Farm To Market

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  • my name magdy iwant eney jop
    please calle me
    0020129187627
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  • Very impressive presentation.

    We have done some work in incorporating small lot 'cottage farming' in the T3 transect. The lots we proposed are smaller. I'd like to share our studies with you.

    KORKUT ONARAN, PH.D.
    PRINCIPAL
    WOLFF-LYON ARCHITECTS
    777 PEARL STREET, SUITE 210
    BOULDER, CO 80302
    TEL 303.447.2786
    FAX 303.447.2968
    WWW.WLARCH.COM
    ASSISTANT PROFESSOR ADJUNCT
    COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE AND PLANNING
    UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER
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  • I began thinking about how to grow food as part of civic life, and how to include farmers within traditional town designs to expand the range of choices available to people and settlement patterns. Young farmers in particular may want to inhabit walkable communities, and farm on a small scale, either for their own cup-boards or as specialty growers suppling restaurants and local markets. This presentation diagrams in broad strokes the possibilities for knitting a range of farm scales, from the large to the very small, into the urban fabric. The possibilities to also integrate farming with other open space objectives, conservation easements etc, can also benefit the town as a whole by protecting watersheds and thus reduce flooding risks and storm water management costs, provide greenways for wildlife and recreation.
  • The transect: is a geologic cross section through a region intended to describe a sequence of environments, originally analyzing natural ecologies, but also apt for describing a range of human habitats.
    The Rural to Urban transect is a useful tool to ensure that building patterns are planned in a contextual manner and that the relationships between buildings and the public realm are appropriately scaled.
  • Permaculture best describes the types of sustenance activities that take place in the natural zone. Loosely defined, these “farming” practices closely mimic natural ecologies, and knowledge of the land, plants , animals and seasons is key in cultivating wild food.
  • At whatever scale that farming is practiced, stewarding the land in a sustainable manner, to preserve the health of the soil and biodiversity of genetic material, will be increasingly important to insure the productivity of the land for future generations. Bio-remediation of marginal or degraded land, especially close to the urban core and edge can reverse decades or centuries of neglect and bring fertility and abundance back to wasted landscapes.
  • Regionally, certain areas are known for being conductive to particular types of crops. Farmers, out of necessity, form co-ops to support the infrastructure they need to be successful. Grains, orchards, dairies....
    As little as 50 years ago, 70% of Boston’s food was grown within a 30 mile radius. (Check Facts)
    To be self sufficient, an early american farmer needed 100 acres. Many people had much smaller farm yards or kitchen gardens, 1-5 acres (Check facts) and raised most of their own fresh fruit, vegetables, eggs, etc.
  • It is possible to re-conceive even large scales farms re-woven closer to civic life.
  • This farm, Los Poblanos, near Albuquerque New Mexico, supports a CSA and is pioneering lavender as a compatible crop for the arid southwest. Acequias, the traditional irrigation method of sluices and ditches are still maintained as part of their cultural practices. Heritage live-stalk breeds such as navajo sheep were brought back from the verge of extinction. The chef at the Inn takes advantage of the fresh fruit, vegetables and eggs produced on the farm.
  • Winter wheat is helping restore the fertility these fields as part of a systematic program of crop rotations.
  • This Tuscan landscape was once so depleted it resembled a moonscape. Centuries of over grazing and shortage of able farmers due to conscription, was turned around after the first world war. Now it is the verdant image we have of Tuscany


  • Agricultural landscapes are an important part of our cultural heritage.






  • George Washington’s Georgian farm is an example of a rationally planned farm, which was known as exemplary for it’s progressive husbandry practices.
  • This legacy farm is a model of conservation and sustainable land use. As a heritage farm, values that are essential to community and human spirit are celebrated.

  • New Town St. Charles, Missouri north of St Louis, founded in 2003, built this organic farm with community plots as an asset for it’s residents.
  • Many restaurants support specialty crop growers for sources of seasonal and local produce.
  • CSA’s also create an important means of preserving agricultural land through conservation easements and guarantee a source of income for the farmer.
  • an example of co-operative ventures enabling small farmers to successfully compete with large scale operations.














