Scale Cloud across Enterprise
 

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In this session, Chris Haddad will describe where your Cloud application strategy may encounter challenges, when to migrate applications to the Cloud, and how to scale cloud strategy and cloud tactics across the organization.

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  • In this session, Chris Haddad will describe where your Cloud application strategy may encounter challenges, when to migrate applications to the Cloud, and how to scale cloud strategy and cloud tactics across the organization.45 minute version
  • http://www.webstockpro.com/UpperCut-RF/tre02014.Ice-hockey-player-skating-Photo/
  • eTrade: API, consumers must submit application for code review* compliance focus * *automation* enables long tail *Cloud is a game changing enabler use cases
  • What is It that customers want and how might it construct a new business model or even an ecosystem of partnerships and external relationships to provide that new value to them?Value creation via certain business processes and activities ( also refered to as value network, value chain, etc.) and a revenue model for value captureCreate value: processes/activities , resources/assetsCapture value: cost, financial aspect, profitValue network: suppliers, customer information, customer relationships, information flows, product/service flowsStrategic choices: customer (target market / scope), value proposition, capabilities/competencies, revenue/pricing, competitors, output (offering), strategy, branding, differentiation, missionSOURCE: Shafer et al, 2005, p.202Infrastructure: Partners, key activities, key resourcesOffering: value propositionCustomer interface: relationships, customers, distribution and acquisition channelsFinance: cost/structure, revenue stream / pricingSource: adapted from Osterwalder & Pigneur 2009
  • http://www.webstockpro.com/UpperCut-RF/tre02014.Ice-hockey-player-skating-Photo/
  • eTrade: API, consumers must submit application for code review* compliance focus * *automation* enables long tail *Cloud is a game changing enabler use cases
  • http://www.webstockpro.com/UpperCut-RF/tre02014.Ice-hockey-player-skating-Photo/
  • Apply DevOps activities across software development life-cycle phases (i.e. design, develop, test, build, deploy, manage). Teams use DevOps tools and processes to manage application construction and maintenance tasks. Iterative, incremental, continuous, automated, self-service
  • Message: win for developers - simplifies the developer experience during build processeTrade: API, consumers must submit application for code review* compliance focus * *automation* enables long tail *Cloud is a game changing enabler use cases
  • Workflow – bps and brsGovernance and compliance – wso2 registryDevelopment dashboard – BAM, Jaggery
  • Some solution architects find Cloud characteristics and supporting PaaS attributes too abstract and infrastructure focused. Architects may be more interested in delivering measurable business value, shielding IT personnel from complex dependencies, and deliver a productive development and operations (i.e. DevOps) environment. The following PaaS capabilities (See Figure 4) are used to achieve these objectives:DevOps ToolingAutomated GovernanceService Level ManagementConsumption based pricing Figure 4: Platform as a Service (PaaS) Capabilities and supporting practices DevOps ToolingDevOps tooling creates an environment fostering collaboration between development and operations team members. Practice and tooling enable teams to implement self-service configuration, automated provisioning, policy configuration, and process automation practices which bridge the design, build, deploy, and manage phases within the software development life-cycle. By integrating DevOps tooling with on-demand resource instances, teams can reduce time to market and increase agility. Automated GovernanceGovernance is a practice, which defines policies, people, and processes. Effective governance mitigates risks, improves performance, and facilitates correct actions. Automated governance enables application and infrastructure services to efficiently scale across numerous consumers and providers while effectively monetizing, maintaining, and securing assets and consumer-provider interactions. By publishing a service catalogue offering tiered levels of service, teams can promote standard offerings that meet customer requirements. By streamlining access and approval, automated governance encourages customers to choose standard offerings and reduce cost. Scaling a Cloud environment while right-sizing available capacity is non-trivial, and the infrastructure must support demand management and capacity management activities. When organizations move beyond their first Cloud service release, automated lifecycle management becomes a predominant concern. To effectively manage the service lifecycle, the infrastructure must report on service versions, subscribed consumers, and usage trends. In the run-time environment, an infrastructure authority component makes resource allocation decisions, which are enforced by service level management components. Service Level ManagementService level management enforces governance policies. PaaS infrastructure should integrate service level management activities throughout the solution stack (i.e. network, processing, storage, managed code