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<ul><li>The Past? Dates? Events? People? </li></ul><ul><li>A class that helps students prepare for college and the SATs? <...
<ul><li>History is a story that tells us who we are … by telling us who we were. </li></ul><ul><li>The story must tie fact...
<ul><li>Time before the development of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists say it may go back hundreds of thousands of ye...
<ul><li>Civilizations developed along major river systems all over the world </li></ul><ul><li>Some settlements are tens o...
<ul><li>Mesopotamia: Tigris and Euphrates </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptian: Nile </li></ul><ul><li>Indian: Indus </li></ul><ul><...
 
<ul><li>Tigris and Euphrates Rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Day Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>Writing: Cuneiform (Wedge-shaped w...
 
<ul><li>Nile River: flows north from the highlands of Ethiopia to the Med – civilization develops only along the river </l...
 
<ul><li>Phoenicians </li></ul><ul><li>Found in modern day Lebanon (north of Israel) </li></ul><ul><li>Sea traders – coloni...
<ul><li>Indus River – in northern India – contains the highest concentration of people in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Some...
<ul><li>Settlements along the Yellow River </li></ul><ul><li>Isolated by geography from the rest of the world </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Confucius  </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese 6 th  century BC philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone has duties and respon...
<ul><li>Youngest of the philosophies in Ancient China </li></ul><ul><li>Sought to unite Confucianism with Taoism under a s...
<ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>Old Indian religion </li></ul><ul><li>Both polytheistic and monotheistic </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Oldest surviving major world religion </li></ul><ul><li>Polytheistic and monotheistic at the same time </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Siddhartha Gautama – Hindu prince who had a crisis of faith and walked among the people and observed the world </l...
<ul><li>Ancient powerful empire (550 BC to 350 BC) centered in modern day Iran </li></ul><ul><li>Stretched from the steps ...
 
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World History Unit1 Ancientworld

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Transcript of "World History Unit1 Ancientworld"

