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  • 1. YOUTH PARTICIPATION IN THE DECISION AND POLICY MAKING PROCESSES Coalition SEGA, 2010
  • 2. Author: Zoran Ilieski Editor: Coalition of youth organizations SEGA Design: Borch Bojcheski Technical preparation: Maja Ivanoska Krstevska Tomislav Gajtanoski Year: 2010 Edition: 500 samples This publication is part of the project “Promoting youth activism in underdeveloped regions” financed by the National Endowment for Democracy - NED, United States of America. This publication reflects the views only of the author and not necessary reflects the views of the National Endowment for Democracy - NED. CIP - Catalogization in publication National and university library “St. Kliment Ohridski” Skopje 352.077:342.571-053.6(497.7) ILIESKI, Zoran Youth participation in decision and policy making processes / [author Zoran Ilieski]. - Prilep : Coalition of youth organizations SEGA, 2010. - 38 pages ; 27 cm The publication is part of the project “Promoting youth activism in underdeveloped regions” ISBN 978-9989-2893-8-5 a) Local Self-Government - Creating policies - Youth participation - Macedonia - Manuals COBISS.MK-ID 84339210
  • 3. About Coalition Youth Council Prilep and two partner organizations led the initiative to establish a coalition of youth SEGA organizations to apply and implement the project “National Youth Action Plan”. Continuing the process, the Coalition of Youth Organizations SEGA was unofficially established on January 20th, 2004 in order to contribute to the development and implementation of the National Youth Strategy of Macedonia and to improve the satisfaction of the needs of the youth. On the 27th of September 2004, a decision was made to formally register the Coalition as a citizen association. Coalition SEGA is a national organization with collective membership. The membership of the Coalition (at the moment) consists of 15 full and 14 associate member organizations. The management structure is composed of the following bodies: 4Assembly – composed of all members; 4Governing Board – composed of five representatives from the full members; 4Supervisory Board – composed of three representatives from the Assembly members. The executive structure is organized in the Central office, which is located in Prilep, and five Regional offices in: Shtip, Ohrid, Tetovo and 2 offices in Skopje. Mission The Coalition of Youth Organizations SEGA works on developing and implementing youth policies in Macedonia as well as connecting and strengthening young people to improve their overall state. Areas of work The Coalition SEGA with the new Strategic Plan 2010 – 2012 defined 3 strategic goals developed according to (strategic the vision as well as the mission of SEGA. The strategic directions) goals were developed on the basis of the functioning to date of the Coalition using realistic approaches based on the external factors that affect the work of SEGA as well as the experience gained while working with the target groups. 3
  • 4. Strategic goal 1 INITIATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF YOUTH LEGISLATION (ON NATIONAL AND LOCAL LEVEL) CONTRIBUTING TOWARDS IMPROVING THE LIFE OF YOUTH IN MACEDONIA Strategic directions: 4Monitoring and implementation of the National Youth Strategy of Macedonia 4Initiation of a process for creating and adopting regulations in Macedonia that define the status of the youth 4Creating and implementing local youth policies within the ULSG 4Establishing Councils of Youth within the Municipal Strategic goal 2 SUPPORT FOR YOUTH ACTIVISM Strategic directions: 4Support in the formation of new youth organizations at the local level 4Strengthening the capacities of existing youth organizations in their work 4Creating funds to support youth organizations for dealing youth related problems Strategic goal 3 INCREASE YOUTH PARTICIPATION AND INFORMATION IN PROBLEM-SOLVING ACTIVITIES Strategic directions: 4Active involvement of the youth in the preparation and implementation of youth activities at the local level 4Establishment of youth friendly services (youth information centers) 4Strengthening and promoting the intercultural dialogue between youth in Macedonia 4
  • 5. Meetings with representatives of youth organizations Training of trainers for youth participation Training for representatives of youth organizations Trainings for local MPs Seminar on youth participation Meetings with Mayors
  • 6. Youth participation in decision and policy making processes Analyses of the successful actions with practical recommendations for work on advocacy campaigns Promoting youth activism in underdeveloped regions
