Held at the 2nd European Summer School "Cultures & Technologies" (ESU-CT) in Leipzig, Germany, on July 28th, 2010. Thanks to everyone at the summer school for their feedback and many interesting
Held at the 2nd European Summer School "Cultures & Technologies" (ESU-CT) in Leipzig, Germany, on July 28th, 2010. Thanks to everyone at the summer school for their feedback and many interesting discussions!
difference forms of reading: - close reading - distance reading - not-reading or scanning (Matt Kirschenbaum “The Remaking of Reading: Data Mining and the Digital Humanities“)
1. Visualization in the Digital Humanities A survey Cornelius Puschmann English Department Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
2. all sources, tools and methods described in this presentation can be googled and wikipediad!
3. Franco Moretti Graphs, Maps, Trees (2005) Information and ideas on visualization Edwar Tufte The Visual Display of Quantitative Informantion (1983) Ben Fry Visualizing Data (2008) Aditi Muralidharan's blog Twitter Processing.org
4. why visualization?
6. visualization allows the analysis of large volumes of information
8. it's also a form of reading … and (re)writing
10. and increasingly a pop culture phenomenon
11. is visualization... … a tool for research („cultural analytics“)? … a means of aestheticizing data? … a form of info-democratization? … just a fad? should we as digital humanists care? what forms of visualizations are being used and for what communicative purposes?
12. visualization is the use of... <ul><li>dots
14. shapes </li></ul><ul><li>color
16. and other graphical elements </li></ul>for the purpose of conveying information about non-graphical data.
17. Ancient world map
18. scientific visualizations present multiple dimensions of data... days of the week number of cars
19. ...and ask if a relationship exists between them
20. Dimension 1: word length Dimension 2: number of unique letters Dimesion 3: overall frequency of the word (size of the dot) Dimension 4: is the word of Anglo-Saxon (red) or Latin (blue) origin? ...and ask if a relationship exists between them
21. up to now, the data visualized has typically been quantitative
22. Franco Moretti's line graphs showing the rise of the novel
23. scientific visualization traditionally works with quantitative data (statistics) consequence: visualization must be adjusted for DH use non-numerical data multivariate data subjectively quantified data
24. R NLTK Processing.org programming/scripting GUI Many Eyes MALLET Wordle Google Charts tools
25. covers of Popular Science 1882-2007
26. wordle of a speech by Barack Obama
27. qualitative quantitative aesthetic representational scatterplot barchart pie chart words-as-colored-boxes word clouds trees maps
30. what can we visualize?
31. what can we visualize? letters words (strings) morphemes phrases clauses narrative sequences named entitites direct speech paragraphs sentences semantic roles rhetorical devices metaphors moves character descriptions pages passages we like shifting points of view
32. the <positive-emotion>happy</positive-emotion> girl the <negative-emotion>depressed</negative-emotion> boy
33. word classes by color
38. visualization can.. reduce complexity increase density of observable data illustrate an interpretation aestheticize data open up large datasets make an argument
39. in addition to other areas, visualization has great potential for teaching! creativity experimentation self-expression translation multilingualism analytic capabilities