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Packet Clearing House: Using IXPs:  Construction, Operation, and Measurement
 

Packet Clearing House: Using IXPs: Construction, Operation, and Measurement

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Using IXPs: Construction, Operation, and Measurement

Using IXPs: Construction, Operation, and Measurement
Session 2 - TunIXP workshop - Packet Clearing House - 29-04-2013 - Tunis

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    Packet Clearing House: Using IXPs:  Construction, Operation, and Measurement Packet Clearing House: Using IXPs: Construction, Operation, and Measurement Presentation Transcript

    • Packet Clearing House TunIXP Workshop on IXPs April 29-30, 2013 Tunis Bill Woodcock Executive Director Packet Clearing House
    • ISP Lifecycle: Simple Aggregator Single Transit Provider Customers ISP Network IXPs
    • ISP Lifecycle: Redundancy and LCR Redundant Transit Providers Customers ISP Network IXPs
    • ISP Lifecycle: Local Peer Redundant Transit Providers Customers ISP Network Single IXP IXPs
    • ISP Lifecycle: Backbone Network Redundant Transit Providers Customers ISP Network Multiple IXPs IXPs
    • Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP
    • Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Red Customer sends to Green Customer via Red NSP
    • Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Red NSP delivers at nearest IXP
    • Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Green NSP backhauls from distant IXP
    • Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Green ISP delivers to Green Customer
    • Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Green Customer replies via Green NSP
    • Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Green NSP delivers at nearest IXP
    • Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Red NSP backhauls from distant IXP
    • Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Red NSP delivers to Red Customer
    • Redundant Transit Providers Green Customer Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Red Customer Red NSP Network Green NSP Network IXP IXP Red Network is responsible for its own costs
    • Redundant Transit Providers Green Customer Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Red Customer Red NSP Network Green NSP Network IXP IXP Green Network is responsible for its own costs
    • Redundant Transit Providers Green Customer Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Red Customer Red NSP Network Green NSP Network IXP IXP Symmetry: Fair sharing of costs
    • For any two parties who wish to exchange traffic, there must be a pair of exchanges, one near each party. The efficiency of the Internet depends upon this principle:
    • Countries which haven’t yet built Internet Exchange Points disadvantage themselves, and export capital to countries that already have. The Corollary:
    • Packet Clearing House Distribution of IXPs Half of all countries still have no IXP, while others have dozens.
    • Packet Clearing House Number of IXPs 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
    • Packet Clearing House Number of IXPs 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 About one every three weeks
    • Packet Clearing House Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant
    • Packet Clearing House Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch
    • Packet Clearing House Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router
    • Packet Clearing House Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router Router Router
    • Packet Clearing House Building Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router Router Router
    • Packet Clearing House Building Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router Room Router Router
    • Packet Clearing House Building Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router Router Router Router
    • Packet Clearing House Building Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Router Router
    • Packet Clearing House Building Room Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router
    • Packet Clearing House Building Room Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router
    • Packet Clearing House Building Room Building Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router
    • Packet Clearing House Building Room Building Room Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router
    • Packet Clearing House Building Room Building Room Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router Switch
    • Packet Clearing House Building Room Building Room Room Router Router Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router Switch
    • Packet Clearing House Building Room Building Room Room Room Router Router Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router Switch RouterRouter
    • Packet Clearing House BuildingBuilding Room Room Room RoomRoom Router Router Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router Switch RouterRouter Switch Router Router
    • Packet Clearing House BuildingBuilding Room Room Room RoomRoom Router Router Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router Switch RouterRouter Switch Router Router Building Room Room Room Router Router Router Router Router Router Switch Switch
    • Packet Clearing House Thanks, and Questions? Copies of this presentation are available in PDF format. Bill Woodcock Executive Director Packet Clearing House woody@pch.net +1 415 831 3103 This presentation is ©1993-2013 by Packet Clearing House CC BY-NC-SA