“Globalization requires companies to communicate in ways that transcend space and time; Local Area Networks (LAN) such as an intranet and Wide Area “ Networks (WAN) such as the internet allow companies to coordinate production, take and service orders, market their services and recruit employees” ( Eisenberg and Goodall, 2001, p. 11). “Advances in Communication Technology both promote global business and create new sites for work such as offices in cyberspace” (p. 12).
“Virtual communication through voicemail, email, video conferencing, and text messaging have become a fact of life in today’s organizations” (Daft, 2008, p. 277). Our future outlook is that new technologies such as tele-immersion, Cloud and other like technologies will transcend the current hypes and be the leaders in their industry.
In this presentation we want to focus on three key areas of human development that futures technology will impact.
“The integration of digital technologies, such as Tablet-PC in classroom instruction is seen as a promising way to facilitate students’ learning processes” (Ifentalhaler & Schweinbenz, 2013, p. 1). In a study on effects of homework system implemented on TPC, Kerawalla et al. (2007) reported a better understanding of learning materials, individual learning history and information of learning objectives between school and home. Another major field of research has been the use of TPC for mathematics teaching (Galligan, Loch, McDonald, & Taylor, 2010; Trouche & Drijvers, 2010) and in addition,studies have been conducted on creating interactive learning networks through the use of TPC and wireless technology (Enriquez, 2010).
“Recent developments in mobile applications for children with Autism Spectrum Disease have shown mobile ICT’s potential to enhance participation ineducational settings and wider social contexts, for young people with the social, emotional and cognitive impairments typically associatedwith this condition. Some of this work has been done as part of the HANDS Project (HANDS Project, 2011)” (Mintz, 2013, p. 17). The HANDS software consists of a web based flexible toolkit that teachers use to develop specific support and intervention sequencesspecific to the need of each child. These sequences consist of a series of linked screens, each of which can include customizable text, images,video and sound. Intervention sequences developed using the flexible toolkit are then loaded via a synchronization function on to the clientapplication on the child’s smartphone (see Fig. 2). On a regular basis the teachers then encouraged children to complete both the life skilland social skill task using the support of the intervention on the HANDS application” (Mintz, 2013, p. 18).The system also includes an electronic footprint feature that creates a log file record for every use of the mobile application by the child.The application was developed using Windows Dynamic Mobile and smartphones used included the HTC Diamond and HTC Touch HD. Apilot implementation in Android 2.2 was also undertaken.
“For example, for one child the life skill task was getting on the bus independently and the social skill task was to use the telephone and pass on a message to their teacher” (Mintz, 2013, p. 20).
“The U.S. healthcare system is facing a crisis as it seeks new ways to improve health care quality for the country; a gap exists between technology demands and technology skills in the nursing field” (McNeil et al., 2003). The IOM/Robert Woods Johnson Report on the Future of Nursing recommends “reconceptualizing” the role of nurses within the context of the entire workforce, the shortage, societal issues, and current and future technology.”
