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 Transport in london
 

Transport in london

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Transport issues in London

Transport issues in London

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     Transport in london Transport in london Presentation Transcript

    • International Consulting Economists’ Association Transport in London: the last ten years and looking forward David Quarmby CBE Director, Colin Buchanan
    • Transport in London
      • The drivers of change
      • Postwar to the mid 1980’s
      • Mid 1980’s to 1999
      • London’s golden age – 2000 to now
      • Congestion charge
      • Rail
      • DLR and trams
      • Buses
      • Ticketing and marketing
      • Summary
    • The drivers of change
      • London – the global city
      • London’s growth – driving the UK economy
      • The opportunities of privatisation
      • Ground-breaking institutional reform
        • The office of Mayor
        • TfL: the pan-modal delivery organisation
      • Ken Livingstone committed to (and knows about) transport
    • Post war to the mid-80’s
      • London in decline – policy of dispersal
      • No institutional reform – London Transport (bus and tube) and British Rail as before
      • Maggie abolished GLC 1986 – neutered any strategic leadership for London
      • Limited innovation and development
        • Victoria Line 1968
        • Jubilee Line 1979
        • The first bus lanes
        • Travelcard early 1980s
    • Mid 1980s to 1999
      • London’s decline reversed – partly with Big Bang (1987) and the (bumpy!) UK econmic renaissance Thatcher onwards
      • The regeneration of Docklands (bumpy!)
      • Construction of DLR and then Jubilee Line extension
      • Construction of Croydon Tramlink
      • Privatisation of London bus companies (but still regulated/planned network)
      • Privatisation of national railways
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    • London’s golden age? 2000-now
      • Institutional reform – Mayor and TfL
      • Ken Livingstone committed to transport
      • Moved quickly on congestion charge
      • Saddled with tube PPP but secured favourable £££ deal with government
      • Dramatically improved buses
      • Oyster card
      • Taking more control of commuter rail
      • Strong promotion of ‘smarter travel’
    • Congestion charge
      • Homework done in ROCOL study 1999
      • Feb 2003 £5 charge for central area
      • Feb 2007 extended to West London
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    • Congestion charge
      • Homework done in ROCOL study 1999
      • Feb 2003 £5 charge for central area
      • Feb 2007 extended to West London
      • In July 2006 raised to £8
      • Initially reduced car volumes 30-40%
      • Speeded up buses, made more reliable
      • Congestion reduced, £90m revenue at first
      • But
      • Costs running at 50% of revenue
    • Congestion charge
      • Traffic speeds have declined – back to late 90’s but traffic volumes have not increased
      • Some road traffic capacity reduced to favour pedestrians and cyclists – retiming signals, pavement widening
      • Mayor committed to distance-based road pricing for rest of London in longer term – has done trials of GPS-based systems
      • Some suburban centres may have charge
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    • Rail in London
      • New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions)
      • London Overground
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    • Rail in London
      • New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions)
      • The Overground
      • East London Line extension
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    • East London Line extension
      • 2010 – stage 1 of ELL extension
        • To Highbury and Islington via Dalston Junction
        • Via Southern’s tracks to Crystal Palace and W Croydon
      • Stage 2 – connection from Surrey Docks to Peckham Rye, then west to Clapham Junction
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    • Rail in London
      • New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions)
      • The Overground
      • East London Line extension
      • Thameslink project
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    • Thameslink [2000] Project
      • Major enhancement of Blackfriars to St Pancras International: 12-car trains, 24/hour
      • Blackfriars station access both sides of river
      • London Bridge, 3 more through platforms, more through trains
      • New pattern of through services, including from Kent and from Dartford in particular
      • To Kings Lynn, Cambridge and Peterborough as well as Bedford
      • Work will start 2009 – service enhancement, Blackfriars station etc by 2011; London Bridge rebuild and wider service patters - 2015
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    • Rail in London
      • New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions)
      • The Overground
      • East London Line extension
      • Thameslink project
      • Crossrail
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    • Crossrail
      • Maidenhead and Heathrow in the west, Shenfield and Abbey Wood in the east
      • Crossrail Bill through Parliamentary stages
      • Full size 12-car trains, 3-5 min interval
      • Cost £12bn NPV: mix of funding – govt, TfL, business rate slice, borrowing
      • Major work will not start till after Olympics, some services running from 2017
    • Rail in London
      • New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions)
      • The Overground
      • East London Line extension
      • Thameslink project
      • Crossrail
      • CTRL, and domestic services
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    • CTRL + domestic services
      • “ HS1” – 1hr 50m Brussels, 2hr 15m Paris
      • St Pancras restoration “a triumph”
      • Ebbsfleet major P&R and regeneration
      • Domestic services from East Kent to Stratford and St Pancras via Ebbsfleet from 2009
      • Dramatic reductions in running time
      • Hitachi ‘bullet trains’
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    • Docklands Light Railway
      • After faltering start 19 years ago, now high performing, high frequency, much loved!
      • Lewisham extension opened Nov 1999
      • City Airport extension opened Dec 2005
      • Woolwich extension started summer 2005, opens Feb 2009
      • 3-unit trains on Lewisham-Bank by 2009
      • Takes over NLL Canning Town to Stratford then to Stratford International
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    • Trams
      • Croydon Tramlink is to be extended to Crystal Palace
      • Cross River Tram plan published and consulted
      • But no hurry to move forward with it
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    • Buses
      • Major recovery of quality and reliability since 2000
        • Quality incentive contracts with operators
        • All low floor vehicles
      • Oyster smart card >95% peak passengers
      • More fill-in routes
      • 40% increase in bus ridership
      • Spider maps v helpful for route-finding
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    • Fares and Ticketing
      • Oyster card – travel card, concession and Pay-as-you-go
      • PAYG capped at daily travelcard price
      • Auto-top-up with debit card
      • Available bus, tube, DLR, tram, London Overground – and gains discount on river services
      • PAYG being introduced on national rail services in Greater London
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    • Timings…
      • 2007 Eurostar switches from Waterloo to St Pancras
      • Zone fares on local rail service
      • London Overground takes over NLL etc
      • Feb 2009 DLR extension to Woolwich opens
      • 2009 Longer trains on DLR – Lewisham/Bank
      • CTRL dom services to Kent, SE rail services reshaped
      • 2010 Greenwich Waterfront Transit – Woolwich to N Greenwich
              • East London Line extension opens
              • DLR runs Canning Town to Stratford International
      • 2011 Thameslink project stage 1 longer, more frequent trains on current routes
      • Thameslink project stage 2 – new routes
      • 2017 Crossrail stage 1 opens
    • Summary
      • Since 2000 broad canvas of improvements: bus, tube, DLR, Tram, main-line rail, sustainable travel, pedestrian conditions, licensing mini-cabs
      • As London grows, the main-line rail network now benefits from investment: integration, upgrade, extensions – and the Mayor has increasing control over it
      • More progress in London’s Transport in the last 8 years than the previous 28.
    • International Consulting Economists’ Association Transport in London: the last ten years and looking forward David Quarmby CBE Director, Colin Buchanan