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U.S History (Weeks 1 -3)
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U.S History (Weeks 1 -3)

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U.S. History Weeks 1-3 Review

U.S. History Weeks 1-3 Review

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  • 1. Age of Exploration “Europeans Set Sail” Week 1 1
  • 2. Key Terms • Prince Henry the Navigator • Christopher Columbus • Vasco da Gama • caravel • astrolabe • cartography 2
  • 3. Main Ideas 1.What was the Age of Exploration? What reasons did European nations have for wanting to explore new worlds? 2. Why did European leaders and explorers want to find a sailing trade route to Asia instead of continuing to use the overland trade route? 3.Identify Prince Henry and explain his significance to the events of the world at his time. 4.What technological inventions and improvements promoted the Age of Exploration? 5.Identify Christopher Columbus and explain his significance to the events of the world at his time 3
  • 4. Main Idea #1 4
  • 5. Main Idea #1 • How would you define the Age of Exploration? 4
  • 6. Main Idea #1 • How would you define the Age of Exploration? • What reasons did European nations have for wanting to explore new worlds? 4
  • 7. Age of Exploration Reasons • Gain economic wealth • Spread the Christian Religion • Intellectual Curiosity 5
  • 8. Main Idea #2 • Why did European leaders and explorers want to find a sailing trade route to Asia instead of continuing to use the overland trade route? 6
  • 9. 7
  • 10. SPICES 7
  • 11. SPICES In the 1400s, there was no refrigeration. To prevent meat from spoiling, people would drown their meat in salt to preserve and dry it (like beef jerky). They also used a lot of spices like pepper to cover up the taste of the salted or spoiled meat. 7
  • 12. SPICES In the 1400s, there was no refrigeration. To prevent meat from spoiling, people would drown their meat in salt to preserve and dry it (like beef jerky). They also used a lot of spices like pepper to cover up the taste of the salted or spoiled meat. Ancient Romans used to pay $125 for 12 ounces of pepper. The pepper in your local supermarket would have paid for a year's rent. 7
  • 13. http://www.public.iastate.edu/~cfford/Europe1400.jpg 8
  • 14. http://www.harpercollege.edu/mhealy/geogres/maps/nwgif/nwottom.gif 9
  • 15. Main Idea #3 & #4 10
  • 16. Main Idea #3 & #4 • Identify Prince Henry and explain his significance to the events of the world at his time. 10
  • 17. Main Idea #3 & #4 • Identify Prince Henry and explain his significance to the events of the world at his time. • What technological inventions and improvements promoted the Age of Exploration? 10
  • 18. 11
  • 19. Caravel 11
  • 20. Thttp://www.ruf.rice.edu/~feegi/bojador.GIFext Men believed the currents south of Cape Bojador were so strong that no ship would ever return and that the sun would burn so hot that no life could survive on the land. From 1424 to 1434 Henry sent out 15 expeditions, all of which did not dare to pass the Cape. 12
  • 21. http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/imagevoy/Africa1.jpg 13
  • 22. Vasco da Gama 14
  • 23. Main Idea #5 15
  • 24. Main Idea #5 • Identify Christopher Columbus and explain his significance to the events of the world at his time. 15
  • 25. La Pinta La Nina Santa Maria 16
  • 26. Columbus Voayge: http://www.mrnussbaum.com/columbustrip.gif 17
  • 27. Week 2 Seminar The Southern Colonies Main Ideas 18
  • 28. Main Idea #1 19
  • 29. Main Idea #1 • What is a joint-stock company? 19
  • 30. Main Idea #1 • What is a joint-stock company? 19
  • 31. Main Idea #1 • What is a joint-stock company? • What did the owners of the Virginia Company of London hope to achieve by financing the creation of a permanent settlement in Virginia? 19
  • 32. - Charter - a document, issued by a sovereign or state, outlining the conditions under which a corporation, colony, city, or other corporate body is organized, and defining its rights and privileges. 20
  • 33. Main Idea #2 • Identify the factors that contributed to the success/ failure of early colonial settlements in the New World. 21
  • 34. Main Idea #3 22
  • 35. Main Idea #3 • Compare and contrast each of the Southern colonies political, economic, religious, and social situations. 22
  • 36. •South Carolina •Virginia(Jamestown) •Maryland •North Carolina •Georgia (Savannah) 23