Saxon (2013) “One technology incorporates electrodes into an iPhone case and uses ultrasound to transmit an ECG recording corresponding to a standard Lead I on a 12-lead ECG (AliveCor, Oklahoma City, OK, USA).” A 30-second ECG tracing is obtained by simply holding the iPhone and placing at least 1 finger from each hand on electrodes embedded into the back of the ECG case. The ECG tracing can be downloaded wirelessly for immediate remote interpretation on any browser. The device has regulatory CE mark approval in Europe and has recently earned FDA 510(k) clearance. As patient advocates, physicians and particularly cardiac electrophysiologists should embrace the future and promise of wirelessECGrecording, a technologysolution that can truly scale across the global population. (J CardiovascElectrophysiol, Vol. 24, pp. 480-483, April 2013)
Scientists are developing 3D "bio-printers", a cutting-edge technology that will allow the creation of synthetic human tissue on demand. In the future, these machines could be used to print entire replacement organs, as well as being available for cosmetic procedures. http://www.futuretimeline.net/subject/biology-medicine.htm“Organovo Holdings, Inc. (OTCQX: ONVO) ("Organovo"), a creator and manufacturer of functional, three-dimensional human tissues for medical research and therapeutic applications, and the Knight Cancer Institute at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU), a national leader in translational oncology research, have formed a collaboration to develop more clinically predictive in vitro three dimensional cancer models which will ultimately advance discovery of novel cancer therapeutics http://investors.organovo.com/Newsroom/Press-Releases/Press-Releases-Details/2013/Organovo-and-OHSU-Knight-Cancer-Institute-Announce-Collaboration-in-Cancer-Research1133304/default.aspx. By applying breakthrough bioprinting technology,Organovo develops three-dimensional, architecturally correct, human disease models to improve the understanding of drug toxicity and efficacy earlier in the drug development process, enabling safer, more effective therapieshttp://investors.organovo.com/Newsroom/Press-Releases/Press-Releases-Details/2013/Organovo-and-OHSU-Knight-Cancer-Institute-Announce-Collaboration-in-Cancer-Research1133304/default.aspx.
Tele-immersion is aimed to enable users in geographically distributed sites to collaborate in real time in a shared simulated environment as if they were in the same physical room. This enterprise has engaged the skills of researchers in a variety of disciplines, including computer vision, graphics and network communications. Tele-immersion is aimed to be used in different areas, such as 3D CAD design, ergonomics, entertainment (e..g games), remote learning and training, coordination of activities (e.g. dancing, rehabilitation), 3D motion capture of body segments etchttp://tele-immersion.citris-uc.org/.Audience will watch the movie on Tele-immersion. (2:19).
Researchers at Aston University believe ultra-long cavity fibre lasers could deliver the infrastructure and necessary information carrying capacity in optical networks to meet growing worldwide demand for ever-higher communication bandwidth, with reduced cost and power consumption per bithttp://www1.aston.ac.uk/research/case-studies/laser-telecommunication-systems/. With the growth of internet traffic, communication systems are increasing significantly. The proposed laser technology offers a platform for improving the speed, reliability, security and capacity of optical communication systems particularly for long-haul telecommunications and sensing applications” http://www1.aston.ac.uk/research/case-studies/laser-telecommunication-systems/.
Ask the Audience if they have any questions so far.
One particularly interesting aspect would be the transformational process of teachers’ learning philosophies linked to specific type of technology use, because teachers’ technology integration needs to go not just beyond utilization, but will go along a change in their concept about a teacher’s role in classroom (Ifenthaler & Schweinbenz, 2013, p. 533).Teachers need a comprehensive support system that goes beyond technical aspects and encompasses instructional aspects as well.Government budgets should consider improvements in technology at all levels of the Educational system. Software will need to be developed that aligns with schools’ curriculum at various levels. If teachers develop expertise over a prolonged period of time to apply a high-level technology use, then this might lead to a change towards a student oriented teaching practice.The current generation and the next generation of children will learn primarily through technology. We must train our educators to stay up-to-date on current technological trends.
“The challenges that face us in becoming global citizens – and in shaping a world that works for all – are enormously complex and we need each other to survive it” (Allee, 2003, p. 148).The medical field is no different. Doctors need to connect in real, honest conversations with their patients because patients can now easily find out what’s going on with their health via the internet and with the use of modern technology. Some of this integration is coming from insurers, who have a plethora of useful patient data that can be integrated with mobile apps. One example is UnitedHealth Group subsidiary OptumRx’s “My Medications Reminder” app. It can remind patients to fill, take or refill specific prescriptions.Patient-specific decision support and communication - helped set the stage for improved patient engagement. Criteria included optional objectives for physicians to generate lists of patients with certain conditions and to communicate with patients about preventive and follow-up care based on their conditions http://www.amednews.com/article/20120730/business/307309966/5/.