container, application platform engines, and application logic). Resource monitoring, resource management, performance management, and traffic orchestration must monitor, manage, and optimize machine node instances, message routing, application service location, tenant security, and session state. Intelligent service level management on Cloud native PaaS infrastructure has the ability to raise infrastructure utilization while maintaining quality of service. Consumption Based PricingToday, cloud consumption based pricing reflects IT asset monetization (e.g. machine instance per hour, network I/O, storage bytes). However, business users don’t really care how many instances are running in the Cloud. Business users care about business entities, business activity performance, and associated cost. Table 1 below illustrates various pricing units. For example, the number of market leads generated by a marketing piece, or cost to process an insurance policy. Decoupling metering and billing from IT assets and shifting the reporting model to focus on business activity and holistic IT cost will positively change the IT investment conversation. Coupling multi-tenant metering and billing with business activity monitoring and reporting will facilitate the shift. “Cloud consumers of PaaS can employ the tools and execution resources provided by cloud providers to develop, test, deploy and manage the applications hosted in a cloud environment. PaaS consumers can be application developers who design and implement application software, application testers who run and test applications in cloud-based environments, application deployers who publish applications into the cloud, and application administrators who configure and monitor application performance on a platform. PaaS consumers can be billed according to, processing, database storage and network resources consumed by the PaaS application, and the duration of the platform usage.”Source: http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-cloud-computing/pub/CloudComputing/ReferenceArchitectureTaxonomy/NIST_SP_500-292_-_090611.pdf“For PaaS, the Cloud Provider manages the computing infrastructure for the platform and runs the cloud software that provides the components of the platform, such as runtime software execution stack, databases, and other middleware components. The PaaS Cloud Provider typically also supports the development, deployment and management process of the PaaS Cloud Consumer by providing tools such as integrated development environments (IDEs), development version of cloud software, software development kits (SDKs), deployment and management tools. The PaaS Cloud Consumer has control over the applications and possibly some the hosting environment settings, but has no or limited access to the infrastructure underlying the platform such as network, servers, operating systems (OS), or storage.”Source: http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-cloud-computing/pub/CloudComputing/ReferenceArchitectureTaxonomy/NIST_SP_500-292_-_090611.pdf
  • The Asset/Code deployer will provision tenant specific applications, services, and business process The artifacts are deployed into one or more containersContainers are partitioned based on ability to isolate and share resourcesSingle tenant containers dedicate one or more containers for exclusive use by an application tenant (during a period of time)Cloud Native, Multi-tenant containers share containers across multiple simultaneous application tenants
  • http://www.webstockpro.com/UpperCut-RF/tre02014.Ice-hockey-player-skating-Photo/
  • A Platform as a Service offering should promote deploying applications onto a flexible, distributed topology. To maximize Cloud characteristics, a PaaS should facilitate scaling way out (e.g. across cloud zones, data centers) and automatically distribute fine-grained service component resources. Figure 6 presents a logical view of a cloud application executing across a distributed topology. The Integration Services PaaS service component is used to connect application service components and external cloud services by message passing, not function invocation. Integration services commonly include a Enterprise Service Bus (ESB), service governance registry, service gateways, and message brokers. Figure 6: Cloudy Topology
  • Tenant = application
  • Service-level partitions are more efficientAll solutions deployed within a single partitionAll tenants deployed within a single partition
  • http://giffconstable.com/2009/11/freemium-business-model-template/
  • To perform an activityTo build and deploy solution
  • Agreeing on a strategic goal and gaining stakeholder buy-in is only the first step. Teams should define key metrics, baseline current performance, and create a quick start project plan to prove PaaS benefits. Metrics can be divided into foundational, optimal, and transformational categories. A few example metrics to consider are: FoundationTime to create new application environmentTime to redeploy applicationOptimizeMinimum and maximum scale Scale frequency (i.e. time to scale up/down)TransformationTime and effort required integrating business process, event processor – creating a complex app.Time and effort required to apply policy across tenant(s)Cost to operate application per user or transaction
