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World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam
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World History Unit4 Byzantium And Islam

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  • 1. Rome’s Successors in Eastern Europe and the Middle East: Byzantium Islam
  • 2. Byzantium and the Expansion of Islam
  • 3. The Byzantine Empire
    • Framework Established by Constantine
      • The Emperor
        • Held absolute civil power
        • Wanted control of the religious institutions as well
        • Caesaro-papism
        • Continuation of Roman Authority
      • Commerce centered at Constantinople
      • Great Schism of 1054 splits the Christian Church into Orthodox and Catholic
  • 4. Hagia Sophia Church in Constantinople (Istanbul) – construction started in the 6 th century – largest church in Christendom for over 1000 years
  • 5. Russian and Ukrainian Patriarchs today
  • 6. Byzantium and the Slavs
        • Cyrillic Alphabet
        • Trade relations
        • Moscow absorbs Roman Culture
        • Christianity flows north
        • Art and Architecture (Russian architecture is often centered around the “onion domes”, similar to those found in the Middle East)
  • 7. Cyrillic Alphabet (Russian Version)
  • 8. ISLAM SUBMISSION TO ALLAH
  • 9. The Rise of Islam
    • Muhammad (570-632)
      • Caravan trader living in Mecca
        • First teachings of the Koran revealed, 610
        • Flees with followers to Medina, 622
          • The hejira
        • Mecca conquered in the first Jihad (632)
        • Koran – the Islamic holy book
  • 10.
      • One god, Allah and Mohammad is the Prophet
      • Prayer – 5X/day facing Mecca
      • Alms to the poor
      • Fasting during Ramadan
      • The Hajj – pilgrimage to Mecca
    The Five Pillars (obligatory duties)
  • 11. The Kaba in Mecca
  • 12. Map of the Spread of Islam
  • 13. Expansion of Islam (West)
    • Largely through military conquest
      • Jihad (holy war)
      • Within 100 years, Muslims conquer territory from Holy Land to the Iberian Peninsula
      • Displays weakness of Byzantine Empire
      • Stopped in the West at the Battle of Tours (732)
    The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem
      • To the West (North Africa and Europe)
  • 14. Expansion of Islam (East)
    • Largely through trade
      • Attraction as a religion of salvation
      • Arab traders control trade throughout the Indian Ocean
      • Largest Islamic country is Indonesia
      • India is 25% Muslim
      • Spices and tea trade will be important for later units
    TheTaj Mahal
      • To the East (Asia and India)
  • 15. Expansion of Islam (Africa)
      • Attraction as a religion of salvation
      • Berber traders cross the Sahara Desert
      • Timbuktu in Mali becomes a center of Islamic learning with a great library
      • Islamic proverb states that "Salt comes from the north, gold from the south, but the word of God and the treasures of wisdom come from Timbuktu.“
    Mosque in Timbuktu
  • 16. Map of the Spread of Islam to Africa
  • 17.
      • Draws on Greek, Persian, and Indian sources
      • Mathematics, astronomy and medicine
      • Idea that learning is a gift from Allah
      • Algebra, the Zero and Surgery
      • Developed the first hospitals where the sick could be treated by professionals
      • Advances become important components of later western culture, although it will take Christian loses in the Crusades to bring many Arab cultural ideas to Europe
    Islamic Science and Medicine
  • 18. Islamic Medicine

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