Once again, many companies in the telecoms and information and communications technology (ICT) sector are facing the spectre of a United Nations agency (International Telecommunication Union (ITU)) regulating critically important aspects of the internet as well as substantially expanding its jurisdiction over the telecoms and ICT industrieshttp://www.whoswholegal.com/news/features/article/29378/the-2012-world-conference-internationaltelecommunications-brewing-storm-potential-un-regulation-internetIndeed, discussions regarding international internet policymaking are already gaining momentum within the UN and various other international forums. Some of these proposals are more specific than others, and they each have different likelihoods of producing real results, but taken together, they demonstrate the widespread attention these issues are receiving by governments around the world http://www.whoswholegal.com/news/features/article/29378/the-2012-world-conference-internationaltelecommunications-brewing-storm-potential-un-regulation-internet.Potentially giving the United Nations agency greater influence over internet governance as well as major telecoms issues such as accounting rates and termination charges for next-generation networks, data privacy, cybersecurity, international mobile roaming, and equipment specifications. http://www.whoswholegal.com/news/features/article/29378/the-2012-world-conference-internationaltelecommunications-brewing-storm-potential-un-regulation-internetA return to strong growth requires the telecom industry to act collectively to create the necessary conditions for the emergence of the more profitable scenarios.Nelson & van den Dam (2010) notes “Global industry collaboration on common capabilities, enablers and platforms to facilitate innovation and improve competitiveness with global OTT providers by:” • Enhancing the role of the service provider to enable new business models in adjacent vertical markets such as e-health, smart grids, transportation, retail and banking • Pervasive and open access connectivity for any person, object and a multitude of devices, optimized to deliver large data volumes cost-effectively Harnessing information and business insights to reduce complexity and costs and to deliver new customer experiences that enable new business models.
Leaders should assess the needs for technology based on the envisioned future of the organization. “Technology can increase operational efficiency, coordination and the speed of re-supply, and can lock in customers, improve customer service and enhance product development” (Daft, 2001, p. 267).
Tansey (2003) suggests “the best way to obtain commitment to new technology is to involve directors in the formulation of the strategy, so that it becomes theirs” (p. 154). If the strategy is not seen as their idea initially, it must be sold to them in a realistic view of the costs and benefits involved (including allowance for inflation, training, savings to the organization, increased profitability) (p. 154). Each department should understand how the new technology will benefit their area. “Hence an extensive effort in publicizing and the objectives and benefits of the new technology should be undertaken” (p. 154).
“A learning organization means that all members share a personal commitment to learning and self-reflection as well as they have flexible mental models” (Senge, 1990, p. 277). “Dialogue or reflective openness starts with the willingm=ness to challenge our own thinking, to recognize that any certainty we have, is at best, a hypothesis about the world” (p.277). Leaders want everyone to come up with new ideas for solving problems and meeting customers needs” Daft, 2008, p. 463). One of the most important tasks of leaders today and in the future is to harness the creative energy of all employees to spur innovation and further the interests of the organization” (p. 463).
Organizations will need to budget far in advance for future technologies. Organizations should provide “formal training in the new technology for existing staff” or recruit specialists for the system (Tansey, 2003, p. 155).
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Futures TechnologyImpact on Organizations in a Global Environment
Technology is the greatest asset forany organization to connect,conduct business and expand in aGlobal Economy.
Futures Technology has to do with howorganizations will use future technologyto enhance their work to remaincompetitive and relevant in the globalmarket.
Futures TechnologyEducationHealth and ScienceTele-communications
EducationThe main hope of a nationlies in the proper education ofits youths.” – Erasmus
Health and SciencesThe speed of wirelesscommunication technology on3G and 4G networks and thewidespread adoption and useof iOS equipped smart phones(AppleInc., Cupertino, CA, USA)provide the infrastructure forthe transmission of wirelessbiomedical data.
