Applied Kinesiology (AK): Adrenal Glands<br />Colleen Canale<br />NTR5503<br />WI-11<br />
What is AK<br />Developed by George Goodheart, DC in 1964<br />The clinical application of the study of movement and funct...
Concepts in Muscle Testing<br />No need to overpower the patient<br />Initiate the test with minimal pressure and increase...
Physiology of Adrenal Glands<br />Secretes the following:<br />Cortisol<br />Aldosterone<br />Androgens<br />Epinephrine<b...
Symptoms of Adrenal Stress<br />Fatigue<br />Headaches<br />Weakened immune system<br />Irritability before meals<br />Pos...
Exam Findings of Adrenal Stress<br />Ragland’s Sign – postural hypotension when BP drops 4-10 mm Hg when moving from supin...
Muscle Association<br />Goodheart detected associations between muscle dysfunction with specific organ or gland dysfunctio...
Treatment of Inhibited Muscle<br />The following factors are assessed when treating the inhibited muscle:<br />Nerve suppl...
Nutritional Testing<br />The testing of nutrition as advocated by the International College of AK is limited to the tested...
Nutritional Testing<br />Have the patient chew the substance to be tested then retest the muscle<br />The influence on the...
Nutrition for Adrenal Glands<br />Standard Process products<br />Drenemin<br />Drenetrophin PMG<br />Dessicated Adrenal<br...
Patient Selection<br />Can be used on any individual experiencing symptoms associated with adrenal stress<br />
Earliest Examples with Goodheart<br />Female, age 45 with hypothyroidism treated with 3 grains of thyroid daily but contin...
Continued…<br />Male with a headache after consuming tequila<br />Weak pectoralis major sternal division, the muscle assoc...
Research Supporting the Reliability of the Manual Muscle Test<br />31 patients with unilateral arm and/or neck pain examin...
Continued…<br />Knee extension force of 50 patients was investigated using traditional manual muscle testing and hand-held...
Negative Research<br />Kenney et al found no significant differences in manual muscle test response to placebo, nutrients ...
References<br />Bohannon RW. (1986). Manual muscle test scores and dynamometer test scores of knee extension strength. Arc...
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Applied kinesiology (ak)

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  • Got to love AK!
    Question - do you think the patient's mindset can affect AK results? Or maybe even overpower them? I truly love AK however there are some tests I don't understand the mechanism behind. I think I need to do some more learning...
    Do some people have repetition in the weak muscles they present with? Are these people with more chronic type of conditions?

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Applied kinesiology (ak)

