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New Paradigms In Scholarly Communication (Ibm)

New Paradigms In Scholarly Communication (Ibm)






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    New Paradigms In Scholarly Communication (Ibm) New Paradigms In Scholarly Communication (Ibm) Presentation Transcript

    • Open Science & Open Research - New Paradigms in Scholarly Communication Cornelius Puschmann University of Düsseldorf [email_address] 25 June 2008
    • Issues
    • Where are we?
      • The Web has given a huge and growing global community access to a wealth of knowledge
      • The bulk of this knowledge is not created by academics, whose main job is “knowledge creation”, but by “amateurs” who donate their spare time
      • Much of what academics create is locked away in specialized journals and publications
      • Paradox: those who could contribute most lag behind furthest
      • What are the reasons and where is change taking place?
    • Non-reasons
      • Proprietary, valuable information? (patents etc) in most cases no
      • Lost publishing revenue? (selling books) generally no, very few publications make the author money
      • Plagiarism? possible, but the risk exists with any form of publishing
    • Is it really “publishing”?
      • our interpretation of the Web is shaped by metaphors associated with paper, printing and publishing
      • e.g. “web sites / pages / forms ”, “ email ”,
      • but Web 2.0 is increasingly detaching itself from these sources
    • Why academia is resistant to opening up
      • parts of academia are still highly invested in paper
      • information overload
      • “Is change a good thing?”
      • “Why would I want people to find me?”
      • “It's open access if I have access, right?”
    • Reaction to perceived information overload
      • many researchers use paper-age methods to work with digital information
      • browsing instead of searching
      • “putting things on the Web” instead of “research happening on the Web”
      • finality vs. versioning
      • controlling quality and making available are conflated
    • “Is change a good thing?”
      • researchers tend to be traditionalists
      • peer-review, quality control etc central paradigms
      • lack of control, order and selection on the Web seen with skepticism by some
      • goal is generally to preserve tried and trusted procedures and port them to the Web (but does that work?)
    • “Why would I want people to find me?”
      • small, highly specialized and tightly knit research communities
      • inward-looking
      • assumption that nobody outside the field cares
      • lack of interdisciplinary focus
    • “It's open access if I have access, right?”
      • most academics have easy access to scholarly journals through their libraries
      • the libraries cover the subscription costs
      • many perceive this as “open access”
      • academics aren't directly affected by the costs associated with commercial publishing since they don't have to pay for it
      • younger researchers often can't risk challenging traditions - “publish or perish”
    • Change
    • Digital Humanities
      • new approach to Humanities (literary studies, musicology) using computational approaches and presentation techniques
      • new tools and methods have the potential to shine a new light on “old data”
      • http://www.projectbamboo.org/
    • WALS
      • www.wals.info
      • interactive atlas of the world's languages and their typological features (syntax, lexicon, phonology)
      • originally on paper and CD-ROM
      • now interactive, uses Google Maps
      • feature set and maps can be used for other projects (remixing)
    • OpenWetWare
      • www.openwetware.org
      • collaborative wiki for research labs in biology/biological engineering
      • started by grad students in 2004
      • originally used by two labs, now international project
    • ThoughtMesh
      • www.thoughtmesh.net
      • system for collaboratively tagging and linking scientific texts
      • content of parts can be assessed without reading everything
      • opens the door for “vertical papers”, i.e. finding, reading and citing small chunks of information instead of horizontally digesting the entire article
    • SciVee
      • www.scivee.tv
      • basically YouTube for scholarly content
      • “pubcast” accompanies/supplements a written paper
      • one clip for a paper on motor neurons in the spinal cord of mice has garnered 225.000 views since December 2007
      • especially attractive for content that can be described visually
    • Encyclopedia of Life
      • www.eol.org
      • Wikipedia for the world's species
      • developed (mostly) by experts using scientific taxonomy
      • attempt to concentrate all knowledge on living organisms on Earth in one resource
      • will include video, audio, photos and illustrations
    • Current approach to research and publishing + records uses = public not public
      • “human-readable” only
      • static
      • primarily textual
    • “Web-enabled” approach to research and publishing + records uses = public
      • semantically annotated
      • dynamic and interactive
      • different modes of presentation (audio, video)
    • Integrating and interlinking academic content
    • Using blogs in teaching
    • “Web-enabling” content from scholarly journals
    • E-journal editor's blog
    • Thanks for listening!