Can MERSEA help restore our oceans?


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is it possible to counter the effects of overfishing and pollution, and at the same time provide a 'Noah's Ark' type vessel just in case mother nature needs to re-balance things herself? To me this is entirely possible, and well advised.

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Can MERSEA help restore our oceans?

  2. 2. THE PRESENT STATE OF THE OCEANS For millennia humans have enjoyed a reliable food supply from oceanic resources. During this time there was never such severe depletion of oceanic resources when compared to the last 30 years. In recent history a growing population of humans has caused a severe population decline of sea creatures. This decline has mainly be caused by irresponsible commercial fishing that can be attributed, in part, to advancement of technology that has allowed humans to fish hundreds of thousands or even millions of fish in one commercial fishing excursion. The consequence of this type of commercial fishing has made such a large impact to oceanic resources and ecosystems that the once abundant fishing grounds of the deep ocean are now almost completely exhausted of food species. If left alone by humans for millennia it could be possible that nature will recover, and that the abundance of nature can be restored. However there is another problem here, that of Oceanic Garbage Deposits. Oceanic Garbage deposits such as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch typically consist of up to 80% plastic waste. Most of this plastic is persistent pollution, which means that it can last for many hundreds of thousands of years, without degrading back to a form that can be assimilated into marine organisms. Many marine organisms ingest floating plastic wastes such as plastic packets and confectionary wrappers by mistakenly confusing these wastes with their natural prey. An example of how this effects population of marine organisms can be seen in autopsies of turtles and whales, where large amounts of plastic wastes have been found in the digestive tracts of these animals – causing them to die due to starvation, constriction, poisoning or disease as a result of mistaken ingestion. This is a great travesty. Figure 1. A turtle mistakenly ingesting plastic waste that resembles natural prey of jellyfish
  3. 3. The garbage that floats in continent sized islands in the gyres of ocean currents poses another threat, that of toxic leaching of wastes into sea water. These toxic leachates can often cause marine animals reproductive organs and cycles to shut down, compounding the problems of severe marine resource depletion. For organisms that have been spared from the fishing nets of commercial fishing, the outlook for their reproduction is compromised seriously by an ongoing stream of toxic and persistent pollution from our civilizations. Considering all of the above, it is extremely unlikely that oceans will repopulate to sufficient populations to provide a reliable and consistent ocean resource for human exploitation in the foreseeable future. The present state of the global ocean is an abomination and a disgrace to our civilizations. Figure 2. A man in a boat paddling through a shallow patch of persistent oceanic pollution PROPOSED MARINE ECOSYSTEM RESTORATION WITH MERSEA Since the restoration of a marine ecosystem is an enormous challenge considering the problems we have caused in the ocean, and that it is nearly impossible to imagine that a natural recovery can take place unassisted, I propose that a ‘assisted ecosystem restoration’ could be a realistic path for rebuilding of marine ecosystems. If one takes a survey of an existing marine ecosystem and quantitatively and qualitatively investigates the marine organisms one could deduce the seascape is deserted. The existing life consists of a large proportion of smaller organisms, and to much lesser extent, larger life forms. In order to repopulate marine environments with a diverse range of species including top level predators a strategic ecosystem restoration must be executed.
  4. 4. In a MV this strategic ecosystem restoration takes place as a phased and incremental process, whereby the layers of a food web are introduced artificially at the right time, according to survey data and computer generated reports. A deserted marine ecosystem can be related to a scenario on land, where certain species are introduced to provide sustenance for the next level of a food web, until overtime, the scientists can introduce top level predators. The illustration below shows the difference between a food web and a food chain. The food chain can be likened to a single stand in the food web. When many of these food chains are put together, a 3 dimensional food pyramid is evident as one advances the layers. Figure 3. A diagram that demonstrates how a food chain relates to a food web in the marine biome MERSEA is a design proposal for gigantic marine aquaculture vessel that will use a scientifically based phased and incremental marine ecosystem strategy to build up marine ecosystems overtime. With the aid of computing and simulation aquaculture technicians will be able to decide the best species to introduce at various stages in the restoration timeline. When carrying out an aquaculture project upon MERSEA special considerations such as the number of organisms to be bred compared with the maximum load baseline of a specific ecosystem.