  • In today’s IT environment, demonstrating tangible improvement is often illusive. Rather than simply stating a goal, randomly selecting a PaaS provider, installing an application on the PaaS, and declaring success, your team has an opportunity to demonstrate and prove how PaaS capabilities can improve agility, efficiency, or platform economics. Your team should correlate quick start demonstration use cases with PaaS capabilities and key metrics. The following listing details a sample plan:
  • DevOps Tooling and On-demand self-serviceUse CasesRapidly provision application environmentRapidly provision application tenantAllocate, provision, monitor, manage, and administer resources across multiple tenants, nodes, and locationsDevelop complex, composite integrated applicationsKey metricsTime to create new application environmentTime to redeploy application
  • Automated GovernanceUse CasesCreate users and configure rightsDeploy on preferred topology that meets deterministic performance requirements (e.g., replication, utilization, latency, bandwidth, and coherency)Create service throttling and security governance (XACML) policiesKey MetricsTime and effort required integrating business process, event processor – creating a complex app.Time and effort required to apply policy across tenant(s)
  • Service level management and elastic scaleUse casesEnsure application satisfies consumer demand while maximizing resource utilizationScale workload processing and increase performance while minimizing infrastructure spendLoad test application serviceDemonstrate multi-tenant web applicationKey MetricsMinimum and maximum scale Scale frequency (i.e. time to scale up/down)

Scale Cloud across Enterprise Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Scale Cloud Across the Enterprise Chris Haddad Vice President, Technology Evangelism Follow me on Twitter @cobiacommRead architecture guidance at http://blog.cobia.net/cobiacomm
  • 2. Skate towards the puckBusiness Value Best Practice Adoption Process Repeatability Fast time to value
  • 3. Cloud Business Value For Development Teams • Lower development barriers • Lower adoption barriers 3
  • 4. Best Practice Adoption and Process Repeatability• Cost-effective, development, collaboration, and deployment infrastructure enabling a long tail of application development• A shared environment for cross-organization application development and delivery• Infrastructure enabling user experience composition across multiple disparate application providers
  • 5. Fast Time to Value – Increase Agility• Rapidly adapt and fulfill new market demand• Reduce time to introduce new services, applications, and products into long tail market(s)
  • 6. Enterprise Architecture Business Model Challenges• Unable to cost-effectively support long tail of application delivery• Lack of metrics and baseline measurements• Limited ability to influence adoption• High friction and interaction cost when building cross-team business processes• Inability to capitalize on business opportunities due to long IT solution lead times12/9/2012 6
  • 7. Cloud Business Value Blockers • Silo owners • Adoption curve • Trust barrier • Unknown baseline • Funding modelSource: http://blog.industryweapon.com/2010/01/beware-of-the-business-blocker/
  • 8. To succeed and scale Cloud – Build a Digital Ecosystem Platform Your Core Business Capability Your Digital 3rd Party Business Partners Ecosystem Digital EcosystemPersonalized SaaS DevOps Forge Solution and Governance App Store Cloud Deployment 8
  • 9. New Enterprise Architecture Approach• Self-organization • Crowdsourcing – source apps and capabilities from crowd • Dynamic distribution channels and fluid connections• Adaptation and evolution • Local autonomy leading to unforeseen ecosystem partner extensions • Spontaneous selection and aggregation across services and solutions• Low interaction cost • Frictionless information flow • Enables cost effectively serving a smaller, niche audience12/9/2012 9
  • 10. Recommendations from the CoachBusiness Value Best Practice Adoption Process Repeatability Fast time to value
  • 11. Cloud Business Value For Development Teams • Lower development barriers • Provide on-demand Application Development project infrastructure and run-time environments • Catalogue of re-usable open APIs, cloud services, and domain frameworks • Lower adoption barriers • On-demand web application and Cloud API subscriptions via a self-service provisioning portal • Establish searchable registry of app, service, api, and data descriptors • Reliable, available, and scalable solutions 11
  • 12. Best Practice Adoption and Process Repeatability• Cost-effective, development, collaboration, and deployment infrastructure enabling a long tail of application development • Architecture templates and application platform services• A shared environment for cross-organization application development and delivery • Governed, iterative lifecycle management across hybrid clouds and composite applications • IT Business performance metrics and analytics• Infrastructure enabling user experience composition across multiple disparate application providers
  • 13. Fast Time to Value with On-demand Contextual Personalization• Increase agility • Rapidly adapt and fulfill new market demand • Reduce time to introduce new services, applications, and products into long tail market(s)• On-demand Contextual Personalization • Information access and social network access privileges • Information aggregation and composition • Business processes and rules • Service levels, Quality of Service, and monetization rates • Security policies
