3.1 Treatment Options for Bed Bugs and Resident Preparation

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4th Annual Bed Bug Summit sponsored by the Central Ohio Bed Bug Task Force

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3.1 Treatment Options for Bed Bugs and Resident Preparation

  1. 1. ..and so does Ohio and the rest of the U.S. too! Source: Bedbug Registry
  2. 2. Dr. Michael Potter, Urban Entomologist, Univ. of Kentucky, 2006 “ Bed bugs will be the pest of the 21 st century, no question about it” “… ..a formidable pest”
  3. 3. “ Bed bugs will be the pest of the 21 st century, no question about it” “… ..a formidable pest” It is much easier to talk about bed bugs than it is to kill them. are
  4. 4. Why are they so hard to kill?
  5. 5. Why are they so hard to kill? <ul><li>Small size and shape </li></ul><ul><li>Active mainly at night </li></ul><ul><li>High reproductive potential </li></ul><ul><li>Bed bug eggs are difficult to find </li></ul><ul><li>Very adaptable </li></ul><ul><li>Survive without feeding </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid chemical deposits </li></ul><ul><li>Resistant to commonly used pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>and ……. </li></ul>
  6. 6. CLUTTER ! Why are they so hard to kill?
  7. 7. Clutter: The abundance and often times disorganized accumulation of personal possessions in a home or apartment. Why are they so hard to kill?
  8. 8. Clutter “ stuff” packed in bags and boxes
  9. 9. Clutter “ stuff” strewn on the floor
  10. 10. Clutter “ stuff” jammed in closets or under beds
  11. 11. Clutter too much “stuff” in bedrooms
  12. 12. Clutter “ stuff” stacked everywhere in an apartment or home
  13. 13. Under Carpeting and Behind Tack Strip Some more Nightmare situations
  14. 14. Some more Nightmare situations Baseboard heating
  15. 15. Some more Nightmare situations Baseboard heating
  16. 16. closet shelves packed with “stuff” more Nightmares
  17. 17. more Nightmares
  18. 18. Wall Mounted Thermostat Smoke Detector more Nightmares
  19. 19. more Nightmares clustered on the corner of the wall and ceiling
  20. 20. Closets Bed bugs are inside the plastic dry cleaner bags more Nightmares
  21. 21. more Nightmares hidden on an infrequently used ironing board
  22. 22. Look here Typical computer carrying case or book bag We carry bed bugs around on our stuff
  23. 24. We transport bed bugs
  24. 25. We transport bed bugs
  25. 26. How do you kill them? 1. Conventional Treatments  chemical materials  mechanical methods 2. Heat Treatments 3. Fumigation
  26. 27. Conventional Treatment Methods Chemical Pesticides Liquids, Dusts, Pressurized Sprays, Mechanical Methods Steam Vacuum Cold Encasements Traps & Interceptors
  27. 28. Chemical Pesticides Liquids, Dusts, Pressurized Sprays, Liquids Suspend Demand CS Onslaught Tempo Temprid Phantom Sterifab Gentrol Exciter Kicker Prelude Dusts Drione Diatomaceous Earth Alpine Delta Dust Tempo Dust Pressurized Bedlam Phantom Pressurized Tri-Die D-Force HPX CB-80 Impregnated Strips NuVan ProZap Hot Shot Disclaimer: Brand names shown for reference purposes only. Always read and follow the directions on the label before using any pesticide product!
  28. 29. Chemical Pesticides Liquids, Dusts, Pressurized Sprays “ Pesticide resistance and limited control choices make treatment even more difficult. Some bed bug populations are resistant to almost all pesticides registered to treat them.” “a pest of significant public health importance” joint statement - 2010
  29. 30. Chemical Pesticides Liquids, Dusts, Pressurized Sprays There Is No Silver or Magic Bullet We do the best with what we have to use.
  30. 31. Chemical Pesticides ** Liquids, Dusts, Pressurized Sprays **always read and follow the directions on the label
  31. 32. Chemical Pesticides: Liquids, Dusts, Pressurized Sprays,
  32. 33. Chemical Pesticides: Liquids, Dusts, Pressurized Sprays,
  33. 34. Vacuuming
  34. 35. Steaming
  35. 36. Steaming
  36. 37. Cold Treatment instantly freezes and kills bed bugs and eggs
  37. 38. Encasements ( for mattress and box spring ) Must be certified “bed bug proof”
  38. 39. Encasements ( for mattress and box spring ) Must be certified “bed bug proof”
