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Labor Unions

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Labor Unions By: Cody Welding
    • 2. Gilded Age Labor Union Facts
    • 3. Fact • Horatio Alger’s Rag to Riches myths created dreams for laborers and helped lead to the development labor unions.
    • 4. Fact • The earliest major attempt for a Labor Union was in 1866 when the National Labor Union(NLU) was formed in Baltimore but later collapsed in 1972. • The National Labor Union dissolved due to numerous fails to create a national coalition of local trade unions and the depression of 1870’s.
    • 5. Fact • The Knights of Labor(KOL) followed. • Knights of Labor(KOL) brought about the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 to limit the amount of Chinese laborers threatening their jobs and unions because they and other foreigners were used as strikebreakers.
    • 6. Fact • The Knights of Labor(KOL) collapsed in 1886 due to the failed Missouri Pacific strike the Haymaker Square Riot, and also the lose of craft unionists to American Federation of Labor.
    • 7. Fact • The Labor Unions that followed and gained dominance during 1890’s were American Federation of Labor(AFL), Industrial Workers of the World(IWW), and American Railway Union(ARU).
    • 8. Fact • The American Railway Union(ARU) was the largest union of the Gilded Age. The American Railway Union(ARU) was the first industry wide union. • Labor Day was created in result of the Pullman Strike.The Pullman Strike included some 250,000 workers of which the 13 strikers were killed and 57 were wounded by United States Marshals and some 12,000 US Army troops. This strike was led by the American Railway Union(ARU).
    • 9. Fact • American Federation of Labor(AFL) founder Samuel Gompers led key movements in National labor policy. His belief of electing friends and political office to gain the needs of labor union was successful because he also believed in limiting strike and rather work with the government. He also believed in only skilled laborers leaving unskilled laborers to fend for themselves.