Lascomparaciones

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Lascomparaciones

  1. 1. Las comparaciones Comparisons
  2. 2. To make comparisons in Spanish, follow this formula: + más (more) + adjective + que + other noun - menos (less) + Soy más alto que mi hermano. I am taller than my brother. - María es menos generosa que tú. María is less generous than you.
  3. 3. To express the idea that two nouns are the same, follow this formula: = tan (as) + adjective + como + other noun = Nosotros somos tan inteligentes como uds. We are as intelligent as you (all).
  4. 4. In both of these formulas, the adjective agrees with the first noun in the comparison.  bueno (good) mejor (better)  malo (bad) peor (worse)  viejo (old) mayor (older)  joven (young) menor (younger) Certain adjectives have irregular comparative forms:
  5. 5. When comparing equal quantities, this formula is used: tanto(as) + noun + como + other noun Tengo tantas tareas como tú. I have as much homework as you. Juan no tiene tanta paciencia como nosotros. Juan doesn’t have as much patience as we do.
  6. 6. The Superlative Form To say that someone or something is the “most” or “least” in a comparison, the superlative form is used. Follow this formula: definite article (el,la,los,las) + (noun) optional + más menos + adjective + de
  7. 7. Superlative Examples  Yo soy el estudiante más inteligente de la clase. I am the most intelligent student in the class.  Juan es el chico menos fuerte de la escuela. Juan is the least strongest boy in school. Mejor, peor, mayor, and menor are also used in a superlative construction:  Bob Esponja es el mejor cocinero de Cangrebúrger de Fondo de Biquini. Sponge Bob is the best Crabby Patty cook in Bikini Bottom.
  8. 8. The Ultimate Superlative - ...........“ísimo”  El españ ol es una clase buenísima. Spanish is an extremely good (great) class.  Helga es una chica feísima. Helga is an extremely ugly girl. To say that a noun is the “ultimate” or best of its kind, add ísimo, ísima, ísimos, ísimas to the end of an adjective.
  9. 9. How to Use “ísimo”....... To spell this correctly, drop the last vowel from the adjective before adding the form of “ísimo”. hermoso ----> hermos ----> hermosísimo This translates to very, very very, really, or extremely in English.
  10. 10. How to Use “ísimo”....... To spell this correctly, drop the last vowel from the adjective before adding the form of “ísimo”. hermoso ----> hermos ----> hermosísimo This translates to very, very very, really, or extremely in English.

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