  5. 5. The maximum load baseline indicates to aquaculture technicians how healthy a particular ecosystem is, in this regard certain indicator species will be monitored closely to provide information for aquaculture operations to be undertaken aboard a MERSEA Vessel (MV). Species selection will take place using species lists generated from algorithmic extrapolation of baseline data, using several case scenarios for different endemic species lists, to determine the best selection of species and numbers of organisms as related to what can be sustained from the baseline marine environment. The equation to determine the correct implementation of a strategic phased and incremental restoration project is very complicated, with many different variables to be factored in. To accommodate this, a powerful computing environment is required in conjunction with specialized purpose built software. The Marine Ecosystem Survey Tool (MEST Software System) will facilitate the necessary equations to be solved for the optimum strategic advantage for a MERSEA restoration project. The objectives of the MEST system include primarily the provision of aquaculture guidelines to be used by aquaculture technicians to implement the most effective accelerated marine ecosystem restoration strategy for a particular set of circumstances as relating to the baseline established in the initial survey of a particular marine ecosystem. The main objective is to provide a distributed computing platform whereby aquaculture technicians may enter data, to be stored in a centralized database, which can be analyzed, and algorithmically manipulated to provide data for the aquaculture technicians about the effectiveness of aquaculture initiatives being undertaken. Using information captured by aquaculture technicians and a database of species particular to the environment, a specialized algorithm projects the data against a 10 year timeline. The calculation includes various scenarios for seasonal fluctuations in water temperature, currents, meteorological and other inanimate ecological conditions. Using the MEST system to simulate from a baseline various species lists are combinated in a recursive calculation until such time as a report that can be used by aquaculture technicians can be used as a guideline for aquaculture operations. After several years a MERSEA operation hopes to build up a barren seascape, devoid of large shoals of fish, to a state where the ecosystem is self sustaining. Additionally once marine resources are building up again, and humans can resume high yield fishing operations, MERSEA will endeavor to protect and maintain populations by continued aquaculture to support what could otherwise be a repeat scenario of irresponsible commercial fishing. It is thus the primary objective of MERSEA is to help re-establish large populations of marine organisms, and maintain a sustainable fishing industry. Another primary objective of MERSEA is to help maintain good marine species diversity, so the wondrous and amazing beauty of nature can be enjoyed by future generations. DETERMINING THE FEASIBILITY OF MERSEA PRODUCTION AND IMPLEMENTATION To determine the feasibility of MERSEA including the effectiveness of a mobile marine aquaculture mega structure as related to marine ecosystem restorations various studies must be undertaken. One such study would include the small scale experimentation in a simple marine aquarium ecosystem that will help determine certain mathematical relationships between different
  6. 6. organisms as the ecosystem ages. This experimentation might involve determining which factors create the best populations and scenarios which can sustainably support a more advanced layer of the food web. The outcome of such experimentations would be included in the algorithmic expression of a MEST Software System. A feasibility study into the best strategic mechanism to enable the renewal of depleted marine resources will need to be mapped out and explored to see whether MVs will effectively help restore marine ecosystems, with the desired outcome. An engineering feasibility study would need to be conducted to determine whether the proposed design would be practical considering the limitations of strength of materials and construction considerations. This feasibility study may include revision of the proposed design and materials bill to ensure the best engineered solution for a gigantic mobile marine aquaculture system. In order to create a solution that is cost effective and possibly economically viable, a ‘risk/reward’ feasibility study would need to be conducted that evaluates the financial feasibility of building a MV. Perhaps the most