  • 14. Fast path to goals!Cloud DevOps Factory Platform as a Service API Management Business Activity Dashboards
  • 15. Embrace DevOps Processes• Self-service configuration• Automated provisioning• Continuous build• Continuous integration• Continuous delivery• Automated release management• Incremental testing
  • 16. Scale best practices with Cloud Factories Cloud Factories Development Forges Application Lifecycle Management Integrated (ALM) Development Environments (IDE) Command Line Compilers and Linkers Time 2012+12/9/2012 16
  • 17. What is a Cloud Factory?A Cloud-based, automated, DevOps approach to agile applicationdesign, development, delivery, and visibility • Simplifies the developer experience • On-demand self service and Cloud provisioning • Continuous build, continuous integration, continuous test, and continuous delivery • Governed, iterative lifecycle management across hybrid clouds and composite applications • Architecture templates and application platform services • IT Business performance metrics and analytics • Builds a Digital Business Ecosystem • Enable a long tail of application development • Fosters cross-organization development collaboration
  • 18. Open Source DevOps, Agile, and Cloud Tooling Project and Team Management Software Continuous development Deployment workflow Governance Test and Automation Compliance Continuous Development Integration Dashboards Continuous Develop Build Code12/9/2012 Source Issue 18 Control Tracking
  • 19. Platform as a Service Capabilities• Self service • Service catalogue configuration • Service tiers• Automated provisioning • Demand and capacity• Policy configuration management• Process automation • Lifecycle management • Infrastructure Authority integration Dev Ops Automated Tooling Governance Consumption Service Level based Management Funding• Metering • Resource monitoring• Reporting • Resource management• Billing • Performance management • Traffic orchestration
  • 20. Cloud-aware Reference ArchitectureCloud Platform Platform as a Service Run-time Framework (i.e. WSO2 Cloud Stratos, Cloud Foundry, RedHat OpenShift)Management Service-aware, tenant-aware Elastic Load Balancer PaaS Manager Stratos Controller Cloud Native Container(s) Cloud Asset/Code Deployer TenantGovernance Tenant (n) 1 Identity Asset/Code Synchronizer Application PlatformManagement Services (web server, Metering and Billing database, ESB) Asset Repositories and Registries(tenant code, Infrastructure as a Service service endpoints, meta-data, (AWS, Eucalyptus, configuration, policies) OpenStack, CloudStack)
  • 21. Platform as a Service Reference ArchitectureaPaaSiPaaS Carbon Any Carbon ESB Other Carbon PHP App Server Pluggable Cartridge Cartridges Cartridge Cartridge Cartridge Relational Column File Task Message Logging Security Registry Billing Data Storage Storage Mgmt Service Service Service Service ServiceFoundation Service Service Service Service PaaS Stratos Controller Elastic Cloud Artefact Deployment Management Load Load Controller/ Distribution Synchroniser Autoscaler Controller Console Monitor Balancer IaaS Infrastructure Cloud (EC2, vmWare, Rackspace, OpenStack, Eucalyptus, etc)
  • 22. Cloud API promotion, exploration, subscription, and collaboration
  • 23. On-demand self-service accessto approved Cloud Services and APIs
  • 24. Explore Cloud Services and APIs
  • 25. Business Activity DashboardsTODO
  • 26. Business Activity Monitoring
  • 27. Cloud Strategy Goals1. Decrease solution provisioning time2. Right-size infrastructure, improve resiliency, and enhance Quality of Service (QoS)3. Accelerate software development iterations4. Share across multiple users and groups5. Integrate and bridge heterogeneous Cloud environments6. Optimize Cloud footprint and lower application cost
  • 28. Cloud Characteristic Roadmap CloudOn-demand Consumption Elastic Scalability Resource PoolingSelf-service based Funding Multi-tenancy Provisioning Usage Policies Portfolio Models Service Activity Metering and Federation Catalogue Monitoring Billing
  • 29. 7 +/- 2 Objectives 1. Engage stakeholders in a collaborative development workspace 2. Promote best practice workflow, architecture, and governance practices 3. Deploy applications into a Cloud run- time environment 4. On-demand application subscriptions via a self-service provisioning portal 5. Share applications across multiple tenants (e.g. departments, workgroups, employees, partners) 6. Scale run-time to meet usage 7. Deploy Open APIs 8. Encourage API adoption via API Store 9. Track business activity and analyze Cloud service usage, performance, and cost 29
  • 30. Sharing Business Capabilities at Scale Business Functional Proces Presentation Business and Mashups Role Process Presentation Functional Business Role Business Role Functional Process Presentation Process and and Mashups Role Business Presentation Functional code Rules and MashupsClient Tier Resource Integration Services Tier Resource Services Resource Services Integration Services Public Cloud Services Private Applications
  • 31. Scaling through API composition Composite Mobile Infrastructure as a Application Application Service (IaaS)SaaS Application Cloud API Web Endpoint application Endpoint Integration Services Business Service Portfolio Application Portfolio Presentation Hybrid Services Platform Business Process and Functional Services Rules Services Services Resources Services Integration Services
