CET (UTC+1) Postal land code SE Internet domain .se Telephone prefix +46 Download free books at BookBooN.com 61
  • Stockholm Facts about Sweden Daily middle temperature Rainfall Climate – Stockholms °C millimeters January -3.5 31 February -3.5 25 March -1.3 26 April 3.5 29 May 9.2 34 June 14.6 44 July 17.2 64 August 16.0 66 September 11.7 49 October 6.5 51 November 1.7 44 December -1.6 39 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com) Daily middle temperature Rainfall Climate – Gothenburg °C millimeters January -1.1 66 February -1.4 47 March 1.3 46 April 5.4 45 May 10.9 46 June 15.0 54 July 16.4 73 August 16.0 87 September 12.6 80 October 8.8 82 November 4.2 77 December 1.0 73 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com) Download free books at BookBooN.com 62
  • Stockholm Facts about Sweden Daily middle temperature Rainfall Climate – Malmö °C millimeters January -0.6 47 February -0.8 41 March 1.9 36 April 5.8 38 May 11.4 40 June 14.2 50 July 16.4 68 August 16,1 70 September 12.5 60 October 9.2 62 November 4.2 58 December 1.0 57 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com)Please click the advert Download free books at BookBooN.com 63
  • Stockholm Phrase book how far is it to…..? Hur långt är det till…?Phrase book Where is the nearest Var finns närmaste station? station?Courtesy phrases Address AdressGreetings Hälsningar What is the address? Vilken adress är det?Good morning God morgonGood day God dag Tourist in the cityGood afternoon God eftermiddag Have you a city map? Har ni en stadskarta?Good night God natt What shall I see here in Vad bör jag se här iHi/Hey Hej this city? staden?farewell Farväl Can you recommend a Kan ni rekommenderaSee you Vi ses sight seeing tour? en sightseeingtur?Others Övrigt Visit to the toilet ToalettbesökThanks Tack Toilet ToalettThans for the help Tack för hjälpen Have you a toilet? Finns det en toalett?Yes Ja Do you have some Har ni merNo Nej more toilet paper? toalettpapper?Okay Okej Can I change the toilet? Kan jag få växla tillBe so good Var så snäll toaletten?Be so kind Var vänligSorry Ursäkta Transport for the tripMy name is….. Jag heter…What is your name? Vad heter du? Railway Järnväg Underground railway TunnelbanaQuestion (Inquiring) words Train Tåg Till what time does the När slutar tågen attWhat…? Vad…? train run? gå…?Where…? Var…? Time table TidtabellWhen…? När…? Station (train) Station (tåg)Who…? Vem…?How…? Hur…? Bus and Tram Buss och spårvagnWhy…? Varför…? Tram Spårvagn Bus BussFind way Till what time does the Hur länge gårTo the right Till höger bus/tram run….? bussarna/spårvagnen?To the left Till vänster At what time is the last När kör sistaStraight on Rakt fram bus/tram? bussen/spårvagnen?Back Tillbaka Station (bus) Station (buss)Where is ….? Var ligger…? Stop SpårvagnCan you show the way Kan du visa vägento…..? till…?Where am I/we at Var är jag/vi just nu?present?How do I reach….? Hur kommer jag till…? Download free books at BookBooN.com 64
  • Stockholm Phrase book Airway Flyg Taxi Taxi Airport Flygplats Drive me to this Kör mig till den här Check-in Incheckning address adressen Passport Pass I shall go to…… Jag ska åka till… How much is it by taxi Hur mycket kostar det Ship Fartyg to? att åka med taxi till? Ferry Färja Port Hamn General Allmänt Cycle Cykel Automobile Bil Motorcycle Motorcykel Motorcar Bil Arrival/arrival time Ankomst/Ankomsttid Car rental Biluthyrning Departure/departure Avgång/Avgångstid Driving License Körkort time I would like to hire a…. Jag skulle vilja hyra Baggage Bagage en… Baggage locker Förvaringsbox Have you a childrens Har ni en barnstol? seat? Does it run on petrol or Går den på bensin eller diesel? diesel? Parking space Parkeringsplats Multi-storeyed car park Parkeringshus Turning a challenge into a learning curve. Just another day at the office for a high performer. Accenture Boot Camp – your toughest test yetPlease click the advert Choose Accenture for a career where the variety of opportunities and challenges allows you to make a difference every day. A place where you can develop your potential and grow professionally, working alongside