  • 7. PROMOTING YOUTH ACTIVISM IN UNDERDEVELOPED REGIONS Promoting youth From 01 October 2009 SEGA commenced the project activism in “Promoting Youth Activism in an Underdeveloped underdeveloped Region” financed by the National Endowment for regions Democracy (NED). The project was being implemented in a period of 10 months in eight cities in Macedonia: Prilep, Kavadarci, Bitola, Resen, Negotino, Gevgelija, Ohrid and Struga. The aim of the project is to increase the citizen participation in the decision and policy making processes at local level, particularly promoting youth participation. The proposed approach of the project and the defined strategies refer to improving the youth participation in the decision & policy making processes. The project activities included: organizing meeting with representatives of youth organizations, organizing ToT for youth participation, preparing and publishing manuals on “Youth participation” and “Lobbying & Advocacy”, organizing trainings for youth organizations, granting and implementation of local campaigns for youth participation, organizing trainings for young members of Municipal Councils, organizing Seminar for representatives of NGOs and Municipal Councils and organizing meetings with Mayors. The entire support process ends with preparation and distribution of the publication “Youth Participation in Decision and Policy Making Processes” containing successful examples and stories from the implementation of the advocacy campaigns (supported with this project) as well as comparative analyses of successful and unsuccessful actions with 7
  • 8. practical recommendations for implementation of advocacy campaigns. Direct project beneficiaries are the young people included in the work of the 8 youth NGOs in the cities of Prilep, Kavadarci, Negotino, Gevgelija, Bitola, Resen, Ohrid and Struga. Indirectly, the project activities affected the high school students, university students, political youth wings and young people included in the NGO sector in the selected cities. In addition of this publication will follow the actions undertook within the project aiming to strengthen the capacities of the youth organizations for youth participation as well as review of the successful examples and stories of the advocacy campaigns implementation. ACTION 1 In order to present the project activities, in the first month of the project implementation, meeting with representatives of 8 NGOs from Prilep, Bitola, Struga, Organizing a Ohrid, Resen, Kavadarci, Negotino and Gevgelija was meeting with organized in the central office of Coalition SEGA in Prilep. At this meeting we established coordination representatives with the NGO representatives, in order to ensure of youth successful implementation of the project activities. Moreover, at the meeting we signed Memorandum of organizations Understanding between SEGA and the NGOs included. 8
  • 9. ACTION 2 During December 2009 we organized three day ToT for 10 Youth Participation trainers. Therefore, we prepared public call and application form and we placed them on our website www.sega.org.mk and to Organizing our profile on the social network profile. Furthermore, Training of we disseminated the call several contact networks of youth organizations in Macedonia. For the participants Trainers on Youth in the training we prepared manual for organizing youth participation trainings, which will be their basic participation tool for their future work as youth participation trainers. The participants in this training gained knowledge and skills for organizing trainings and workshops for youth participation. With the organizing of this training we formed the first core of trainers for youth participation in Macedonia, which in the following period will be in function to the needs of SEGA and other youth organizations in Macedonia. ACTION 3 From the to date experience in working with youth, youth organizations and Local Self-Governments in Republic of Macedonia we have identified the need of strengthening of their capacities on themes related to Preparation “Youth Policy and Youth Participation” and “Advocacy and printing of and Lobbying”. Therefore, in March 2010 we prepared and printed two manuals in 400 samples. These manuals publications will be useful tool for development of new forms of youth participation in Republic of Macedonia. Furthermore, we want to point out that thematically these manuals are one of the rarely published in SEE region and the only ones in Macedonia. We disseminated the manuals to the participants of all project activities and to more Local Self-Governments and youth organizations in Macedonia. In order to be more functional, the electronic versions of the manuals are available to download from the website of the Coalition SEGA (www.sega.org.mk).