  • 37. Main Idea #4 24
  • 38. Main Idea #4 • What caused Southern colonists to favor slaves over indentured servants? 24
  • 39. Main Idea #4 • What caused Southern colonists to favor slaves over indentured servants? • What allowed Africans to become slaves rather than indentured servants? 24
  • 40. Main Idea #4 • What caused Southern colonists to favor slaves over indentured servants? • What allowed Africans to become slaves rather than indentured servants? • How did Southern Colonists maintain control over their slaves? 24
  • 41. Indentured Servants 25
  • 42. Indentured Servants • Both white and black indentured servants lived, worked, & had families together. • 100,000 out of 130,000 people in Virginia were indentured servants 25
  • 43. Indentured Servants 26
  • 44. Indentured Servants • Contracted workers (4 -7 years) purchased by rich aristocrats who agreed to pay off their debt. • Master fed, clothed, & housed the servant. • Servant received money, tools, & rights to a few acres of land at the end of their contract. 26
  • 45. Indentured Servants 27
  • 46. Indentured Servants • Problems - Leave after a few years, not used to heavy farming or hot weather. 27
  • 47. Indentured Servants • Problems - Leave after a few years, not used to heavy farming or hot weather. • England’s economy improves in the late half of the 17th century. Fewer indentured servants for hire. 27
  • 48. Rise of Slavery • Strong, in-expensive, no government protection, black skin keeps them from blending in with the rest of the crowd, permanent workers. • Black skin became synonymous with being a slave. 28
  • 49. Establishing White Supremacy “How could the ruling class break the bonds between the white and black servant class? How could the nobles enslave one race - the blacks - forever?” -- Slavery and Miscegenation[inter-racial marriage] in America by: Linda Allen Bryant Answer: Slave Codes 29
  • 50. Carolina Slave Codes “Carolina authorities developed laws to keep the African American population under control. Whipping, branding, dismembering, castrating, or killing a slave were legal under many circumstances. Freedom of movement, to assemble at a funeral, to earn money, even to learn to read and write, became outlawed.” --http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/1narr5.html A Negro Hung Alive by the Ribs to a Gallows 30
  • 51. 31
  • 52. Triangular Trade Route Triangular Trade Route - fueled the growth of slavery in the Americas. • Slave traders brought Africans to the Americas • Rum and sugar cane from the Americas went to Europe • Sales of these products provided money to European slave traders to capture and transport more Africans to the Americas. [Engaging Students in American History] 32
  • 53. 33
  • 54. 34
  • 55. 35
  • 56. 36
  • 57. Week 3 Seminar The New England Colonies Main Ideas 37
  • 58. 38
  • 59. Main Idea #1 39
  • 60. Main Idea #1 What factors led to the development of slavery in the colonies? 39
  • 61. Main Idea #1 What factors led to the development of slavery in the colonies? - Lack of indentured servants 39
  • 62. Main Idea #1 What factors led to the development of slavery in the colonies? - Lack of indentured servants - Europe’s improving economy after 1650 39
  • 63. Main Idea #1 What factors led to the development of slavery in the colonies? - Lack of indentured servants - Europe’s improving economy after 1650 - Easy availability of slaves 39
  • 64. Main Idea #1 What factors led to the development of slavery in the colonies? - Lack of indentured servants - Europe’s improving economy after 1650 - Easy availability of slaves - Advantages of Blacks over Whites 39
  • 65. Main Idea #1 What factors led to the development of slavery in the colonies? - Lack of indentured servants - Europe’s improving economy after 1650 - Easy availability of slaves - Advantages of Blacks over Whites - Church and slave codes 39
  • 66. Main Idea #1 What factors led to the development of slavery in the colonies? - Lack of indentured servants - Europe’s improving economy after 1650 - Easy availability of slaves - Advantages of Blacks over Whites - Church and slave codes Reference: Slaves vs Indentured Servants PDF 39
  • 67. 40
  • 68. Main Idea #2 Describe the conditions and common practices aboard a typical slave ship bound for the middle passage? 40
  • 69. 41
  • 70. Main Idea #3 42
