By Brad Harris,Grand Prairie HS SE: US 3A, 12A, 15A
Rise of the Iron Horse Following the Civil War, many Americans began moving West.The growth of railroads quickened this migration. Most people who moved west were ranchers who raised cattle or farmed the land, or were miners looking for gold or silver.
Railroad Pioneers Leland Stanford Cornelius Vanderbilt Founded Central Largest railroad Pacific Railroad, tycoon in the the largest Eastern Unitedrailroad company States during in the West the late 1800s
Transcontinental RailroadThe railway completed in 1869 between Omaha, Nebraska and Sacramento, CaliforniaIt was built in large part by Chinese immigrants
Transcontinental Railroad It joined the Union Pacific and Central PacificRailroads and greatly improved travel from the eastern United States to the West.
Discoveryeducation.comThe American Revolution Railroads
Homestead ActThe law passed in 1862 that encouraged the settlement of the Great Plains People got a plot of land for free as long as they: 1) Filed a application 2) Improved the land 3) Filed for a deed ($10)
Settlement of the WestFour things drew settlers to the Central Plains1) the Homestead Act allowed people to own their own land 2) the land was rich and fertile for farming3) the development of the steel plow made farming easier 4) the land was flat without any major mountains
Settlement of the WestThis flood of people moving westward angered many Native Americans living in the Plains.
Settlement of the West To make room for white settlers, herds ofbuffalo were killed and Native Americans were placed on reservations, leading to…
“Indian Wars” The movement west led to a series of “Indian wars”between homesteadersand Native Americans The clashes led to numerous massacres, throughout the late 1800s Among these were the Sand Creek Massacre, Fetterman Massacre and the Massacre at Wounded Knee
Indian Peace Commission Three years after the Sand Creek Massacre, the federal government tried to step in and settledisputes between U.S. settlers and Native Americans by creating the Indian Peace Commission in 1867 The Indian Peace Commission tried to end conflicts bycreating new lands forNative Americans only. These lands wereknown as reservations.
The Dawes Act Law passed in 1887attempting to assimilate Native Americans into American society The law led to the creation of “Indian Territory” in what is today the state of Oklahoma
The Dawes Act Native American children were forced to learn English and became more “Americanized” Native American families were forced from their homelands and onto reservations The U.S. government had to use force to move some Native American
Flight of the Nez PerceOften, Native Americans werechased off land that they had been settled on for centuries The Nez Perce tribe – led by Chief Joseph – refused to move from The army chased the their lands to Nez Perce all the way to a reservation Canada before Chief in Idaho Joseph surrendered
Famous Indian ChiefsSitting Bull Crazy Horse Red Cloud Geronimo
Custer’s Last StandThe Battle of Little Big Horn in 1876was one of the mostfamous massacres in U.S. history It was in this battle Lt. Colonel George Custer and the U.S. 7th Army was ambushed by Native Americans. It became known as Custer’s Last Stand