six active volcanoes and another 61 dormant or extinct ones. For the past fifty years, Arenal was the country’s most active volcano.
Deforestation is one of the biggest environmental problems occurring in Costa Rica, and around 20 000 acres of land are deforested every year. There are many reasons for deforestation, and one major one is the development of grazing land e.g. cattle ranches. The U.S. have actually encouraged this too, and offered Costa Rican cattle ranchers a loan of millions of dollars for their development, in order to stimulate beef production. The results were devastating, and about 60% of Costa Rica's land is now taken up by cattle ranching. Another problems with deforestation is that the logging companies are not selective when deciding which trees to cut down, and will cut down whole areas, leaving behind the trees which are not profitable enough, to rot. Human trafficking is another huge problem in Costa Rica, and in June 2009 the U.S. State Department posted a Trafficking in Persons Report. “Costa Rica is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor; Costa Rican women and children are subjected to sex trafficking within the country; women and girls from Nicaragua, the Dominican Republic, and other Latin American countries have been identified in Costa Rica as victims of sex trafficking and forced domestic service; child sex tourism is a serious problem; Costa Rica is increasingly a destination for men from other Central American countries and from Asian countries subjected to conditions of forced labor, particularly in the agriculture, construction, and fishing sectors”
Although costa rican music has claimed little international credit, the popular genres include..
A cultural understanding of Costa RicaWhere the chosen language is spoken around the worldHistoric events, celebrations, pageants, religionsFlags, traditions, customsWhat of the language have we adopted in our own vocabularyFamous people, industries, buuldings, sports stars, novelists,Costumes, music, dancetourism
The flag….• BLUE represents clear skies, the growth and development opportunities in Costa Rica, free and independent thinking, spirituality and perseverance.• WHITE Happiness, the power of wisdom, the initiative of the people, and peace.• RED the warmth and hospitality of the people, and the blood of their sacrifices.
L ANGUAGE SpanishApproximately 6.3% of the world speaks Spanish.Most present day Costa Ricans are of European descent, and Spain is the main countryof origin.However about 10% to 15% of the population is Nicaraguan, and descendants of 19thcentury Jamaican immigrant workers mean that there is a minority (about 3%) whospeak English.
H istory Costa RicaDiscovered by Christopher Columbus in 1502 (on his 4th and final voyage) it wasoriginally inhapitated by 400,000 Indians.They optimistically called it ‘rich coast’, in the hope if finding riches and gold there. However when this failed theSpanish turned to agriculture.The Spanish conquest began in 1524 and the region slowly grew and was taken over bythe Spanish .Disease and resistance by the local population delay the establishment of a permanent settlement for nearly 60 years.Costa Rica finally found independence in 1838.In 1948 there was a six-week civil war over a disputed presidential election.the bloodiest event in 20th-century costa rican history. It lasted for 44 days . Approximately 2,000 people are believedto have died.1968 Arenal volcano erupts.1987 President Oscar Arias Sánchez wins the Nobel Peace Prize. He helped end civilwars in El Salvador and Nicaragua.2010 Laura Chinchilla becomes Costa Rica’s first woman President.
RecreationMany Costa Ricans spend their free time outdoors…Often playing football (the national sport), basketball, tennis, and swimming.There are also many colourful festivals which Costa Ricans take part in. Forexample, bullfights, fireworks, and masked parades attract thousands of Costa Ricansand foreign tourists to San José during the annual Christmas festivals.Costa Rica is also rich in national parks for locals and tourists from all over the world toenjoy. Costa Ricas national parks are full of wildlife such as sea turtles, monkeys andcolourful birds, as well as several active volcanoes.
Problems in Costa Rica• Deforestation• 20 000 acres of land are deforested every year.• The U.S. have actually encouraged this… they offered Costa Rican cattle ranchers a loan of millions of dollars for their development, in order to stimulate beef production.• Logging companies are not selective when deciding which trees to cut down, and will cut down whole areas, leaving behind the trees which are not profitable enough, to rot.• Human trafficking• Costa Rica is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor• Costa Rican women and children are subjected to sex trafficking within the country; women and girls in Costa Rica have been found as victims of sex trafficking and forced domestic service• child sex tourism is a serious problemSex tourism is defined by The World Tourism Organization as “trips organized from within the tourism sector, orfrom outside this sector but using its structures and networks, with the primary purpose of effecting acommercial sexual relationship by the tourist with residents at the destination”• Forced labor, particularly in the agriculture, construction, and fishing sectors.
Music• Costa rica has an indigenous calypso scene, which is morepf the traditional music you might expect to hear in Costa Rica…http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g8YD49Mts9Y• It also has large disco audience that supports nightclubs in cities like San José.• American and British rock and roll and pop are also popular, especially among the younger generations, and their top of the charts are very similar to our own…• Dance-oriented genres such as soca, salsa, merengue, cumbia appeal to an older audience in costa rica. As does the Mexican music to which Costa Rica was much exposed to during the 20th century.• Another new genre explored in Costa Rica is Celtic with the group Peregrino Grisd.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gzu_VQ2TWK0
Dove symbols of peace in San JoseThese doves were set up in July 2012 as part of a peace parade in San Jose.People were invited to submit their artistic designs to the organizingcommittee, and the winning entries were allowed to paint their designs ontothe doves to share their message of peace with the rest of the city.Overall 70 ‘blank’ doves where painted, and each one had a differentmessage of peace on them. For example, environment, gay rights, andchildrens rights.
The traditional ox carts of Costa RicaDecorating oxcarts became a tradition in Costa Rica in theearly twentieth century. Originally each region would haveits own design, so that their carts could be recognisedeasily and the driver’s origin identified.However by the beginning of the twentieth century, thedesigns became more decorative and flowers, faces andeven miniature landscapes appeared beside patterns ofpointed stars.The are still annual contests held in Costa Rica today, toreward the most creative artists.The oxcart is also made to create its own ‘song’ while itsmoving. And has a unique chime produced by a metal ringstriking the hubnut of the wheel as the cart is bumpedalong.