important factor to be considered to determine the practicality of MERSEA would need to be a environmental impact assessment to gauge the environmental consequences and benefits of MERSEA aquacultures. Since a MV is largely constructed from recycled materials found in waste deposits such as the Giant Pacific Garbage Patch it can be argued that MVs will have a noticeable and important positive impact on our global environment. The overall feasibility of whether a MV would be a suitable solution to a massive environmental problem would be determinant on all of the factors mentioned above, weighed against whether or not international funding support for MV construction can be obtained. ABOUT MERSEA VESSELS (MV) The history of the MERSEA Vessel concept is a result of my personal concern for our ocean environment. As a professional inventor it is my job to come up with new technology that can help benefit us now, and give good prospects for future generations. As a spiritual person who strongly believes in God, I spent some time wondering what could be done about our oceans. In December 2010 I drew my first drawing of what would become this MERSEA design. The importance of MVs might be appreciated once large populations of fish are sustainably supported by the oceans once again, allowing man to enjoy the sea harvests in a way that will not damage the ecosystem beyond a sustainable minimum. Additionally our civilization has much to answer for in regards to leaving a terrible but largely unseen problem of persistent oceanic pollution problems, which will continue to have an effect for many hundreds of thousands of years. With a fleet of MVs, the hope to lessen the impact of our civilization on those of the future will be attainable, which will help redeem us in the eyes of future historians. With a successful marine restoration operation by MVs, humankind can look forward to restoring a semblance of harmony with our planet. After all, we are all on the same boat, that is, Mothership Earth, and all of us have had some part in the destruction of our planet. It is the duty of our civilizations to help make progress in directions that will lead to continued survival of our co-habitants of this planet, for the benefit of our prodigy.
  7. 7. A MV is designed for long term settlement of a sea going population. MVs will be self governing entities and could be considered as independent nations. To sustain a population of up to 2500 people for an extended period of time, MVs are almost completely self-sustaining. The materials and construction of MVs must ensure a seaworthiness of a few hundred years, thusly MERSEA is built to last and has necessary on board provisions for onboard maintenance. The social order and culture in a MV is based upon the primary purpose that MVs are created for, that of Marine Ecosystem Restoration at sea. A specific constitution and set of laws may be applicable due to the isolation of MVs from landmasses. Among the specific laws designed to maintain law and order on a MV includes a total ban on alcohol and tobacco products. Restrictions govern human reproduction onboard a MV. Reproduction licenses will be issued as people become deceased. In order to prevent inbreeding over a long period of time, a sperm and ovum bank are maintained and new human genes will be introduced into the gene pool at various intervals. To ensure a comfortable co-existence and peace amongst the population of a MV, CCTV surveillance equipment is not installed, and the private life of the individual is respected. The electronic surveillance of the population of MERSEA will only be installed in high risk areas such as the engine rooms and other places where security is an important issue. The human population of MERSEA will collectively perform the task of Computer Aided Marine Ecosystem Restoration over a number of years. Since MVs are mobile marine aquaculture vessels, a single MV will be able to move to other parts of the global ocean as the phased marine ecosystem restoration takes place. The benefit of this mobility allows the maximum cost effectiveness in regards to commercial viability of MERSEA. Renewable onboard resources such as food, freshwater and energy are important and design considerations such as Oceanic Agriculture (or Horticulture) are facilitated in the MV to provide food for the human and animal populations of MERSEA. A reliable source of freshwater will be supplied by special applications of solar powered refrigeration and desalination to provide potable water for the population of MERSEA. Energy supply on board MERSEA will be from renewable sources such as solar, oceanic thermal, wind and waste recycling.