  39. 40. Traps and Interceptors - passive Climb-Up ™ Interceptor Catchmaster ® Bed Bug Sticky Trap Bed Bug Detector Trap Insect Monitor
  40. 41. Traps and Interceptors - passive Climb-Up™ Interceptor
  41. 42. Traps and Interceptors - passive Climb-Up™ Interceptor
  42. 43. Traps and Interceptors - active “ homemade” trap NightWatch ™ Trap
  43. 46. Heat Treatment Apartment, Motel Room, or Whole House from the outside from the inside +120 ° F for several hours
  44. 47. Heat Treat This! 537
  45. 48. Or This! 813
  46. 49. Containerized or Small Volume Heat Treatment Heat Treatment 8 ft x 8 ft x 4 ft Ideal for: Furniture, Clothing, Clutter, Sensitive Objects +120 ° F for several hours
  47. 50. Heat Treatment 8 ft wide x 7 ft high Containerized or Small Volume Heat Treatment Portable Thermal Chamber +120º F for several hours
  48. 51. Portable Bed Bug Heat Killing Unit 36”L x 19”W x 24”H Containerized or Small Volume Heat Treatment Heat Treatment Ideal for: suitcases, stuffed animals, shoes, books, pictures, papers, magazines, etc.
  49. 52. Heat Treatment Containerized or Small Volume Heat Treatment +120º F for several hours 30 minutes in a hot dryer kills all stages of bed bugs
  50. 53. pesticide impregnated resin strip – “acts” like a fumigant Resin Strip – Small Container Treatment Nuvan® Pro Strip* * labeled for use by pest management professionals Items remain in container for at least 2 days Ideal for: books, papers, shoes, electronics, etc. plastic container, snap on lid
  51. 54. Fumigation Whole House, Building or Large Containers inject poisonous gas
  52. 55. Chemical Pesticides Steam Furniture Reduce Clutter Heat Treatment Mattress Covers Fumigation What Works The Best? Vacuum Bedding Traps
  53. 56. An Integrated Approach Chemical Pesticides Steam Furniture Reduce Clutter Heat Treatment Mattress Covers Fumigation What Works The Best? Vacuum Bedding Traps
  54. 57. An Integrated Approach What Works The Best? 1. Cooperation These Three Things 2. Cooperation 3. Cooperation
  55. 58. What Works The Best? Cooperation Management PMP Resident
  56. 59. <ul><li>Pest Professional </li></ul><ul><li>Have a plan </li></ul><ul><li>Written instructions for resident </li></ul><ul><li>Follow through as promised </li></ul><ul><li>Document findings </li></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><li>Educate staff </li></ul><ul><li>Educate residents </li></ul><ul><li>Provide assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Enforce provisions of the lease </li></ul><ul><li>Resident </li></ul><ul><li>Report signs of infestation early </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare as instructed </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce clutter </li></ul>Cooperation
  57. 60. What About Do-It-Yourself Products? More than a 4 unit dwelling? Need a pesticide applicator license ODA Rule
  58. 61. NEVER USE “BUG BOMBS”!! Aerosol bombs won’t get rid of your bed bugs and may cause bed bugs to spread to other rooms and other apartments. What About Do-It-Yourself Products?
  59. 62. What About “natural” Products? 25(b) products* *must be registered as pesticides in OHIO Castor oil (U.S.P. or equivalent)* Linseed oil Cedar oil Malic acid Cinnamon and cinnamon oil* Mint and mint oil Citric acid* Peppermint and peppermint oil* Citronella and Citronella oil 2-Phenethyl propionate (2-phenylethyl propionate) Cloves and clove oil* Potassium sorbate* Corn gluten meal* Putrescent whole egg solids Corn oil* Rosemary and rosemary oil* Cottonseed oil* Sesame (includes ground sesame plant) and sesame oil* Dried Blood Sodium chloride (common salt) * Eugenol Sodium lauryl sulfate Garlic and garlic oil* Soybean oil Geraniol* Thyme and thyme oil* Geranium oil White pepper Lauryl sulfate Zinc metal strips (consisting solely of zinc metal and impurities) Lemongrass oil  
  60. 63. What About “natural” Products? Do they work? It’s not the bed bugs you see that are the problem. It is the ones that are hiding. The ones you can’t see. Those are the ones that frustrate everyone!
  61. 64. 8 weeks - no new bites - no new sightings - no new blood stains But, you may never know for sure. How do you know when they are gone?
  62. 65. Thank You & Remember….. And if they do Then take your shoe And knock ‘em ‘til They’re black and blue!

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