  • 10. ACTION 4 The involved youth NGOs had the opportunity to participate in capacity building process containing the Organizing trainings: “Youth participation & Youth policy” and “Lobbing and Advocacy”. Trainers of the trainings were training courses part of the trained participants in the ToT for youth for NGOs participation. Part of the reviewed documents was related to national and international documents such as: European Charter on the Participation of the Young People in Local and Regional Life, White Paper on youth policy of EU, National Youth Strategy of Macedonia, the National Action Plan for implementation of the National Youth Strategy of Macedonia etc. In these trainings the representatives from the eight NGOs had the opportunity to increase their knowledge on youth participation and lobbying & advocacy being able to use it during the implementation of the strong campaigns which directly would influence the decision makers. In order to support the youth NGOs included in this ACTION 5 project and to use the acquired knowledge and skills from the previous activities, as well as to affect the Supporting the local authorities at the local and regional level, with local advocacy this project we ensured support of four regional campaigns advocacy campaigns. Therefore, the project team prepared documentation for supporting small campaigns in direction to supporting the interests of youth and addressing the youth related issues at the local level. The documentation contained: Application form, Guide for filling the application and budget form. In the call the NGOs were encouraged to apply in partnership. The call for the NGOs was announced in the SEGA's website www.sega.org.mk. With this activity we supported 4 regional campaigns with maximum financial support of $1,500.00 for each campaign or $6,000.00 in total. With these 10
  • 11. projects activities in eight cities were supported ensuring education of the high school students for youth participation in the decision and policy making processes. During March all sub-grantees signed contract. ACTION 6 In order to strengthen the capacities of the young members of Local Parliaments in the selected cities, 2 Organizing two-day training courses on the subjects: “Youth participation & Youth policy” and “Lobbing and training courses Advocacy” were organized. In the trainings for youth - participation took 16 young members of Local Municipal Councils from the 8 selected municipalities members of Local up to 30 years of age. Trainers for these events were Parliaments part of the established core of trainers for youth participation. Through organizing these trainings the members of Local Parliaments gained knowledge in youth participation, forms of youth participation, and acquired skills for advocacy of youth interest in their community and to lobby the institutions for improving the state of youth. This approach ensured closer cooperation with the decision makers which are key players for policy changes in the Local Self- Governments. 11
  • 12. The campaigns were being implemented in the period ACTION 7 of March – June 2010. In this period we were regularly conducting monitoring of all campaigns, project that Implementation of we supported within action 5. Through the the local implementation of the regional campaigns, our sub- grantees strengthened their capacities in conducting campaigns local campaigns for advocacy using the knowledge acquired in the capacity building process of the organization, action 4. With this process we specifically ensured influence on the strengthening of the capacities for implementation of projects in partnership. The lessons learned, that the included organizations gained in this process, will provide long- term sustainability and experience which can be used through implementing similar campaigns or activities in the future period. Aiming to survey the existing models of participation ACTION 8 and to create new mechanisms of youth participation in the decision making processes we organized one- Organizing day seminar on the topic “Youth participation in the municipalities”. The seminar was attended by seminar for NGOs representatives from youth organizations and local and young MP's from the selected cities. In the event the participants discussed on the current situation with members of inclusion of youth in their municipalities, the reasons Local Municipal that disable youth participation and the possible new forms for participation on each of the municipalities as Councils well. The model Councils of Youth in the Local Self- Government (which is established in Shtip, Radovish and Resen) by the Coalition SEGA was presented by the representatives of the Council of Youth in Shtip. All participants of the seminar identified the need of establishing specific body which will increase the youth participation in their municipalities and they stated the willingness to apply the model Council of Youth. 12
  • 13. ACTION 9 In a period of three months we organized meetings with the Mayors from the Local Self-Governments included in the project. The aim of this activity was to Organizing lobby the Local Self-Governments to make changes in meetings with establishing new mechanisms for youth participation. In the meetings we presented the model Council of mayors Youth aiming to ensure long-term participation of young people in the Local Self-Governments. Memorandums of Understanding for establishing new forms of participation were signed with the Mayors from the Local Self-Governments of Negotino and Kavadarci. Statements for implementing project of such kind we received from the Mayors from Gevgelija, Ohrid and Prilep. 13
  • 14. Youth participation in decision and policy making processes Analysis of successful actions with practical recommendations for working on advocacy campaigns Comparative analysis of successful and unsuccessful actions with practical recommendations for working on advocacy campaigns
  • 15. STORY 1 “We can, we know, we are skilled”
