EXAMINING ACHIEVEMENT ANDSATISFACTION USING COOPERATIVE &COLLABORATIVE STRATEGIES INBLENDED & ONLINE ENVIRONMENTSDr. Christine NickelRegent University
Problem Increase in online and blended courses Call for students to collaborate Instructional Designers & instructors – want to use group work, but how best to do it? Blended or online? Cooperative (more structure) or collaborative (less structure)?
Research Literature Cooperative Learning Collaborative LearningMore structure Less structure More teacher controlled More learner controlled• Assigned roles (division of • No assigned roles (studentslabor) negotiate solutions together)• Scaffolded teamwork skills • Teamwork skills are• Group Processing promoted assumedby instructor • Group processing is not promoted
ECI 430/530 Instructional Technology Integration course Redesigned module to include group project: lesson plan with integrated technology Course sections assigned to: Cooperative: division of labor, scaffolding, group processing Collaborative: no division of labor, scaffolding or group processing
ECI 430/530 Various Education students Undergraduate and Master’s level Age range under 20 to over 50 Varying experience with online learning 18 course sections (9 blended, 9 online), 254 students Course delivery method self-selected Learning strategy randomly assigned to course sections
Treatment1. Take pre-treatment survey2. Read assigned module content3. Meet with group on discussion board or chat and discuss quiz review questions4. As a group, create a lesson plan that uses group learning strategies5. Complete the lesson as a group but submit individually6. Individually, take module quiz7. Take post-treatment survey
Research Questions Do course delivery method (blended vs. online) and learning strategy (cooperative vs. collaborative) differentially impact… Individual achievement and group achievement Process and solution satisfaction Also examined: Community of Inquiry perceptions
Individual AchievementDo learning strategy & course delivery methoddifferentially impact students’ individualachievement?Quiz worth 15 points; Bloom’s remembering &understanding levelsPerformed a stepped ANCOVANo interaction, no main effects
Group Achievement Performed a stepped ANCOVA Significant interaction F(1,183) = 21.36, p<.001, partial η2 =.105 Age and academic level also significant Blended cooperative – division of work without showing work on group discussion board? Issues with rubric?
Group Achievement ANCOVA, accounting for low & moderate participation students Significant interaction: F(1,176) = 11.584, p<.001, partial η2= .065 Blended cooperative - still lower group project grades Age & academic level significantly influence DV
Process & Solution SatisfactionDo learning strategy and course deliverymethod differentially impact students’satisfaction scores?Adapted from Green & Taber (1980)Stepped MANCOVA No interaction, no main effects
Community of InquiryDo learning strategy and course delivery method differentiallyimpact students’ perceptions of teaching presence, socialpresence, and cognitive presence in the project-based learningactivity?Stepped MANCOVA Estimated Marginal Means for Teaching Presence Main effect for course delivery Wilks’ Λ = .93, F(3,176) = 4.312, p<.01, partial η2=.068 Significant covariates: value of connectedness, recognition of collaboration potential, process satisfaction, solution satisfaction
Conclusions Cooperative & collaborative learning equally effective for lower-level, individual achievement Group achievement significantly influenced by course delivery method and learning strategy Course delivery method and learning strategy do not significantly impact process and solution satisfaction. Blended cooperative students have lower perceptions of the design of the module
Read more here…Nickel, C.E. & Overbaugh, R.C. (2012). Cooperativeand Collaborative Strategies in Blended and OnlineLearning Environments. In Z. Akyol & R. Garrison(eds.), Educational communities of inquiry:Theoretical framework, research and practice.http://www.igi-global.com/chapter/cooperative-collaborBook available in September.