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    Chapter 21 sect 1 ppt Chapter 21 sect 1 ppt Presentation Transcript

    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Kennedy’s Foreign Policy
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Objectives • Explain the steps Kennedy took to change American foreign policy. • Analyze the causes and effects of the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis. • Assess the results of the Berlin Crisis and other foreign policy events of the 1960s.
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Terms and People For Section 1 Quiz • John F. Kennedy – a Democratic senator who was elected President in 1960 • Richard M. Nixon – former Republican vice president under Eisenhower who ran for President in 1960 and lost • Fidel Castro – communist leader of Cuba • flexible response – a defense policy in which the U.S. military is prepared to fight any type of conflict
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Terms and People (continued) • Peace Corps – a U.S. program that sent volunteers to developing countries • Alliance for Progress – Program to promote economic aid to Latin American countries that led to improved relations • Bay of Pigs invasion –CIA led attack of Cuban exiles to attack Cuba to overthrow communist leader Fidel Castro • Nikita Khrushchev – the Soviet Union’s prime minister during Kennedy’s presidency
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Terms and People (continued) • Cuban missile crisis – 1962 conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union resulting from the Soviet installation of nuclear missiles in Cuba • hot line – a telephone line between the White House and Khrushchev for communication between the US and the Soviet Union after the Cuban missile crisis • Nuclear Test Ban Treaty – 1963 agreement limiting nuclear testing between the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and thirty-six other countries • Berlin Wall – a visible symbol of a divided Germany built by the Soviet Union to separate East Berlin from West Berlin
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Terms and People (continued) Kennedy’s Response to completion of missile bases in Cuba http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=THHixw7y7zc Kennedy encouraged more funding for special forces http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7FVrpiG7haE
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. How did Kennedy respond to the continuing challenges of the Cold War? When John F. Kennedy took office, he faced the spread of communism abroad and the threat of nuclear war. His enthusiasm and commitment to change offered hope that the challenges of the Cold War could be met.
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. John F. Kennedy won a close presidential election in 1960, defeating Richard M. Nixon. Know the role of television in this race [hint, hint]
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Kennedy launched a new Cold War strategy. • He built up both conventional and special military forces. • He created a flexible response defense policy. • He developed the Alliance for Progress to improve relations with Latin American countries. • He created the Peace Corps.
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. As ambassadors of American goodwill, the Peace Corps sent American volunteers to developing nations to assist with such services as education and health care.
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The sudden threat of Castro and Communism in nearby Cuba led to two major confrontations. • Bay of Pigs invasion • Cuban missile crisis
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In April 1961 the United States invaded Cuba’s Bay of Pigs. The invasion, conceived by the CIA to overthrow Fidel Castro, involved Cuban exiles who had fled Castro’s rule and settled in the United States. The Bay of Pigs mission failed. Kennedy took responsibility for the mission’s failure. The President said, however, that he would continue to resist efforts by the communists to control other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Cuban Missile Crisis In 1962, American intelligence agencies photographed Soviet nuclear missile installations in Cuba.
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The missiles at these Cuban sites threatened major cities in the United States.
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Kennedy worked to resolve the Cuban missile crisis. In Public Behind the Scenes In a television address, Kennedy blamed Soviet Prime Minister Khrushchev for reckless action that threatened world peace. Kennedy told the Soviets that the United States would remove U.S. missiles from Turkey and Italy if the Soviets removed their missiles from Cuba. Kennedy initiated a U.S. naval blockade of Cuba.
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. After six tense days, the Soviets backed off. Nikita Khrushchev agreed to honor the blockade and removed the missiles. The crisis prompted the two leaders to establish a period of détente*. They set up a hot line between Washington, D.C., and Moscow to improve communication. *The relaxing of tension between nations
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. As a result of the crisis the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and thirty-six other countries signed the first Nuclear Test Ban Treaty in 1963. This treaty ended aboveground nuclear testing.
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The United States also clashed with the Soviets over Berlin. In 1961 Khrushchev insisted the United States end its military presence in West Berlin. Kennedy refused. Khrushchev ordered the building of the Berlin Wall to separate communist East Berlin from democratic West Berlin. http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=UXfUGkr4bUI&list=PLGZMhBwsj2bUNSrgjDh3mEo55iTtMrZB
    • TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In response to Khrushchev’s actions, Kennedy requested a large increase in military spending. He also sent 1,500 more U.S. soldiers to West Berlin. The Berlin Wall became a symbol of the split between the democratic West and the communist East the communist East