  8. 8. Figure 4. A descriptive illustration of a MV showing some of the different parts
  9. 9. The economy aboard MERSEA will not involve monetary exchanges. A community property system enables that no personal ownership is rendered on MERSEA infrastructures, personal property of effects is allowed. The internal economy within a MV is based on bartering for services or goods. The service that a MV performs for the oceans of the world is not for monetary gain of the population of MERSEA. As a crew member of MERSEA one will accept that the work they do is the not for self-gain, and that MERSEA is not a business, but a service of reparation to our planet, in order to guarantee a sustainable future for our successors. Concerning the internal economy of MERSEA, one must understand that this is not connected to an international monetary system. It must be noted that the construction of MVs must be economically viable, from an international economy point of view. I posit that if the construction of MVs could help solve another environmental problem, namely that of Oceanic Garbage Islands, and by recycling this persistent pollution, that the provision of a large percentage of a MVs bill of materials by this waste, would help improve the economic feasibility of a MV production initiative. Figure 7. A wireframe side view render of a GGEM showing a constructed MV on the FPSO platform The construction of a MV will take place using a Floating Production, Storage and Offloading (FSPO) approaches upon an enormous platform known as Giant Garbage Eating Machines also known as Giant Plastic Eating Machines. During a GGEM traversal of oceanic garbage patches, wastes are recycled into various products including synthetic crude oil, chemicals, metals, plastics and building materials. The production of such commodity raw products will further add to the economic viability of MERSEA production. The export of excess commodity materials will be done using Tugs to pull away large blocks of raw products to landmasses. This is what MERSEA is about; however for more information about the description of MERSEA please continue to read on, where specific components are described in some detail.
  10. 10. DESIGN Proposed Initial Specifications Absolute Height 4477 m Average Maximum Diameter: 5450 m Exposed Surface area to natural sunlight 23.3 km2 Maximum Submerged Hull Depth 1847 m Minimum Non Submerged Height 2790 m Maximum Speed 10 knots 360 Turning Radius 35m Maximum Human Population 2500 Total Engine Power at Maximum Output TBA Minimum Years Seaworthiness 500 years Estimated Cost Undetermined (Trillions) The images shown below are for illustrative purposes and do not necessarily show all the detail as described in the corresponding description. Standard Equipment and Installations A. Central Tower Desalination Works, Light Distributor, Lightening Harvester and Protector, Air Filtration, Control Tower, Captains Quarters, Crew Quarters, Sun Room, Solar Water Condenser, Fresh Water Reservoir, Communication The Central Tower (CT) accommodates essential control equipment and light distribution equipment. The CT is the focal point of mirrors on top of the Climate Control Containment. The light is focused into an engineered solution of prisms, fiber optics and mirrors which distribute the sunlight to lower decks of a MV. The controls are administered by a highly trained technical crew. The controls include all necessary equipment in the supermarine and submarine components of a MV. A liquid cooled lighting conductor ensures that lightening damage is prevented from damaging components of on a MV. Additionally the Thermo-Electric- Lightening Harvester supplies a small percentage of the energy required for MV operations. A comfortable accommodation area for technical crew is designed into the CT. The Solar Water Condenser together with desalination equipment provides a reliable potable water supply. Special air filtration regulates humidity and salinity of the incoming air, and removes particulate and pathogenic contaminants.