  1. 2. <ul><li>The Past? Dates? Events? People? </li></ul><ul><li>A class that helps students prepare for college and the SATs? </li></ul><ul><li>Something students need to take so that Coach Flo has a job? </li></ul><ul><li>Something to sleep through? </li></ul><ul><li>I have no idea, but I know it sucks? </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>History is a story that tells us who we are … by telling us who we were. </li></ul><ul><li>The story must tie facts together, but there is no need to have all the information to tell the story </li></ul><ul><li>Stories from the past combine to help us tell our story </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Time before the development of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists say it may go back hundreds of thousands of years </li></ul><ul><li>No documented “story” without writing </li></ul><ul><li>Really belongs to scientists and archaeologists </li></ul><ul><li>Many human advances, including the ability of humans to domesticate agriculture – leads to settlements </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Civilizations developed along major river systems all over the world </li></ul><ul><li>Some settlements are tens of thousands of years old </li></ul><ul><li>Rivers brought not just water, but silt as well, which fertilized the land </li></ul><ul><li>Certain rivers are predictable in their floods </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Mesopotamia: Tigris and Euphrates </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptian: Nile </li></ul><ul><li>Indian: Indus </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese: Yellow </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Tigris and Euphrates Rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Day Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>Writing: Cuneiform (Wedge-shaped writing) </li></ul><ul><li>Government: City-states </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: polytheistic and tied to nature </li></ul><ul><li>Epic of Gilgamesh: Flood story </li></ul><ul><li>Hammurabi's Code: equality before the law </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Nile River: flows north from the highlands of Ethiopia to the Med – civilization develops only along the river </li></ul><ul><li>Settlements in Egypt are probably older than in Mesopotamia, but writing developed later </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: polytheistic with Pharaoh (king) as son of Re </li></ul><ul><li>Government: first empire (multiple nations – one ruler) – Nile runs from Black Africa to Arab Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Writing System: Hieroglyphics (picture writing) – has thousands of characters – much more sophisticated than Mesopotamian cuneiform </li></ul>
  8. 12. <ul><li>Phoenicians </li></ul><ul><li>Found in modern day Lebanon (north of Israel) </li></ul><ul><li>Sea traders – colonized the entire Mediterranean area </li></ul><ul><li>Traded with Egyptians and Greeks – brought goods and culture across the Med </li></ul><ul><li>Developed the alphabet to facilitate trade </li></ul><ul><li>Alphabet – set of symbols based on sounds of a language </li></ul><ul><li>Hebrews (Israelites) </li></ul><ul><li>Small and insignificant kingdom found in and around Jerusalem (eastern part of the Med. </li></ul><ul><li>Often conquered by others (Egypt, Babylonia, Rome, Alexander, Persia) </li></ul><ul><li>Religion – monotheism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Judaism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Old Testament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foundation for both Christianity and Islam </li></ul></ul>
  9. 13. <ul><li>Indus River – in northern India – contains the highest concentration of people in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Some settlements along the Indus may be perhaps 25,000 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: Hinduism </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Settlements along the Yellow River </li></ul><ul><li>Isolated by geography from the rest of the world </li></ul><ul><li>Government: ruled by dynasties (long periods of familial rule). According to tradition, dynasties would rule until they lost the “mandate of heaven” (authority from the gods) </li></ul><ul><li>Three major philosophies developed in Ancient China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daoism (Taoism) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legalism </li></ul></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>Confucius </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese 6 th century BC philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone has duties and responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Accept your position in life </li></ul><ul><li>Correct order in life will bring stability (balance is key) </li></ul><ul><li>Ruler’s responsibility was to provide good government </li></ul><ul><li>People’s responsibility was to be respectful and loyal subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Taoism </li></ul><ul><li>Reject conflict and strife in everyday life </li></ul><ul><li>Seek to live in harmony with nature </li></ul><ul><li>Simplicity in life and the virtue of yielding to outside pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Water – yields to pressure, yet is an unstoppable force that causes immense changes </li></ul><ul><li>Best government – one that governs least </li></ul>
  12. 16. <ul><li>Youngest of the philosophies in Ancient China </li></ul><ul><li>Sought to unite Confucianism with Taoism under a strict code for behavior – only through a strict sense of loyalty and unity could peace and harmony with nature and self be achieved </li></ul><ul><li>Harsh rules – set down by harsh rulers </li></ul><ul><li>Government control of everything, down to the smallest facet of everyday life (made great use of paper to get the word out) </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers greatest asset – ability to control the people and provide stability </li></ul><ul><li>Control and discipline brought unity and harmony </li></ul>
  13. 17. <ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>Old Indian religion </li></ul><ul><li>Both polytheistic and monotheistic </li></ul><ul><li>All powerful world soul or force in all of us </li></ul><ul><li>Based on reincarnation and the caste system </li></ul><ul><li>All of us are trying to rejoin the world’s soul </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Siddartha Gautama – first Buddha or “enlightened one” </li></ul><ul><li>Based on understanding relationship between desire and pain </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate desire to eliminate suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate desire = achieve Nirvana and break cycle of reincarnation </li></ul>
  14. 18. <ul><li>Oldest surviving major world religion </li></ul><ul><li>Polytheistic and monotheistic at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>Brahman – the world’s soul (monotheistic) </li></ul><ul><li>Different Hindu gods -- really just manifestations of Brahman </li></ul><ul><li>Creation – Brahman shattered – each of us has a piece of Brahman – it’s the “life force” in all living things </li></ul><ul><li>Reincarnation – cycle of rebirth based on Karma (the way you live your life)– we’re all eventually trying to rejoin Brahman – only members of the priest class with good Karma will be able to rejoin Brahman </li></ul><ul><li>Caste system: 14 levels of humans from Brahmin (priest class) to Untouchables (lowest humans) </li></ul>
  15. 19. <ul><li>Siddhartha Gautama – Hindu prince who had a crisis of faith and walked among the people and observed the world </li></ul><ul><li>Four Noble Truths </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone suffers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffering is caused by desire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To eliminate suffering – eliminate desire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To eliminate desire – follow the Eight fold path to righteousness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eliminating desire would thus allow a person to become “enlightened” or a Buddha. This was called achieving a state called Nirvana </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve Nirvana and break the cycle of reincarnation and join the world’s soul </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone not achieving Nirvana would ensure their good Karma and would go up on the ladder of reincarnation </li></ul>
  16. 20. <ul><li>Ancient powerful empire (550 BC to 350 BC) centered in modern day Iran </li></ul><ul><li>Stretched from the steps of India to the Greek world – largest empire of its time </li></ul><ul><li>Developed the first ideas behind Local Autonomy as a way to govern its empire </li></ul><ul><li>ran into Greek colonies in what is today Turkey (ancient Anatolia) and fought a protracted war against the united Greek city states – it’s a war that Persia will lose. </li></ul>
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