Chapter 9 lecture notes

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Chapter 9 lecture notes

  1. 1. MENTAL DISORDERS
  2. 2. What are Mental Disorders <ul><li>A mental disorder is an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behavior of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life. </li></ul><ul><li>Mental disorders require medical attention, many mental and emotional disturbances involve imbalances in brain chemistry. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Mental Disorders <ul><li>Mental disorders are classified as either organic or functional. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic: is caused by a physical illness or injury. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Functional: has a psychological cause and does not involve brain damage. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Anxiety Disorder <ul><li>Is a condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phobia: is a strong and irrational fear of something specific, such as high places or dogs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obsessive-compulsive disorder: traps the affect person in a pattern of repeated thoughts and behaviors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Panic disorder: involves sudden, unexpected feelings of terror, or panic attacks. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Mood Disorders <ul><li>A mood disorder is and illness, often with an organic cause involves mod extremes that interfere with everyday living. </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Bipolar Disorder: extreme mood changes, energy levels, and behaviors </li></ul>
  6. 6. Eating Disorders <ul><li>Including anorexia and bulimia, are life-threatening disturbances in eating behavior. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological pressures, possible genetic factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many physical health complication. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. CONDUCT DISORDERS <ul><li>PATTERN OF BEHAVIOR IN WHICH THE RIGHTS OF OTHERS OR BASIC SOCIAL RULES ARE VIOLATED. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TEENS </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. SCHIZOPHRENIA <ul><li>SEVERE MENTAL DISORDER IN WHICH A PERSON LOSES CONTACK WITH REALITY </li></ul><ul><li>MULTIPLE PERSONALITIES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DIFFERENT PERSONALITIES CHARACTERISTIC TAKE OVER DURING TIMES OF STRESS </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. PERSONALITY DISORDER <ul><li>Involves thoughts and behaviors that make it difficult to get along with others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antisocial: aggressive, impulsive, and violent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Passive-aggressive: uncooperative attitudes and behaviors </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. SUICIDE RISK FACTORS <ul><li>Intentionally taking one’s own life </li></ul><ul><li>Suffering from depression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be taken seriously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiate a meaningful conversation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Show support and ask questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try to persuade the person to seek help </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cluster suicides are a series…it is important for friends to receive evaluations and counseling. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Knowing when to get help <ul><li>You feel trapped with no way out </li></ul><ul><li>Your feeling affect your daily habits </li></ul><ul><li>Your family or friends express concerns </li></ul><ul><li>You are becoming involved in substance abuse </li></ul><ul><li>You are becoming aggressive, or reckless </li></ul>
  12. 12. Therapy Methods <ul><li>Psychotherapy is an ongoing dialogue between a patient and mental health pro </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior T: focuses on changing unwanted behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive T: designed to identify and correct disturbed thinking patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Group T: people with similar problems </li></ul><ul><li>Biomedical T: medications </li></ul>
  13. 13. Grief <ul><li>Denial or numbness </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional release </li></ul><ul><li>Anger </li></ul><ul><li>Bargaining </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Remorse or sadness </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Hope </li></ul>
  14. 14. Coping with Death <ul><li>Focus on the good things you shared. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid focusing on what you could or should have done. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mourning is the act of showing grief </li></ul><ul><li>Take time to listen..and share </li></ul><ul><li>Counselor or therapist can help </li></ul>
  15. 15. Disaster and Crises <ul><li>Traumatic or sudden events, such as natural disasters, can leave people feeling a range of emotions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spent time with others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get back to daily routines as soon as possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat Nutritious foods, ex. Rest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do something positive to help your community </li></ul></ul>

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