talented colleagues. The only place where you can learn from our unrivalled experience, while helping our global clients achieve high performance. If this is your idea of a typical working day, then Accenture is the place to be. It all starts at Boot Camp. It’s 48 hours packed with intellectual challenges and intense learning experience. that will stimulate your mind and and activities designed to let you It could be your toughest test yet, enhance your career prospects. You’ll discover what it really means to be a which is exactly what will make it spend time with other students, top high performer in business. We can’t your biggest opportunity. Accenture Consultants and special tell you everything about Boot Camp, guests. An inspirational two days but expect a fast-paced, exhilarating Find out more and apply online. Visit accenture.com/bootcamp Download free books at BookBooN.com 65
  • Stockholm Phrase bookEntertainment When is the breakfast? När serveras frukosten? When shall we check När kan vi checka in?Cinema Bio in?Theatre Teater Where can I park? Var kan jag parkera?Match Match Can I call for a taxi? Kan jag ringa en taxi?Concert Konsert Have you a card with Har ni ett kort medPark Park the hotels address? hotellets adress?Circus Cirkus Have you a security Finns det enMuseum Museum locker? säkerhetsbox?Amusement park Tivoli Is there a swimming Finns det någon pool?Casino Kasino pool?Disquothe Diskotek Can I ask for a wake up Kan jag be omNight club Nattklubb call? väckning?Aquarium Akvarium Can I borrow an Kan jag få låna ettZoological garden Zoo ironbox/-board? strykjärn/en strykbräda? Can I borrow a hair Kan jag få låna enTickets drier? hårtork?Adult Vuxen Can I keep my baggage? Kan jag förvaraChild Barn bagaget?Pensioner Pensionär Can I request for extra Kan jag få be om extraStudent Student toilet paper? toalettpapper?Can I get a ticket? Kan jag köpa en biljett?Can I get a daily ticket? Kan jag köpa en On shopping dagsbiljett? Shopping centre Shoppingcenter Departmental stores VaruhusIn the hotel Main shopping area ButiksområdeI/we have a reservation Jag/vi har bokat Pedestrian street GågataThe name is…. Namnet är… Is it available in large Finns den i störreSingle room Enkelrum size? storlek?Double room Dubbelrum Is it available in small Finns den i mindreWhat is the room Vilket rumsnummer är size? storlek?number? det? What is the cost of Vad kostar den här/denWhich floor? Vilken våning? this/that? där?Where is the elevator? Var finns hissen? Do you have this/ these Har ni den i minNo smoking Rökning ej tillåten in my size? storlek?Smoking Rökning tillåten Can you pack this in a Kan ni slå in den?Have you a vacant Har ni något ledigt gift wrap?room? rum? Do you accept credit Tar ni kreditkort?What is the cost of a Vad kostar ett enkel- card?single-/double room? /dubbelrum? When do you close? När stänger ni?Can I order for an extra Kan jag be om en Open Öppetbed? extrasäng? Closed StängtHave you a baby cot? Har ni någon barnsäng?Where is the breakfast? Var serveras frukosten? Download free books at BookBooN.com 66
  • Stockholm Phrase bookIn the restaurant/café Pizza Pizza Hamburger HamburgareBreakfast Frukost French fries Pommes fritesLunch Lunch Cheese OstSupper Middag Ice GlassMay I see the menu Kan jag få se på menyn? Cake Tårtacard? Sugar SockerMay I see the liquor Kan jag få se påcard? drinklistan? Beverages DryckerMenu for the children Barnmeny Milk MjölkVegetarian Vegetariskt Mineral water MineralvattenWell done Genomstekt Juice JuiceMedium Medium Soda water SodavattenRed (rare) Lättstekt (blodig) Without ice Utan isIt must not be very Det får inte vara för Coffee Kaffestrong starkt Tea TeI cannot bear…. Jag tål inte… Cocoa ChokladBill Notan Beer ÖlMay I pay? Kan jag få betala? White wine Vitt vinCan I pay with the Kan jag betala med Red wine Rött vincredit card? kreditkort? Champagne Champagne Liquor AlkoholFrom the menu card Från menyn Spirits SpritdryckerStarters FörrätterMain course Huvudrätter Service ServiceDesserts Desserter Knife KnivFish Fisk Fork GaffelShell fish Skaldjur Spoon SkedPoultry Fågel Teaspoon TeskedChicken Kyckling chop stick ÄtpinnarDuck Anka Glass GlasGoose Gås Plate TallrikTurkey Kalkon Napkin ServettPork FläskBeef Oxkött Bank, post, internet and telephoneVeal KalvLamb Lamm Bank and money Bank och pengarBread Bröd Bank BankButter Smör Where is a bank? Var finns en bank?Egg Ägg Automatic teller BankomatYoghurt Yoghurt machineSoup Soppa Where can I draw Var kan jag ta utSalad Sallad money? pengar?Sandwich Smörgås Change money Växla pengarSausages Korvar Where can I change Var kan jag växlaHotdog Varmkorv currency? pengar? Download free books at BookBooN.com 67
