Civilization <ul><li>There has never been a civilization that did not produce and use maps. </li></ul>
Geography  <ul><li>Unifies practically all environmental variables </li></ul><ul><li>Most compact & consistent way to hand...
Maps <ul><li>“ Science of princes” </li></ul><ul><li>Society invests in spatial information gathering </li></ul><ul><li>Ma...
Mercenary Geographers <ul><li>Hallowed tradition: Columbus, Magellan, Cook, Burton, even Neil Armstrong </li></ul><ul><li>...
Obstacles <ul><li>Social inertia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional inertia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual inertia...
Institutional issues <ul><li>“ Yes its a dull story, but one that has to be told” </li></ul><ul><li>Overheard at the openi...
Institutional inertia <ul><li>Based on stable information flows </li></ul><ul><li>Status quo is “nice” </li></ul><ul><li>I...
Individual inertia <ul><li>Information “ownership” equal to organizational position </li></ul><ul><li>Not “my” problem </l...
Institutional Planning <ul><li>In US is considered “key” to long term success </li></ul><ul><li>Rare here </li></ul><ul><l...
Roles <ul><li>Mentor </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsor </li></ul><ul><li>Analyst </li></ul><ul><li>User </li></ul><ul><li>Operator...
System Sponsor <ul><li>Active responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Political responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Financial respon...
Mentor <ul><li>Trusted, neutral </li></ul><ul><li>Requires some institutional task accomplished </li></ul><ul><li>Sees GIS...
GIS Technology <ul><li>Its no longer a cult </li></ul>
Political Impact of GIS after  The Management of Information Systems Production & delivery of GIS info Symbolic value of G...
Institutional issues Iron Law of Distribution: Them that has, gets
Institutional Viewpoints on Implementation Cost Schedule Performance Top Management Couldn’t care less Budget Couldn’t car...
Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Open System </li></ul><ul><li>Standard technology </li></ul><ul><li>Extensible system </li><...
Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Open system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Important for long-term survival of system </li></ul></ul>...
Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Standard technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nothing funny or hard to find/maintain </li></ul><...
Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Extensible system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intranet technology allows easy distribution of data...
Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Multi-purpose / Multi-user </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C...
Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plug & play upgrade from current system </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Design Goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tightly integrate SQL & GIS databases </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Tax Estimation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses tax rate  tables  and information provided by GIS ...
Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Costs/Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5.9 million baht total project  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Concept </li></ul><ul><ul><li>City staff are already experts at what they do </li></ul></ul>...
Nakorn Ratchasima GIS Arc/Info ArcView Intranet MapObjects SQL Databse SQL stored procedures SQL stored procedures SQL sto...
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Institutional GIS

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kind of a test, real old presentation from back in the day.