  11. 11. B. Climate Control Containment Climate Control, 24 Terrestrial Biome Compartments, Pushrail, Helipad, NETEM Launch, Short Runway, Mirrors, Solar Electrical Installations The Climate Control Containment (CCC) area is made largely from transparent materials including glass and plastic. The CCC regulates climatic conditions to obtain ideal conditions to host organisms from up to 24 different terrestrial biomes. The CCC is important to ensure sufficient production of food products. The thermoregulation of a MV is important to create habitable conditions for a number of terrestrial animals on board. Reinforced sections of the CCC support aircraft access installations such as a helipad and a short runway. As part of an anti-pirate measure, to ensure that unwelcome bandits cannot make it onboard, the NETEM anti-pirate system is hosted on the CCC. The NETEM Launches launch large nets and obstacles into the path of would be pirates, which will help gain enough time to deploy a more defensive solution if necessary. The push rail system along the ceiling of the CCC allows crew members to transport themselves using a self- propelled vehicle/rail system. Installations of Solar Tracking Mirrors focus light towards the central tower, where upon it is distributed to the rest of the vessel. The CCC also includes installations of Solar Electrical panels which provide a small percentage of the power requirements of a MV. A. Lifedome 500 Living Units: 50 4 bedroom/sleep 10, 200 3 bedroom/sleep 6, 100 2 bedroom/sleep 4, 100 1 bedroom sleep 2, 40 1 bedroom/sleep 2 no garden, 4 6 bedroom/sleep 16, 4 sleep 10 apartments, 1 female dormitory/sleep 20, 1 male dormitory/sleep 20; Pushrail, Infirmary, Community Trade Center, Religious Temple Garden, Elevator The life dome is the primary accommodation area for the majority of the population of MERSEA. The design considerations of the life dome include a number of different sized family accommodation apartments. The majority of the apartments include small private gardens for the enjoyment of the residents aboard a MV. The life dome also accommodates necessary facilities such as an infirmary and a community trading center. The culture aboard a MV encourages religious freedom on a personal level, and to accommodate this, a multi- religious temple is included. Transport in the life dome is facilitated by the Pushrail system. The life dome is especially thermo-regulated and humidity controlled to achieve a consistent temperate climate to allow for the most comfortable conditions for residents. For work assignment teams with a
  12. 12. specific requirement to work shift work, dormitories are provided to accommodate these teams to cause the minimal amount of distribution to other residents during work shifts. B. Greenlayer Horticultural Equipment, Hydroponic Equipment, Foodcrops, , Soil, River, Rocks, Horticultural Waste Disposal, Canteen, Golf Course, Pools, Stadia, Pushrail, Food Processing, Cold Storage, Animal Shelter, Emergency Life Vessels, Elevator, Fresh Water Dam, Up to 25 unique Terrestrial Biomes The Greenlayer (GL) is approximately 20 km2 and the primary purpose of the GL is to provide a reliable supply of food for the population of a MV. The important cultivation of crops to provide the nutritional needs of certain on board aquaculture projects is done on the GL. The GL is tended to by the population of MERSEA who is not involved in any other operations, and is regarded as a crew members default career. The GL also accommodates a sustainable population of small terrestrial animals including but not limited to mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, arachnids mollusks and amphibians. Flora grown in the GL is specially selected according to certain criteria, including the degree of coastal tolerance a certain type of plant exhibits. Certain installations such as a stream and freshwater dam can be enjoyed for recreational purposes of the crew, and the accommodation of freshwater organisms that can tolerate a certain degree of salinity. For recreational and exercise purposes multisport stadia are installed, including a 18 hole golf course and swimming pools. Animal shelters for birds and mammals are integral parts of the GL, allowing these animals to have a comfortable existence in a simulated environment. Food processing, horticultural waste disposal and cold storage are included to allow the maximum utilization of GL agricultural produce. 24 different biomes can be accommodated in the GL immediately below the CCC, and an additional coastal tropical rainforest biome is installed in the center part of the GL. Emergency Life Vessels are integral design considerations of the GL. C. Floatation Raft Hydroactive Fibrous Foam Polymer Casings, ‘Sea City’ Division, Energy Storage Reservoirs, Solar Electrical Translucent Panel Windows, Emergency Life Vessels, Aquaculture food Preparation Areas, Light Engineering Works, Hospital, Educational Institute, Theatre, Elevator, Pushrail, Central Power Station, Docking Pier
