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  • 1. Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Monday, February 10 , 2014 2:00pm Dissertation Proposal Defense th McCracken Hall Dissertation Committee Members Dr. Teresa Franklin, Chair (Ohio University) Dr. Greg Kessler, (Ohio University) Dr. David Moore (Ohio University) Dr. Don Storer (Southern State Community College) Dr. Doug Sturgeon (Shawnee State University) Coby Long, Ph.D. (ABD) Assistant Professor of Teacher Education Southern State Community College 937.393.3431 x2748 clong@sscc.edu
  • 2. Thanks Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 3. Proposal Presentation Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Introduction Literature Review Summary Methodology Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 4. Introduction This research seeks to understand the perception of community college students on utilizing the social networking application Facebook® as a tool in community college courses. Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 5. Introduction Significance Research Questions Scope Delimitations Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 6. Introduction - Significance Social presence of any kind has been found to be a significant predictor of course retention and final grade in the community college online environment. (Liu, Gomez, & Yen, 2009) Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 7. Introduction - Significance Learning management systems continue, except for a few exceptions, to exist as a passive learning space (Hotrum, 2005) Online students have reported rarely using available discussion boards and feel discussion boards do not offer meaningful faculty interaction. The least favorite mode of communication indicated by students was the learning management system discussion board (Bambara, Harbour, Davies, & Athey, 2009) Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) (Lansari, Tubaishat, & Al-Rawi, 2010) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 8. Introduction - Significance Facebook® has not seen itself adequately researched as a viable educational resource yet, even as it emerges as a newer educational structure and overall social networking usage has increased exponentially in the last decade. (Aydin, 2012; Boon, & Sinclair, 2009; Downes, 2007; Karl, & Peluchette, 2011; Ryan, Margo, & Sharp, 2011) The available research of Facebook® shows that the majority of its users are mainly students, especially those in higher education. (Aydin, 2012; Hoover, 2008; Schroeder & Greenbowe, 2009) Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 9. Introduction – Research Questions How do community college students’ perceptions on integrating Facebook® into their online learning environments change during the length of the first semester of integration? What are the differences in how community college undergraduates communicate in out-of-class discussions when using Facebook® and/or Blackboard®? What experiences in using Facebook® or Blackboard® as a discussion tool in outof-class discussions by community college undergraduates influence the development of a preference for one software over the other software? Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 10. Introduction - Scope & Delimitations Students of at least 18 years of age currently taking Teacher Education courses at Southern State Community College (SSCC) Take place during the Spring Semester of the 2013-2014 academic year Courses will both hybrid and online varieties Three interviewing sessions on their perceptions of using Facebook for purposes pertaining to their course work Students will have access to both Facebook and Blackboard for simultaneous usage throughout study. Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 11. Literature Review Summary Social Constructivism Online Learning Learning Management Systems Privacy Social Networking and its Presence in Education Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 12. Literature Review Summary – Social Constructivism The facilitator of the learning plays just as an important role in the learning as the learner. (Vygotsky, 1978) The rate of the development through social constructivism is mostly dictated to the cognitive tools used. (Vygotsky, 1978) Social constructivism can easily be supported by current technologies that utilize the Internet. (Dalsgaard, 2007, Papasergiou, 2005, Weaver et al., 2008) Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 13. Literature Review Summary – Online Learning Online Learning – and the demand for it – continues to grow exponentially (Allen & Seaman, 2006; Bakia et al., 2012; Gautreau, 2011; Wicks, 2010) Instructor presence in online environments is crucial to the success of online learners (Liu, Bonk, Magjuka, Lee, & Su, 2005) Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 14. Literature Review Summary – Learning Management Systems Learning Management Systems (LMS) usage in educational settings have grown as online learning has grown; their utilization and acceptance has shown to have had influence on student motivation, feedback, interaction, and success of educational programs as a whole. (Gautreau, 2011; Pituch & Lee, 2006; Pulford, 2011; Weaver et al., 2008) Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 15. Literature Review Summary – Privacy The notion of privacy and its facets can be lost on those who utilize Facebook® The definition, and even concept, of privacy is difficult to triangulate (Karl, & Peluchette, 2011) Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) (Brin, 1998; Solove, 2004) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 16. Literature Review Summary – Social Networking and its Presence in Education The free time of college students is dominated with communication; this communication involves social networking applications (Hanson et al., 2011) College students were more likely to use Facebook® over more traditional Internet tools like email (Roblyer, McDaniel, Webb, Herman, & Witty, 2010) Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 17. Methodology Participants Courses Involved in the Research Role of the Researcher The Study Data Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 18. Methodology – Participants The participants for this study will be recruited from the group of freshmen and sophomore students currently taking courses in one of three teacher education programs that the researcher is teaching at Southern State Community College in Hillsboro, Ohio Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 19. Methodology – Courses Involved in the Research Families, Communities, and Schools EDUC 2228 Technology in Education EDUC 2234 Individuals with Exceptionalities EDUC 2243 Educational Psychology PSYC 2241 Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 20. Methodology – Role of the Researcher Official instructor of all courses involved in the research. Responsible for facilitation of all course materials to all students both volunteering for the study as well as those students who do not. The researcher will occupy one half of the research partnership by structuring the beginning of the interview while the participant will be partly responsible in dictating the direction of the interview (Cronquist, 2008; Meenawat & Sovacool, 2011; Rubin & Rubin, 2011; Unzueta, 2013) Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 21. Methodology – The Study The study will follow a “Continuous Design” structure, allowing the structure of the research to morph or build (or both) while the researcher gathers more evidence and changes theory during study Also, the study will utilize the Responsive Interviewing technique, which allows for the researcher to begin with initial structure and allow for interviewee responses to dictate remaining direction Credibility will be sought and enhanced through (Rubin & Rubin., 2011, p.62-63) (Cronquist, 2008; Meenawat & Sovacool, 2011; Rubin & Rubin, 2011; Unzueta, 2013) • choosing experienced, knowledgeable, and diverse interviewees • thoroughness of research • accuracy of information • believability • transparency (Rubin & Rubin., 2011) Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 22. Methodology – The Study Process of the Study Thematizing Research Design Interpretive Validity will be sought through participant feedback sharing the researcher’s interpretations of participants’ responses with the participants) Interviewing Analyzing Transcribing low-inference descriptors using many quotations from the interviewees in the results section to better convey to the reader how the participants think and feel about the content being studied (Johnson & Christensen, 2008) Verifying Findings Reporting (Kvale, 2009) Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 23. References Images: Ohio University logo on all slides: http://www.ohio.edu/mediaschool/globalfusion2012/ohio-university-logo.jpg Slide 7: http://cdn.ientry.com/sites/webpronews/pictures/collegesocialmedia_616.jpg Slide 8: http://www.haikulearning.com/ https://moodle.org/ http://www.litmos.com/ http://www.angellearning.com/community/higher_ed.html http://waterfrontonline.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/Bb_newLogo.jpg Slide 9: http://www.aacounty.org/sebin/r/l/transparent-facebook-logoicon.png Slide 12: http://www.marxists.org/archive/vygotsky/images/vygotsky-lev.jpg Slide 14: http://www.omnibuslearning.com/images/screen-omnibus-1.png Slide 15: http://onlyhdwallpapers.com/ Slide 20: http://www.sscc.edu/academics/associate/early-childhoodeducation.shtml Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 24. References Literature: Allen, I. E., & Seaman, J. (2006). Making the grade. Online education in the United States. Retrieved from http://www.assessment.mountainstate.edu/Sloan%20Reports/Sloan%20Survey%202011/Sloa n%20Survey%202011%20Making_the_Grade%5B1%5D.pdf. Aydin, S. (2012). A review of research on Facebook as an educational environment. Education Tech Research Development, 60, 1093–1106. doi:10.1007/s11423-012-9260-7 Bakia, M., Shear, L., Toyama, Y., & Lasseter, A. (2012). Understanding the Implications of Online Learning for Educational Productivity. US Department of Education, Office of Educational Technology. Bambara, C. S., Harbour, C. P., Davies, T. G., & Athey, S. (2009). Delicate Engagement The Lived Experience of Community College Students Enrolled in High-Risk Online Courses. Community College Review, 36(3), 219-238. Boon, S., & Sinclair, C. (2009). A world I don’t inhabit: disquiet and identity in Second Life and Facebook. Educational Media International, 46(2), 99-110. doi:10.1080/09523980902933565 Brin. D. (1998). The transparent society: Will technology force us to choose between privacy and freedom? Reading: Addison-Wesley. Cronquist, B. (2008). The Quest for Intelligence in SME's; Acting on External Information by Development of Internal Practices. In 5th International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning: New York Institute of Technology, New York, USA, 9-10 October 2008 (p. 129). Academic Conferences Limited. Dalsgaard, C. (2006). Social software: E-learning beyond learning management systems. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, 2006(2). Retrieved from http://www.eurodl.org/materials/contrib/2006/Christian_Dalsgaard.htm Downes, S. (2007). Places to go: Facebook. Journal of Online Education, 4(1). Retrieved from http://www.citeulike.org/group/1736/article/1949932 Gautreau, C. (2011). Motivational Factors Affecting the Integration of a Learning Management System by Faculty. Journal of Educators Online, 8(1), n1. Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/EJ917870.pdf Hanson, T. L., Drumheller, K., Mallard, J., McKee, C., & Schlegel, P. (2010). Cell phones, text messaging, and Facebook: competing time demands of today's college students. College Teaching, 59(1), 23-30. doi:10.1080/87567555.2010.489078 Hoover, E. (2008). Colleges Face Tough Sell to Freshmen, Survey Finds. Chronicle of Higher Education, 54(21). Retrieved from http://chronicle.com/ Hotrum, M. (2005). Breaking down the LMS walls. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 6(1). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/viewArticle/212/295 Karl, K. A., & Peluchette, J. V. (2011). “Friending” professors, parents and bosses: A Facebook connection conundrum. Journal of Education for Business, 86(4), 214-222. doi:10.1080/08832323.2010.507638 Kvale, S., & Brinkmann, S. (2009). Interviews: Learning the craft of qualitative research interviewing. Sage Publications, Incorporated. Johnson, B., & Christensen, L. (2012). Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches. Sage. Lansari, A., Tubaishat, A., & Al-Rawi, A. (2010). Using a learning management system to foster independent learning in an outcome-based university: A gulf perspective. Proceedings of Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, 73-87. Retrieved from http://iisit.org/Vol7/IISITv7p073-087Lansari733.pdf Liu, S. Y., Gomez, J., & Yen, C. J. (2009). Community college online course retention and final grade: Predictability of social presence. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 8(2), 165-182. Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 25. References Meenawat, H., & Sovacool, B. K. (2011). Improving adaptive capacity and resilience in Bhutan. Mitigation and adaptation strategies for global change, 16(5), 515-533. Papasergiou, M. (2005). Management systems as tools for the creation of online learning environments: Evaluation from a social constructivist perspective and implications for their design. International Journal on E-Learning, 5(4), 593-622. doi:10.1108/17415651111125478 Pituch, K. A.; Lee, Y. (2006). The influence of system characteristics on e-learning use. Computers & Education, 47, 2, 222-244, doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2004.10.007 Weaver, D., Spratt, C., & Nair, C. S. (2008). Academic and student use of a learning management system: Implications for quality. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 24(1), 30-41. Retrieved from http://www.ascilite.org.au/ajet/ajet24/weaver.html Wicks, M. (2010). A national primer on k-12 online learning. International association for K-12 online learning. Vygotsky, L.S. (1978). Mind in Society. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Pulford, B. D. (2011). The influence of advice in a virtual learning environment. British Journal of Educational Technology, 42(1), 31-39. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2009.00995.x Rubin, H. J., & Rubin, I. S. (2011). Qualitative interviewing: The art of hearing data. Sage. Ryan, S. D., Magro, M. J., & Sharp, J. H. (2011). Exploring educational and cultural adaptation through social networking sites. Journal of Information Technology Education, 10, 1-16. Retrieved from http://jite.informingscience.org/documents/Vol10/JITEv10IIPp001016Ryan883.pdf Roblyer, M. D., McDaniel, M., Webb, M., Herman, J., & Witty, J. V. (2010). Findings on Facebook in higher education: A comparison of college faculty and student uses and perceptions of social networking sites. The Internet and Higher Education, 13(3), 134-140. doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2010.03.002 Schroeder, J., & Greenbowe, T. (2009). The chemistry of Facebook: using social networking to create an online community for the organic chemistry laboratory. Innovate: Journal of Online Education, 5(4). Retrieved from http://gator.uhd.edu/~williams/AT/ChemOfFB.htm Solove, D. (2004). The digital person: Technology and privacy in the digital age. New York: New York University Press. Unzueta, C. H. (2013). “Like a Family”: Perspectives of Doctoral Students from Traditionally Under-represented Populations on Cohorts. Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,
  • 26. Thank You Resisting the Blackboard: Investigating Facebook as an Online Discussion Option for Community College Students Ph.D. (ABD) Dissertation Proposal Defense 2.10.14 Coby Long,