Implications forLeadership Policy & PlanningA. Education Transformational Leadership Training FundingB. Health and Science Integration Training Patients Compensation PackagesC. Tele-communications Legislation Regulation Collaboration and Cooperation
IMPLICATIONS FOREDUCATIONWhether the promised benefits oftechnology can be realized in a schoolenvironment depends on whether teacherswill accept the technology and integrate itinto classroom practice. Rather thanstarting from a position of “teacher knowsbest”, they should work collaboratively withchildren and young people.
IMPLICATIONS FORHEALTH & SCIENCEIf individuals decide to purchase newtechnologies on their own and recordsomething, how will they get the data to aphysician and what will be the mechanismfor reimbursement to the physician forreviewing and discussing the data? Theseare the key components that will requirenew strategies for the many unique andnew medical applications available toindividuals now and in the future.
IMPLICATIONS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONSInformation and CommunicationTechnologies (ICTs) can no longer besimply understood as technologytools, but as an essential ingredientand key strategic component ofsocial and economic development– Dr. Hamadoun Touré
LEADERS MUST ACT NOW 3. Create a Learning Culture
LEADERS MUST ACT NOW 4. Budget for New Technologies
CONCLUSIONFutures Technology ismore real today than everbefore because of theglobal economy in whichwe conduct business.Your organization must beon the cutting edge toremain competitive andrelevant in this era.
ReferencesAllee, V. 2003. The Future of Knowledge. Elsevier Science. Burlington, MA.Daft, R. 2008. The Leadership Experience. South-Western. Mason, OHDaft, R. 2001. Organization Theory and Design. South-Western. Cincinnati, OH.Eisenber, E. & H. Goodall Jr. 2001. Organizational Communication. Bedford/St. Martin’sBoston, MA.Enriquez, A. G. (2010). Enhancing student performance using Tablet computers.College Teaching, 58(3), 77–84. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/87567550903263859Ifenthaler, D. & V. Schweinbenz. The Acceptance of Tablet-PCs in ClassroomInstruction: The Teachers’ Perspective. Computers in Human Behavior. Vol. 29. 2012.pp. 525-534.Institute of Medicine: The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Heath. RobertWood Johnson Foundation and IOM. 2010.Kerawalla, L., O’Connor, J., Underwood, J., du Boulay, B., Holmberg, J., Luckin, R., etal. (2007). Exploring the potential of the homework system and Tablet PCs tosupport continuity of numeracy practices between home and primary school.Educational Media International, 44(4), 289–303. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09523980701680904..
ReferencesMcNeil et al. Nursing Information Technology Knowledge, Skills, and Preparation ofStudent Nurses, Nursing Faculty, and Clinicians: A U.S. Survey. Nursing and InformationTechnology. 2003. pp. 341-349.Meeker M, Devitt S: Internet Trends. (2010, June 7). CM Summit, Morgan Stanley. NewYork City. Slide 44Mintz, J. 2013. Additional Key factors mediating the use of a mobile technology tooldesigned to develop social and life skills in children with ASD. Journal of Computers andEducation. Vol. 63. 2013, pp. 17-27.Saxon, L. Ubiquitous Wireless ECG Recording: A Powerful Tool Physicians ShouldEmbrace. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology. Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 480-483. April2013.Nelson, E. & R. van den Dam. Telco 2015. IBM Global Business Services. Pp. 1-36.
REFERENCESSenge, P. 1990. The Fifth Discipline. Currency. New York, NY.Smith C, Collins D: 3G Wireless Networks. New York: McGraw-HillProfessional; 2000, p. 136.Tansey, S. 2003. Business, Information Technology and Society. Routledge. New York,NY.http://tele-immersion.citris-uc.org/.http://www.amednews.com/article/20120730/business/307309966/5/.http://www1.aston.ac.uk/research/case-studies/laser-telecommunication-systems/.http://www.whoswholegal.com/news/features/article/29378/the-2012-world-conference-internationaltelecommunications-brewing-storm-potential-un-regulation-internet