  13. 13. The Floatation Raft (FR) is not part of the hull or lower hull. The floatation raft supports the buoyancy requirements of the supermarine infrastructure of a MV. In the unfortunate event of a sinking vessel, the Hull and Lower Hull are released to sink, allowing the majority of the population of MERSEA to survive for a few months on the Floatation Raft. The FR integrates special hermetically sealed casings that contain a mixture of chemical agents that react with water to form a medium density Fibrous Foam Polymer which provides additional buoyancy and structural strength should a MV be subject to sinking. The FR is reinforced with very strong steel/plastic composite materials, to ensure sufficient support for all installations. The FR hosts ‘Sea City’ infrastructures including a hospital (not Infirmary), light engineering works, an educational institute, a theatre and a community trading center. Amongst the installations storage reservoirs for un- reacted chemical products of various solar installations are stored. Upon reacting them in the central power station electrical needs of a MV is provisioned for. The FR also hosts several translucent solar panel window arrays, which absorb solar energy, to be stored in the chemical reservoirs. The floatation raft also includes a docking pier for other sea going craft. Large Amphibious Emergency Life Vessels are an integral part of the FR. D. Hull Aquaculture equipment, Food Storage, Feed Processing Factories, Hatcheries, Super Computer, Submarine Docking, Accommodation, Molding Workshop, Propagation Surface, Submarines, Utilities Access, Training Facilities, Emergency Life Vessels The Hull accommodates the majority of aquaculture equipment and facilities, including but not limited to Pumps, Hatcheries, Spawning Tanks, Rearing Tanks, Feeding Hoppers and Breeding Stock Tanks. As part of the aquaculture facilities a water cooled super computer is housed on board to facilitate the calculations by MEST. 24 isolated aquaculture stations exist in the Hull which allows for a good biodiversity to be bred at any time onboard a MV. The Hull is designed to withstand the pressures of the ocean environment and is made in part from welded steel panels and specially formulated steel mesh/plastic composites. The several floors of the Hull include accommodation areas for MV crew members how are involved with extended aquaculture assignments. The submerged accommodation areas also house people disposed to
  14. 14. mandatory aquaculture training as part of the ‘national service’ as stipulated in the proposed constitution. Special training facilities to teach crew members how to operate equipment such as submarines are installed, allowing the students to learn in a simulated environment. Utilities access for all waste products of the activities in the supermarine components are housed in the central structural core from the Lower Hull. Utilities access including not limited to food, electricity, sea water, hydrocarbons, lifts, stairwells and slides are part of the integrated design of the hull. E. Lower Hull Main Engine Room, Methane Digester, Hydrocarbon Fuel Synthesizer, Fuel Storage Reservoirs, Submarine Bays, Detention Centers, Morgue, Osmotic Power Generators, Structural Core, Oceanic Thermal/Tidal Convention Generators, Deep Sea Artificial Reef Infrastructure, Sand Ballast Storage, Anchors, Interceptor Anti-Torpedo Defense System, Long Distance Submarine Docking, Deep Sea Observation Deck, Emergency Life Vessels The Lower Hull (LH) contains the main engine room that is used to generate the necessary propulsion to power the 8 screw drive impellers. The necessary fuel provisions for the engine are sourced primarily from decomposed biomass in the methane digester. Since MVs will remain stationary for long periods of time, necessary fuel resources can slowly be accumulated. Using the high pressures of the ocean, in conjunction with carbon chain lengthening, high calorific value fuels can be synthesized in the Hydrocarbon Fuel Synthesizer, to be stored in a Fuel Storage Reservoir. The Lower hull also includes refillable sand ballast containments. Equipment such as heavy anchors will help keep MVs from being inadvertently carried by ocean currents. Long distance and deeps sea submarines are accommodated within the LH, as are Emergency Life Vessels. Deep Sea Artificial Reef infrastructure on the ‘ceiling’ of the LH allows certain animals to live and propagate within the MERSEA design. Electrical Power provision by means of thermal/tidal convection generators and proposed new technology ‘Osmotic Power Generators’ will supplement the power needs of a MV. Unfortunately it is necessary to provide a detention center for the population of a MV. The detention center is a isolated from any of the heavy equipment and installations in the LH. The detainees will be assigned various tasks to contribute positively to life onboard a MV, albeit in isolation. The Structural Core of a MV is an integral part of the LH design, and provides a base upon which the construction of the rest of the MV is built.
