Hawkins infectious disease_slideshare_presentation

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Hawkins infectious disease_slideshare_presentation

  1. 1. HLT 220 Concepts of Disease
  2. 2.  Distinguish between the terms endemic, epidemic and pandemic by identifying the key characteristics of each in a multiple choice question(s)  Given a list of infectious disease scenarios, classify (sort) the diseases as endemic, epidemic, or pandemic
  3. 3.  Term used to describe a disease that always (generally) occurs in low levels in a population  Examples  Malaria  Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
  4. 4. Map image obtained from http://facts.kff.org
  5. 5.  STDs on residential college campuses Image acquired from www.yukonlawfoundation.com
  6. 6.  Term used to describe a disease that occurs in unusually large numbers over a specific area . . . Outbreak
  7. 7. Footnote: The transition from endemic to epidemic can happen in days, weeks, months or even years depending on the disease. Image acquired from www.dhss.mo.gov/EPI/endemicvsepidemic.html
  8. 8.  Age  Geography  STDs on residential college campuses Image acquired from www.yukonlawfoundation.com
  9. 9. Image acquired from www.yukonlawfoundation.com
  10. 10.  Term used to describe a disease that occurs in unusually large numbers over a specific area  Examples  One STD on one college campus  Food-borne illnesses (Hepatitis A, salmonella)  SARS in Asia, MRSA, Highly resistant TB  In the early US, infection of Native Americans with Smallpox, measles, influenza  Two more . . .
  11. 11. Graph acquired from www.waterandhealth.org
  12. 12.  Water supply in Milwaukee, 1993  400K infected, over 100 deaths  Worst parasitic outbreak in US history http://animal.discovery.com/videos/monsters-inside-me-cryptosporidium- outbreak.html Image obtained from http://animal.discovery.com
  13. 13. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1990, 1999, 2009 (*BMI 30, or about 30 lbs. overweight for 5’4” person) 1990 1999 2009 No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30% Graph obtained from www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/trends.html
  14. 14.  Term used to describe an epidemic that has spread to include several large areas worldwide  Examples  Spanish Flu of 1918  Bubonic Plague or “Black Death” (1300s & 1600s)  One current pandemic??
  15. 15.  “According to world experts, pandemic plague is inevitable. There were major episodes in 1348 and 1665: another is overdue and could happen at any time.” – Fitzpatrick, 2007 Image obtained search of Bubonic Plague from http://search.creativecommons.org
  16. 16.  Endemic  In US, initially impacted gay men, IV drug users and those  Epidemic requiring blood transfusions  Greater population (heterosexuals, particul arly females, AIDS over  Pandemic 50)
  17. 17. Map obtained from www.unaids.org, 2008 report on the global AIDS epidemic
  18. 18.  Distinguish between the terms endemic, epidemic and pandemic by identifying the key characteristics of each in a multiple choice question(s)  Given a list of infectious diseases, classify (sort) the diseases as endemic, epidemic, or pandemic
  19. 19.  Centers for Disease Control. (2009). US obesity trends, Trends by state, 1985- 2009. Obtained from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/trends.html  Fitzpatrick, M. (2007). Pandemic plague contingency plan. British Journal of General Practice, 57(534). Obtained from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2032711/.  Billings, Molly (2005). The Influenza Pandemic of 1918. Obtained from http://virus.stanford.edu/uda/.  UN AIDS. (2008). 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic. Obtained from http://www.unaids.org/en/KnowledgeCentre/HIVData/GlobalReport/2008/2008_ Global_report.asp.  Zelman, M., Tompary, E., Raymond, J., Holdaway, P. & Mulvihill, M. L. (2010). Human Diseases (7th edition). Pearson Publishers: Saddle River, New Jersey.
  20. 20.  Infectious disease precautions image (title page) acquired from http://search.creativecommons.org/  College couple image acquired from www.yukonlawfoundation.com  Endemic versus epidemic graph acquired from Image acquired from www.dhss.mo.gov/EPI/endemicvsepidemic.html  US obesity trends map, 1985-2009. Obtained from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/trends.html  Endemic malaria map obtained from http://facts.kff.org  Elder couple images acquired from http://eldercarehomefinder.com/ and http://www.lakewoodhomecare.com/  Images from Outbreak acquired from http://tech.mit.edu/V115/N14/ots.14a.html and http://www.flmboynt.com/2010/08/just-be-tv-films-5/  Waterborne illness map acquired from http://www.waterandhealth.org/newsletter/new/spring_2003/waterborne.html  A global view of HIV infection map acquired from http://www.unaids.org/en/KnowledgeCentre/HIVData/GlobalReport/2008/2008_Glob al_report.asp.  Bubonic Plague image from http://search.creativecommons.org

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