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Stis Stis Presentation Transcript

  • SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS & Sexually Trasmitted Diseases
  • SEXUALLY TRAMSITTED DISEASES Sexually Transmitted Diseases (std’s) are caused by sexually transmitted infections (sti’s) They are passed from one person to another during sexual or intimate contact More than half of all people will get an STI
  • SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS May or may not cause symptoms. An infection is called a disease only when it is causing symptoms People commonly refer to STD’s even if no symptoms are present
  • SOME FACTS STI’s can be spread to others, even though no symptoms are present Some STI’s can spread into the womb (uterus) and fallopian tubes to cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which inturn can cause infertility When diagnosed and treated early, many STI’s can be treated effectively, and some can even be cured.
  • CHLAMYDIA Common STI Often has no symptoms Easily treated Easily spread with or without symptoms Condoms offer good protection http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/ stds-hiv-safer-sex/chlamydia-4266.htm
  • CHLAMYDIA How is it spread? Chlamydia is spread by vaginal and anal intercourse. Rarely, it is spread during oral sex or by touching your eye with your hand. It can also spread from a woman to her fetus during birth. Chlamydia is not passed through casual contact.
  • GENITAL WARTS Common STI Spread easily by skin to skin contact Treatment available for genital warts symptoms http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/ stds-hiv-safer-sex/genital-warts-4268.htm
  • GENITAL WARTS How is it spread? Genital warts are spread by skin-to-skin contact — usually during vaginal, anal, or oral sex play. There is a chance genital warts can be spread even when no warts are visible.
  • HEPATITIS B Often has no symptoms No cure, but the infection goes away on it’s own Easily spread with or without symptoms Condoms offer good protection http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/ stds-hiv-safer-sex/hepatitis-b-4270.htm
  • HEPATITIS B How is it spread? having sexual intercourse without a latex or female condom having unprotected oral sex sharing needles and other "works" to inject drugs sharing personal hygiene utensils such as toothbrushes and razors accidental pricks with contaminated needles in the course of health care
  • HERPES Common STI Can affect the mouth (oral herpes) or genital (genital herpes) Easily spread with or without symptoms Treatment available for herpes symptoms http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/ stds-hiv-safer-sex/herpes-4271.htm
  • HERPES How is it spread? Herpes is spread by touching, kissing, and sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. It can be passed from one partner to another and from one part of the body to another. Brief skin-to-skin contact is all that's needed to pass the virus. Because herpes may have no symptoms for years, sometimes it is very difficult to know who passed it to whom.
  • HIV / AIDS HIV is the STI that causes AIDS HIV has few or no symptoms for up to 10 years or more before symptoms of AIDS develop There is no cure, but treatment is available Condoms offer good protection http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/ stds-hiv-safer-sex/hiv-aids-4264.htm
  • HIV / AIDS How is it spread? having vaginal or anal intercourse without a condom with someone who has HIV/AIDS sharing needles or syringes with someone who has HIV/AIDS being deeply punctured with a needle or surgical instrument contaminated with HIV getting HIV-infected blood, semen, or vaginal secretions into open wounds or sores
  • HPV (HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS) The most common STI A few types can lead to cervical and other cancers Treatment available for cell changes in the cervix caused by HPV Spread easily through skin to skin contact http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/ stds-hiv-safer-sex/hpv-4272.htm
  • HPV How is it spread? HPV is spread by skin-to-skin contact — usually during vaginal, anal, or oral sex play.
  • PUBIC LICE (CRABS) Common symptoms include intense itching Treatment is available Easily spread through near contact http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/ stds-hiv-safer-sex/pubic-lice-4279.htm
  • PUBIC LICE How is it spread? contact with infected bedding, clothing, upholstered furniture, and toilet seats close physical contact
  • SCABIES Common symptoms include intensely itchy, small bumps or rashes Treatment is available Easily spread through near contact http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/ stds-hiv-safer-sex/scabies-4280.htm
  • SCABIES How is it spread? close personal contact contact with bedding and clothing
  • SYPHILIS Often has no symptoms Treatment is available in the early stages Condoms offer good protection http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/ stds-hiv-safer-sex/syphilis-4281.htm
  • SYPHILIS How is it spread? vaginal and anal intercourse oral sex kissing (much less commonly) Syphilis is especially contagious in the early stage of the disease, when sores are present. The liquid that oozes from them is very infectious.
  • WHERE TO GET TESTED Planned Parenthood has 20 locations near New Castle and Wilmington http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-center/ findCenter.asp Your doctor can also administer tests