  • 32. Scaling across Regions and Zones Multiple IaaS (hybrid) DeploymentHIGHEST Zone 1 Private cloud (data center) Zone 2 Zone 1 Zone 2 Amazon EC2 Zone 1 Availability Cost Zone 2LOWEST Rackspace Cloud 32
  • 33. Single Node Primary-Secondary, single LB Primary-Secondary, with multiple LBs at a cost Multi-node active cluster - Single zone Multi-zone Multi-region Multi-IaaS Cloud Scale = High Availability33
  • 34. Scaling Best PracticesNew-Normal Cloud architecture practices• Distributed and federated interactions • Event based, heterogeneous systems, network latency• Configurable containers and engines • Declarative data, rules, and process definitions• De-normalized and simplified data models • Hadoop/BigTable, Hypertext media, simple NoSQL entities• Expect failure • Systems span transactional control• Applications decomposed into distinct services • Federated environment drives autonomy, statelessness, and composition
  • 35. Mission-critical Cloud requires new architecture components Availability Scalability ManagementState replication Tenant partitioning Management nodes Private jet modeSession replication Ghost deployment Logging infrastructureMultiple load BAM 2.0 architecture Deploymentbalancers with synchronizationkeepalived or DNS RR Auto-scaling Elastic Load Balancer
  • 36. Tenant-awareness impacts Cloud Scaling
  • 37. Tenant Scaling Method Impacts Value PropositionSingle Application Tenant per Multiple Application Tenants per Shared Application PlatformDedicated Application Server Service Container Container
  • 38. Cloud Topology and ValueFive (5) Container Instances, Three Tenants Tenant Application Solution Traffic Tenant- Tenant- Tenant- Tenant Partition 1 2 3 Container AS-1 ESB-1 AS-2 ESB-2 ESB-3 Tenant- Tenant- Tenant- Tenant- Tenant- Tenant Context 1 1 2 2 3
  • 39. Cloud Topology and ValueThree (3) Container Instances, Three Tenants Tenant Application Solution Traffic Web Service Partition ESB Application Container ESB-1 ESB-2 AS-1 Tenant Context Tenant-1 Tenant-3 Tenant-2 Tenant-1 Tenant-2
  • 40. Scaling a Cloud Business Measuring Revenue versus CostSource: http://giffconstable.com/2009/11/freemium-business-model-template/
  • 41. Scale Strategy and Tactics• Gain Credibility • Demonstrate improved resiliency and QoS• Converge teams • Offer standard shared application platform services • Establish and promote the service catalogue• Be inclusive • Support multiple development languages, environments, and use cases • Lower barriers to entry (e.g. financial, tooling, skills)
  • 42. 7 +/- 2 Objectives 1. Engage stakeholders in a collaborative development workspace 2. Promote best practice workflow, architecture, and governance practices 3. Deploy applications into a Cloud run- time environment 4. On-demand application subscriptions via a self-service provisioning portal 5. Share applications across multiple tenants (e.g. departments, workgroups, employees, partners) 6. Scale run-time to meet usage 7. Deploy Open APIs 8. Encourage API adoption via API Store 9. Track business activity and analyze Cloud service usage, performance, and cost 42
  • 43. Questions? http://www.flickr.com/photos/oberazzi/ 43
  • 44. Measuring Value • Time • Cost • Resources
  • 45. Key MetricsFoundation Time to create new application environment Time to redeploy application• Optimize Minimum and maximum scale Scale frequency (i.e. time to scale up/down)• Transformation Time and effort required integrating business process, event processor – creating a complex app. Time and effort required to apply policy across tenant(s) Cost to operate application per user or transaction
  • 46. What is your value baseline?
  • 47. Quick Start Use Cases1. DevOps Tooling and On-demand self- service2. Automated Governance3. Service level management and elastic scale4. Consumption based pricing and billing
  • 48. Quick Start Use CasesDevOps Tooling and On-demand self-service• Use Cases • Rapidly provision application environment • Rapidly provision application tenant • Allocate, provision, monitor, manage, and administer resources across multiple tenants, nodes, and locations • Develop complex, composite integrated applications• Key metrics • Time to create new application environment • Time to redeploy application
  • 49. Quick Start Use CasesAutomated Governance• Use Cases • Create users and configure rights • Deploy on preferred topology that meets deterministic performance requirements (e.g., replication, utilization, latency, bandwidth, and coherency) • Create service throttling and security governance (XACML) policies• Key Metrics • Time and effort required integrating business process, event processor – creating a complex app. • Time and effort required to apply policy across tenant(s)
  • 50. Quick Start Use CasesService level management and elastic scale• Use cases • Ensure application satisfies consumer demand while maximizing resource utilization • Scale workload processing and increase performance while minimizing infrastructure spend • Load test application service • Demonstrate multi-tenant web application• Key Metrics • Minimum and maximum scale • Scale frequency (i.e. time to scale up/down)
  • 51. Quick Start Use CasesConsumption based pricing and billing• Use cases • View service logs • View bill by business value• Key Metric • Cost to operate application per user or transaction