  • 16. OUR We, from the citizen association “Civic Center for prevention and re-socialization” – Negotino and our STORY colleagues from the “Youth Council FORSA” – Gevgelija, implemented the project “We can, we know, we are skilled”. With the project we succeed to increase the information of the youth population for their rights and ways of inclusion in the organs and bodies of the Local Self-Government. Within 4 months we conducted the following project activities: preparation activities, organizing educational workshops, conducting poll and elaboration of the poll questionnaires, organizing info-days, organizing meeting with the local authorities in Gevgelija, organizing debates and broadcasting TV shows. Preparation During March 2010 we held several individual meetings in order to coordinate all activities and to activities define the obligations of all involved in the project. In these meetings we reviewed several possibilities for design of the leaflets and posters. The leaflets and posters are consisted of basic information on the youth participation, the logos of our organizations as well the logos of Coalition SEGA and the National Endowment for Democracy. We printed 1315 leaflets (1000 for the needs of Gevgelija and 315 for the needs of Negotino) and 55 posters (35 for the needs of Gevgelija and 20 for the needs of Negotino). Furthermore, in this period we prepared and printed 260 poll questionnaires. The questionnaire is consisting two types of questions: questions in general and questions related to youth participation. In order to strengthen the capacities of youth in the Organizing field of youth participation we organized educational educational workshops. Therefore, we prepared announcement workshops and set informative posters in the schools in both cities, Negotino and Gevgelija. 16
  • 17. The announcement was put on the social network Facebook – to the groups of both organizations and we electronically send it to NGOs in Negotino and Gevgelija. During April – May 2010 we organized 4 workshops in Negotino and 5 workshops in Gevgelija. In the workshops we discussed on the following subjects: defining of the concept youth participation, documents at the national level, youth participation (strategies, mechanisms and forms) positive examples and practices. 158 high school and university students (Negotino 100 and Gevgelija 58) participated in 7 workshops. 31 representatives from NGOs participated in both educational workshops intended for NGOs (20 NGO representatives from Negotino and 11 NGO representatives from Gevgelija). As indirect product of these workshops we gained a lot of ideas for following steps regarding the activating youth in the social processes, as well as for increasing motivation to continue together towards achieving the key goal, establishing youth advisory body within the local Self-Government through which the youth can equally fight for their rights and needs. In order to gain specific data on the current situation Conducting polls with the information and inclusion of youth in the and elaboration bodies of the Local Self-Government and other of questionnaires institutions at local level, in the cities of Negotino and Gevgelija we conducted poll. In the poll we included 214 high school and university students, NGO representatives, political youth wings from both cities (140 youth from Negotino and 74 youth from Gevgelija). We elaborated the questionnaires for both cities. With these analyses we acquired clear picture for the current situation in both cities on the information and inclusion of youth in the municipal institutions. 17
  • 18. Specifically, in both cities we noticed the same results regarding the lack of youth information, but the lack of motivation for youth to actively engage in the social processes as well. The conclusions from the survey show that young people have basic knowledge about youth participation and the documents at national level, but the main point is that they are not included while defining the priorities at local level within the local policies, or they are very little involved. Regarding the ways they suggest to improve the situation, the recommendations refer to the possibility of their active inclusion within the Local Self-Government as well as ensuring technical conditions for normal functioning and addressing their needs and ideas. With this survey, our organizations gained specific directions for the planning process of their future activities. In order to increase the level of informing youth for the Organizing possibilities and forms of youth participation, we Info days organized two Info days in Negotino and Gevgelija. In the most frequent places in the cities we distributed informative materials; we distributed 315 leaflets in Negotino and 1000 leaflets in Gevgelija. The leaflets were disseminated in the high schools and the local institutions during the other project activities as well. On 20 April 2010 we organized a meeting of 20 high Organizing school and university students, and NGO meeting with the representatives meeting was held in the venues of the authorities. The with representatives of the local local authorities in Local Self-Government of Gevgelija. Youth from our city had the opportunity to visit the Citizen Information the Local Self- Office where they gained specific information how the Government of work is organized and what are their responsibilities as employed in the office. Gevgelija 18