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Institutional GIS

  1. 1. Civilization <ul><li>There has never been a civilization that did not produce and use maps. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Geography <ul><li>Unifies practically all environmental variables </li></ul><ul><li>Most compact & consistent way to handle environmental variables </li></ul><ul><li>Helps simplify complicated environmental issues </li></ul><ul><li>“ Common ground” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Maps <ul><li>“ Science of princes” </li></ul><ul><li>Society invests in spatial information gathering </li></ul><ul><li>Maps are powerful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invite action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Romantic </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mercenary Geographers <ul><li>Hallowed tradition: Columbus, Magellan, Cook, Burton, even Neil Armstrong </li></ul><ul><li>“ You pay, we find” </li></ul><ul><li>We today are not really that different </li></ul>
  5. 5. Obstacles <ul><li>Social inertia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional inertia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual inertia </li></ul></ul>Can go nowhere fast
  6. 6. Institutional issues <ul><li>“ Yes its a dull story, but one that has to be told” </li></ul><ul><li>Overheard at the opening of a dental museum </li></ul>
  7. 7. Institutional inertia <ul><li>Based on stable information flows </li></ul><ul><li>Status quo is “nice” </li></ul><ul><li>Information is power </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional political crisis caused by “innocent” technology </li></ul>
  8. 8. Individual inertia <ul><li>Information “ownership” equal to organizational position </li></ul><ul><li>Not “my” problem </li></ul><ul><li>Bred by irregular contact with information (managers)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Less prevalent among technology users, (daily contact with information) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Institutional Planning <ul><li>In US is considered “key” to long term success </li></ul><ul><li>Rare here </li></ul><ul><li>Helps organization accept changes introduced by new technology </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrate development </li></ul><ul><li>“ Get with the program” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Roles <ul><li>Mentor </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsor </li></ul><ul><li>Analyst </li></ul><ul><li>User </li></ul><ul><li>Operator </li></ul><ul><li>System supplier </li></ul><ul><li>Data supplier </li></ul>
  11. 11. System Sponsor <ul><li>Active responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Political responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Financial responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Something to gain or lose </li></ul>Also darn hard to find
  12. 12. Mentor <ul><li>Trusted, neutral </li></ul><ul><li>Requires some institutional task accomplished </li></ul><ul><li>Sees GIS as tool to accomplish his task </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents “hijacking” </li></ul>
  13. 13. GIS Technology <ul><li>Its no longer a cult </li></ul>
  14. 14. Political Impact of GIS after The Management of Information Systems Production & delivery of GIS info Symbolic value of GIS Control over GIS Implementation of GIS in Organizations Re-distribution of institutional power
  15. 15. Institutional issues Iron Law of Distribution: Them that has, gets
  16. 16. Institutional Viewpoints on Implementation Cost Schedule Performance Top Management Couldn’t care less Budget Couldn’t care less Couldn’t care less Client Implementor
  17. 17. Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Open System </li></ul><ul><li>Standard technology </li></ul><ul><li>Extensible system </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-user </li></ul>
  18. 18. Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Open system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Important for long-term survival of system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developers can get at most important parts of the system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intranet (HTML, ColdFusion, SQL, JavaScript)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public, published database design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GIS programming via VisualBasic/ Avenue /AML </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Standard technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nothing funny or hard to find/maintain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly off-the-shelf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard OS (WindowsNT Thai & Windows95 Thai, its in Thai )‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Client/Server technology for both GIS & Database management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GIS : Arc/Info & ArcView (a leading GIS company with offices in Thailand)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Database : SQL Server (a leading software company with offices in Thailand)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ColdFusion : leading internet/intranet development language (high-level, 4GL, maintained via the internet)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intranet/SQL/OS tightly integrated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connection to National Registration database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware all locally obtained </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Extensible system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intranet technology allows easy distribution of data & applications to all desktops within the municipality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coldfusion & HTML allow further database application development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stored SQL procedures allow GIS & database applications to share & standardize code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Further develop GIS applications using VisualBasic, Avenue & MapObjects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Live connection to National Registration database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plug & play to internet </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Multi-purpose / Multi-user </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Election </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>191/Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toursim promotion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost whatever you need or can imagine </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plug & play upgrade from current system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Globally promote Korat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link to hotels, tourist sites: offer on-line, dynamic tourist information, hotel & tour booking, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct business via the internet ( eCommerce )‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generate dollar income! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ennis, County Claire, Ireland wired whole town to internet (if we only had the money)‏ </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Design Goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tightly integrate SQL & GIS databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent data entry via pulldown menus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic calculations rather than data entry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Return most queries to user within 20 seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capture all transactions for easy roll-back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Close-of-business-day for all time consuming processes (tax estimation, data QC, data integrity checks, etc run late at night, eg after 1:00 am)‏ </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Tax Estimation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses tax rate tables and information provided by GIS applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign tax calcuated at data entry time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House & property taxes calculated nightly after close-of-business-day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax rate tables (attribute data) updated via intranet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax zones (spatial data) updated via GIS application </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Costs/Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5.9 million baht total project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 37,000 parcels (159 baht per parcel)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 56,000 houses (105 baht per house)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 187,000 people (31 baht per person)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Around 63 baht per asset (house & parcel)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plus indirect (not yet quantified) benefits to other divisions in Korat City </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compared to Ban Bung’s 375 baht per parcel (about 2.25 million baht for 6,000 parcels. budget does not include hidden costs of data automation, free software, etc)‏ </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Nakorn Ratchasima GIS <ul><li>Concept </li></ul><ul><ul><li>City staff are already experts at what they do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not make the city’s staff experts in building large, detailed GIS databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make the city’s staff experts in using & maintaining large, detailed GIS databases </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Nakorn Ratchasima GIS Arc/Info ArcView Intranet MapObjects SQL Databse SQL stored procedures SQL stored procedures SQL stored procedures Use & Re-Use SQL Stored Procedures

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