Commercial Spaceflight and NASA<br />Bretton Alexander<br />President<br />Commercial Spaceflight Federation<br />4/15/201...
Free up NASA resources for exploration<br />Commercial in Earth Orbit allows NASA to focus on going beyond<br />Close the ...
Flying more people to space increases support for space exploration<br />U.S. economic competitiveness (regaining the comm...
A New Partnership<br />Every U.S. spacecraft (Mercury, Gemini, Apollo and Shuttle) has been built by U.S. industry in part...
Enabling New Markets<br />NASA may very well dominate early use of commercial vehicles…but other markets will come<br />Ne...
Aviation as an Analogue<br />Government helped jump-start commercial passenger aviation:<br />R&D – National Advisory Comm...
Jumpstarting the Same Virtuous Cycle for Human Spaceflight<br />4/15/2010<br />7<br />Launches for NASA + Commercial Custo...
Direct Jobs Created by Commercial Crew<br />11,800 direct jobs per year over five years result from NASA’s new $6.1 billio...
Long-Term Job Creation <br />Existing Markets<br />Enabled Markets<br />Growth Markets<br />Fuel Depots<br />Space Station...
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Commercial Spaceflight and NASA, Bretton Alexander, Commercial Spaceflight Federation

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Commercial Spaceflight and NASA
By Bretton Alexander
Commercial Spaceflight Federation

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Commercial Spaceflight and NASA, Bretton Alexander, Commercial Spaceflight Federation

  1. 1. Commercial Spaceflight and NASA<br />Bretton Alexander<br />President<br />Commercial Spaceflight Federation<br />4/15/2010<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Free up NASA resources for exploration<br />Commercial in Earth Orbit allows NASA to focus on going beyond<br />Close the gap<br />Commercial rockets already exist<br />Servicing ISS is a simpler mission than exploration<br />Reduce launch costs<br />Flying existing rockets at higher flight rates reduces costs per launch<br />Unlock the potential of the Space Station<br />Fly more cargo and astronauts to ISS than ever before<br />4/15/2010<br />2<br />Benefits to NASA<br />
  3. 3. Flying more people to space increases support for space exploration<br />U.S. economic competitiveness (regaining the commercial launch market from Europe, Russia, India, etc.)<br />Unlock new industries and markets in space<br />“A Space Program for Everyone”<br />Public engagement with average people flying to space<br />More opportunities for student-built space payloads<br />Entrepreneurial excitement<br />4/15/2010<br />3<br />Benefits to the Nation<br />
  4. 4. A New Partnership<br />Every U.S. spacecraft (Mercury, Gemini, Apollo and Shuttle) has been built by U.S. industry in partnership with NASA<br />Will still be true under “Commercial Crew”<br />A new partnership between NASA and U.S. industry:<br />Developed, owned, and operated by the private sector<br />To meet government needs while enabling non-government uses<br />A change in contractual mechanism – Firm Fixed-Price agreements with private investment, vs. traditional “cost plus award fee” contracts<br />NASA establishment of safety and program requirements, but not dictating specific design<br />4/15/2010<br />4<br />NASA will be there every step of the way<br />
  5. 5. Enabling New Markets<br />NASA may very well dominate early use of commercial vehicles…but other markets will come<br />New markets include:<br />Other Governments – for national pride, science, training<br />Businesses – exploit microgravity for ability to develop materials, pharmaceuticals, and other processes <br />“Tourists” – already a small number have paid $20-35 million each to fly on Russia’s Soyuz, leading the way for the rest of us, just as in aviation<br />Private spaceflight likely to dominate within a couple decades<br />4/15/2010<br />5<br />Payback to U.S. leadership in space, the economy and enhanced safety will be immeasurable<br />
  6. 6. Aviation as an Analogue<br />Government helped jump-start commercial passenger aviation:<br />R&D – National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) established in 1915 to develop technologies to benefit industry<br />Customer – Air Mail Act of 1925 (Kelly Act) drove demand<br />Developer and Operator – government-unique military aviation<br />Result: Golden Age of Aviation, growth in number of passengers:<br />1936: Passengers reach 1 million<br />1927: Entrepreneur Charles Lindbergh crosses Atlantic<br />1925: Kelly Air Mail Act<br />Great Depression<br />Present day: over 600m passengers<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Jumpstarting the Same Virtuous Cycle for Human Spaceflight<br />4/15/2010<br />7<br />Launches for NASA + Commercial Customers<br />Growth Curves for Illustrative Purposes Only<br />Launches for NASA <br />Mercury-Apollo Era <br />Space Shuttle Era<br />Post-Shuttle Era<br />
  8. 8. Direct Jobs Created by Commercial Crew<br />11,800 direct jobs per year over five years result from NASA’s new $6.1 billion Commercial Crew and Cargo development funds<br />Peak of 14,200 direct jobs in Fy2014<br />Does not include:<br />$500 million in Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) funding already spent<br />$3.5 billion in Commercial Resupply Services (CRS) already contracted for cargo delivery to the International Space Station through 2015<br />$2.1 billion for 21st Century Spaceport upgrades<br />Cargo and crew services flights to the International Space station after 2015<br />4/15/2010<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Long-Term Job Creation <br />Existing Markets<br />Enabled Markets<br />Growth Markets<br />Fuel Depots<br />Space Station<br />Crew & Cargo<br />Satellites<br />Commercial NASA<br />DoD<br />Private Space Facilities<br />Industrial Research<br />Space Tourism<br />Sovereign Clients<br />Technology Flight Demos<br />Launch Site Tourism<br />Spaceflight Training<br />Payload Processing<br />Launch<br />Ground Activities<br />9<br />

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