  • Stockholm Phrase book What is the rate of Vad står växelkursen i? Telephone Telefon exchange? Can I borrow a Kan jag få låna en telephone? telefon? Post Post How do I ring abroad? Hur ringer jag till Post office Post utlandet? Where is the post Var ligger postkontoret? How much does it cost Hur mycket kostar det office? to ring to…? att ringa till...? Post box Brevlåda Where is a post box? Var finns en brevlåda? Alarm and Sickness Stamp Frimärke Do you have an Har du/Ni ett kuvert? Police and Fire Polis och brandkår envelope? Help Hjälp I have been robbed Jag har blivit rånad Internet Internet Telephone the police Ring polisen Where is the internet Var finns Police station Polisstation café? internetcaféet? Theft/stop the thief Stöld/stoppa tjuven Do you have internet, Har du/Ni Internet, Fire/ the burner Brand/ Det brinner which I can use? som jag kan använda? Ring up the fire fighting Ring brandkåren service it’s an interesting world Get under the skin of it.Please click the advert Graduate opportunities Cheltenham | £24,945 + benefits One of the UK’s intelligence services, GCHQ’s role is two-fold: to gather and analyse intelligence which helps shape Britain’s response to global events, and, to provide technical advice for the protection of Government communication and information systems. In doing so, our specialists – in IT, internet, engineering, languages, information assurance, mathematics and intelligence – get well beneath the surface of global affairs. If you thought the world was an interesting place, you really ought to explore our world of work. TOP www.careersinbritishintelligence.co.uk GOVERNMENT EMPLOYER Applicants must be British citizens. GCHQ values diversity and welcomes applicants from all sections of the community. We want our workforce to reflect the diversity of our work. Download free books at BookBooN.com 68
  • Stockholm Phrase bookDoctor and pharmacy Läkare och apotek Sixty SextioRing for an ambulance Ring ambulansen Seventy SjuttioCan you fix up an Kan du ordna en tid Eighty Åttioappointment with the hos läkaren åt mig? Ninety Nittiodoctor for me? Hundred HundraHospital Sjukhus Thousand TusenDoctor Läkare Million MiljonPharmacy ApotekWhere is the pharmacy? Var ligger apoteket? Calendar and timeI have pain Det gör ont Days DagarI have pain here Jag har ont här Monday MåndagI have pain in the head Jag har ont i huvudet Tuesday TisdagI have nausea Jag mår illa Wednesday OnsdagI have diarrhoea Jag har diarré Thursday TorsdagI have pain in the Jag har ont i magen Friday Fredagstomach Saturday LördagHave you pills for head Har ni Sunday Söndagache? huvudvärkstabletter? Yesterday IgårHave you pills for Har ni tabletter mot Today Idagdiarrhoea? diarré Tomorrow I morgonTablets Tabletter Day after tomorrow I övermorgonDentist Tandläkare Months MånaderCan you fix up an Kan ni ordna en tid hos January Januariappointment with the tandläkaren åt mig? February Februaridentist for me? March MarsI have tooth ache Jag har tandvärk April April May MajNumbers June JuniZero Noll July JuliOne Ett August AugustiTwo Två September SeptemberThree Tre October OktoberFour Fyra November NovemberFive Fem December DecemberSix SexSeven Sju Time TidEight Åtta What is the time? Vad är klockan?Nine Nio The time is quarter Klockan är kvart över...Ten Tio past….Twenty Tjugo The time is half past…. Klockan är halv...Thirty Trettio The time is quarter Klockan är kvart i...Fourty Fyrtio to…..Fifty Femtio Download free books at BookBooN.com 69
  • Stockholm Kapiteloverskrift ONLIBRI Download free books at BookBooN.com 70