  • Vacant land converted into community gardens, transforms blighted lots into nuclei for strengthening neighborhoods.
  • Located in the fens, part of Olmsted’s emerald necklace, this is one of the oldest continuously tended community gardens in the country.
  • A community playhouse as part of a neighborhood garden.




















































































  • by studying village plans, planners can re-evaluate lotting in order to preserve agricultural lands, building in clusters and keeping the most labor intensive and kitchen gardens close to home.
  • HADLEY MA, incorporated in 1659. The Connecticut valley, also called Pioneer Valley, has some of the best farmland in all of New England, and has been farmed continuously by European settlers for over 350 years.
  • Long Meadow in Hadley is a mile long civic green that spans across the peninsular plain defined by a bend in the Connecticut River. Farmsteads, dating back hundreds of years, are aligned with formal setbacks and fronts to the green. Farm fields stretch continuously in the backs with barns and other farm structures behind the houses. (the green is 330 feet wide, includes the street right of way).
    The crossroads forms a civic center with meeting halls, school, businesses, taverns,

    This landscape is fast disappearing to rural sprawl and big box strip development.

    A greenway path along the river provides an alternate travel route for bicyclists and walkers to North Adams and Amherst.
  • This plan is interesting, note the size of the allotments compared to the house lots.




  • Farm To Market

    1. 1. FARM TO MARKET by MARY DENNIS
    2. 2. AGRICULTURAL URBANISM DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 the harmonious interaction of sustainable T3 food systems into all levels of the neighborhood T4 production, distribution and selling of food within the T5 community T6
    3. 3. THE TRANESCT DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 natural zone T2 rural zone T3 sub-urban zone T4 general urban zone T5 urban center zone T6 urban core zone
    4. 4. natural zone DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 SILVA CULTURE T2 PERMACULTURE T3 FORAGING HUNTING T4 FISHING T5 T6
    5. 5. Rural Zone DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 Farms from T2 Large to Small T3 T4 T5 T6
    6. 6. Large Scale DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 Large Scale Farms T2 20 + acres farming at this scale requires machinery T3 and support infrastructure including T4 feed and seed stores, processing facilities and distribution centers. T5 T6
    7. 7. large scale DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 20+ acres
    8. 8. farm fields DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    9. 9. farm fields DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    10. 10. farm fields DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    11. 11. orchard DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    12. 12. vineyard DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    13. 13. vineyards DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    14. 14. vineyards DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    15. 15. bee hives DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    16. 16. medium scale farms DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 5-20 acres T2 Specialty farms, Family farms, Legacy farms, Kitchen gardens, CSA and T3 Community gardens Nurseries, T4 Many small farms can be hand tended or have limited times of machine use and spraying. T5 Large compost piles T6 Farm Stands and Markets, Feed stores and Garden centers
    17. 17. medium scale DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 5-20 acres
    18. 18. DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    19. 19. legacy farm DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 a formal working farm Mount Vernon VA
    20. 20. billings farm vt DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 a working dairy farm T6
    21. 21. Family fARM DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    22. 22. urban farm DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    23. 23. niche crops DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    24. 24. CSA DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 community supported agriculture T2 a prepaid subscription to a farms produce for the season T3 weekly supplies of veggies, herbs, fruit, eggs, cheese, meat, and flowers T4 delivered to a central drop-off point T5 T6
    25. 25. co-ops DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 Little Rhody Foods a co-op of local farmers producing T2 eggs and milk distributed to local grocery stores T3 T4 T5 T6
    26. 26. the food project DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 bringing inner city and suburban kids to the farm T2 growing food developing leadership skills T3 and bridging diversity gaps T4 T5 T6
    27. 27. 4-H clubs DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 teaching young children about T2 animal husbandry growing food T3 T4 T5 T6
    28. 28. small Scale farms DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 1/2 - 5 acres Market Gardens T2 Edible yards, Community gardens, Schoolyard gardens, T3 Container gardens Small animal husbandry T4 Farmers Markets, Garden Centers, Green Grocers Screening and fencing to separate neighbors T5 and street T6 small compost piles
    29. 29. small scale DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 1-5 acres
    30. 30. vegtable garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    31. 31. vegetable garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    32. 32. kitchen garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 with chickens T6
    33. 33. herb garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    34. 34. civic orchard DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    35. 35. community gardens DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    36. 36. community garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    37. 37. urban community DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    38. 38. DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    39. 39. urban core DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    40. 40. boston community DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    41. 41. community garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    42. 42. community garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    43. 43. community garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    44. 44. community gardens DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    45. 45. animal husbaNdry DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    46. 46. bee hive DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    47. 47. CHICKENS DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    48. 48. sheep DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    49. 49. goats DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    50. 50. cows DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    51. 51. Village Cows DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    52. 52. intra-urban zone DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 Community gardens, Schoolyard gardens T2 Yard gardens Container gardens, Roof gardens T3 Balcony, Window and Terrace gardens Market Halls, Market Squares and Streets Farmers Markets and Push Carts T4 Green Grocers, Cheese Mongers, Butcher specialty stores T5 Hardware Stores Small Garden Centers T6 Compost Recycling and Small Bins
