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Ch 1 siedentop_and_van_der_mars_2012

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Physical Education, Fitness, and Sport …

Physical Education, Fitness, and Sport
Daryl Siedentop
Hans van der Mars

Published in: Education

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  • 1. © 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Introduction to Physical Education, Fitness, and Sport CHAPTER 1 The Dilemma of Our Times: Lifespan Physical Activity and the Obesity Health Crisis McGraw-Hill/Irwin
  • 2. 1-2 Introduction Current estimates of U.S. Overweight and obesity? (Trust for America’s Health, 2010). • Over two-thirds of all adults and one-third of all children in the U.S. are now overweight • Almost 30 percent of adults and 16 percent of children are obese
  • 3. 1-3 Introduction Body Mass Index at-a-glance: Children & youth: •> 85th percentile = Overweight •Children: > 90th percentile = Obese Adults: •Formula: Weight (lbs.)/ height (in.) 703 •18.5 – 25 > Optimal range •> 25 = Overweight •> 30 = Obese
  • 4. 1-4 Introduction Causes for such levels? • Energy imbalance . . . How? • “Built environment” . . . How?
  • 5. 1-5 Introduction Who is more likely to be overweight or obese? (Trust for America’s Health, 2010). • Regional factors? • Economic factors? • Societal factors?
  • 6. 1-6 Introduction Consequences of overweight & obesity: Increased risk of . . .? • Coronary heart disease • Type 2 diabetes • Cancer • High blood pressure • High total cholesterol • Stroke
  • 7. 1-7 Introduction • Liver & gall bladder disease • Sleep apnea • Respiratory problems • Osteoarthritis, and • Reproductive health problems Consequences of overweight & obesity: Increased risk of . . .?
  • 8. 1-8 THE COST OF OVERWEIGHT & OBESITY • Medical spending for the obese 42% higher than for normal-weight persons • U.S. businesses spend over $13 billion annually in health insurance claims, paid sick leave, and disability and life insurance Examples of the economic impact?
  • 9. 1-9 THE COST OF OVERWEIGHT & OBESITY • 1 billion additional gallons of gasoline for cars & nearly 10 billion tons of carbon dioxide emissions • airline industry spends 350 million more gallons of fuel annually Examples of the economic impact?
  • 10. 1-10 FAST FOOD & THE OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY EPIDEMIC Trends in fast food & beverage consumption? • Since 1980, consumption amongst U.S. children and youths has increased dramatically • Fast food is less expensive than healthy food and is typically more accessible
  • 11. 1-11 NATIONAL GOALS FOR HEALTHY FOODS AND PA IN SCHOOLS • % of schools offering nutritious foods & beverages beyond school meals • % of schools with a school breakfast program • proportion of schools requiring daily Physical Education for all students. Increase . . . From Healthy People 2020
  • 12. 1-12 NATIONAL GOALS FOR HEALTHY FOODS AND PA IN SCHOOLS • Proportion of adolescents participating in daily school Physical Education • Proportion of adolescents who meet objectives for aerobic physical activity and muscle-strengthening activity Increase . . . From Healthy People 2020
  • 13. 1-13 NATIONAL PLAN FOR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Participating societal sectors: • Business and Industry • Education • Health Care • Mass Media • Parks, Recreation, Fitness, and Sports • Public Health • Transportation, Land Use, & Community Design • Volunteer and Nonprofit Organizations
  • 14. 1-14 NATIONAL PLAN FOR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Primary strategies: • Advocacy mobilizing support for plan’s strategies and tactics • Mount a national physical activity education program • Disseminate best practice physical activity models, programs, and policies • Create a national resource center to disseminate effective tools • Establish a center for physical activity policy development and research
  • 15. 1-15 LIFESPAN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: A REVOLUTION NOT LIMITED BY AGE OR GENDER • Just for children and youth? Who else? Why? • Role of building self-efficacy • Play is not just for children!
  • 16. 1-16 LIFESPAN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: A REVOLUTION NOT LIMITED BY AGE OR GENDER Early years: • Learning through physical movement • From informal to formal sport opportunities • Venues: Pre-school-, early childhood-, fee-for-service-, Head-start-, & community programs
  • 17. 1-17 LIFESPAN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: A REVOLUTION NOT LIMITED BY AGE OR GENDER Youth: Transition Years • Become more sedentary (REASONS??) • Venues: Interscholastic sport, private clubs and programs
  • 18. 1-18 LIFESPAN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: A REVOLUTION NOT LIMITED BY AGE OR GENDER Young Adulthood (i.e., univ.-aged): • Campus Recreation Centers • Intramurals • Sport Clubs • Outdoor Adventure Centers • Worksite fitness/wellness centers • Health clubs • YMCA’s • Park & Rec. programs
  • 19. 1-19 LIFESPAN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: A REVOLUTION NOT LIMITED BY AGE OR GENDER Older Adults: • Old myth: Avoid MVPA! • Since 60’s dramatic increase in all forms of (competitive) physical activity: Age group competition sport Masters Swimming World Master Games National Senior Games
  • 20. 1-20 LIFESPAN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: A REVOLUTION NOT LIMITED BY AGE OR GENDER Older Adults: Consequences of sedentary living? • Estimated to account for 50 % of the decline in strength, flexibility & aerobic fitness
  • 21. 1-21 NEW SETTINGS FOR P.A. • Public and private sector programs • Home fitness • Fee-for-service sport clubs • Fee-for-service fitness centers • Community centers • YMCA – YWCA • Worksite fitness/wellness centers
  • 22. 1-22 Emerging Characteristics of Lifespan Physical Activity • Importance of an early start . . . Form habits • Must be enjoyable • Reduced gender bias • Increased life expectancy • Emergence of private-sector industry • More readily available and better info • Improved technology available
  • 23. 1-23 MAJOR ISSUES WE FACE & HOW TO CONFRONT THEM Physical activity throughout the lifespan is possible and achievable, BUT . . . Access to PA and healthier foods: •Role of race, place, and socio-economic status •“Built environment”? •Is it just individual responsibility?