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  • 1. Introduction to FEMA
    Quanan Zheng
    Ph. D., Senior Research Scientist
    Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
    University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 USA
    COAA ITEC Emergency Response and Management Training Program for Suzhou Delegation, China
    Nov. 28, 2010
  • 2. 美国国土安全部 联邦应急管理局
    Federal Emergency Management AgencyU.S. Department of Homeland Security
    500 C Street SW, Washington, D.C. 20472(202) 646-2500
  • 3. FEMA Mission
    FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.
    It strikes anytime, anywhere. It takes many forms –
    a hurricane, an earthquake, a tornado, a flood, a fire or a hazardous spill, an act of nature or an act of terrorism. It builds over days or weeks, or hits suddenly, without warning. Every year, millions of Americans face disaster, and its terrifying consequences.
  • 5. Disasters and Hazards
  • 6. Hazardous Materials
    Hazardous materials in various forms can cause death, serious injury, long-lasting health effects, and damage to buildings, homes, and other property. Many products containing hazardous chemicals are used and stored in homes routinely. These products are also shipped daily on the nation's highways, railroads, waterways, and pipelines.
    Chemical manufacturers are one source of hazardous materials, but there are many others, including service stations, hospitals, and hazardous materials waste sites.
  • 7. The disaster life cycle describes the process through which emergency managers prepare for emergencies and disasters, respond to them when they occur, help people and institutions recover from them, mitigate their effects, reduce the risk of loss, and prevent disasters such as fires from occurring.
    And at every stage of this cycle you see FEMA -- the federal agency charged with building and supporting the nation's emergency management system.
  • 8. FEMA History
    FEMA has more than 3,700 full time employees. They work at FEMA headquarters in Washington D.C., at regional and area offices across the country, the Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center, and the National Emergency Training Center in Emmitsburg, Maryland.
    FEMA also has nearly 4,000 standby disaster assistance employees who are available for deployment after disasters. Often FEMA works in partnership with other organizations that are part of the nation's emergency management system. These partners include state and local emergency management agencies, 27 federal agencies and the American Red Cross.
  • 9.
  • 10. FEMA’s mission is to reduce the loss of life and property and protect communities nationwide from all hazards, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters. FEMA leads and supports the nation in a risk-based, comprehensive emergency management system of preparedness, protection, response, recovery and mitigation.
    Disaster victim hugs FEMA employee after receiving direct Housing Assistance for temporary housing.
  • 11. Members of the FEMA Urban Search and Rescue, Colorado Task Force 1, receive instructions before entering Ground Zero at the World Trade Center.
    Michael Rieger/FEMA
  • 12. A History of Care
    The Congressional Act of 1803 was the earliest effort to provide disaster relief on a federal level.
    In 1979, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was established by an executive order, which merged many of the separate disaster-related responsibilities into a single agency. Since then, FEMA has dedicated itself to the mission of helping communities nationwide prepare for, respond to and recover from natural and manmade disasters .
    In 2003, the agency became part of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
    As of November 2007, FEMA has responded to more than 2,700 presidentially
    declared disasters.
  • 13. Top Ten Natural Disasters
    Ranked By FEMA Relief Costs
  • 14. • Service to Disaster Victims
    Responsive and compassionate care for disaster victims is FEMA’s top priority. FEMA provides rapid, ready, clear and consistent access to disaster assistance to all eligible individuals and communities. The agency also is able to assist individuals with multilingual or special needs requirements.
  • 15. • Integrated Preparedness
    FEMA works closely with federal, tribal, state and local governments, voluntary agencies, private sector partners,
    and the American public to ensure the nation is secured and prepared to respond to and recover from terror attacks, major disasters and other emergencies.
  • 16. • Operational Planning and Preparedness
    Working closely with federal, tribal, state and local partners, FEMA’s Operational Planners assist jurisdictions to develop planning capabilities and write area- and incident-specific operational plans that will guide local response activities.
  • 17. • Incident Management
    With a forward leaning posture, FEMA can respond more swiftly
    and decisively to all hazards with around-the-clock support. The agency continues to professionalize its workforce by training and certifying staff members of the FEMA in emergency management skills and techniques.
    FEMA also works closely with external partners to improve and update standards, and support the enduring efforts of America’s first responders.
  • 18. • Disaster Logistics
    FEMA implements 21st century logistics and procurement systems to help efficiently and effectively plan, identify, track and distribute supplies needed by disaster victims, emergency responders and other users on the ground. Working with an array of public and private strategic partners, donors and pre-arranged contractors, a businesslike FEMA provides improved logistics integration and customer support.
    Supplies being loaded at one of eight FEMA logistics centers, which support FEMA disaster responders with critical equipment and supplies and also provide resources to states during disaster operations.
    Liz Roll/FEMA
  • 19. • Hazard Mitigation
    FEMA works proactively to reduce the physical and financial impact of future
    disasters through improved risk analysis and hazard mitigation planning, risk reduction and flood insurance. FEMA helps implement effective hazard mitigation practices in order to create safer communities, promote rapid recovery from
    floods and other disasters, and reduce the financial impact at the federal, tribal, state and local levels.
    FEMA Mitigation staff gives flood repair and prevention information to a shopper at a local home building store.
    John Ficara/FEMA
  • 20. • Public Disaster Communications
    FEMA coordinates all hazards messaging before, during and after national emergencies using three strategies: public risk communications, partnership management and employee communications.
    By successfully managing these elements, FEMA supports operational efforts and ensures clear, consistent and effective information for disaster victims and emergency management partners and stakeholders.
  • 21. A FEMA Community Relations employee talks with a victim, providing pamphlets and brochures with vital information about FEMA programs and steps to take to apply for assistance.
    Andrea Booher/ FEMA
  • 22. • Continuity Programs
    FEMA supports upgrades to and implementation of the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System. It is the lead
    agent for the Nation’s programs in ensuring the continuity of government operations and essential functions and the endurance of our constitutional form of government in a catastrophic event.
  • 23. FEMA Community Relations employees assist residents at a grass-roots level by going neighborhood by neighborhood in hard hit disaster areas ensuring everyone who needs help is getting it.
    Andrea Booher/FEMA
  • 24. Emergency responders in Level B Personal Protective Equipment conduct decontamination training at FEMA’s Center for Domestic Preparedness. The center’s performance-based instruction features the only toxic chemical agent training for civilian responders.
  • 25.
  • 26. Flow of Requests and Assistance During Large-Scale Incidents
  • 27. Thanks!