  • 19. Afterwards we held meeting with the Mayor of the Local Self-Government, Mr. Ivan Frangov. At the meeting we discussed about the work of the Mayor and the Municipal Council, in what level the youth are included in the decision making as well as how to improve this situation. The young people informed the Mayor about their actual problems and needs. From this activity we concluded that it would be good to organize such meetings aiming to exchange the opinions of youth and the decision makers in our Local Self-Government. In order to motivate and inform youth for the Organizing possibilities of youth participation in both debates municipalities we organized debates on the subject: “Involving youth in the decision making at municipal level”. On 25 May 2010 we organized a debate in Negotino. In the debate participation took 15 youngsters from the city of Negotino where we discussed on the subject youth participation and inclusion of youth in Negotino. In the beginning we introduced the participants with our project activities and presented the analyses of the implemented survey. At the event guest was the Executive director of Coalition SEGA, introducing the participants with the practices and positive examples from Macedonia integrated in several Local Self-Governments. During the second part of the debate the youngsters present openly discussed for the need of establishing Council of Youth within the Local Self-Government and the possibility to include Negotino in those processes. On 04 June 2010 in the “Pioneer Home” in Gevgelija we organized a debate. In the debate 36 young people were present. In the debate we discussed on the subject youth participation in decision making at local level. Special emphasis was put on the participation in creating of the Local Youth Strategy in Gevgelija and the experiences of the established Councils of Youth in Shtip, Resen and Radovish. 19
  • 20. With the organizing of the debates we concluded that the need of establishing Council of Youth in both Municipalities is obvious and through this body youth will have the opportunity to advocate their problems and satisfy their needs. Broadcasting In the period of March – June 2010 we recorded and broadcasted 10 shows on the subject youth TV shows participation. The shows were broadcasted on a local TV in Gevgelija. Each show was recorded and broadcasted on different theme and different guests presenting part of the forms and ways of youth participation in their area. In the part of the shows the executive director of SEGA, MP's of Gevgelija, university students, high school students and political youth wings participated. With this activity we succeeded to raise the awareness at youth and decision makers in Gevgelija about the necessity of participation of young people. Conclusions The project activities were successfully conducted by the both teams, in both cities. We increased the and lessons information of the young population for their rights and ways of inclusion in the bodies of the Local Self- learned Government. With the gained knowledge their motivation was increased for further concrete steps within the social institutions, for which the analyses of the poll speaks as well. As a result of the project activities we encouraged the interest for the subject at many young individuals, but at the most of institutions, NGOs, wider public as well, succeeding to introduce the rights and their exercise to large number of the youth. Most of them express their wishes to further cooperate with us. With implementing these activities we succeeded to improve our cooperation with the local institutions particularly with the Local Self-Governments and Municipal Councils of Negotino and Gevgelija. Furthermore, as a result of this project, the interest of the young people for our organizations was enhanced confirming the increased number of volunteers, but we improved our visibility to the wider public as well. 20
  • 21. If we would implement the project again, we would have included bigger number of participants, not just high school students and NGO members, but representatives of educational institutions, Local Self- Government and the Municipal Council as well. In both organizations, thanks to this project, we successfully developed the techniques to animate new human resources and we improved the capacities for administrative and financial working. Thanks to the implementation of the project activities the interest of the Local Self-Government for further working on the youth participation issues was increased, confirming the signed MoU for cooperation between Coalition SEGA and the Mayor of Negotino for establishing Council of Youth in the Local Self- Government. 21
  • 22. STORY 2 „Informed motivated, included“
  • 23. OUR „Informed motivated, included“ is a project that we, the members of ZONA Kavadarci in partnership with STORY the members of Youth Council Prilep. The aim of our project was to increase the youth information for the possibilities for their inclusion in the decision and policy making processes. In order to achieve this aim we implemented a campaign consisting of the following activities: educational workshops “Youth participation in the decision making processes and political processes”, preparation and distribution of informative pamphlets, TV show on the subject “Youth participation in the decision making processes and political processes at the local level”, Organizing round tables “Youth participation at local level”, public debates and organizing music event “Include us!”. Organizing In order to inform youth for the participation in the decision making and political processes on local level educational we organized 20 educational workshops in Kavadarci and 18 workshops in Prilep. With organizing these workshops workshops we included 380 students in Kavadarci “Youth and 544 students in Prilep. In the workshops we informed the participants for the mechanisms and participation in ways for their active involvement in the decision making processes. Also on the workshops we informed the decision and educated youth how to exercise their civil rights, making processes how and where to submit initiatives, and how to involve actively in the policy making processes at the local and political level. All 38 workshops were organized in excellent processes” working atmosphere, with full cooperation by the professors and directors. 24
