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Ethics in engineering profession kamal25

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how ethics plays an important role while applying technology in society

how ethics plays an important role while applying technology in society

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  • 1. Ethics in Engineering profession and Some case study Prepared by: Kamal Shahi Roll no: 25
  • 2. Ethics  Study of the general nature of morals and of the specific moral choices to be made by a person  Set of standard or codes derived from human reasons and experience by which human actions are determined as right or wrong/ good or evil
  • 3. Generally Ethics Is: a. The science of customs or habits b. The science of character or conducts c. The science of rightness or wrongness d. The science of morality e. A normative science
  • 4.    Shakespeare -- "When in Rome, do as the Romans do" Kant -- "Do not do unto others as you would not have them do unto you" the Bible -- "he that dig a pit shall fall into it“ confront
  • 5. Engineering Ethics   field of applied ethics and system of moral principles that apply to the practice of engineering examines and sets the obligations by engineers to society, to their clients, and to the profession
  • 6. Why ETHICS in Engineering???  Engineers responsibility to society in not only bringing new technology, discoveries, and designs to the world but also in protecting the public interest  On the beginning of 20th century there had been significant structural failures like Ashtabula River Railroad Disaster (1876), Tay Bridge Disaster (1879), and the Quebec Bridge collapse (1907), Boston molasses disaster etc…
  • 7. Ashtabula River Railroad Disaster (1876) Quebec Bridge(before) Quebec Bridge(After)
  • 8. CITICORP BUILDING(case study explained later) Tay Bridge(Before) Tay Bridge(after)
  • 9.    These disasters forced the engineering profession to confront shortcomings in technical and construction practice, as well as ethical standards engineers are reminded of their responsibilities starting in early-college coursework and progressing throughout their careers in continuing education courses. It is not for preaching virtue rather, its objective is to increase your ability as engineers to responsibly tackle the moral issues raised by technological activity.
  • 10. SCOPE OF ENGINEERING ETHICS
  • 11. Engineering as Social Experimentation Moral Values Micro & Macro Issues Technological Development Engineering Ethics
  • 12. Code of Ethics for Engineers   Engineering is an important and learned profession. Engineering has a direct and vital impact on the quality of life for all people so services provided by engineers require honesty, impartiality, fairness, and equity, and must be dedicated to the protection of the public health, safety, and welfare Fundamental principles:       Hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public. Perform services only in areas of their competence. Issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner. Act for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees. Avoid deceptive acts. Conduct themselves honorably, responsibly, ethically, and lawfully so as to enhance the honor, reputation, and usefulness of the profession
  • 13. National Society of Professional Engineers has provided the set of codes of ethics for engineers including 1. Fundamental canons 2. Rules of practice 3. Professional obligations (detail on report)
  • 14. The professional Code of Conduct to be followed by the registered Engineers of the Council, subject to the provision of the Nepal Engineering Council (NEC) Act, 2055 (1998) and the Nepal Engineering Council Regulation, 2057(2000), has been published as follows : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Discipline and honesty Politeness and confidentiality Non-discrimination Professional Work Deeds which may cause harm to the engineering profession Personal responsibility State name, designation and registration no No publicity or advertisement must be made which may cause unnecessary effect
  • 15. Nepal Engineers’ Association adopted code of ethics for its fellow members in Chaitra 6, 2065. According to NEA  Fundamental Principles of Professional Engineering Ethics    Upholding and advancing engineering profession Keeping high standards of Ethical conduct Quality of Engineers to adhere with above principles Engineer      Will be honest and fair and serve employer, clients and public Will declare to the advancement of competence of engineering profession and to disseminate engineering knowledge Will use his knowledge and skill in the service of humanity Code also directs the relationship of Nepalese Engineer with    Relation with Public Relation with Employers and Clients Relation with Engineers