    53. 53. yard gardens DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 front gardens kitchen gardens
    54. 54. front yard DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    55. 55. front yard DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    56. 56. back garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    57. 57. edible yards DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    58. 58. edible yard DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    59. 59. kitchen garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    60. 60. kitchen garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    61. 61. kitchen garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    62. 62. kitchen garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    63. 63. intra-urban DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 50-5,000 square feet
    64. 64. urban school yard DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    65. 65. kindergarden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    66. 66. street orchard DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    67. 67. edible streeTs DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    68. 68. alley DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    69. 69. herb alley DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    70. 70. roof gardenS DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    71. 71. vertical gardens DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    72. 72. civic garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    73. 73. container gardens DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    74. 74. raised beds DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    75. 75. container garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    76. 76. container garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    77. 77. Green Car DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    78. 78. mobile garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    79. 79. dock gardens DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    80. 80. truck garden DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    81. 81. DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    82. 82. use of edible plants in parks, natural areas and right of ways increases foraging opportunities and enhances wildlife habitat
    83. 83. market hall entrance DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    84. 84. market hall DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 through mid block T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    85. 85. borough market DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 UNDER THE T2 ELEVATED T3 under the T4 elevated T5 T6
    86. 86. market hall DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    87. 87. market hall DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    88. 88. Market Hall DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 local local local
    89. 89. market hall DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    90. 90. market street DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    91. 91. market street DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    92. 92. corner market DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    93. 93. food wagon DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    94. 94. push carts DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    95. 95. market square DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    96. 96. market with espalir DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    97. 97. market square DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    98. 98. market square DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    99. 99. spice vender DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    100. 100. GENERAL STORE DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    101. 101. farmers market DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    102. 102. CHANDLER Y DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    103. 103. village market DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    104. 104. farmstand DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    105. 105. farm standS DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 rural T4 T5 T6
    106. 106. GENERAL STORE DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    107. 107. GENERAL STORE DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    108. 108. GENERAL STORE DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    109. 109. CULTURE COLLISION DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    110. 110. WINDPOWER DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    111. 111. WATER POWER DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    112. 112. SUGAR SHACK DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    113. 113. greenhouses DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    114. 114. farm center DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    115. 115. feed storeS DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    116. 116. garden center DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    117. 117. garden centerS DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    118. 118. COMPOST DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    119. 119. delivery DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 gathering basket wheelbarrow T2 pick-up truck van T3 panel truck handcart T4 T5 T6
    120. 120. village plans DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    121. 121. hadley Ma DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    122. 122. longmeadow DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    123. 123. ALLOTMENT GARDENS DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    124. 124. DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    125. 125. DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    126. 126. nothing to it DRAWING BY JAMES WASSELL T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    127. 127. Mary Dennis CIVIC LANDSCAPE 2009 mary@bdennis.com

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