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Lesson 1 what is consciousness

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  • 1. States of ConsciousnessSunday, 22 January 2012
  • 2. Outcomes (What you need to know and be able to do) Explain the term ‘consciousness’? Explain consciousness as a psychological construct Briefly describe the work of Rene Descartes and William James Sunday, 22 January 2012
  • 3. Sunday, 22 January 2012
  • 4. Are you conscious?Sunday, 22 January 2012
  • 5. Are you conscious? How do you know?Sunday, 22 January 2012
  • 6. For the next 5 min you are to write every thought that pops into you head.Sunday, 22 January 2012
  • 7. For the next 5 min you are to write every thought that pops into you head. Consciousness is – personal, selective, continuous and changingSunday, 22 January 2012
  • 8. Consciousness refers to the awareness of one’s own existence and mental activities (including thoughts, sensations, and feelings) and of objects and events in the external world.Sunday, 22 January 2012
  • 9. William James How is human consciousness like a streamSunday, 22 January 2012
  • 10. William James Consciousness includes everything we are aware of, including our own existence. It is like a stream, i.e constant flow of images, sensations and thoughts, etc. Consciousness is continuallychanging, personal and selective It has an evolutionary-based role that enhances our ability to adapt to the environment.Sunday, 22 January 2012
  • 11. Rene Descartes Consciousness includes everything we are aware of, including our own Thinking provides evidence of existence (but our senses can’t be our consciousness and trusted, so we need to rely on knowledge of our own thinking). existence, e.g. ‘I think, therefore I am’. Consciousness is of the mind (i.e. ‘soul’) and can exist in the body as it does not take up space. The mind (non-physical) and body (physical) are separate and different things but interact via the pineal gland in the brain (dualism)Sunday, 22 January 2012
  • 12. RECAPSunday, 22 January 2012