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Indigenous Voices in Asia (IVA) project background
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  • 1. Indigenous Voices in Asia (IVA) project background: discussion on research reports by UNDP and UNESCO Facilitated by Cobi Smith, Australian Youth Ambassador for Development, Australian Volunteers for International Development New Media and Communications Development, AIPP Research and Communications Development Programme At the IVA workshop for networking and developing a regional a regional indigenous media strategy, on Monday 15 July 2013 in Bangkok. Slides from this discussion are available for reference online at: www.slideshare.net/cobismith/IVAsiabackground
  • 2. 2012 Report released last year (2012)
  • 3. “access to information and communication avenues have an empowering element, and play a significant role in strengthening democratic governance, making it more inclusive, responsive and accountable.” United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p1
  • 4. “UNDP’s Indigenous Voices initiative focuses on how media environments and communication interventions can empower indigenous peoples by enhancing inclusive participation, voice and governance accountability on indigenous issues.” United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p4
  • 5. “regional and national interventions to increase the participation of indigenous peoples in decisions affecting them.” United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p1
  • 6. “The Indigenous Voices initiative is based on the premise that some of the most serious problems faced by new and fragile democratic systems are social exclusion and the low participation of poor and vulnerable groups. In Asia-Pacific, a significant percentage of the poor and vulnerable are indigenous peoples.” United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p4
  • 7. “Factors that hinder their inclusion and participation include a lack of information and inadequate communication channels for them to express their perspectives and influence public opinion. Indigenous peoples often have limited awareness of how to exercise their rights, communicate their grievances and participate in public debates.” United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p4
  • 8. Communication for Empowerment (C4E) assessments 2009-2011 in five countries
  • 9. Framework for Communication for Empowerment (C4E) assessments in five countries United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p10
  • 10. Media Development Indicators devised by the International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) at the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p1
  • 11. http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/resources/publications-and-communication- materials/publications/full-list/media-development-indicators-a-framework-for-assessing-media-development/
  • 12. Media Development Indicators are in five categories: CATEGORY 1: A system of regulation conducive to freedom of expression, pluralism and diversity of the media CATEGORY 2: plurality and diversity of media, a level economic playing field and transparency of ownership CATEGORY 3: media as a platform for democratic discourse CATEGORY 4: professional capacity building and supporting institutions that underpins freedom of expression, pluralism and diversity CATEGORY 5: infrastructural capacity is sufficient to support independent and pluralistic media United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 2008, Media Development Indicators: A framework for assessing media development , p11
  • 13. 2012 Report released last year (2012)
  • 14. Research covered: • freedom of expression • freedom of information • safety of journalists • community media • digital communication • information and communication technology (ICT) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p1
  • 15. Recommendations included: • piloting or expanding indigenous media initiatives • improving media literacy • sharing experiences through skills exchanges • building capacities in media production • using new media platforms United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p1
  • 16. Article 16 1. Indigenous peoples have the right to establish their own media in their own languages and to have access to all forms of non-indigenous media without discrimination. 2. States shall take effective measures to ensure that State-owned media duly reflect indigenous cultural diversity. States, without prejudice to ensuring full freedom of expression, should encourage privately owned media to adequately reflect indigenous cultural diversity.
  • 17. The media – both traditional forms as well as new digital media channels – have so far failed to fully support the inclusive participation of indigenous peoples, both in terms of diversity in their staffs and in the content they produce. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p4
  • 18. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p11
  • 19. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p11
  • 20. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p11-12
  • 21. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p12
  • 22. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p10
  • 23. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre 2012, Indigenous Voices in Asia-Pacific: Identifying the Information and Communication Needs of Indigenous Peoples, p13