  15. 15. Figure 5. A Isometric wireframe representation of the basic design of a MV Estimated Percentage by Volume Representation of Bill of Materials
  16. 16. PROPOSED ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS The proposed environmental benefits of a MERSEA operation include the re-establishment of a self sustaining marine ecosystem that can be used by humans for supply of food and continued enjoyment of our global ocean. The main objective of a MV will be to facilitate a strategic marine ecosystem operation over a number of years. During this time the introduction of different layers of a marine ecosystem will allow the possible recovery of endangered marine species. Once a sustainable and abundant marine ecosystem is re-established the information learned from a marine ecosystem restoration activity can be used to guide commercial fishing operations to trawl for fish in a sustainable manner. Additionally, once commercial fishing can resume, the continued aquaculture operations by a MV can be used to ensure that breeding populations of fish can be maintained indefinitely. Should the MVs be constructed on FSPO GGEM platforms this would mean that reduced volumes of persistent oceanic pollution can be achieved. The benefits of this may mean that continued
  17. 17. poisoning of the reproductive systems of certain oceanic animals can be alleviated or drastically reduced. The result of less pollution may increase the survival rate of species that have been re- introduced into the ocean by a MV. The proposed environmental benefits of implementation of the MERSEA project are certainly worth considering, especially when one considers that the results of our modern civilization will be still evident many thousands of years from now. CONSTRUCTION The construction of MVs on gargantuan Giant Garbage Eating Machines (GGEMs) will help solve two problems at once. Admittedly the economical processing of oceanic garbage deposits is extremely difficult, since the wastes are very diverse and cannot be separated. The mechanism that GGEMs will employ to process this waste is beyond the scope of this article, however the possible bi- products of the processing of such waste may include valuable resources such as fuel, building materials, chemicals and metals. Some of these bi-products from a GGEM will be used in the manufacture of components of MVs, enabling the production of MVs to be cost effective. The proposed Floating Production, Storage and Offloading of MVs on GGEMs will be an ideal solution to construct a large proportion of a MV. The diagram below indicates how a GGEM might be used to construct MVs. The diagram suggests that after a GGEM ‘mows’ an oceanic garbage deposit that the result will be a fully constructed MV. The diagram also suggests that once a fully operational MV has started an active operation, that a harmony of humankind with our planet can be achieved, with the end result of a clean ocean, with a restored ecosystem.
  18. 18. CAN MERSEA HELP RESTORE OUR OCEANS? Considering that the state of the global ocean is abysmal and that continuing pollution of the oceans of persistent wastes of human endeavors does not seem likely to abate, the proposal for a massive mobile marine aquaculture facility made from the oceanic garbage does not seem like an unrealistic solution to help restore marine ecosystems. A big problem requires a big solution and that the proposed mechanism of MV’s might help restore large populations of oceanic creatures. As to whether the suggested scheme is actually feasible remains to be assessed in various studies. Indications on whether a computer assisted phased and incremental marine ecosystem restoration will be effective in restoring a healthy marine environment would need to be carried out in extensive detail, using existing data and new research. The creation of a marine survey software tool to simulate the ecosystem is important to reduce the risk when assessing the possible effectiveness of MVs. To determine the cost effectiveness of MERSEA, factoring in the construction considerations aboard GGEM/GPEM, several factors could be considered to possibly make the operation of GGEM’s a profitable venture. From a holistic point of view, and with support of evidence conducted by research, I am of the (biased) opinion that the MERSEA project, could indeed help restore our oceans.
  19. 19. FIN REFERENCES R4ERL0&sig=vT38nyrWzJWsLsrbcKCyM0grYps&hl=en&ei=8beJTtn4MsnLmAWfh_AK&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved =0CDoQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q&f=false
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  21. 21. The hammerhead shark is the animal symbol for MVs, since their unique heads resemble the side view of a MV. The hammerhead shark is also an indicator species determining the degree of success of a MERSEA operation. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Name Chris Morton Occupation Entrepreneur/Software Engineer/Professional Inventor Date of Birth 26 November 1977 Contact