  • 24. Preparation and In order to make the project more visible and to inform and motivate as many youngsters as possible from distribution of Kavadarci and Prilep, we prepared and disseminated 2000 samples of informative pamphlets. The informative pamphlets consist of information for the work of the pamphlets local authorities and description of the possibilities through which youth would be included in the decision and policy making processes. The pamphlets were distributed to all educational institutions, local institutions, NGOs and all places with big frequency of young people and during all project activities. TV Show on the In order to inform the public of the project activities during March 2010 we visited the local TV Tikveshija in subject “Youth the show “Open for …”. During the show we presented participation in the project activities and informed and youth aiming to involve actively in the policy & decision making the decision processes at the local level. making processes and political processes at the local level” 25
  • 25. Organizing round High school students, university students, educational institutions representatives, Local Self-Government tables “Youth and political parties participated at the round table organized during May 2010 in Kavadarci. Round table participation at was organized in Prilep as well with participation of local level” high school and university students. In the round tables we succeeded to identify the reasons for the current situation and the insufficient participation of young people in the decision making and creating policies. In these events we openly discussed for the position of youth at the moment and the level of inclusion and consultation during creating policies at local level, and on the other hand suggesting mechanisms and form how to increase and improve youth participation in the abovementioned processes in future. Organizing During May-June 2010 we organized two public debates in Prilep and Kavadarci. In the debates public debates participation took approximately 100 high school students, university students and representatives of the NGO sector. Speakers at the events were the MP's and NGO representatives. At the beginning we presented the current situation of the youth participation in the Local Self-Governments, the positive examples and experiences of youth participation, and we discussed on the increasing the level and the quality of involving young people as well. To all participants we shared informative pamphlets containing the ways and opportunities through which the young people can be included in the policy and decision and policy making processes. Main conclusion of the organized debates is that youth should be more active and frequently in these processes through various forms of participation and collaboration. Special conclusion was made for involving youth in the creating policy activities providing youth perspective and fit for young people, leading to direct contribution in the raising the quality of life of this category of citizens. 26
  • 26. Music event In the last month of implementation of our project we organized music event in Prilep. Through this event we “Include us!” presented the project and the messages for youth involvement to the wider public. In the event we set 2 informative stands with 8 volunteers of Youth Council Prilep disseminating informative pamphlets to the present. The event was attended by 20 young music groups and vocal singers, contributing towards promotion and inclusion in public events of the young musical talents in Prilep. Conclusion As a result of our project activities we noticed that at young people there is low level of information and and lessons motivation to be included in the everyday life as active learned decision makers, particularly in the high school communities, but wider in the policy making processes at local level. With the project implementation this group of citizens we informed how and where to involve, to develop their capacities and to expand their knowledge for their right to be asked and included during policy making. Youth openly expressed the need of their inclusion in the policy making, especially when we speak of issues that directly concern them. Youth expressed readiness to participate in further activities which would help to build their own capacities, to upgrade their knowledge and to include in the creating policies in the community where together to decide with the other power holders. 27
  • 27. If we would implement this project again we would have increased the time period of implementation (9 months), during entire school year. The school year for us is a challenge and a great success if an entire generation is motivated through the set of activities that would be implemented, and which continuously in this period in different way and various approaches would develop their leadership capabilities promoting themselves as active actors in the policy making in the community. As a result of this project the organizations that implemented this project will continue to cooperate and promote youth participation together. Aiming to integrate youth easier in the everyday life and democratic processes we will conduct set of activities suggested by youth. We will conduct school debates, round tables, public events through which continuously present the opportunities to influence the policy making fit for youth that the youth participation offers at the local level. Thanks to this project we succeeded to work in partnership and to implement the project through which we increased the visibility of our organizations. Indeed, our involvement in the entire project of Coalition SEGA provided us possibility to gain new experiences and to apply them in practice. 28
  • 28. STORY 3 “Youth Can”
