Is ict still an important issue for proceedings

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  • Focus on the people not the technology In the Uk / Europe 75% of socially exclude people are digitally excluded
  • UK and European example where 75% of the socially disadvantaged are digitally excluded Where the digital divide my be lessen the people left behind are in a deeper divide and more difficult to get out
  • Is ict still an important issue for proceedings

    1. 1. 1 st Kenya eDairy Conference, 2010 Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya <ul><li>Is ICT Adoption for Agriculture still </li></ul><ul><li>an Important Issue? (Dairy - An innovation case study) </li></ul><ul><li>Ehud Gelb </li></ul><ul><li>Center for Agricultural Economic Research </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel Neaman Institute for Advanced Studies in </li></ul><ul><li>Science and Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
    2. 2. Major Goals Review issues and options for ICT adoption in Dairy/Agriculture Elicit Ideas to take home
    3. 3. Precision Agriculture 1991 Perspective
    4. 4. 2010- 2014 ICT supports three major dairy domains <ul><li>National/International programs ( policies, standards, tracability, coherence, training , funding ) </li></ul><ul><li>Local/Regional collaboration ( training, standards, funding,profit ) </li></ul><ul><li>Production/Processing units sustainabiliy, standards, income, coherence </li></ul>
    5. 5. 1 st Kenya eDairy Conference <ul><li>In Kenya the dairy industry is the most advanced of the livestock subsectors. </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya's dairy industry is dominated by smallholders with over 75% of the industry's total output. </li></ul><ul><li>Four Major issues : Financing; training, tracability, processing oversupply </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.fao.org/wairdocs/ILRI/x5485E/x5485e0o.htm </li></ul><ul><li>CIA: Agriculture 75% of the labor force, 20% GDP </li></ul>
    6. 6. Regarding all the three domains What is ICT facilitating today? <ul><li>Doing the same BUT more efficiently </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating more partners, faster, Connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating more parameters - over time, horizontally, vertically (F2F), rural communities </li></ul><ul><li>Finds, evaluates, transfers, manages, integrates and defines data/information/knowledge from and to scientists and end users </li></ul><ul><li>Provides innovative technologies and methods </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic decision making ( are they better decisions? ) </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes ( and eliminates ) “Digital Divides” </li></ul>
    7. 7. (ICT) innovation in rural areas is now not only a “computer issue” or a “farmer” and dairy/agricultural production concern .
    8. 8. A traditional milking unit
    9. 9. Earliest visible Mastitis detection
    10. 10. Afimilk ICT information system
    11. 11. Earlier Mastitis detection via E/C
    12. 12. ICT E/C Monitoring Benefits Significance Control Group (193 Cows) Afimilk Group (191 Cows) P<0.05 10317 10690 Milk Yield (Kg/lactation) (305 DIM) P<0.05 65.1 44.8 Avg. Loss in Milk production Per Infection (Kg) --- --- 383 Prevented Milk Loss (Kg) per Cow/Lactation
    13. 13. Questionnaire summary: Is ICT Innovation Adoption for Agriculture still an Important Issue? Montpellier 2001 Wageningen 2009 Is ICT Adoption still a problem? 53.2% 90.3% Factors Limiting ICT Adopti on Training Cost Unperceived benefit 20% 32.3% 27.6% 58% 29.0% 25.8% Should public funds help to finance Information Technology Services for farmers 67.8% 82.2%
    14. 15. All 3 : Where to put the Money easy to reach What do they need?
    15. 16. Are Dairy ICT Innovation Challenges Unique?
    16. 17. Is ICT adoption in Agriculture/Dairy Evolution or Intentional Design? <ul><li>Are rural ICT agri-business issues special; </li></ul><ul><li>Is ICT Adoption different than adopting other Technologies and/or innovations; </li></ul><ul><li>Are both of public interest and/or funding; </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the “ agents of change” ; </li></ul><ul><li>See the roles of Community (village, farmer organization) , economic viability, agricultural production, gender, politics, entrepreneurship, etc </li></ul>
    17. 18. General Innovation Adoption Issues <ul><li>Still learning some of the earlier lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Despite developments in technology the uptake of ICT has largely plateaued </li></ul><ul><li>Disparities within the digital divide is not going away </li></ul><ul><li>Access to ICT is not enough – e.g. a large proportion of non-users of the internet reside in connected households. </li></ul><ul><li>ICT innovations are a tool and not an end . </li></ul>
    18. 19. People Issues <ul><li>ICT is not just about technology it is about People </li></ul><ul><li>Listen, listen, listen and understand </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation adoption must have effective support of the rural and agricultural communities </li></ul><ul><li>ICTs will not necessarily change the lifestyles of the rural communities. They might introduce new methods of doing the established activities </li></ul><ul><li>Strong leadership from the village/community is essential for the success of any ICT innovation adoption project </li></ul>
    19. 20. People issues – Digital Exclusion <ul><li>There is a demonstrable correlation between social and digital exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>A significant proportion of the digitally excluded are at risk of deepening exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Digital exclusion is also unlikely to disappear over time through demographic developments </li></ul><ul><li>Need to start from understanding the case for digital inclusion – the link with social inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Digital exclusion is unlikely to be adequately addressed in isolation from other policy areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Penetration by market forces is unlikely to eliminate digital exclusion. </li></ul>
    20. 21. ICT Reality Today: Top-down Outside-in “The fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid – . Eradicating poverty Through Profits” ( C.K.Prahalad – Wharton School Publishing, 2004 )
    21. 22. References <ul><li>Measuring the benefit of a computer in the milking parlor: http://departments.agri.huji.ac.il/economics/gelb-measuring-7.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>NOA - A Management Information System for the National Dairy and Beef Herds http://departments.agri.huji.ac.il/economics/gelb-noa.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>ICT in the Dairy Farm system http://departments.agri.huji.ac.il/economics/gelb-farming-6.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>ICT in Agriculture: Perspectives of Technological Innovation http://departments.agri.huji.ac.il/economics/gelb-main.html </li></ul><ul><li>Gelb, E., Kislev, Y., 1982. “Farmers' Financing of Agricultural Research in Israel”. Research Policy, 11, 321. </li></ul><ul><li>USDA 2009 - Farm Computer Usage and Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/mannUsda/viewDocumentinfo.do?documentID=1062 </li></ul><ul><li>Israel Dairy Board http://www.pagegangster.com/p/gKIfb </li></ul>
    22. 23. THANK YOU
    23. 24. The I nternational D airy F ederation and the I srael D airy B oard Welcome you to the 2014 World Dairy Summit in Israel  
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