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Chapter 9 lecture notes

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Transcript

  • 1. MENTAL DISORDERS
  • 2. What are Mental Disorders
    • A mental disorder is an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behavior of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life.
    • Mental disorders require medical attention, many mental and emotional disturbances involve imbalances in brain chemistry.
  • 3. Types of Mental Disorders
    • Mental disorders are classified as either organic or functional.
      • Organic: is caused by a physical illness or injury.
      • Functional: has a psychological cause and does not involve brain damage.
  • 4. Anxiety Disorder
    • Is a condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control.
      • Phobia: is a strong and irrational fear of something specific, such as high places or dogs.
      • Obsessive-compulsive disorder: traps the affect person in a pattern of repeated thoughts and behaviors
      • Panic disorder: involves sudden, unexpected feelings of terror, or panic attacks.
  • 5. Mood Disorders
    • A mood disorder is and illness, often with an organic cause involves mod extremes that interfere with everyday living.
    • Clinical Depression
    • Bipolar Disorder: extreme mood changes, energy levels, and behaviors
  • 6. Eating Disorders
    • Including anorexia and bulimia, are life-threatening disturbances in eating behavior.
      • Psychological pressures, possible genetic factors
      • Many physical health complication.
  • 7. CONDUCT DISORDERS
    • PATTERN OF BEHAVIOR IN WHICH THE RIGHTS OF OTHERS OR BASIC SOCIAL RULES ARE VIOLATED.
      • TEENS
  • 8. SCHIZOPHRENIA
    • SEVERE MENTAL DISORDER IN WHICH A PERSON LOSES CONTACK WITH REALITY
    • MULTIPLE PERSONALITIES
      • DIFFERENT PERSONALITIES CHARACTERISTIC TAKE OVER DURING TIMES OF STRESS
  • 9. PERSONALITY DISORDER
    • Involves thoughts and behaviors that make it difficult to get along with others
      • Antisocial: aggressive, impulsive, and violent
      • Passive-aggressive: uncooperative attitudes and behaviors
  • 10. SUICIDE RISK FACTORS
    • Intentionally taking one’s own life
    • Suffering from depression
      • Must be taken seriously
      • Initiate a meaningful conversation
      • Show support and ask questions
      • Try to persuade the person to seek help
    • Cluster suicides are a series…it is important for friends to receive evaluations and counseling.
  • 11. Knowing when to get help
    • You feel trapped with no way out
    • Your feeling affect your daily habits
    • Your family or friends express concerns
    • You are becoming involved in substance abuse
    • You are becoming aggressive, or reckless
  • 12. Therapy Methods
    • Psychotherapy is an ongoing dialogue between a patient and mental health pro
    • Behavior T: focuses on changing unwanted behavior
    • Cognitive T: designed to identify and correct disturbed thinking patterns
    • Group T: people with similar problems
    • Biomedical T: medications
  • 13. Grief
    • Denial or numbness
    • Emotional release
    • Anger
    • Bargaining
    • Depression
    • Remorse or sadness
    • Acceptance
    • Hope
  • 14. Coping with Death
    • Focus on the good things you shared.
      • Avoid focusing on what you could or should have done.
    • Mourning is the act of showing grief
    • Take time to listen..and share
    • Counselor or therapist can help
  • 15. Disaster and Crises
    • Traumatic or sudden events, such as natural disasters, can leave people feeling a range of emotions
      • Spent time with others
      • Get back to daily routines as soon as possible
      • Eat Nutritious foods, ex. Rest
      • Do something positive to help your community