Forming a Gov't:Sec-1&2 Keynote
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  • 1. Forming A New Government Chp.5/Sec.1 & 2
  • 2. Forming A New Government Chp.5/Sec.1 & 2 The United Confederation
  • 3. The United Confederation
  • 4. The United Confederation Confederation: An association of sovereign states
  • 5. The United Confederation Confederation: An association of sovereign states Sovereign states: A state is a political association with effective dominion over a geographic territory
  • 6. I. Articles of Confederation November 15th, 1777 Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 7. I. Articles of Confederation November 15th, 1777 • Congress is the national gov’t but w/ limited powers Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 8. I. Articles of Confederation November 15th, 1777 • Congress is the national gov’t but w/ limited powers a. No executive branch (president) Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 9. I. Articles of Confederation November 15th, 1777 • Congress is the national gov’t but w/ limited powers a. No executive branch (president) b. No national judicial system (supreme court) Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 10. I. Articles of Confederation November 15th, 1777 • Congress is the national gov’t but w/ limited powers a. No executive branch (president) b. No national judicial system (supreme court) • Each state given one vote in Congress Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 11. II. Powers of Congress Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 12. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 13. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. - 9/13 states need to approve created laws Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 14. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. - 9/13 states need to approve created laws - All states must agree to amendments Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 15. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. - 9/13 states need to approve created laws - All states must agree to amendments 2. Print money, grant loans, & borrow money from other countries Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 16. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. - 9/13 states need to approve created laws - All states must agree to amendments 2. Print money, grant loans, & borrow money from other countries 3. Negotiate treaties and declare war Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 17. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. - 9/13 states need to approve created laws - All states must agree to amendments 2. Print money, grant loans, & borrow money from other countries 3. Negotiate treaties and declare war 4. No power to tax (Only states can levy taxes) Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 18. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. - 9/13 states need to approve created laws - All states must agree to amendments 2. Print money, grant loans, & borrow money from other countries 3. Negotiate treaties and declare war 4. No power to tax (Only states can levy taxes) 5. Maintain armed forces and request states for soldiers (States have permission to refuse request) Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 19. II. Powers of Congress Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 20. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 21. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. - 9/13 states need to approve created laws Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 22. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. - 9/13 states need to approve created laws - All states must agree to amendments Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 23. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. - 9/13 states need to approve created laws - All states must agree to amendments 2. Print money, grant loans, & borrow money from other countries Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 24. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. - 9/13 states need to approve created laws - All states must agree to amendments 2. Print money, grant loans, & borrow money from other countries 3. Negotiate treaties and declare war Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 25. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. - 9/13 states need to approve created laws - All states must agree to amendments 2. Print money, grant loans, & borrow money from other countries 3. Negotiate treaties and declare war 4. No power to tax (Only states can levy taxes) Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 26. II. Powers of Congress 1. Pass laws and amend the A.o.C. - 9/13 states need to approve created laws - All states must agree to amendments 2. Print money, grant loans, & borrow money from other countries 3. Negotiate treaties and declare war 4. No power to tax (Only states can levy taxes) 5. Maintain armed forces and request states for soldiers (States have permission to refuse request) Source: Holt Chp.5/Sec.2
  • 27. Challenge #1 Security
  • 28. Challenge #2 Foreign Trade • “The Revolution has robbed us of our trade with the West Indies...without opening any other channels to compensate [make up for] it. In every point of view, the trade of this country is in deplorable [terrible] condition.” -- James Madison
  • 29. Challenge #2
  • 30. Challenge #3 Interstate Commerce
  • 31. Section Review
  • 32. Section Review
  • 33. Section Review What problems did the United States experience with regards to Spain and Great Britain?
  • 34. Section Review What problems did the United States experience with regards to Spain and Great Britain? What problems did the United States experience internally with regards to interstate commerce (trade) and inflation?
  • 35. Section Review What problems did the United States experience with regards to Spain and Great Britain? What problems did the United States experience internally with regards to interstate commerce (trade) and inflation? What caused the inflation in the new nation? How could it have been prevented?
  • 36. Section Review What problems did the United States experience with regards to Spain and Great Britain? What problems did the United States experience internally with regards to interstate commerce (trade) and inflation? What caused the inflation in the new nation? How could it have been prevented? Explain How did Massachusetts’s tax policy affect farmers?
  • 37. Section Review What problems did the United States experience with regards to Spain and Great Britain? What problems did the United States experience internally with regards to interstate commerce (trade) and inflation? What caused the inflation in the new nation? How could it have been prevented? Explain How did Massachusetts’s tax policy affect farmers? How did Shays’s Rebellion demonstrate the need for change in the national government? Did Daniel Shays and the other rebels have a right to rebel?
  • 38. Section Review What problems did the United States experience with regards to Spain and Great Britain? What problems did the United States experience internally with regards to interstate commerce (trade) and inflation? What caused the inflation in the new nation? How could it have been prevented? Explain How did Massachusetts’s tax policy affect farmers? How did Shays’s Rebellion demonstrate the need for change in the national government? Did Daniel Shays and the other rebels have a right to rebel?
  • 39. III. Weakness of the A.o.C. • State gov’ts retained most of the power • Central gov’t commanded little respect
  • 40. Northwest Territory
  • 41. Northwest Territory • How were the Northwest Territories divided up?
  • 42. Northwest Territory • How were the Northwest Territories divided up? • What criteria did a territory have to meet in order for it to be recognized as a state?
  • 43. Northwest Territory • How were the Northwest Territories divided up? • What criteria did a territory have to meet in order for it to be recognized as a state? • Was slavery allowed? Was education mandatory?
  • 44. Northwest Territory • How were the Northwest Territories divided up? • What criteria did a territory have to meet in order for it to be recognized as a state? • Was slavery allowed? Was education mandatory? • Do people in the territories have the same rights as citizens living in the states?
  • 45. Northwest Territory Source:http://my.hrw.com/ss2/ss06_07_08/student/images/ush/musfg_cbfng/ah06se_c04map004aa..jpg