Background to the
Renaissance
Or
Death, Discontent, Disharmony
and Disillusionment
Medieval Mindset
Medieval Mindset
Born-live-die within ONE station
Education is in hands of FEW
FEUDALISM
 Highly structured
 Origins
Con...
Hundred Years’ War
Hundred Years’ War
1337-1453 France v. England
68 years of nominal peace
44 years active combat
Underlying causes
Engli...
France v. England
Larger population
Wealthier
Poor leadership
Country internally ÷
Joan of Arc >
nationalism
victor
Better...
Black Death
Black Death
1347-1350
Europe weakened by decades of
overpopulation, economic
depression, famine, general bad
health
Killed...
Effects of the Black Death
Agricultural prices fell
Cost of manufactured goods rose
Noble landowners suffered as per
capit...
Great Schism
Problems within the Church
Undermined by internal religious disunity &
denial of imperial power
Pope Boniface VIII v. King...
John Huss
Bohemia
Spokesman for
the rights of
royal authority
over the popes
Burned at the
stake as a
heretic 1415
Fierce
...
John Wycliffe
England
“brother in spirit”
w/ John Huss
Worked on
English
translation of the
Bible
Condemned as a
heretic
Russia
Russia
Converted to Christianity early 9th
century
Byzantine missionaries
Kievcultural center until mid-14th
century
Mos...
Key Point #1
The Black Death: One of the great
determinants of change in history is disease.
The social & economic results...
Key point #2
Relations between Church & State: The
late 13th
& 14th
centuries were a period of
chaos for the Church. The v...
Ch 9 Powerpoint
Ch 9 Powerpoint
Ch 9 Powerpoint
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Ch 9 Powerpoint

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Ch 9 Powerpoint

  1. 1. Background to the Renaissance Or Death, Discontent, Disharmony and Disillusionment
  2. 2. Medieval Mindset
  3. 3. Medieval Mindset Born-live-die within ONE station Education is in hands of FEW FEUDALISM  Highly structured  Origins Consequences Which led to 14th century disasters Crusadesimpact on Renaissance  Church and TRADE
  4. 4. Hundred Years’ War
  5. 5. Hundred Years’ War 1337-1453 France v. England 68 years of nominal peace 44 years active combat Underlying causes English possession of French lands (coast) French support of Bruces of Scotland Flanders Strong hereditary claim of King Edward III of England to the French throne
  6. 6. France v. England Larger population Wealthier Poor leadership Country internally ÷ Joan of Arc > nationalism victor Better leadership United country Early victories Eventual defeat of all lands except Calais
  7. 7. Black Death
  8. 8. Black Death 1347-1350 Europe weakened by decades of overpopulation, economic depression, famine, general bad health Killed 2/5 of Europe’s population Ca. 20 million Bubonic Plague—rats & fleas
  9. 9. Effects of the Black Death Agricultural prices fell Cost of manufactured goods rose Noble landowners suffered as per capita income in the cities increased Trade guilds became powerful Monarchs were able to continue process of governmental centralization
  10. 10. Great Schism
  11. 11. Problems within the Church Undermined by internal religious disunity & denial of imperial power Pope Boniface VIII v. King Philip IV (Fr.) Babylonian Captivity Church HQ moved to Avignon—subservient to French king 1309-1377 Great Schism--1378-1417 here a Pope, there a Pope, everywhere a Pope Conciliar movement—church controlled councils—order restored
  12. 12. John Huss Bohemia Spokesman for the rights of royal authority over the popes Burned at the stake as a heretic 1415 Fierce revolution
  13. 13. John Wycliffe England “brother in spirit” w/ John Huss Worked on English translation of the Bible Condemned as a heretic
  14. 14. Russia
  15. 15. Russia Converted to Christianity early 9th century Byzantine missionaries Kievcultural center until mid-14th century MoscowIvan I 1380—Mongols defeated—driven out of Russia within 15th century
  16. 16. Key Point #1 The Black Death: One of the great determinants of change in history is disease. The social & economic results of the plague were wide-ranging & included fluctuation of agricultural prices & city income, as well as a decline in trade and the quality of goods produced. Politically, it is important to note that the Church & nobility suffered greatly in numbers & prestige from the effects of the plague. Monarchs were able to progress toward the centralization of their governments and economies.
  17. 17. Key point #2 Relations between Church & State: The late 13th & 14th centuries were a period of chaos for the Church. The victim of attacks by local political factions, the papacy lost respect because of its transfer to Avignon, the Schism which followed, the impact of the Conciliar movement, the corruption of Alexander VI and others, and the French involvement in Italy. In the long run, the sword of the secular arm proved more than a match for the medieval Church.

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