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  • Focus on the people not the technology In the Uk / Europe 75% of socially exclude people are digitally excluded
  • UK and European example where 75% of the socially disadvantaged are digitally excluded Where the digital divide my be lessen the people left behind are in a deeper divide and more difficult to get out

Is ict still an important issue   for proceedings Is ict still an important issue for proceedings Presentation Transcript

  • 1 st Kenya eDairy Conference, 2010 Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya
    • Is ICT Adoption for Agriculture still
    • an Important Issue? (Dairy - An innovation case study)
    • Ehud Gelb
    • Center for Agricultural Economic Research
    • Samuel Neaman Institute for Advanced Studies in
    • Science and Technologies
    • [email_address]
  • Major Goals Review issues and options for ICT adoption in Dairy/Agriculture Elicit Ideas to take home
  • Precision Agriculture 1991 Perspective
  • 2010- 2014 ICT supports three major dairy domains
    • National/International programs ( policies, standards, tracability, coherence, training , funding )
    • Local/Regional collaboration ( training, standards, funding,profit )
    • Production/Processing units sustainabiliy, standards, income, coherence
  • 1 st Kenya eDairy Conference
    • In Kenya the dairy industry is the most advanced of the livestock subsectors.
    • Kenya's dairy industry is dominated by smallholders with over 75% of the industry's total output.
    • Four Major issues : Financing; training, tracability, processing oversupply
    • http://www.fao.org/wairdocs/ILRI/x5485E/x5485e0o.htm
    • CIA: Agriculture 75% of the labor force, 20% GDP
  • Regarding all the three domains What is ICT facilitating today?
    • Doing the same BUT more efficiently
    • Integrating more partners, faster, Connectivity
    • Integrating more parameters - over time, horizontally, vertically (F2F), rural communities
    • Finds, evaluates, transfers, manages, integrates and defines data/information/knowledge from and to scientists and end users
    • Provides innovative technologies and methods
    • Automatic decision making ( are they better decisions? )
    • Establishes ( and eliminates ) “Digital Divides”
  • (ICT) innovation in rural areas is now not only a “computer issue” or a “farmer” and dairy/agricultural production concern .
  • A traditional milking unit
  • Earliest visible Mastitis detection
  • Afimilk ICT information system
  • Earlier Mastitis detection via E/C
  • ICT E/C Monitoring Benefits Significance Control Group (193 Cows) Afimilk Group (191 Cows) P<0.05 10317 10690 Milk Yield (Kg/lactation) (305 DIM) P<0.05 65.1 44.8 Avg. Loss in Milk production Per Infection (Kg) --- --- 383 Prevented Milk Loss (Kg) per Cow/Lactation
  • Questionnaire summary: Is ICT Innovation Adoption for Agriculture still an Important Issue? Montpellier 2001 Wageningen 2009 Is ICT Adoption still a problem? 53.2% 90.3% Factors Limiting ICT Adopti on Training Cost Unperceived benefit 20% 32.3% 27.6% 58% 29.0% 25.8% Should public funds help to finance Information Technology Services for farmers 67.8% 82.2%
  •  
  • All 3 : Where to put the Money easy to reach What do they need?
  • Are Dairy ICT Innovation Challenges Unique?
  • Is ICT adoption in Agriculture/Dairy Evolution or Intentional Design?
    • Are rural ICT agri-business issues special;
    • Is ICT Adoption different than adopting other Technologies and/or innovations;
    • Are both of public interest and/or funding;
    • Who are the “ agents of change” ;
    • See the roles of Community (village, farmer organization) , economic viability, agricultural production, gender, politics, entrepreneurship, etc
  • General Innovation Adoption Issues
    • Still learning some of the earlier lessons
    • Despite developments in technology the uptake of ICT has largely plateaued
    • Disparities within the digital divide is not going away
    • Access to ICT is not enough – e.g. a large proportion of non-users of the internet reside in connected households.
    • ICT innovations are a tool and not an end .
  • People Issues
    • ICT is not just about technology it is about People
    • Listen, listen, listen and understand
    • Innovation adoption must have effective support of the rural and agricultural communities
    • ICTs will not necessarily change the lifestyles of the rural communities. They might introduce new methods of doing the established activities
    • Strong leadership from the village/community is essential for the success of any ICT innovation adoption project
  • People issues – Digital Exclusion
    • There is a demonstrable correlation between social and digital exclusion
    • A significant proportion of the digitally excluded are at risk of deepening exclusion
    • Digital exclusion is also unlikely to disappear over time through demographic developments
    • Need to start from understanding the case for digital inclusion – the link with social inclusion
    • Digital exclusion is unlikely to be adequately addressed in isolation from other policy areas.
    • Penetration by market forces is unlikely to eliminate digital exclusion.
  • ICT Reality Today: Top-down Outside-in “The fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid – . Eradicating poverty Through Profits” ( C.K.Prahalad – Wharton School Publishing, 2004 )
  • References
    • Measuring the benefit of a computer in the milking parlor: http://departments.agri.huji.ac.il/economics/gelb-measuring-7.pdf
    • NOA - A Management Information System for the National Dairy and Beef Herds http://departments.agri.huji.ac.il/economics/gelb-noa.pdf
    • ICT in the Dairy Farm system http://departments.agri.huji.ac.il/economics/gelb-farming-6.pdf
    • ICT in Agriculture: Perspectives of Technological Innovation http://departments.agri.huji.ac.il/economics/gelb-main.html
    • Gelb, E., Kislev, Y., 1982. “Farmers' Financing of Agricultural Research in Israel”. Research Policy, 11, 321.
    • USDA 2009 - Farm Computer Usage and Ownership
    • http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/mannUsda/viewDocumentinfo.do?documentID=1062
    • Israel Dairy Board http://www.pagegangster.com/p/gKIfb
  • THANK YOU
  • The I nternational D airy F ederation and the I srael D airy B oard Welcome you to the 2014 World Dairy Summit in Israel