  • 71. Main Idea #3 Explain the role religion played in the establishment of the New England colonies and in daily colonial life. 42
  • 72. Main Idea #3 Explain the role religion played in the establishment of the New England colonies and in daily colonial life. 42
  • 73. Main Idea #3 Explain the role religion played in the establishment of the New England colonies and in daily colonial life. - The reason many people came to the New England colonies was to escape religious persecution. 42
  • 74. Main Idea #3 Explain the role religion played in the establishment of the New England colonies and in daily colonial life. - The reason many people came to the New England colonies was to escape religious persecution. 42
  • 75. Main Idea #3 Explain the role religion played in the establishment of the New England colonies and in daily colonial life. - The reason many people came to the New England colonies was to escape religious persecution. - Politics and religion were closely linked in Puritan New England. 42
  • 76. Main Idea #3 Explain the role religion played in the establishment of the New England colonies and in daily colonial life. - The reason many people came to the New England colonies was to escape religious persecution. - Politics and religion were closely linked in Puritan New England. 42
  • 77. Main Idea #3 Explain the role religion played in the establishment of the New England colonies and in daily colonial life. - The reason many people came to the New England colonies was to escape religious persecution. - Politics and religion were closely linked in Puritan New England. - Colonists only became full members by passing a public faith test. 42
  • 78. Main Idea #3 Explain the role religion played in the establishment of the New England colonies and in daily colonial life. - The reason many people came to the New England colonies was to escape religious persecution. - Politics and religion were closely linked in Puritan New England. - Colonists only became full members by passing a public faith test. 42
  • 79. Main Idea #3 Explain the role religion played in the establishment of the New England colonies and in daily colonial life. - The reason many people came to the New England colonies was to escape religious persecution. - Politics and religion were closely linked in Puritan New England. - Colonists only became full members by passing a public faith test. 42
  • 80. Main Idea #3 Explain the role religion played in the establishment of the New England colonies and in daily colonial life. - The reason many people came to the New England colonies was to escape religious persecution. - Politics and religion were closely linked in Puritan New England. - Colonists only became full members by passing a public faith test. Reference: Holt Chp.3/Sec.2 PDF 42
  • 81. Mayflower Compact 43
  • 82. Mayflower Compact Settlers consented to follow the rules & regulations of the gov’t for the sake of survival. 43
  • 83. Mayflower Compact Settlers consented to follow the rules & regulations of the gov’t for the sake of survival. 43
  • 84. Mayflower Compact Settlers consented to follow the rules & regulations of the gov’t for the sake of survival. Gov’t gets its power from the people it is governing. 43
  • 85. Mayflower Compact Settlers consented to follow the rules & regulations of the gov’t for the sake of survival. Gov’t gets its power from the people it is governing. 43
  • 86. Mayflower Compact Settlers consented to follow the rules & regulations of the gov’t for the sake of survival. Gov’t gets its power from the people it is governing. Foundation of the United States Constitution 43
  • 87. General Court 44
  • 88. Main Idea #4 45
  • 89. Main Idea #4 Compare and contrast the political, economic, and social situation of the New England colonies to that of the Southern colonies. What similarities and differences exist? 45
  • 90. Main Idea #4 Compare and contrast the political, economic, and social situation of the New England colonies to that of the Southern colonies. What similarities and differences exist? 45
  • 91. Main Idea #4 Compare and contrast the political, economic, and social situation of the New England colonies to that of the Southern colonies. What similarities and differences exist? • How do the reasons for colonial settlement in the New England colonies compare to the reasons for colonial settlement in the Southern colonies? 45