  • 29. OUR “Youth Can” Is a project implemented by us, the members of Youth Council Ohrid In partnership with STORY the members of Youth Forum EYE from Struga. The aim of our project was to establish core of young people – representatives of NGOs and Municipal Councils from Ohrid and Struga that will articulate the interests the interests of youth in the local community and will enable youth to find common interests, which through special channels will be submitted to the local authorities. In order to achieve this aim we conducted a campaign that was consisted of the following activities: Organizing meetings with representatives of institutions in the area of education, social work, health, culture and sport; organizing meetings with MP's and the Local Self-Government of Ohrid and Struga; and organizing educational seminars for members of NGOs and high school students. Organizing Aiming to inform the local institutions we held meetings with representatives of various institutions meetings with that concerns young people. In Ohrid, we held meetings with the management staff of the high representatives catering school, the director of the “Cultural Center of institutions in Grigor Prlicev”, the director of the “Public Enterprise for managing sports objects”, the director of the the area of “Agency for employment”, with the pedagogue of the education, Center for Social Work and the management of the “City Hospital Ohrid”. In Struga we organized meetings social work, with the director of the high school “Niko Nestor”, the secretary of the high school “Ibrahim Temo”, the health, culture manager of the “Cultural Home”. In the meetings we and sport presented the European Charter on the participation of young people in local and regional life and the Local Action Youth Plans for both cities as well. 30
  • 30. In Ohrid we made analyses of what is envisioned and what is implemented with the adoption of the youth action plan, while in Struga we surveyed the elected MP's aiming to identify what are their activities towards young people and the local youth policy. From the analyses we concluded that in Ohrid, in the area of education, the lightening within the school venue is improved, the teachers received Lap Top computers, it is not noticed case of corruption, and the school has support programme for gifted and talented children. The students participate in more activities organized by the citizen associations that have programmes for non-formal education. In the area of culture, in the Cultural Home an amateur theater group is functioning, 5-8 concerts are organized per year, theater and cinema shows, and galleries. In the area of sport the athletics trail is renewed, tournaments have been organized, and the sports objects are available for the needs of the city. In the area of employment several seminars and trainings for youth have been organized with the aim to prepare a CV and motivation letter and preparation for an interview. In Struga in both visited schools we conducted activities which are part of the programmes with which the schools apply in the domestic and international institutions, students visit various trainings and seminars, the schools put special attention to the interethnic tolerance, and workshops are envisaged helping youth to learn how to prepare CV, motivation letter, starting their own business and managing virtual companies. 31
  • 31. Organizing In both cities we held meetings with the MP's up to 35 years of age. In Ohrid we conducted meetings with 5 meetings with young MP's, and in Struga we held meetings with 4 MP's and the MP's. In the meetings we presented the European Charter on the participation of young people in local Local Self- and regional life and the Local Action Youth Plans. We Government used these meetings to invite young elected MP's to participate in our next activity presenting their work in of Ohrid and front of the group of high school students – Struga participants in the seminar. Organizing In the second phase of the project we organized two one-day seminars in hotel Kocarev in Ohrid on 03 and educational 10 April 2010. In the first seminar participation took seminars for 13 young people, one facilitator and two members of the project team, and in the second seminar 14 members of youngsters, 4 MP's, one facilitator and two members of NGOs and high the project team attended. In the first one-day seminar through presentations, school students exercises, small groups work and discussions were elaborated the themes “Youth Policy and Youth Par ticipation ”, “ Advocacy & Lobbying and Leadership”. In the second seminar the subject was “Youth participation and youth activism” including short presentations, group work, presentations of the group work and group discussions. In this seminar also participated 4 MP's, 2 MP's each from the Municipal Council from Ohrid and Struga. The elected young MP's made short presentation of their work as councilors, their role in the decision making, their engagement in the Commissions etc. In the end a session for questions and answers was organized where the participants asked questions, and the MP's answered within their responsibilities and knowledge of work related to youth. 32
  • 32. Conclusions and With the implementation of the activities within the project we consider that we achieved the envisaged lessons learned goals. Thereby, we promoted the “European Charter on the participation of young people in the local and regional life” as well as the Local Youth Action Plans for Ohrid and Struga in 4 institutions in Struga and 6 institutions in Ohrid in 10 meetings, disseminating 35 copies of the Charter and 35 Plans in both cities. Also we established cooperation with 9 young MP's from the Municipal Councils in Ohrid and Struga. As a result of the held meetings within the project, part of the MP's expressed their desire to cooperate within the Commission in which they participate, and during the seminar they attended, they expressed their wish for further joint work on issues related and for youth. If we would implement the project again, we would have organized more educational seminars, in which each of the subjects would be elaborated in details, and besides the MP's we would involve representative of other institutions. We, as youth organizations, continuously work in activities related to youth and for youth, including the ones implemented within this initiative. This initiative is part of what our organizations work constantly, and in the period that follows will be conducted set of activities as a part of the programme for participation in the decision making. 33