  1. 1. Applied Kinesiology (AK): Adrenal Glands<br />Colleen Canale<br />NTR5503<br />WI-11<br />
  2. 2. What is AK<br />Developed by George Goodheart, DC in 1964<br />The clinical application of the study of movement and function<br />Utilizes manual muscle testing as a measure of the central integrative state of the nervous system<br />Muscle responses – inhibited, facilitated, over-facilitated<br />Over-facilitated muscles are secondary manifestations of an inhibition of a synergistic or antagonistic muscle<br />AK focuses on restoring proper function to the inhibited muscle<br />
  3. 3. Concepts in Muscle Testing<br />No need to overpower the patient<br />Initiate the test with minimal pressure and increase pressure for 3 seconds<br />Initiate the test at the same time as the patient<br />Make sure the patient is not touching any part of their body<br />Observe if the patient is attempting to recruit other muscles or holding their breath<br />
  4. 4. Physiology of Adrenal Glands<br />Secretes the following:<br />Cortisol<br />Aldosterone<br />Androgens<br />Epinephrine<br />Norepinephrine<br />
  5. 5. Symptoms of Adrenal Stress<br />Fatigue<br />Headaches<br />Weakened immune system<br />Irritability before meals<br />Postural hypotension<br />Inability to handle stress<br />Salt or sugar cravings<br />
  6. 6. Exam Findings of Adrenal Stress<br />Ragland’s Sign – postural hypotension when BP drops 4-10 mm Hg when moving from supine to standing<br />Arroyo’s sign – pupil dilates or fluctuates in size within 40 seconds of shining a light into it<br />Rogoff’s Sign – tenderness at the ends of the 11th and 12th ribs<br />Heart auscultation reveals increased S2<br />Bloodwork – decreased Na<br />
  7. 7. Muscle Association<br />Goodheart detected associations between muscle dysfunction with specific organ or gland dysfunction<br />In the presence of adrenal stress, there will often be dysfunction of some or all of the following muscles:<br />Sartorius<br />Gracilis<br />Gastrocnemius/Soleus<br />Tibialis posterior<br />
  8. 8. Treatment of Inhibited Muscle<br />The following factors are assessed when treating the inhibited muscle:<br />Nerve supply<br />Lymphatics<br />Blood vessels<br />Acupuncture meridian connector<br />Cerebral spinal fluid<br />Nutrition<br />Psychological stressors<br />
  9. 9. Nutritional Testing<br />The testing of nutrition as advocated by the International College of AK is limited to the tested substance stimulating the gustatory or olfactory nerve receptors, along with accurate and specific muscle testing<br />Modified testing procedures should be eliminated – hand-held, laying it on the skin, etc<br />Allows for assessing nutritional needs on an individual basis<br />An adjunct to standard laboratory and physical diagnostic methods<br />Should be re-evaluated throughout treatment<br />Safe and efficient<br />
  10. 10. Nutritional Testing<br />Have the patient chew the substance to be tested then retest the muscle<br />The influence on the body is the result of stimulating the gustatory and olfactory receptors<br />Muscle testing results dictate whether or not the substance is appropriate for treatment<br />Weak muscle strengthens with nutrition - appropriate<br />Weak muscle remains weak with nutrition - inappropriate<br />
  11. 11. Nutrition for Adrenal Glands<br />Standard Process products<br />Drenemin<br />Drenetrophin PMG<br />Dessicated Adrenal<br />B5, B6, B9<br />Vitamin C, E<br />Zinc<br />EFAs<br />
  12. 12. Patient Selection<br />Can be used on any individual experiencing symptoms associated with adrenal stress<br />
  13. 13. Earliest Examples with Goodheart<br />Female, age 45 with hypothyroidism treated with 3 grains of thyroid daily but continued to have symptoms<br />Consistently weak teres minor, the muscle associated with the thyroid<br />After having the patient chew 1 grain rather than simply swallowing it, the muscle tested very strong<br />Mechanism according to Goodheart - the parotid glands deiodinate substances we chew<br />
  14. 14. Continued…<br />Male with a headache after consuming tequila<br />Weak pectoralis major sternal division, the muscle associated with the liver<br />Goodheart had him chew a bile salt tablet combined with vitamin A<br />Immediate increase in strength of the muscle<br />Reduction in severity of headache<br />
  15. 15. Research Supporting the Reliability of the Manual Muscle Test<br />31 patients with unilateral arm and/or neck pain examined by two experienced clinicians<br />Tests compared – manual muscle testing, palpation, sensory testing, reflexes and upper limb neurodynamic tests<br />Conclusion – manual muscle testing was found to have the highest kappa inter-tester reliability levels<br />Schmid, et al 2009<br />
  16. 16. Continued…<br />Knee extension force of 50 patients was investigated using traditional manual muscle testing and hand-held dynamometry<br />Results<br />Both test scores were significantly correlated; suggests that the two procedures measure the same variable – strength<br />However, percentage scores were significantly different, which suggests that the manual muscle test may overestimate the extent to which a patient is “normal”<br />Bohannon 1986<br />
  17. 17. Negative Research<br />Kenney et al found no significant differences in manual muscle test response to placebo, nutrients previously determined to be deficient via muscle testing or nutrients previously determined to be adequate via muscle testing<br />Staehle et al concluded that “the reliability of AK does not exceed random chance”<br />
  18. 18. References<br />Bohannon RW. (1986). Manual muscle test scores and dynamometer test scores of knee extension strength. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 67(6):390-2<br />Goodheart G. The story of Applied Kinesiology. 30th National Touch for Health Kinesiology Conference. 108-124<br />Kenney JJ, Clemens R & Forsythe KD. (1988). Applied kinesiology unreliable for assessing nutrient status. J Am Diet Assoc, 88(6):698-704<br />Montanaro C, DC. (2011) Professional Applied Kinesiology Certification Course: Lectures 1, 7. <br />Schmid AB, Brunner F, Luomajoki H, Held U, Bachmann LM, Kunzer S & Coppieters MW. (2009). Reliability of clinical tests to evaluate nerve function and mechanosensitivity of the upper limb peripheral nervous system. BMC MusculoskeletDisord, 10(1):11<br />Staehle HJ, Koch MJ & Pioch T. (2008). Double-blind study on materials testing with Applied Kinesiology. J Den Research, 84(11):1066-9<br />Walther DS. Applied Kinesiology: Synopsis. 2nd ed. Pueblo, CO: Systems DC, 2000.<br />

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