  • 92. Main Idea #4 Compare and contrast the political, economic, and social situation of the New England colonies to that of the Southern colonies. What similarities and differences exist? • How do the reasons for colonial settlement in the New England colonies compare to the reasons for colonial settlement in the Southern colonies? • Did the first colonists in New England suffer hardships and conflicts similar to those suffered by the people at Jamestown? 45
  • 93. Main Idea #4 Compare and contrast the political, economic, and social situation of the New England colonies to that of the Southern colonies. What similarities and differences exist? • How do the reasons for colonial settlement in the New England colonies compare to the reasons for colonial settlement in the Southern colonies? • Did the first colonists in New England suffer hardships and conflicts similar to those suffered by the people at Jamestown? • Who were the key members and leaders of the New England communities? Do they share any similarities to John Smith or James Oglethorpe? 45
  • 94. Main Idea #4 Compare and contrast the political, economic, and social situation of the New England colonies to that of the Southern colonies. What similarities and differences exist? • How do the reasons for colonial settlement in the New England colonies compare to the reasons for colonial settlement in the Southern colonies? • Did the first colonists in New England suffer hardships and conflicts similar to those suffered by the people at Jamestown? • Who were the key members and leaders of the New England communities? Do they share any similarities to John Smith or James Oglethorpe? • How does New England’s colonial economic system compare to the Southern colonial economic system? 45
  • 95. Compare & Contrast 46
  • 96. Compare & Contrast • Pilgrims struggled through the first winter. 46
  • 97. Compare & Contrast • Pilgrims struggled through the first winter. • Dependent on local natives to survive (Squanto) 46
  • 98. Compare & Contrast • Pilgrims struggled through the first winter. • Dependent on local natives to survive (Squanto) • Pilgrims made little $, but were a strong community. 46
  • 99. Compare & Contrast • Pilgrims struggled through the first winter. • Dependent on local natives to survive (Squanto) • Pilgrims made little $, but were a strong community. • Pilgrim women had the right to sign contracts & own land. 46
  • 100. Compare & Contrast • • Pilgrims struggled Massachusetts Bay through the first winter. Company finances Puritan trip. • Dependent on local natives to survive (Squanto) • Pilgrims made little $, but were a strong community. • Pilgrim women had the right to sign contracts & own land. 46
  • 101. Compare & Contrast • • Pilgrims struggled Massachusetts Bay through the first winter. Company finances Puritan trip. • Dependent on local • natives to survive Puritans came well (Squanto) prepared & faced little resistance from local • American Indians. Pilgrims made little $, but were a strong community. • Pilgrim women had the right to sign contracts & own land. 46
  • 102. Compare & Contrast • • Pilgrims struggled Massachusetts Bay through the first winter. Company finances Puritan trip. • Dependent on local • natives to survive Puritans came well (Squanto) prepared & faced little resistance from local • American Indians. Pilgrims made little $, but were a strong community. • Healthful climate • Pilgrim women had the right to sign contracts & own land. 46
  • 103. Compare & Contrast • • Pilgrims struggled Massachusetts Bay through the first winter. Company finances Puritan trip. • Dependent on local • natives to survive Puritans came well (Squanto) prepared & faced little resistance from local • American Indians. Pilgrims made little $, but were a strong community. • Healthful climate • Pilgrim women had the • right to sign contracts & Bad soil, furs, fish, own land. shipbuilding 46
  • 104. Compare & Contrast 47
  • 105. Compare & Contrast • Apprentices 47
  • 106. Compare & Contrast • Apprentices • Male church members are the only ones who could vote. 47
  • 107. Compare & Contrast • Apprentices • Male church members are the only ones who could vote. • Schools to be founded in every township of 50 families. 47
  • 108. Compare & Contrast • Apprentices • Male church members are the only ones who could vote. • Schools to be founded in every township of 50 families. • William Bradford & John Winthrop 47
