Bridging The Ethnic Economic Divide Claudia Cody Uof M ExtensionPresentation Transcript
Bridging the Ethnic Economic divide The Case of Ethnic Chambers Business Retention and Expansion Program Claudia Cody Assistant Extension Professor Community Economics Center for Community Vitality
Project Details and Factoids Project Funders: The Otto Bremer Foundation, Ramsey County, Cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul. Additional funders will be joining in weeks to come. Timeline: Hispanic Chamber of Commerce has convened the group since Fall of 2007. The project goes through Dec31, 2010. Financial Factoid: Average buying power of state’s African Americans, Hispanics and Asians roughly tripled between 1990 and 2007. Population Factoid: Minnesota’s communities of color are expected to double in population size by 2030. Project Factoid: The project leaders have conducted face-to-face interviews with ethnic-owned businesses in the Twin Cities and surrounding areas. The data will be used to assist in the development of future projects – with community and governmental resources – that will respond to the needs of these businesses.
How to Advance Diverse Intergroup Economic Development Projects?
Often cohesive ingroups are in competition with one another
How to gather support from the dominant majority for a program targeted towards an underserved community? (Funding, other resources)
How to serve the most number of ethnic businesses with the least amount of resources and resistance from outgroups?
Geographically disperse program audience
What is different this time?
Large Number of Known Divides Intergroup, Ingroup, and in Subgroups Ethnicity Age Political affiliation Sexual orientation Tribe City/Neighborhood/county/county Family Ties Relationship among genres Level of knowledge of American business practices Tradition of Business ownership Emerging Divides Unknown Divides Time – multiple frameworks Leaps, "fertile stalls”, linear, circular, sequential, non-sequential Leadership styles
Advancing the Multi-Ethnic Chambers Business Retention and Expansion Project
Networking event for all board members from each Ethnic Chamber, funders, and other members of the leadership team.
Attendance to special events of team members – when invited.
Monthly 1 hour meetings – regular contact
Informal gatherings with no shop talk ( lunches, funerals, etc)
Leadership Asset Mapping Who Assets Who Assets Who Assets Who Assets
Discouragement of “groupthink” – No stereotyped view of
the outgroup as “evil”. (Janis, 1982)
Intergroup leadership training of core project team
Training on working on committees productively
Leadership Team working Agreement
Committee Asset Mapping
Emotional Responses Interpersonal Skills Focus on Procedure Positive bias
Committee Asset Mapping
Elimination of Zero-Sum Scenarios &Realistic conflict Theory
Superordinate Goal reduces Intergroup Conflict
Reduces ingroup/outgroup distinctions
Helps group members recategorize their own group identity into a common group identity (Nelson 2006)
MN Joint Cou Group per ord in ate Su ncil Mutual Intergroup Differentiation Model Outgroups Outgroups Superordinate Goals
The Minnesota Multi-Ethnic Chambers Joint Council
Mutual Intergroup differentiation Model * Promotion of dual identity (Hewstone & Brown 1986)
Each Ethnic Chamber identifies with individual subgroup(chambers) and with superordinate group(joint council)
Each chamber maintains its own identity, funding, membership while working within the realm of the joint council shared goals.