  • 16. Some case studies OF ENGINEERING ETHICS
  • 17. 1. THE CASE OF THE KILLER ROBOT     Randy Samuels employed as a programmer at the Silicon Techtronic's Inc. The charge involves the death of Bart Matthews, who was killed by an assembly –line robot . Victim worked as robot operator at Cybernetics Inc. in Silicon Heights. He was crushed to death when the robot he was operating malfunctioned and started to wave its hands violently. written formula ,provided by the project physicist, which Samuels was supposed to program. But he negligently misinterpreted the formula leading to this huge gruesome death. Society must protect itself against programmers who make careless mistakes For more http://www.onlineethics.org/Resources/Cases/killerrobot/ article-6.aspx#abstract
  • 18. 2. DC – 10 JUMBO JET  The cargo door of DC – 10 Jumbo jet was developed by Convair, a sub contractor for McDonnell Douglas.  So he reported to his senior engineer that the Cargo door could burst open, leading to crash of the plane. Hence the door has to be redesigned and the cabin floor has to strengthened  Top Management at Convair neither disputed the technical facts or the predictions made by Applegate. The liabilities and the cost of redesign were to high.
  • 19. Two years went by and In 1974 the cargo door of DC – 10 Jumbo burst open and the jet crashed near Paris killing 346 Detail info @ http://www.airdisaster.com/special/special-thy981.shtml
  • 20. 3. CITICORP BUILDING Structural Engineer Bill LeMessurier faced a big design problem when he worked on the Citicorp Centre, N.Y – fifth highest skyscraper in New York. The 900 feet bank would rise from 9-storey (114’) This was because of a corner of the plot belonged toa church and the church had to be accommodated there. The building was completed in 1977. An engineering student like you questioned: what will happen when the wind loading is oblique?
  • 21. While LeMessurier designed welded joints, the contractor, Bethlehem Steel changed them to bolted joints. Recalculation was not done to check what the construction change would do. Wind Tunnel Tests proved that the diagonal wind loading (with a return period of 16 years) canwas deeply troubled. He considered hisjoints and therefore the LeMessurier lead to the failure of the critical bolted options building. Silence Suicide He explained the problem to his client Citicorp. The building was strengthened by welding two-inch thick steel plates over each of the 200 bolted joints. With only welding half the number of bolts hurricane Ella was threatening to strike the building. Luckily Ella’s direction changed. NOTHING WAS HAPPENED LATER BUT THIS WAS HIDDEN FROM
  • 22. 4. THE CHALLENGER CASE CHALLENGER’S 8th flight was set up for 28th Jan 1986  Allan McDonald of Morton – Thiokol who designed the solid–rocket booster knew the problems with the field joints on previous cold weather joints. And 28th Jan was expected to be cold.  But no one gave response on that and finally count down ended at 11.38 AM. The temperature was 36 degrees. The rocket broke apart 73 seconds into its flight, leading to the deaths of its seven crew members 
  • 23. WHISTLE BLOWING Whistle blowing is alerting relevant persons to some moral or legal corruption, where “Relevant persons” are those in a position to act in response  person who exposes misconduct, alleged dishonest or illegal activity occurring in an organization  No topic in Engineering ethics is more controversial than whistle – blowing. 
  • 24. conclusion When you leave this Lecture Hall today you must leave with the knowledge and conviction that you have a professional and moral responsibility to yourselves and to your fellow human beings to defend the truth and expose any questionable practice that will lead to an unsafe product or process
  • 25. References       http://classes.soe.ucsc.edu/cmpe080e/Spring10/Week% 2001/Engineering%20Ethics%20&%20cases.pdf http://www.nec.gov.np/img/downloads/Code%20of%20C onduct.pdf http://eeiccourses.engineering.osu.edu/sites/eeiccourse s.engineering.osu.edu/files/uploads/au2013/1181/Class/ Class03_Ethics/Ethics_Assigned_Cases_Schedule6.pdf http://www.bookspar.com/wpcontent/uploads/vtu/notes/1st-2ndsem/cipe/Professional-ethics.pdf www.nec.gov.np http://www.airdisaster.com/special/special-thy981.shtml
  • 26. THANK YOU