  • 109. Compare & Contrast • • Apprentices Mayflower Compact & the General Court • Male church members are the only ones who could vote. • Schools to be founded in every township of 50 families. • William Bradford & John Winthrop 47
  • 110. John Winthrop 1st Governor of Massachusetts “We shall be a city set on a hill.” A holy city that would be a model for the world. Harmonious and selfless Christian community. Reference: Massachusetts Bay Colony Video 48
  • 111. William Bradford John Smith like? http://www.smithsonianeducation.org/migrations/portrait/bradford.jpg 49
  • 112. William Bradford John Smith like? • Established a rationing system. • Implemented fishing, trade, and agricultural programs. • Negotiated peaceful relations with Narragansett Indians • Kept the colony financially supported Reference: ABC-CLIO, “William Bradford” http://www.smithsonianeducation.org/migrations/portrait/bradford.jpg 49
  • 113. Squanto http://www.mccarterfamily.com/mccarterpage/stories/stephen_hop 50
  • 114. Puritan Life The life of the colony and of its people, the clothes they should wear, the length of their hair, their labors and pastimes, were all supervised and regulated in accordance with the clergy's interpretation of the scriptures. Reference: Pilgrims and Puritans, Part II. 10 September 2007 <http://brownellfamily.rootsweb.com/ Pilgrims2.html>. 51
  • 115. Puritan Life Because Christmas, New Years and other holidays were holy days in the Catholic Church, their observance was prohibited. Since the ministers said that they could find no authority in the Bible for church weddings or church funerals, marriages were performed by civil magistrates, and the dead were buried with a sermon, a song or a prayer. Reference: Pilgrims and Puritans, Part II. 10 September 2007 <http://brownellfamily.rootsweb.com/ Pilgrims2.html>. 52
  • 116. Compare & Contrast 53
  • 117. Compare & Contrast • Pilgrims struggled through the first winter. 53
  • 118. Compare & Contrast • Pilgrims struggled through the first winter. • Dependent on local natives to survive. 53
  • 119. Compare & Contrast • Pilgrims struggled through the first winter. • Dependent on local natives to survive. • Pilgrims made little $, but were a strong community. 53
  • 120. Compare & Contrast • Pilgrims struggled through the first winter. • Dependent on local natives to survive. • Pilgrims made little $, but were a strong community. • Women had the right to sign contracts & own land. 53
  • 121. Compare & Contrast • • Pilgrims struggled Massachusetts Bay through the first winter. Company finances Puritan trip. • Dependent on local natives to survive. • Pilgrims made little $, but were a strong community. • Women had the right to sign contracts & own land. 53
  • 122. Compare & Contrast • • Pilgrims struggled Massachusetts Bay through the first winter. Company finances Puritan trip. • Dependent on local • natives to survive. Came well prepared, faced little resistance • from local American Pilgrims made little $, but Indians. were a strong community. • Women had the right to sign contracts & own land. 53
  • 123. Compare & Contrast • • Pilgrims struggled Massachusetts Bay through the first winter. Company finances Puritan trip. • Dependent on local • natives to survive. Came well prepared, faced little resistance • from local American Pilgrims made little $, but Indians. were a strong community. • • Healthful climate Women had the right to sign contracts & own land. 53
  • 124. Compare & Contrast • • Pilgrims struggled Massachusetts Bay through the first winter. Company finances Puritan trip. • Dependent on local • natives to survive. Came well prepared, faced little resistance • from local American Pilgrims made little $, but Indians. were a strong community. • • Healthful climate Women had the right to sign contracts & own • land. Bad soil, furs, fish, shipbuilding 53
  • 125. Compare & Contrast 54
  • 126. Compare & Contrast • Apprentices 54
  • 127. Compare & Contrast • Apprentices • Male church members are the only ones who could vote. 54
  • 128. Compare & Contrast • Apprentices • Male church members are the only ones who could vote. • Schools to be founded in every township of 50 families. 54
  • 129. Compare & Contrast • Apprentices • Male church members are the only ones who could vote. • Schools to be founded in every township of 50 families. • William Bradford & John Winthrop 54

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