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Germany research

  1. 1. A Quality Child Care Program Does Matter Prepared for: Elizabeth Owens, Instructor Prepared by: Corretta Germany August 31, 2010
  2. 2. Table of Contents Abstract………………………………………………………………………………….1 Report………………………………………………………………………………… 2-5 Graphics ……………………………………………………………………………... 6-9 Works Cited Page ..……………………………………………………………………10
  3. 3. Germany1 Abstract “ A Quality Child Care Program Does Matter” Prepared By: Corretta Germany The purpose of the report is to show that a quality child care program does matter. Today many parents are faced with choosing a child care program for their children. Choosing a child care program can be the most important decision that a parent could make. When a good program is chosen it will be beneficial for both the parent and the child. A good program leads to greater success levels among children when they enter into the school systems. Yet, some of us as parents spend more time choosing a car than we do a child care program for our children. Knowing how to choose a quality child care program and what to look for can be overwhelming, but with some time and effort it will be rewarding. The environment should be inviting to both the parent and the child. A safe, secure, stimulating environment is very important for a child’s development. By following these simple steps you can be well on your way choosing the program that your child deserves. First look at the basics, such as compliance issues, and accreditation. Then, take a look at the environment, the environment should be inviting with age appropriate toys, furniture, bright colors, and displays at the child’s eye level. The facility should have an “open door policy” and parents should be encouraged to participate in the child’s progress and daycare experiences. Pay close attention to the child-to-staff ratio, and watch to see if the provider interacts with a warm and responsive way. Ask the caregiver about their discipline techniques. Visit the facility several times prior to placing your child to look for a consistence in caregiver. Finally, take a look at the whole program such as daily activities and the type of curriculum being used. Choosing a quality child care program could lead to long term relationship between the provider and the child. Keywords: quality care, child care, daycare
  4. 4. Germany2 Quality Care Matters What is quality childcare? A quality childcare program can be beneficial to both you and your child. Quality care is measured by many different criteria’s that are very important to your child’s growth and development. When choosing a program, parents should look at the basics such as, licensing regulations and compliance issues. Second, you should assess the environment to see if it is inviting for both you and your child and are there enough age appropriate toys and materials that are in good repair. Third, take a look at family involvement. The program should have an “open door” policy. Fourth, look for staffing issues such as; ratio, turnover rate, discipline techniques, and experience. Lastly, take a look at the program, does it support the whole child theory. Knowing what to look for in a program make it a little easier in choosing the one that is right for your child, but do quality care really matter? It has been reported that child care quality “matters” on many different levels. Children’s daily experiences in a quality environment lead too much happier children. Children that are engaged cognitively in the childcare setting with caregivers that interact with them in a positive manner also appear much happier. Children who attend a quality child care setting which is measured by the caregiver’s behaviors, by physical facilities, by age-appropriate activities, and by the structural and caregiver characteristics often display better social, emotional, cognitive, and language skills than other children that did not receive quality care. The most important thing is quality childcare is the provider. Providers should be caring, attentive and respectful of children’s individual needs. Providers should be open to cultural diversity and accepting to different ethnic backgrounds. Children need
  5. 5. Germany3 providers who will encourage them to use their words in everyday activities, instead of crying or screaming. According to the “Family Childcare Environment Rating Scale,” the provider should be taking opportunities for professional growth by working towards a higher degree, attending trainings and workshops. The provider should make provisions for professional needs by having a well-equipped office space, convenient well-organized storage, and a comfortable space for parent conferences. Thus, saying providers in a quality environment spend more time interacting with the children, while providers in a poor quality program spend more time attending to unoccupied behavior problems. Good staffing ratios is a very important part of a quality childcare program. It is evident that the lower the child to staff ratio is, the higher the quality of care will be. Low ratios lead to more positive interaction between the provider and the individual child. Low ratios can lead to more positive long-term benefits for children. The children in a low ratio environment have better intellectual and social development. Thus, leading to a more independent and confident child. Comprehensive services can contribute to the quality of a program that aids in the overall welfare of the children that are being cared for. The services include: health and nutrition, preventative health care, monitoring of child development, provisions for sick children, consulting with outside specialist for individual child and family needs, advocacy, provisions for children with disabilities, and continual staff growth and development. These services help the provider maintain an enriched environment that each child needs to grow and develop in a positive manner, which intern can lead to good parent relationships that can only help with the quality care that you are providing.
  6. 6. Germany4 Forming good quality relationships between the caregiver and the parent and the caregiver and the child is an essential tool in providing quality care. You should have an “open-door” policy where the parent should feel free to visit the program at all times. A parent should feel free to discuss any concerns that should arise with the caregiver. The parent should feel as equally important in the daily activities of their child so keeping them informed on a daily basis gives them a sense of being involved. A well planned environment that is bright, colorful and inviting to children help them learn and grow. The environment should be designed with the child needs in mind. Furniture and shelves should be child size. Materials should be accessible and displayed on the child’s eye level. Materials should be also developmentally appropriate for children of different age levels. Activities should allow for imaginative play. Offering play opportunities among children enhance their social, emotional, physical, and cognitive development aids in providing a quality child care program. Providers should not choose activities for the children, but give them time to play and explore using materials that enhance their natural curiosity and intellectual development. One key factor in maintaining a quality program is safety in the childcare setting. Children should be supervised at all times. The provider needs to be familiar with the emergency procedures and how to reach the parents in case of emergency. Sanitary procedures and licensing standards must be followed at all times. The childcare setting should have adequate lighting, temperature, ventilation, and noise control. To help maintain a safe environment child care providers should ensure that children follow safety rules and fully understand the reason for such rules.
  7. 7. Germany5 If in the near future you are planning to enroll your child in a daycare program, you probably already know that not all programs are created equal. Many programs offer similar services but not all are of quality. So remember to look for some of the key factors that make a quality program or better yet take along a quality checklist to help guide you in making the right decision. “Quality” should be a high priority in choosing the right childcare program for our children. We as parents need to spend more time investing in quality programs that enhances a child’s social, emotional, cognitive, physical, and intellectual skills; after all we would be investing in our future.
  8. 8. Germany6 Graphics “The environment must be colorful and inviting” “Parent involvement should be encouraged” “Appropriate child-staff ratio”
  9. 9. Germany7 “Providers should have training and experience” “Appropriate discipline techniques should be used” “Caregivers should interact one-on-one”
  10. 10. germany8 “Program Activities” Balance of activities: free play, large and small group activities, outdoor play, active play and curriculum Program should promote diverse ethnic and cultural groups, emotional growth, verbal skills, cognitive ability, and creativity.
  11. 11. Germany9 Work Cited Page Machado, Jeanne. Early Childhood Experiences in Language Arts Early Literacy. 8th ed. Emerita: San Jose City College. 2007 Society for Research in Child Development. "Center-Based Care Yields More Behavior Problems; In Other Types Of Care, Problems Short-Lived." Science Daily 26 March 2007. 20 August 2010 < /releases/2007/03/070326095340.htm>. Clifford, Cryer and Thelma Harms. Family Child Care Environment Rating Scale Revised Edition. New York: NY. 2007 Papalia, Olds, Ruth Feldman. Human Development. 10th ed. New York: New York. 2007