  • 33. STORY 4 “Active Youth Participation and Influence”
  • 34. OUR We, the members of the NGO “Youth Forum Biitola” together with the members of the NGO “Golem Grad STORY Resen” implemented the project “Active Youth Participation and Influence”. Aim of the project was to increase the capacity of young people in Bitola and Resen for their active, quality and organized participation in creation of local youth policy. In the three-month project we implemented the following activities: Creating WEB portal weekly update, organizing educations for youth participation and organizing trainings for strengthening the capacities of the youth organizations for youth participation. Creating During the first month of the project implementation we designed a website www.youthforumbitola.org. In WEB portal and the website during the project we regularly updated the information for the current project activities and weekly update we put information on various exchanges, trainings, camps, scholarships, seminars. Also on the website we set a forum for questions, ideas and action suggestions. Through this tool we increased our visibility and significantly improved the information of the wider public for the work of the organization. Organizing In order to educate young people from both cities, Bitola and Resen, in the period of March-April 2010 we educations for organized 20 educational workshops on the subject of youth participation in all high school in Bitola and youth Resen. With organizing 20 educations (15 in Bitola participation and 5 in Resen) we included 364 high school students from third and fourth year of studying from both cities (Bitola 264 students and Resen 100 students). In these educations the high school students were introduced with the possibilities offered at local level for their more active, quality and organized participation in the youth policy making, as well as the opportunities for active involvement in all spheres of the social life in Bitola and Resen. 36
  • 35. In Resen we additionally organized meetings with representatives of the youth wings of 4 political parties. In the meetings subject of discussion were the problems and needs of youth in the city and promoting the forms of youth organizing in the community. Organizing In order to enhance the capacities of the members of the youth organizations we organized 3 trainings for trainings for youth participation (2 in Bitola and 1 in Resen). In the trainings the following themes were discussed: strengthening definition of the concept of youth participation and the capacities of youth policy, implementation of youth participation, forms and mechanisms of youth participation. The the youth trainings were organized in the venues of our organizations for organization offices and delivered by us, the members of the project team from both organizations. In the youth trainings 23 members of youth NGOs from the city of Bitola and 10 representatives of NGOs from Resen participation participated. Conclusions As a result of the project implementation we actualized the idea of establishing Council of Youth which would and lessons act within the Municipal Council of Bitola. After the end learned of the project we plan to activate the included youngsters to initiate Council of Youth in Bitola. Also this project encouraged joint acting of the organizations included in the project and we started cooperation for applying in other projects. Through the trainings for the youth organizations we created local networks of the youth organizations strengthening the joint acting of the local youth organizations. If we would implement this project again the workshops would be organized in the beginning of the school year and not in the period of Marc-April because in that period the high school students are fully engaged with the finalizing the school year. 37
  • 36. Thanks to this project that large number of young people were directly involved in the project activities and gained knowledge for the terms youth participation and youth policy. Youth expressed the need of their inclusion in the policy making, particularly when dealing issues that concerns them. Also they showed their eagerness to participate in further activities and to be included in policy making at the local level. Also thanks to this project we prepared website through which we increased the visibility of the organization and extensively improved the information of the wider public for the current activities of the NGO Youth Forum. As a result of the involvement of the target group part of the high school students signed up as volunteers in our organizations to contribute in the work. Furthermore, with these activities we upgraded our experience and the lessons learned will serve in the further work. 38
  • 37. CONTENT 1. About Coalition SEGA 3 2. Promoting Youth Activism in an Underdeveloped Region 6 3. Action 1: Organizing a meeting with representatives of youth organizations 8 4. Action 2: Organizing Training of Trainers in Youth participation 9 5. Action 3: Preparation and printing of manuals 9 6. Action 4: Organizing training courses for NGOs 10 7. Action 5: Supporting the local advocacy campaigns 10 8. Action 6: Organizing training courses for youth-members of Local Parliaments 11 9. Action 7: Implementation of the local campaigns 12 10. Action 8: Organizing seminar for NGOs and young members of Local Municipal Councils 12 11. Action 9: Organizing meetings with mayors 13 12. Comparative analyses of successful and unsuccessful actions with practical recommendations for work on advocacy campaigns 14 13. Story 1 15 14. Story 2 23 15. Story 3 29 16. Story 4 36