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World Bank Presentation: Managing Disaster Risks for a Resilient Future
World Bank Presentation: Managing Disaster Risks for a Resilient Future
World Bank Presentation: Managing Disaster Risks for a Resilient Future
World Bank Presentation: Managing Disaster Risks for a Resilient Future
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World Bank Presentation: Managing Disaster Risks for a Resilient Future


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  • 1. The Impact of Disastersis IncreasingEvery day, the growth of urban populations drives exposure to natural hazards everhigher. Unplanned urban expansion, coupled with poor resource management,destroys natural ecosystems, such as mangroves, wetlands, and forests, that have russia 2010protected communities for generations. For e st Fi r e earthquake 2010Climate change is exacerbating the danger. Today’s once-in-20-years extreme HAITI 0.1% 53 Dead GDP $1.8 billion 120% GDP $7.8temperatures are expected to occur annually by the century’s end, according to 230,000 Dead Billionthe Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. FLOOD 2010 Pa ki s t a nIt is the poor and vulnerable – women, children, the elderly, marginalized groups, 5.8% GDP $10.1 drought 08-10 1,985 Dead billionand those recovering from conflict – who often are most exposed to the dangers. Horn of AfricaWhen disasters strike, their homes in fragile and often low-lying environments often earthquake 2011 & tsunamitake the brunt of the storms, and their lives feel the greatest pressure when droughtssend food prices soaring. The damage exacerbates existing social and economic 13.3 MILLION JAPAN 4% GDP $210inequity, which can further marginalize people and stoke civil unrest and conflict. facing food 20,000 Dead billion FLOOD shortages hurricane 2011 2005 United States Thailand 1.0% GDP $125 $45 13% GDP billion Disasters 1,833 Dead Billion 813 Dead but they impact the tsunami 2005 poor and vulnerable Indonesia affect everyone FLOOD 2000 1% GDP $4.5 the most. 165,000 Dead billion earthquake Mozambique 2010 & tsunami 10% GDP $0.4 CHILE 800 Dead billion 14% GDP $30 400 $380 562 Dead billion BILLION COSTLIEST YEAR 350 ON RECORD 300 Low-income countries ACCOUNT FOR only 250 48% 200 of the fatalities. 150 100 9% of the world’s disasters, but 50 1980 2.3 million people killed by disasters 2011 bn US$ 1980 $3.5 TRILLION 2011 IN ECONOMIC LOSSES 1 FACT In low-income and small island states, the impact of natural disasters can exceed an equivalent of GDP. 2
  • 2. Understanding Riskis Essential 1/2 Mainstreaming disaster risk management in of the world’s population lives in cities. development planning can reverse the current trend of rising disaster impact. By 2050, INSTITUTIONAL, POLITICAL, NORMATIVE, FINANCIAL CONTEXT THE URBAN POPULATION EXPOSED Risk Identification TO STORMS AND EARTHQUAKES ALONE COULD MORE THAN DOUBLE TO Risk assessments (community-based, probabilistic modeling); risk mapping; information campaigns; 1.5 BILLION. public outreach; etc. Risk ReductionNo country can fully insulate itself from disaster risk, but every country can reduce its Structural and non-structural measures; land usevulnerability. Success depends heavily on how well cities are managed. City planners play planning; policies and regulation; infrastructureimportant roles through risk-based territorial planning, enforcement of building codes, retrofitting; etc.early warning systems, and emergency response plans. Governments and donors can help Disaster Riskcities build this capacity and the knowledge for managing risks. Management Preparedness is a combination ofAnticipating the hazards and assessing the vulnerabilities of populations and infrastructure Civil protection systems; pre-positioning emergencyis at the core of disaster risk management. Disaster prevention, climate change adaptation, response equipment; early warning systems; contingency planning; etc.and the importance of inclusive green growth are becoming ever more intertwined.By understanding the risks, leaders and individuals can make informed decisions andset priorities for development. Financial Protection Assessing and reducing contingent liabilities; budget appropriation and execution; ex-ante and ex-post financing instruments; etc. Weather-related disasters Resilient Reconstruction 78.4% ACCOUNT FOR US $2.6 TRILLION OF THE US $3.5 TRILLION ECONOMIC LOSSES Resilient recovery and reconstruction policies; weather related RECORDED BETWEEN 1980 AND 2011. ex-ante design of institutional response mechanisms; etc. US $2.6 trillionOF THE 22,200 EXTREME EVENTS RECORDEDBETWEEN 1980 AND 2011, 17,400 WERECAUSED BY WEATHER EXTREMES. US $3.5 trillion 3 FACT The cumulative economic impact of low-intensity, high-frequency events is often greater than the total impact of high-impact, low-frequency events. 4
  • 3. Action Must GoBeyond ResponseToo often, international financing has been dominated by disaster response after thedamage is done rather than prevention and preparedness. Between 1980 and 2009,US$ 91.2 billion in international aid went to disaster-related activities; just US $3.3 International Disaster Financingbillion of that was for prevention and preparedness. The rest included US $63.7 billionfor emergency response, US $22.6 billion for reconstruction and rehabilitation, and US$1.5 billion for a combination of purposes. 3.6% Disaster PreventionHow donors channel aid matters. Financing dedicated to mainstreaming disaster risk and Preparednessmanagement can enhance overall development effectiveness and help preventhumanitarian assistance growing year on year ata time when donor financing is stretched. 24.8%Development assistance, both technicaland financial, can supply seed funding for 2% Reconstruction US $91.2 billion and rehabilitationnational programs, grant technical supportto key risk-related areas, and give momentumto comprehensive risk management. 69.9%Natural hazards need not turn into disasters. Between Emergency ResponseBy investing in disaster risk managementrather than merely responding to disasters, 1980 and 2009we can save lives, property, and the ABOUT 2% OF TOTALexpense of rebuilding. DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE was allocated to disaster-related 2015 presents an opportunity to make disaster risk management a activities. Of this, the smallest development priority: The Millennium Development Goals and the share went to disaster prevention. Hyogo Framework for Action reach their target dates that year, a new climate change treaty is anticipated, and the Sustainable Development Goals proposed at Rio+20 are due by 2015.We need a RESILIENCECULTURE OF Millennium Development Goals Hyogo Framework for Action Sustainable Development Goals 2015PREVENTION International Climate Change Negotiations 5 FACT The Hyogo Framework for Action brings 168 international stakeholders together to reduce disaster risk. Japan will host the World Conference on Disaster Reduction in 2015. 6
  • 4. MANAGINGThe Global Facility for Disaster Reduction andRecovery (GFDRR) is a multi-donor partnershipand financing mechanism to mainstream disaster DISASTERand climate risk management into developmentstrategies and planning. Housed within the WorldBank, GFDRR also acts as Banks focal point for RISKSstrategic oversight, partnership building, andbusiness development in disaster risk management. for a Resilient Future THE GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN THE WORLD BANK THE WORLD BANK